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M2150-768 - IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4 - Dump Information

Vendor : IBM
Exam Code : M2150-768
Exam Name : IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4
Questions and Answers : 62 Q & A
Updated On : November 16, 2018
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M2150-768 IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4

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M2150-768 exam Dumps Source : IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4

Test Code : M2150-768
Test Name : IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4
Vendor Name : IBM
Q&A : 62 Real Questions

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IBM IBM Security Sales Mastery

IBM Is happening - nonetheless it will also be Saved | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Image result for ibm

Introduction

In September, I wrote a piece of writing that chronicled the slow decline of international company Machines (IBM). The article concentrated on the business’s declining revenues and margins and the fallacy it really is Watson that has been overhyped and over-marketed. since the article become posted, issues have gotten worse for the business. Its inventory expense has declined from $145 to the existing $123.

subsequently, its market valuation has declined from more than $one hundred thirty billion to the present $112 billion. This valuation makes IBM moderately valued compared to other technology businesses. In IBM, buyers are paying 19X trailing earnings and 8X forward salary. here's greatly decrease than what buyers are buying different ancient tech organizations like Oracle (ORCL), Microsoft (MSFT), Apple (AAPL), and Cisco (CSCO) which have a regular forward PE ratio of 15. similarly, IBM has a forward PS ratio of 1.forty one, which is decrease than the regular of those agencies of 4.sixty five.

all through IBM’s decline, many buyers – together with Warren Buffet – have invested within the enterprise, hoping that it's going to achieve a turnaround. they've all been upset because the company’s inventory has continued to peer lower lows. short sellers nevertheless had been rewarded as the inventory has lost 17% of its value this year. The brief pastime has improved from 14 million in January to the latest 21 million.

in my view, IBM will continue to underperform because it lacks a catalyst that allows you to take the stock larger. This evaluation can be a comply with up to the previous article and may highlight extra issues that the big blue is dealing with and how it may also be saved.

Elephant in the Room: RHT

When big businesses are in decline, they have a dependancy of constructing negative selections specifically in terms of acquisitions. Two examples of this are the decision with the aid of Sears Holdings (SHLD) to acquire k-Mart and the determination with the aid of everyday electric powered (GE) to acquire Baker Hughes (BHGE). sadly, IBM decided to follow the footsteps of those companies.

Two weeks ago, the business announced that it might spend $34 billion to acquire pink Hat (RHT). IBM would purchase RHT for $one hundred ninety, which became a 63% premium. In its announcement, IBM’s CEO referred to that:

The acquisition of purple Hat is a online game-changer. It alterations everything about the cloud market. BM will become the area's #1 hybrid cloud provider, offering organizations the handiest open cloud answer so that it will unlock the whole cost of the cloud for their agencies

This announcement jogged my memory of what GE’s Jeff Immelt spoke of when he introduced the acquisition of Baker Hughes.

BHGE is an business chief placed to convey in any economic atmosphere and help our customers in driving productiveness. This deal capitalizes on the present cycle in oil and gasoline whereas also strengthening our position for the market restoration. As we go forward, the brand new fullstream providing quickens our skill to lengthen a digital framework to customers whereas providing world-category technical innovation and repair execution. We seem ahead to carrying on with a seamless integration for our valued clientele.

what is different in the two statements is that Immelt turned into right concerning the scale of Baker Hughes. nevertheless, Virginia Rometty’s statement become demonstrably wrong. First, in the press convention, IBM used the notice cloud 43 times and in response to Rometty, the deal will aid IBM take an better market share within the cloud industry. however, a glance at red Hat’s revenues suggests a special photograph. Most of its revenues come from infrastructure-related offerings whereas the next earnings comes from software development and other rising know-how offerings. In its 10K, it describes the subscription offerings as: salary generated from purple Hat commercial enterprise Linux and related applied sciences corresponding to pink Hat satellite tv for pc and pink Hat Virtualizations.

source: purple Hat

This point turned into additionally stated by way of Barron’s article that interviewed an analyst from Bernstein who stated that:

greater than half of purple Hat’s earnings became generated by means of its natural on-premise server working-system enterprise, which isn’t at once tied to the cloud and has a slowing increase cost.

extra, while Amazon’s (AMZN) cloud grew by using 46% in 2017, pink Hat’s cloud-connected revenues rose through simply 14%. on the same time, the annual revenues of crimson Hat are only below $three billion with the web revenue being below $300 million. Worse, IBM is paying 55 instances RHT’s estimated income, which is a hefty valuation since that many agencies within the sector are bought at four.5 instances forward sales.

hence, all this doesn't justify the hefty $34 billion. also, here's not the primary time that IBM has overpaid for its cloud services. In 2013, when it introduced the acquisition of Softlayer, it declared that:

As corporations add public cloud capabilities to their on-premise IT programs, they need business-grade reliability, protection and administration. To tackle this chance, IBM has built a portfolio of excessive-cost inner most, public and hybrid cloud offerings, as well as utility-as-a-provider company options. With SoftLayer, IBM will speed up the construct-out of our public cloud infrastructure to provide clients the broadest alternative of cloud offerings to power company innovation.

