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A2040-956 - Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update - Dump Information

Vendor : IBM
Exam Code : A2040-956
Exam Name : Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update
Questions and Answers : 102 Q & A
Updated On : November 14, 2018
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A2040-956 Questions and Answers

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A2040-956 Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update

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A2040-956 exam Dumps Source : Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update

Test Code : A2040-956
Test Name : Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 102 Real Questions

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IBM Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes

good groups Owned by way of IBM | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

computer brand IBM (IBM) announced in late October that it would purchase open source utility and cloud functions firm pink Hat for $34 billion. Per the phrases of the acquisition, crimson Hat will continue a level of autonomy as a separate business unit inside the greater IBM umbrella. This potential that pink Hat's partnerships and present open supply projects are prone to continue for the foreseeable future. in this feel, the acquisition will also be considered as a win-win for each groups: purple Hat obtained a considerable amount of cash and entry to scaling while not having to give up its enjoyable approach, desires, group, and lifestyle, whereas IBM notched an fabulous feather in its cap and persevered its growth into the cloud.

here is no longer the primary time that IBM has obtained a company. below, we are going to take a glance at some of the other organizations the computing device maker has bought.

Transarc supplier

In 1994, IBM purchased Pennsylvania-based software outfit Transarc enterprise, a 5-year-old enterprise which had popularized numerous file equipment utility. amongst different items, Transarc developed a disbursed transaction processing display screen known as Encina; IBM utilized this product to improve its own UNIX-based mostly products later on.

Lotus application

The maker of the generic Lotus 1-2-three spreadsheet utility, one of the first person-friendly and available purposes within the earliest days of IBM very own computers, Lotus software turned into purchased by means of IBM in 1995 for the expense of $three.5 billion. an immense impetus for the acquisition become Lotus Notes, a favored software Lotus had developed ahead of the purchase. IBM additionally bought the company as a way of accessing the client-server computing world, which threatened to make host-primarily based utility a factor of the past.

Rational Machines

In 2003, IBM purchased and rebranded Rational Machines for the expense of $2.1 billion. Rational offered an integrated development atmosphere designed to increase productivity in construction team settings. IBM chose to buy the company after the dot-com bubble burst and when Rational had declined in price (although the company became still highly profitable at the time).

Cognos

IBM investors and purchasers will probably have encountered the enterprise's line of company intelligence and efficiency management tools branded as Cognos products. The identify of these products is tied to a company of the equal identify that the laptop maker got in 2007 for $4.9 billion. The deal turned into considered as a tremendous step toward IBM becoming a correct-degree competitor of corporations like Microsoft, with an intensive range of each hardware and application items.

Cleversafe

one in every of IBM's most recent acquisitions is Cleversafe. IBM bought Cleversafe on November 6, 2015. The business developed an object storage gadget which become at the start called Dispersed Storage community however which has been rebranded put up-acquisition as the IBM Cloud Object Storage service. This acquisition become one other essential step in IBM's movement towards cloud functions.


No, IBM did not Overpay For crimson Hat | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

No outcome found, are attempting new keyword!In 1995, IBM paid the unparalleled rate of $three.5 billion for Lotus, primarily for its collaboration utility notes. today, IBM Domino/Notes has over 30 million users and has simply released its most ...

IBM acquires purple Hat | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

constructing Story

IBM has bought open supply, cloud software enterprise red Hat for $34 billion in money and debt.  The deal sees IBM having a bet big on the cloud, exceptionally cloud capabilities, that blend on-premises and cloud-based architectures. crimson Hat should be a distinct unit inside IBM’s Hybrid Cloud team, and it will proceed to center of attention on open-source application. The acquisition is expected to shut in the latter half of 2019.

Assessing IBM’s $34 billion purple Hat acquisition

As you seem at the $34 billion IBM-pink Hat deal announced yesterday, in case you comply with the business closely, it appears like a very good circulate, as a minimum on its face. It can be years before we take into account the genuine cost of it for IBM (or lack thereof, reckoning on how it ultimately goes). The questions stands then, is this a savvy circulation, a desperate one or in all probability just a little of both. It seems, it depends on whom you ask.

For starters, there is the sheer amount of cash involved, a 63 percent top rate on Friday’s closing price of simply beneath $117 a share. IBM spent $a hundred ninety a share, but as Ray Wang, founder and chief analyst at Constellation analysis referred to, pink Hat didn’t always want to be offered, so IBM had to overpay to get their business.

Wang sees cloud, Linux and safety as the large drivers on IBM’s part. “IBM is doubling down on the cloud, but they are also going for a seize in Linux for their greatest and most important open supply communities and some of the more moderen tech on crimson Hat protection,” he advised TechCrunch. He acknowledges that it’s an incredible premium for the stock, but he believes IBM needs the M&A action to force down customer acquisition fees and pressure up go sell.

picture: Ron Miller

IBM is putting a huge wager here says Dharmesh Thakker, everyday partner at Battery Ventures, believing it to be worth 30x its current income in the subsequent three hundred and sixty five days. “obviously, the hybrid cloud chance that we now have been working on the last few years, is precise and IBM/Cisco/HP/Dell all desire a bit of this motion going ahead as the $300B in datacenter spend receives dislocated by means of public and hybrid cloud providers,” Thakker defined in a press release.

He believes this deal could in reality set off a brand new set of mega mergers between the common tech vendors and cloud native, container and DevOps businesses over the following couple of months.

IBM CEO Ginni Rometty became positively giddy on the potentialities of a combined IBM-red Hat in a name with analysts and press this morning, mentioning that best 20 percent of business workloads have been moved to the cloud. She sees a large opportunity, one she tasks to be value $1 trillion with the aid of 2020. conserving in mind you should definitely take market projections with a grain of salt, here is absolutely a huge market and one which Oracle and Microsoft have also focused.

She said that purple Hat changed into a infrequent enterprise certainly. “purple Hat on its own has been a excessive cost company and has completed a great job with potent boom, is totally ecocnomic and generates cash. There don't seem to be many groups available that seem like that during this enviornment,” Rometty observed.

Slide: IBM

Dan Scholnick, familiar partner at Trinity Ventures, whose investments have covered New Relic and Docker, turned into no longer terribly impressed with the deal, believing it smacked of desperation on IBM’s half.

“IBM is a declining business that in some way should turn into relevant within the cloud period. crimson Hat isn't the reply. crimson Hat’s business centers around an working system, which is a layer of the technology stack that has been fully commoditized by cloud. (in case you use AWS, you could get Amazon’s OS at no cost, so why would you pay pink Hat?) pink Hat has NO story for cloud,” he claimed in a statement.

That could not be an entirely reasonable evaluation. while purple Hat enterprise Linux is a large a part of the company’s profits, it’s not the handiest piece. Over the closing couple of years it has moved into Kubernetes and containerization and has grown the cloud native facet of the enterprise alongside RHEL.

in fact, Forrester analyst Dave Bartoletti sees the cloud native piece as being key right here. “The combined enterprise has a number one Kubernetes and container-based cloud-native development platform, and a tons broader open source middleware and developer equipment portfolio than both company separately. while any acquisition of this size will take time to play out, the mixed company will make certain to reshape the open source and cloud structures market for years to return,” he noted.

photograph: IBM

Wang believes the deal might hinge on how long pink Hat CEO Jim Whitehurst, who had led the company for over a decade, stays with the unit. in accordance with IBM, they are going to maintain the purple Hat company and operate it as an unbiased entity interior big Blue. “If Whitehurst doesn’t stick round for awhile, the deal could go south,” he referred to. however the enterprise could dangle the CEO job when Rometty decides to depart as incentive to reside.

Regardless, Wall road was no longer totally satisfied with IBM’s circulate with their stock down all day. obviously the sixty three % premium IBM paid for the stock has driven purple Hat higher these days.

The deal should move shareholder muster, however given the top rate IBM has offered, it’s difficult to accept as true with they would flip it down. moreover, given that these companies function internationally, they're area to the international regulatory approval manner. They received’t officially come collectively unless as a minimum the 2nd half of subsequent year at the soonest. That’s when we could start to be taught no matter if this was a brilliant or determined stream by way of IBM.

IBM is making a bet the farm on crimson Hat, and it better now not mess up

Who expects a $34 billion deal involving two business powerhouses to drop on a Sunday afternoon, but IBM and crimson Hat stunned us the day past when they pulled the trigger on a historically enormous deal.

IBM has been a poster infant for an organization relocating via a painful transformation. As container CEO (and IBM business companion) Aaron Levie put it on Twitter, every so often a company has to make a daring move to push that type of initiative ahead:

They agree with they could take their complex mix of infrastructure/application/platform functions and rising applied sciences like artificial intelligence, blockchain and analytics, and mix all of that with pink Hat’s profitable fusion of commercial enterprise open supply equipment, cloud native, hybrid cloud and a keen realizing of the business.

As Jon Shieber mentioned the previous day, it was a tacit acknowledgement that business became no longer going to get the results it changed into hoping for with emerging applied sciences like Watson synthetic intelligence. It necessary whatever thing that translated more without delay into income.

purple Hat may also be that commercial enterprise sales engine. It already is a corporation on a $three billion revenue run expense, and it has a aim of hitting $5 billion. while that’s a little small potatoes for a corporation like IBM that generates $19 billion a quarter, it represents an important addition.

That’s as a result of even with its iffy income reviews over the last five years, Synergy analysis pronounced that IBM had 7 % of the cloud infrastructure market in its most contemporary file, which it defines as Infrastructure as a service, Platform as a service and hosted private cloud. it is the latter that IBM is peculiarly good at.

The business has the pieces in place now and an honest amount of marketshare, however crimson Hat offers it a a lot extra solid hybrid cloud story to tell. they could potentially bridge that hosted private cloud enterprise with their personal public cloud (and presumably even these of their opponents) and use purple Hat as a cloud native and open source springboard, giving their sales groups an effective story to inform.

IBM already has loads of commercial enterprise credibility on its own, of path. It sells on precise of many of the same open source equipment as crimson Hat, nevertheless it hasn’t been getting the income and income momentum that purple Hat has loved. if you combine the huge IBM income engine and their services enterprise with that of purple Hat, you've got the competencies to crank this into an incredible company.

image: Ron Mller

It’s worth noting that the deal needs to move shareholder muster and clear global regulatory hurdles earlier than they could combine both organizations. IBM has predicted that it is going to take at least unless the 2d half of next yr to close this deal and it might take even longer.

IBM has to use that point wisely and well to make certain after they pull the trigger, these two organizations blend as easily as feasible across technology and subculture. It’s in no way convenient to make these mega offers work with so a lot funds and power worried, however is imperative that huge Blue not screw this up. This could very smartly symbolize its final most advantageous possibility to appropriate the ship once and for all.

overlook Watson, the crimson Hat acquisition could be the thing that saves IBM

With its latest $34 billion acquisition of red Hat, IBM can also have discovered something greater elementary than “Watson” to save its flagging enterprise.

although the acquisition of crimson Hat  is by way of no ability a certain victory for the Armonk, N.Y.-based mostly computing company that has had more downs than usaover the five years, it looks to be an improved guess for “massive Blue” than an artificial intelligence program that become always greater hype than fact.

certainly, commentators are already noting that this can be a case the place IBM eventually hangs up the Watson hat and returns to the business utility and capabilities enterprise that has always been its core competency (albeit one which has been weighted much more heavily on consulting functions — to the detriment of the company’s company).

Watson, the enterprise division focused on artificial intelligence whose public claims have been always extra advertising and marketing than actually market-driven, has no longer carried out in addition to IBM had hoped and buyers have been losing their persistence.

Critics — together with analysts on the investment bank Jefferies (as early as twelve months in the past) — have been skeptical of Watson’s potential to carry IBM from its company woes.

As we wrote on the time:

Jefferies pulls from an audit of a partnership between IBM Watson and MD Anderson as a case examine for IBM’s broader issues scaling Watson. MD Anderson cut its ties with IBM after wasting $60 million on a Watson assignment that changed into ultimately deemed, “now not equipped for human investigational or medical use.”

The MD Anderson nightmare doesn’t stand by itself. I always hear from startup founders within the AI space that their own economic functions and biotech consumers have had similar experiences working with IBM.