Even with the SoftLayer acquisition, IBM has lagged other cloud computing agencies. it's number 5 within the trade in the back of Amazon, Microsoft, Alibaba (BABA), and Google (GOOG). In public cloud, it has a market share of 6%, which is miniscule compared to Amazon’s forty six% market share.

in short, IBM is following the same trend followed by familiar electric powered when it acquired Baker Hughes or the disastrous $10.three billion acquisition of Autonomy by means of HP in 2011.

A silver lining in all here is that there's a chance that the deal will now not shut. within the press commentary, IBM pointed out that it'll pay $a hundred ninety for the business. As of this writing, the company is trading at $172, which is 10% reduce than the proposed $one hundred ninety. In merger arbitrage, here is an indication that a very good variety of traders don’t agree with the deal will close.

next Elephant in the Room: Debt

The red Hat acquisition is the primary among many challenges I did not tackle in my outdated article. This deal despite the fact gifts IBM with a stability sheet problem. To finance the all-cash transaction, IBM will need to elevate additional debt.

earlier than the deal is closed, IBM has a debt to equity ratio of 2.372, which is bigger than that of the friends outlined above. Microsoft, Oracle, Apple, and Cisco have a debt to GDP ratio of 0.8867, 1.527, 1.068, and 0.59 respectively. Their commonplace is 1.01. hence, this can irritate when the enterprise concerns more debt to finance the acquisition.

this might no longer be a problem for an organization that's transforming into. unfortunately, as I wrote earlier than, the company’s increase has slowed, revenues are declining, and the massive bets on Watson aren't figuring out. because it has been stated, many Watson valued clientele are considering of cutting down.

As you take into account, IBM below Rometty has become a big monetary engineering company. To improve self assurance in the market, the enterprise has borrowed closely to finance buybacks. during the past ten years, the enterprise has spent more than $40 billion in share buybacks. The chart under shows the cutting back share counts for the enterprise in the past ten years.

evaluate this with the boom in lengthy-time period debt as proven under.

In different words, the deal by means of IBM to acquire pink Hat will dramatically increase its debt in spite of the fact that RHT’s free cash circulate is increasing. this may likely cause reduced dividends. truly, as a result of the acquisition, the company has announced that it's going to halt the buybacks in 2020. for this reason, it is going to halt buybacks to finance a deal I consider will no longer assist it in future. Couple all this with the hefty $18 billion pension liability which is better than that of similar agencies.

IBM can also be Saved

listed here, I have disregarded other issues that I raised in the outdated article. These considerations encompass the slowing boom, thinning margins, and the increased competitors from organizations like Alibaba, Amazon, and Google.

whereas issues seem to be darkish for IBM, I consider that it can be saved. different historic know-how agencies have all been in the same circumstance like IBM and recovered. earlier than Satya Nadella, Microsoft become dying. in a similar fashion, earlier than Steve Jobs, Apple became demise.

a very good location for IBM to delivery is to admire that it's in concern. After this, it'll beginning with the aid of organising the reason behind the problem. I trust that the reason for IBM’s issues changed into its lateness in the cloud computing trade. This lengthen allowed Amazon and different companies to enter the business and purchase purchasers. In cloud, the churn price is so low that once an organization acquires a client, it may be certain that the business will now not defect to its rivals.

subsequent, as with other tech agencies that have recovered, IBM may still believe altering its management. The truth is that Verginia Rometty has now not been a pretty good CEO. under her leadership, the business’s stock has declined by means of more than 30% as proven below. at the equal time, she has been paid more than $a hundred and twenty million. If Rometty has no longer changed the enterprise in 6+ years, what makes the board confident that she will be able to flip it round in future?

subsequent, as discussed above, IBM may still believe giving up the acquisition of pink Hat. whereas this can attract a hefty divorce bill, it may be worth than the catastrophe that awaits if the deal goes on. bear in mind that eighty three% of all M&A deals fail and there's no reason this could be triumphant. To be clear, IBM will deserve to make acquisitions to compete with Amazon. truly, with the $34 billion, the enterprise could make alternative investments. for instance, it might probably spend about $three billion to purchase a company like box (field) that counts 61% of Fortune 500 groups as valued clientele.

more advantageous, it may well use its ventures arm to put money into small startups in an identical means that Google has achieved it with Google Ventures. As proven under, IBM Ventures has no longer made any meaningful investments in the contemporary past.

source: Crunchbase

eventually, IBM should still consider divesting its international business solutions (GBS) phase. this is a phase that provides consulting, application management, and world process features. In 2017, the phase generated $sixteen.38 billion in revenues, which become reduce than $sixteen.7 billion in 2016. The section’s margins are the least among the other segments.