The narrative isn’t the fabricated from any single malfunction, however quite the outcomes of overhyped advertising, deficiencies in working with deep researching and GPUs and intensive statistics training demands.

That’s now not the simplest situation IBM has had with Watson’s healthcare consequences. earlier this 12 months, the on-line clinical journal Stat said that Watson become giving clinicians techniques for cancer cures that were “hazardous and incorrect” — in line with the training information it had received from the company’s personal engineers and medical doctors at Sloan-Kettering who had been working with the know-how.

All of those woes were reflected in the business’s latest income call where it mentioned falling revenues basically from the Cognitive solutions company, which contains Watson’s artificial intelligence and supercomputing functions. notwithstanding IBM chief economic officer pointed to “mid-to-excessive” single digit growth from Watson’s health business in the quarter, transaction processing application enterprise fell by eight% and the company’s suite of hosted software capabilities is in fact an afterthought for business gravitating to Microsoft, Alphabet, and Amazon for cloud services.

To be sure, Watson is only one of the segments that IBM had been hoping to tap for its future boom; and whereas it become an incredible investment area for the enterprise, the enterprise at all times had its eyes partly fastened on the cloud computing ambiance because it searched for areas of growth.

It’s this enviornment of cloud computing the place IBM hopes that red Hat can assist it profit ground.

“The acquisition of crimson Hat is a game-changer. It adjustments every thing in regards to the cloud market,” stated Ginni Rometty, IBM Chairman, President and Chief government Officer, in a statement announcing the acquisition. “IBM will become the area’s number-one hybrid cloud company, providing agencies the only open cloud answer which will free up the full price of the cloud for his or her businesses.”

The acquisition also places a fantastic amount of advertising and marketing energy behind red Hat’s various open supply features enterprise — giving all of these IBM task managers and consultants new initiatives to pitch and maybe juicing open supply utility adoption a bit of more aggressively in the business.

As red Hat chief government Jim Whitehurst informed TheStreet in September, “The huge secular driver of Linux is that big records workloads run on Linux. AI workloads run on Linux. DevOps and people systems, well-nigh solely Linux,” he referred to. “So a good deal of the web new workloads that are being built have an affinity for Linux.”

The greatest software acquisition ever: IBM to buy red Hat for $34B

At a value customarily reserved for semiconductor groups, telecoms, and pharmaceutical giants, IBM announced these days it might pay a checklist $34 billion in money and debt to acquire business open source issuer purple Hat. Eclipsing Microsoft’s $26.2 billion acquisition of LinkedIn, this is the largest utility acquisition in history. It’s not the biggest tech acquisition ever, notwithstanding, as that title belongs to Dell’s $67 billion buyout of facts storage enterprise EMC.

which you could find out about what IBM is purchasing crimson Hat to develop into a hybrid cloud company in TechCrunch editor Ingrid Lunden’s deep dive right here:

So how does the IBM-purple Hat deal (if it closes), stack up against the other biggest acquisitions of all time?

The purple Hat deal is proof that the scalability of software can massively concentrate wealth. not like industrial giants of historical that break up their fortunes with the physical aid suppliers that supplied and allotted their oil, chemical, or packaged respectable empires, application requires well-nigh no material can charge to create or distribute. The aggregation of value to application giants and their leaders offers each a great incentive to construct a global-altering company, however additionally a drastic shift of capital out of the hands of labor. while it’s quality to have fun crimson Hat’s accomplishment, society ought to inevitably grapple with the poverty and populism fueled by how software funnels cash to the few.

IBM to buy purple Hat for $34B in money and debt, taking a bigger leap into hybrid cloud

After rumors flew round this weekend, IBM today proven that it would acquire open source, cloud software business pink Hat for $190 per share in cash, working out to a total value of $34 billion. IBM said the deal has already been authorized with the aid of the boards of administrators of both IBM and purple Hat but remains discipline to purple Hat shareholder and regulatory approvals. If all goes as planned, the acquisition is expected to close in the latter half of 2019.

The deal is all about IBM, which has lengthy endured to rely on its legacy server enterprise, taking an even bigger guess on the cloud, and extremely principally cloud functions that mix on-premises and cloud-primarily based architectures — something that the two groups have already been engaged on together considering the fact that may additionally of this year (which now should be would becould very well be checked out as a verify pressure). purple Hat should be a distinct unit inside IBM’s Hybrid Cloud crew — which is already a $19 billion company for IBM, the enterprise stated — and it will continue to focal point on open-supply utility. 

“The acquisition of crimson Hat is a game-changer. It alterations everything about the cloud market,” referred to Ginni Rometty, IBM Chairman, President and Chief government Officer, in an announcement. “IBM will turn into the realm’s quantity-one hybrid cloud company, providing organizations the most effective open cloud answer as a way to release the full cost of the cloud for his or her organizations.”

The combined groups should be able to offer software in features spanning Linux, containers, Kubernetes, multi-cloud administration, and cloud administration and automation, IBM observed. IBM also brought that collectively the groups will proceed to construct partnerships with distinctive cloud suppliers, including AWS, Microsoft’s Azure, Google Cloud, Alibaba and others, alongside the IBM Cloud.

As Josh Constine notes here, it’s one of the vital largest-ever tech acquisitions, and arguably the largest that is dedicated basically to software. (Dell bought EMC for $67 billion, to pick up software but also a considerable hardware and storage company.)

whereas corporations like Amazon have long gone all-in on cloud, in many situations, loads of firms are making the circulation step by step — IBM cites stats that estimate that some 80 % of company workloads “have yet to move to the cloud, held again through the proprietary nature of these days’s cloud market.” purchasing purple Hat will support IBM stronger faucet into a chance to handle that.

“Most organizations nowadays are best 20 percent along their cloud journey, renting compute vigor to reduce expenses,” she persisted. “The subsequent 80 p.c is ready unlocking precise business value and riding growth. this is the next chapter of the cloud. It requires transferring company functions to hybrid cloud, extracting greater information and optimizing every a part of the enterprise, from provide chains to revenue.”

On true of that, it'll give IBM a a lot more advantageous footing in open supply utility, the core of what purple Hat builds and deploys these days.

“Open supply is the default option for modern IT solutions, and i’m enormously proud of the role crimson Hat has performed in making that a fact within the commercial enterprise,” noted Jim Whitehurst, President and CEO, pink Hat, in a press release. “joining forces with IBM will provide us with a more suitable level of scale, substances and capabilities to speed up the influence of open source as the groundwork for digital transformation and bring purple Hat to an excellent wider viewers –  all while conserving our interesting culture and unwavering commitment to open supply innovation.”

whereas IBM competes towards the likes of Amazon, the groups will see to stay companions with them with this acquisition. “IBM is dedicated to being an authentic multi-cloud provider, and we are able to prioritize the use of pink Hat expertise across dissimilar clouds” said Arvind Krishna, Senior vp, IBM Hybrid Cloud, in a press release. “In doing so, IBM will assist open supply technology at any place it runs, allowing it to scale tremendously within business settings all over the world.”

IBM talked about that crimson Hat will add to its revenue growth, gross margin and free money move inside 12 months of closing.


A2040-956 Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update

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Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update

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Working with the OSGi Console | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

This chapter is from the book 

Before delving into the inner workings of the OSGi console, it is best to briefly explain OSGi. OSGi stands for Open Services Gateway initiative framework. This framework allows software to be written and executed as independent components. In OSGi-speak, these components are referred to as bundles. OSGi is used in a wide range of applications, from client programs such as Eclipse and IBM Lotus Notes, to mobile phones, to server applications such as IBM Lotus Domino. As a result of their modular nature, OSGi bundles can be started, stopped, and debugged on an individual basis, without the need for stopping or restarting the entire platform. Both the Domino server and the Notes client use Eclipse’s implementation of OSGi (Equinox) as their OSGi runtime platform.

OSGi was added to the Domino platform in release 8.5.2. As a result, in Domino 8.5.2, the XPages runtime was repackaged to run as OSGi bundles (instead of just a regular collection of Java JARS), also referred to as Eclipse plug-ins.

The OSGi console allows for the input of commands that the OSGi platform then performs. The platform posts the results of such commands back to the console. The OSGi platform itself has a whole host of commands that can simplify the troubleshooting of problems. The OSGi console can assist developers in developing XPages controls and applications, as well as assisting support personnel in diagnosing runtime issues. Developers who extend the XPages runtime by creating libraries will find the OSGi console commands to be a particularly powerful tool in analyzing problems. The OSGi console is of particular use when the developer/administrator needs to know whether individual plug-ins (or sets of plug-ins) are loading correctly or which version of a plug-in is in use.

As mentioned earlier, OSGi is embedded within both the Notes client and the Domino server. Depending on where your XPages application is running (whether on the client or the server), your method of accessing the OSGi console will vary. We start by explaining how to access the OSGi console on the Domino server.

OSGi is embedded within the HTTP task on the Domino server, as a result, the OSGi console is started automatically whenever the HTTP task is started. OSGi console commands are routed to the OSGi console via the HTTP task. That is, when entering an OSGi console command on the Domino server, the user must tell the HTTP task to route the specified command to the OSGi console—for example:

tell http osgi <<command>>

Here, <<command>> is the name of the OSGi console command. Any OSGi command can be executed using the preceding syntax.

When it comes to OSGi commands, every developer and administrator should know several rudimentary commands. These commands can be your “go to” commands when problems arise—say, when you suspect bundle loading might be a factor. Even when you do not think that bundle loading is the problem, it is often best to first confirm that the bundle is actually loaded before proceeding with other debugging techniques.

Table 3.2 lists some of the more commonly used OSGi commands that are available to use for diagnosing plug-in issues on the Domino server (and also the Notes client). In Table 3.2, bundle-symbolic-name is referenced extensively. This is the name by which the OSGi platform references bundles. bundle-symbolic-name correlates directly to the Bundle-SymbolicName manifest header, often referred to as the plug-in name.

Table 3.2. OSGi Console Commands

Command Syntax

Description

tell http osgi diag <bundle-symbolic-name>

Diagnoses the status of the bundle whose name is provided. Determines whether the bundle is resolved and, if not, states why the bundle is not resolved.

tell http osgi ss <bundle-symbolic-name>

Lists the status of all bundles in the system. Optionally, a symbolic name or a symbolic name prefix can be provided to obtain the status of a particular bundle or a subset of bundles.

tell http osgi start <bundle-symbolic-name>

Starts the bundle with the specified symbolic name.

tell http osgi stop <bundle-symbolic-name>

Stops the bundle with the specified symbolic name.

tell http osgi b <bundle-symbolic-name>

Prints metadata relating to the specified bundle.

tell http osgi headers <bundle-symbolic-name>

Lists the OSGi headers for the specified bundle.

tell http osgi help

Lists all the OSGi command available on the server, along with some text describing each command.

All the commands listed in Table 3.2 can be entered via the Domino server console, with the results of such commands being printed back to the console, as illustrated in Figure 3.4.

Figure 3.4

Figure 3.4. Running an OSGi command on the Domino Server Console

All the commands referenced in Table 3.2 can alternatively take the bundle id as a parameter (instead of the bundle-symbolic-name). The bundle id is a numeric ID that the OSGi runtime assigns to the bundle during platform initialization. The ID might vary from instance to instance of the platform, but users might find it easier to input than having to enter the entire bundle symbolic name. Examples of how to determine and use the bundle id are given later in this chapter.

Rarely does a single OSGi console command answer all the questions on why a plug-in is not loading or operating as expected. The following sections explain in greater detail how you can use each of these commands and the results you can expect to see from executing such commands.

diag <bundle-symbolic-name>

This is one of the most valuable commands in your arsenal and will likely be the one you’ll use most frequently when diagnosing issues. You can use this command to determine whether a bundle is resolved within the OSGi platform. The status returned by this command will be one of the following:

  • No unresolved constraints
  • Unresolved constraint
  • If No unresolved constraints is the returned status, it suggests that the system has recognized the bundle and that all dependencies of the bundle are satisfied. When an Unresolved constraint status is returned, it suggests that one or more bundles or packages that the bundle requires are missing or cannot be loaded. It is worth noting here that a bundle might still fail to start even though the OSGi console reports that the bundle has been resolved. If a bundle fails to start and is resolved, some code in the bundle’s activator likely is failing (throwing an exception).

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core

    Listing 3.8 shows the typical output of running the diag command against the com.ibm.xsp.core plug-in.

    Listing 3.8. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Successful Case > tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.core 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM initial@reference:file:../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp. core_8.5.3.20110629-1645/[119] 10/17/2011 09:43:14 PM No unresolved constraints.

    In this case, the diag command reports that there were No unresolved constraints against the entered bundle symbolic name—in other words, the system recognizes the given bundle. Upon closer examination, the user can obtain further information about the bundle in question. It can determine where the bundle being used by the platform is installed, and the platform-assigned bundle id can also be obtained.

    From reading the console output, the user can see that the bundle is installed to ../../shared/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.core_8.5.3.20110629-1645. The location specified is relative to the osgi/rcp/eclipse directory, which is a child of the Domino program directory. In this case, the console output indicates that the plug-in is installed at: <domino program directory>/osgi/shared/eclipse/plugins.

    Finally, the output states the platform-assigned bundle id for the specified bundle. 119 is the id assigned to this bundle in this example. As stated previously, the OSGi commands listed here can use the bundle id interchangeably. In this example, executing the following command has identical output to that in Listing 3.8.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi diag 119

    Listing 3.9 shows sample output of running the diag command in an unsuccessful scenario.

    Listing 3.9. Result of Running the diag Command Against a Specific Bundle—Error Case > tell http osgi diag com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_8.5.3.201108111413.jar [116] 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Direct constraints which are unresolved: 09/09/2011 04:05:51 PM Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0.

    In Listing 3.9, you can see that the OSGi platform reports that the bundle in question is not resolved as a result of a missing dependency. We can see from the console output that the OSGi platform has actually found the bundle that we are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt), but as one of the bundles that com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt depends on is not resolved, the com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt bundle does not get resolved itself. Looking a little more closely at the console output, we can determine the following:

    The bundle com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt is installed at ../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt_8.5.3.201108111413.jar. We now know that this path is relative to the <domino program directory>/osgi/rcp/eclipse directory. Hence, we can deduce that com.ibm.extlib.sbt is installed at the <domino program directory>/data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/ directory.

    The OSGi platform–assigned bundle id for this bundle is 116.

    One other tidbit of information can be extracted from the console output, in this case. The final line of the output tells us that the host is missing:

    Missing host com.ibm.xsp.extlib_0.0.0

    This tells us that the bundle we are looking for (com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt) is, in fact, a plug-in fragment, and the unresolved constraint (com.ibm.xsp.extlib) is the host plug-in.

    ss, ss <bundle-symbolic-name>, or ss <bundle-name-prefix>

    Similar to the diag command, this command quickly determines the status of a particular bundle—or all the bundles installed in the platform. Users can optionally specify a bundle name or a bundle name prefix to get the status of specific bundles. The returned status shows the bundle id, state, and bundle name of all bundles. In many situations, this command is just as useful as the diag command because it also reports the status of a bundle. This command does not tell the user why a particular bundle is not loading, but it does tell the user the state of a bundle.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi ss

    Listing 3.10 shows the result of running the ss command without any parameters.

    Listing 3.10. Result of Running the ss Command Without Any Bundle Name Parameter > tell http osgi ss 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM id State Bundle 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 0 ACTIVE org.eclipse. osgi_3.4.3.R34x_v20081215-1030-RCP20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=57, 76, 88, 89, 235 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 1 RESOLVED org.eclipse.equinox. event_1.1.0.v20080225 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Fragments=32 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 2 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.jndi.provider. java.nl_6.2.3.20110625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=71 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 3 RESOLVED com.ibm.eclipse.equinox. preferences.nl_6.2.3.20110624-1648 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM Master=85 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 4 <<LAZY>> com.ibm.icu. base_3.8.1.v20080530 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 5 RESOLVED com.ibm.pvc.servlet. jsp_2.1.0.20110625-0109 09/09/2011 01:46:07 PM 6 RESOLVED org.apache.commons. logging_1.0.4.20110625-0109

    Listing 3.10 lists a subset of the information that displays when this command is run in a normal server environment. However, the listing does show all the information needed to understand the output of the command.

    The command outputs several important pieces of information about each bundle:

  • Bundle-id—for example, 2, which is the OSGi platform–assigned ID of the bundle.
  • Bundle state—for example, RESOLVED, which is the state of the bundle within the OSGi platform. A bundle can have one of seven states. Table 3.3 explains all of these.
  • Bundle name—for example com.ibm.eclipse.equinox.preferences.nl_6.2.3.20110624-1648, which is the bundle symbolic name with its version information appended to the name.
  • Master or Fragments—for example, Master=71. This data tells whether the bundle in question is a plug-in or a fragment. If the bundle specifies neither Master nor Fragments, it is automatically implied that the bundle is a plug-in bundle. The digits corresponding to the fragments or plug-ins are the OSGi platform–assigned bundle ids of the fragments or the master plug-in of the bundle in question.
  • Sample usage:

    tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib

    Listing 3.11 shows the result of running the ss command with a bundle prefix specified.

    Listing 3.11. Result of Running the ss Command, Specifying a Bundle Prefix > tell http osgi ss com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Framework is launched. 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM id State Bundle 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 108 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. conns_8.5.2.20110724 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 109 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. domino_8.5.2.201107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 112 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. oneui_8.5.2.201107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 115 RESOLVED com.ibm.xsp.extlib. stime_8.5.2.201107241628 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM Master=117 09/09/2011 02:25:36 PM 117 ACTIVE com.ibm.xsp. extlib_8.5.2.201107241628

    Similar to Listing 3.10, Listing 3.11 shows the results of executing the ss command, only this time the command is passed a bundle symbolic name as a parameter. The ss command finds all bundles on the system that either start with the parameter or have a bundle symbolic name that is the same as the parameter. Listing 3.11 lists all the bundles, along with their bundle id and state.

    Table 3.3 lists all the possible states of an OSGi bundle.

    Table 3.3. OSGi Bundle States

    State

    Description

    UNINSTALLED

    The bundle is uninstalled and is unusable.

    INSTALLED

    The bundle has been installed, but the platform has not yet resolved it.

    RESOLVED

    The bundle has been resolved and is in a position to be started.Note that it is still possible for the bundle to fail to start, even though it has been resolved by the environment.

    <<LAZY>>

    Similar to RESOLVED, the platform has resolved the bundle and is in a position to be started. The bundle is not yet ACTIVE because it has been configured (via its bundle manifest) to be initialized lazily–that is, only when another ACTIVE bundle references the bundle will it be activated.

    STARTING

    The bundle is in the process of starting. Either another bundle has specifically caused the bundle to start (by referring to a class within the bundle) or the user has manually started the bundle via the console. Rarely is a bundle in this state because it is transient.

    STOPPING

    The bundle is in the process of shutting down. Similar to STARTING, a bundle rarely is in this state.

    ACTIVE

    The bundle is running within the OSGi platform.

    Developers and administrators should be aware that, on the Domino server, the state of a bundle is not persisted from one session to the next—that is, after the HTTP task is restarted, any bundles that were started manually in the previous session must be started again. Luckily, the ss command has an argument for filtering all bundles in a given state. The ss command can filter the bundles based on their state, by appending -s [state] to the command syntax.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi ss -s active

    Figure 3.5 shows the output of running the ss command with the -s active argument.

    Figure 3.5

    Figure 3.5. Result of running the ss command in the Domino server console

    start <bundle-symbolic-name>

    This command requests that the platform manually start the specified bundle. Calling this command does not guarantee that the specified bundle will be started. An exception can still occur during bundle initialization that would cause the bundle initialization to fail. Performing an ss command after the start command reports the status of the bundle. This command is helpful when a new bundle has been installed on the server, but the administrator or developer is not in a position to restart the HTTP task to start the new bundle.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi start com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt

    Figure 3.6 shows that, by running a combination of the ss and start commands, a bundle can be started and its state can be verified.

    Figure 3.6

    Figure 3.6. Result of running the start and ss commands in the console

    stop <bundle-symbolic-name>

    This command tells the platform to stop the specified bundle. Users should be careful when calling this on a production environment. In some cases, it might not be possible for the platform to stop the bundle. If this is the case, the reason will be printed to the console.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi stop com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt

    Figure 3.7 shows how running a combination of the ss and stop command stops a bundle and verifies its state.

    Figure 3.7

    Figure 3.7. Result of running the start and ss commands in the console

    b <bundle-symbolic-name>

    This command prints all metadata relating to the specified bundle. The metadata includes imported packages, required bundles, exported packages, bundle location, and so on. This command is useful when the developer needs to quickly verify that the bundle loaded by the platform has the meta information that the developer believes it has.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib

    Listing 3.12 shows a subset of the output from running the b command against a specified bundle.

    Listing 3.12. Sample Result of Running the b Command Against a Specified Bundle tell http osgi b com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM update@../../../data/domino/workspace/applications/eclipse/plugins/com. ibm.xsp.extlib_8.5.2.201107241628NTF.jar [117] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Id=117, Status=<<LAZY>> Data Root=C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\data\domino\workspace\.config org.eclipse.osgi\bundles\117\data 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No registered services. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM No services in use. 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM Exported packages 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.data; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.client.dojo.fx; version="0.0.0"[exported] 09/09/2011 02:15:21 PM com.ibm.xsp.extlib.actions.server; version="0.0.0"[exported] headers <bundle-symbolic-name>

    This command causes the OSGi header information for the specified bundle to be printed to the console. This command is convenient for checking information such as the packages that a specific bundle exports or the bundles that the specified bundle depends upon. All the information stored in the bundle’s manifest.mf file is printed to the console.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt

    Listing 3.13 shows the result of running the headers command on the Domino server console.

    Listing 3.13. Sample Result of Running the headers Command with a Specified Bundle Name tell http osgi headers com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle headers: 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ClassPath = .,lib/httpclient- 4.0.1.jar,lib/httpcore-4.0.1.jar,lib/commons-codec-1.3.jar,lib/ oauth-20100527.jar,lib/ oauth-consumer- 20090617.jar,lib/oauth-consumer-20100527.jar,lib/oauth-httpclient4- 20090913.jar,lib/oauth-provider-20100527.jar 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-ManifestVersion = 2 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Name = IBM Social Business Toolkit 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-SymbolicName = com.ibm.xsp.extlib. sbt;singleton:=true 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Vendor = IBM 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Bundle-Version = 8.5.3.201108111413 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Export-Package = com.ibm.xsp.extlib.fragment,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.model,com.ibm.xsp.extlib. resources,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.activitystreams,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt. activitystreams.entry,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.sbt.activitystreams.queue,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections,com. ibm.xsp.extlib.sbt.connections.meta,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security. authorization,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security .authorization.beans,com.ibm.xsp.extlib.security.oauth_10a,com.ibm.xsp. extlib.security.oauth_10a.servlet 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Fragment-Host = com.ibm.xsp.extlib 09/09/2011 04:34:52 PM Manifest-Version = 1.0

    Listing 3.13 lists many different OSGi headers. You can find a full list of OSGi headers and their descriptions in the official OSGi specification: www.osgi.org/download/r4v43/r4.core.pdf.

    help

    This command tells the OSGi platform to print all commands that it supports, along with a short description of each command.

    Sample usage:

    tell http osgi help

    Figure 3.8 shows the sample output from running the help OSGi command on the Domino server console.

    Figure 3.8

    Figure 3.8. Result of running the help command in the console


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    This chapter is from the book 

    Commands are executed via the XSP Command Manager similar to any other command on the Domino server. The XSP Command Manager is running within the HTTP task, so the commands it executes must be fed through the HTTP task, as in this example:

    tell http xsp <<xsp command manager command>>

    Table 3.1 lists all the XSP Command Manager Commands.

    Table 3.1. XSP Command Manager Commands

    Command Name

    Description

    show data directory

    Shows the location of the Domino server's data directory.

    show program directory

    Shows the location of the Domino server's program directory.

    show version

    Displays the exact version of the XPages runtime that is installed and running on the Domino server.

    show settings

    Shows all the variables/properties that have been set on the server's bootstrap.properties file. If a bootstrap.properties file does not exist, the XPages runtime provides reasonable recommended defaults.

    show modules

    Displays the modules loaded in the system. The XPages runtime dynamically loads each Domino database as a web application module.

    refresh

    Causes the services in the XPages runtime to be refreshed. This is mainly reserved for future use.

    heapdump

    Performs a live dump of all objects on the Domino server's Java heap. Creates a dump file that must be read by other tools (such as the Eclipse Memory Analyzer); the file is not human readable.

    javadump

    Performs a Java dump, sometimes referred to as a thread dump or JavaCore dump, of the Domino server's JVM. The information collected during the dump operation is stored in human-readable format.

    systemdump

    Performs a full system dump, sometimes referred to as a core dump, of the Domino server's JVM. The dump information is platform specific and contains all the memory, process, and thread information for the JVM at the time the dump occurred.

    These commands can greatly aid administrators and developers when trying to analyze particular issues. The dump commands are of particular importance because they perform diagnostic dumps on the server’s JVM but do not cause the JVM or the server to stop operation.

    show data directory

    As the name suggests, this command simply tells the user where the Domino server’s data directory resides on the operating system’s file system. In a Domino server environment, the data directory stores all the databases that are available through the Domino server. The location of this directory is significant because all applications running on the server will reside in this directory or within a subdirectory of this directory.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp show data directory

    Figure 3.1 shows the results of running the show data directory command on a Domino server.

    Figure 3.1

    Figure 3.1. Result of running the show data directory command

    show program directory

    This command tells the user where the Domino server’s program directory resides on the operating system’s file system. This command can be convenient for developers who are not familiar with a particular setup of an individual server machine. The command enables developers or administrators to quickly identify the file system location of the Domino server’s program directory.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp show program directory

    Listing 3.1 shows the result of running the show program directory command in the Domino server console.

    Listing 3.1. Result of Running the show program directory Command in the Console > tell http xsp show program directory 09/20/2011 10:52:33 PM C:\Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino show version

    This command shows the exact version of the XPages runtime that is installed and running on the Domino server. The version number is updated only when upgrading from one release to another of XPages core runtime. Adding or upgrading extensions such as the XPages Extension library does not update the version number. This command typically is used when a developer or administrator needs to confirm which version of the XPages runtime is running on a particular server. New features are added to the XPages runtime with each release. These features can range from new properties on existing controls to entirely new controls. Over time, a developer or administrator must confirm that the version of XPages runtime is at the appropriate release level for the applications running on the server. This command enables the developer or administrator to quickly confirm the XPages runtime version.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp show version

    Listing 3.2 shows how to determine the version of the XPages runtime.

    Listing 3.2. Result of Running the show version Command in the Console > tell http xsp show version 09/20/2011 04:34:21 PM XSP Runtime Version: [DSI8.5.3] 20110629.1645

    In the previous example, the version number can be broken down as follows:

  • The DSI prefix is a constant, which does not vary from release to release.
  • 8.5.3 represents the Major.Minor.Maintenance version number. The first digit is updated with each major feature release, the second digit is updated with each minor feature release, and the last digit is updated with each maintenance release.
  • The final number (20110629.1645) represents the time stamp (yyyyMMdd.hhmm) at which the build in question occurred.
  • show settings

    This command makes a request to the XPages runtime to print all the settings in use by the runtime. By default, the XPages runtime is configured with a host of default settings. These settings can be overwritten by adding a bootstrap.properties file to the xsp directory, which resides in the Domino server’s program directory (for example C:\domino\xsp). As a result of being able to override the default settings in the XPages runtime (via bootstrap.properties), it is not guaranteed that the XPages runtime defaults will apply from server to server. This command enables developers and administrators to quickly list all the current settings without needing to manually access various file system locations to determine which properties are being applied.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp show settings

    Listing 3.3 shows the XPages runtime default settings being output to the Domino server console.

    Listing 3.3. Result of Running the show settings Command in the Console (Default Case) > tell http xsp show settings 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.commas.not.delimiters.in.cookie=false 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM com.ibm.faces.USE_UNENCODED_CONTEXT_PATH=/xsp 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.gc.on.shutdown=false 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.sessionid.name=SessionID 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.default.charset=UTF-8 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.log.severe.stack.trace=false 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.default.post.buffer.size=1024 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.allow.cookie.sessionid=true 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.global.context.path=/xsp 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.send.set.cookie2.header=true 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.max.cookies.per.session=50 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.allow.packagenames=false 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.allow.url.sessionid=true 09/16/2011 11:24:26 AM xsp.default.chunk.post.buffer.size=8

    In some cases, it is necessary to set extra system settings or even overwrite existing settings. Being able to quickly analyze which settings have changed can be invaluable. Listing 3.4 shows a case in which some settings (xsp.sessionid.name) have been overwritten by bootstrap.properties and some new logging settings (log_configuration and logdir) have been added. Chapter 6, “Server-Side Debugging Techniques,” explains these settings

    Listing 3.4. Result of Running the show settings Command in the Console > tell http xsp show settings 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.commas.not.delimiters.in.cookie=false 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM com.ibm.faces.USE_UNENCODED_CONTEXT_PATH=/xsp 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.gc.on.shutdown=false 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM log_configuration=xsp/log.properties 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.sessionid.name=FOOID 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.default.charset=UTF-8 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.log.severe.stack.trace=false 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.default.post.buffer.size=1024 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.allow.cookie.sessionid=true 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.global.context.path=/xsp 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.send.set.cookie2.header=true 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.max.cookies.per.session=50 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.allow.packagenames=false 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.allow.url.sessionid=true 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM logdir=c:/Domino/log 09/16/2011 11:01:47 PM xsp.default.chunk.post.buffer.size=8 show modules

    Each Domino database (.NSF) that is running within the XPages runtime is loaded by the XPages runtime as an application module. The show modules command shows all the databases (NSF modules) that are currently running within the XPages runtime. This command also shows registered system service modules that the XPages runtime automatically loads. This command is convenient for server administrators who need to know which XPages applications are being served by the XPages runtime at any point in time.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp show modules

    Listing 3.5 shows all the active modules running within a Domino server that has sessions open for three XPages applications.

    Listing 3.5. Result of Running the show modules Command in the Console > tell http xsp show modules 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM XSP Resources 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM Default Http Registry Module 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM OSGI WebContainer Bridge Service 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM oauthtokenstore.nsf 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM lsdemo2011.nsf 09/16/2011 11:47:36 AM xpagessbt.nsf

    In Listing 3.5, six modules are listed. Three of these modules are XPages runtime system modules; the other three modules represent XPages applications that are currently running on the server.

  • xpagessbt.nsf, lsdemo2011.nsf, and oauthtokenstore.nsf are all XPages applications that were running on the server when the command was executed.
  • XSP Resources is a module loaded by the XPages runtime; it is not configurable.
  • Default Http Registry Module is a module loaded by the Domino web container; it is not configurable.
  • OSGI WebContainer Bridge Service is a module loaded by the Domino to OSGi bridge; it is not configurable.
  • The core runtime modules are not configurable and can be removed or added to in future releases.

    refresh

    This command was implemented with future extensions of the XSP Command Manager’s HTTP service in mind. As of release 8.5.3 of the Domino server, this command does nothing. It is intended to be used with HTTP services and will enable services to be refreshed as necessary without restarting the HTTP task or the XPages runtime.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp refresh heapdump

    The heapdump command performs a live dump of all objects on the Domino server’s Java heap. The operation creates a dump file that must be read by third-party tools; the file is not human readable. The dump file can be read using tools such as the Eclipse Memory Analyser Tool (www.eclipse.org/mat). Because the dump file is written in the IBM JVM heap dump format, it is necessary to install further add-ons to the Eclipse Memory Analyser Tool to read the heap dump information. You can download the add-on for the Eclipse Memory Analyzer tool from www.ibm.com/developerworks/java/jdk/tools/dtfj.html. The heapdump command causes a dump file to be generated in the server’s program directory, as demonstrated in Figure 3.2.

    Figure 3.2

    Figure 3.2. Result of running the heapdump command in the console

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp heapdump

    When configured, the Eclipse Memory Analyzer tool enables the user to read the content of the dump file and provide information on where memory is potentially being leaked and which objects are in use when the dump occurs. Figure 3.3 shows sample output from the Eclipse Memory Analyzer Tool.

    javadump

    Running the javadump command causes the server’s JVM to create a Java Dump file. Sometimes referred to as a thread dump or a Javacore dump, the dump information is written to disk in a human-readable format—the contents of the dump file can be opened with applications such as Microsoft Notepad. The information stored as a result of a javadump is generally diagnostic information relating to the threads, stacks, locks, and memory that were in use by the JVM when the dump occurred. Javadump files are of particular use where the developer or administrator needs to quickly obtain system information (such as operating system version, JVM version, and loaded threads).

    The Javadump file is lightweight by nature and can help to quickly identify which threads are hung in the system.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp javadump

    Listing 3.6 shows the console output when the javadump command is executed.

    Listing 3.6. Result of Running the javadump Command in the Console > tell http xsp javadump 10/18/2011 11:40:00 PM HTTP JVM: JVMDUMP034I User requested Java dump using 'C:\Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Dominojavacore.20111018.233959.8220.0001.txt' through com.ibm.jvm.Dump.JavaDump 10/18/2011 11:40:01 PM HTTP JVM: JVMDUMP010I Java dump written to C:Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\javacore.20111018.233959.8220.0001.txt

    In Listing 3.6, you can see the result of executing the javadump command. A Javadump file is written to the location specified in the console output. It is beyond the scope of this book to go into the details of reading the contents of dump files. However, in the case of Javadump files, a few tips can easily be bestowed upon the reader to make reading the contents of the Javadump file easier. The dump file can essentially be broken down into different sections:

  • Date and time of the javadump.
  • Operating system signal information (who initiated the javadump and how it was initiated). The signal information tells the reader whether the user initiated the dump or whether the operating system did so due to a program fault. The signal information is operating system specific.
  • Java (JVM) version.
  • Information about threads running when the javadump occurred.
  • Operating system and processor details.
  • Native libraries loaded by the JVM.
  • Full command line, including arguments, that the Domino server used to launch the JVM.
  • JVM monitor information.
  • Current stack for each thread running within the JVM.
  • For further in-depth information on how to read the contents of the Javadump file, see the following article from IBM support:

    www-01.ibm.com/support/docview.wss?uid=swg21181068

    Alternatively, you can search for information on how to read a javacore dump file in your favorite Internet search engine.

    systemdump

    The systemdump command is the most intensive of the three dump commands available through the XSP Command Manager. As a result, the footprint of the resulting systemdump file can be quite large. The systemdump file contains detailed information on the JVM’s threads, memory, and active processes. When a Java application crashes as a result of general protection fault failure or as a result of a major JVM error, a systemdump file is generated by default.

    Sample usage:

    tell http xsp systemdump

    Listing 3.7 shows the console output when the systemdump command is executed.

    Listing 3.7. Result of Running the systemdump Command in the Console 09/20/2011 12:36:30 AM HTTP JVM: JVMDUMP034I User requested System dump using 'C:\Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Dominocore.20110920.003630.8220.0002.dmp' through com.ibm.jvm.Dump.SystemDump 09/20/2011 12:38:26 AM HTTP JVM: JVMDUMP010I System dump written to C:\Program Files\IBM\Lotus\Domino\core.20110920.003630.8220.0002.dmp

    The dump file is stored in a platform-specific format and, as a result, must be read by tools specific to the platform on which the dump was created. The IBM Dump Analyzer enables you to read and analyze the contents of a system dump that is performed on the Domino server. For more information on the IBM Dump Analyzer tool, refer to the following websites:

    The information generated by a system dump is extremely granular in nature. An XPage developer rarely will need to create a system dump because the information the dump generates details information about every process executing on the system, not just the information pertinent to the JVM. A system dump generally is needed only when the failure is as a result of complex interactions with programs running outside the Domino server.



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    IBM A2040-956 Exam (Assessment: IBM Lotus Notes Domino 8.5 System Administration Update) Detailed Information



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