The gross margins are 25%. this is nearly comparable to different organizations in the sector like Accenture (CAN), Wipro (WIT), and Cognizant applied sciences (CTSH) which have gross margins of 30%, 30%, and 39%. therefore, on a sum-of parts basis, this phase by myself will also be worth more than $30 billion if you happen to evaluate it with its friends.

it is estimated that GBS has more than 120K employees. for this reason, divesting the section will aid the business in the reduction of the headcount and improve margins.

final innovations

IBM’s stock has persevered to decline after the announcement of the crimson Hat acquisition. As I have defined, the company continues to face essential headwinds that will seemingly take it lower. although, I believe that the administrators can serve the business smartly through getting out of the RHT deal and finding more advantageous acquisition goals, replacing the CEO, investing in early stage cloud agencies via IBM Ventures arm, and diversifying the world enterprise functions arm.

Disclosure: i am/we're lengthy AAPL, field.

I wrote this article myself, and it expresses my very own opinions. i'm not receiving compensation for it (other than from in the hunt for Alpha). I don't have any enterprise relationship with any business whose inventory is mentioned in this article.


How Does IBM's crimson Hat Acquisition influence its 5% Dividend Yield? | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Shares of IBM (NYSE: IBM) recently tumbled to a two-12 months low after the business introduced that it could acquire business software provider crimson Hat (NYSE: RHT) for about $34 billion in cash. The deal, which values red Hat at $190 per share, represents a top class of greater than 60% over the inventory's outdated closing fee.

IBM acquired crimson Hat to give a boost to its cloud business, one of the vital key "strategic imperatives" (cloud, analytics, cell, security, and social) which huge Blue is making an attempt to grow to offset the weak spot of its legacy organizations. The determination comes less than two weeks after IBM upset investors with a combined third quarter document that snapped its short streak of revenue growth with a 2% yr-over-year decline.

View photos

An investor ducks beneath a damaged stock chart.

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graphic source: Getty photographs.

IBM claims that the big deal, which is expected to close in the second half of 2019, will raise its salary increase, gross margin, and free money circulate (FCF) within twelve months of closing, and will assist the endured increase of its dividend. That outlook sounds assured, but investors don't seem to be extremely joyful with IBM's resolution to pay $34 billion for an organization that generated simply $2.9 billion in revenues and $540 million in non-GAAP internet salary remaining yr.

Some buyers are additionally probably questioning IBM's potential to guide its ahead dividend yield of 5% as it integrates crimson Hat into its hybrid cloud unit. Let's take a more in-depth look at IBM's dividend to see how it can be plagued by the purple Hat deal.

How sustainable is IBM's dividend?

IBM raised its dividend annually for 23 straight years, so it may soon be part of the elite neighborhood of S&P 500 "dividend aristocrats", organizations that have hiked their payouts for over 25 consecutive years. IBM's latest yield of 5% represents its optimum yield considering that the early Nineteen Nineties.

IBM Dividend Yield (TTM) Chart

extra

IBM Dividend Yield (TTM) records with the aid of YCharts

IBM spent ninety nine% of its income on dividends during the last twelve months. That determine appears lofty, but that payout most effective used up 44% of the business's FCF -- which suggests that IBM has room for future hikes. IBM additionally spent 24% of its FCF on buybacks all over that period. but right here's the problem: IBM's FCF increase has been unpredictable during the last 5 years as a result of a streak of divestments and acquisitions aimed at boosting its income boom.

Story Continues

IBM Free cash circulation (TTM) Chart

more

IBM Free cash stream (TTM) data by means of YCharts

IBM complete closing quarter with $14.7 billion in cash and marketable securities and $46.9 billion in debt ($10.9 billion in brief-time period debt and $36 billion in long-time period debt). IBM plans to fund the crimson Hat acquisition with a mixture of money and debt, in an effort to enhance its debt tiers as pastime quotes upward push. IBM would not predict the purchase to be accretive to its operating EPS until the 2nd yr after closing.

In different phrases, the red Hat acquisition will seemingly cause IBM's income-based payout ratio to climb above a hundred%, but its FCF payout ratio should continue to be smartly below that threshold, while its FCF boom dips. IBM additionally plans to droop its share buybacks in 2020 and 2021 to shield its dividend and cut back its debt-to-fairness ranges. for this reason, it be safe to claim that IBM should still be in a position to preserve raising its dividend for the foreseeable future.

but is the yield price the ache?

buyers taking a look at IBM's 5% yield and forward P/E of 9 might expect that it's an undervalued income inventory. however large Blue is cheap for a rationale: The boom of its strategic imperatives is slowing down, with its commonly hyped Cognitive options and know-how functions & Cloud structures contraptions generating anemic increase amid challenging competition from market leaders like Amazon and Microsoft.

Absorbing purple Hat, which is anticipated to submit 15%-16% sales growth over the next two years, may alleviate a few of that ache. however many analysts and former IBM personnel claim that large Blue is still plagued by working inefficiencies, low morale, and administration issues that can not be resolved by way of massive looking sprees.

IBM expects the crimson Hat buy to increase its income by using a 5-year CAGR of 200 basis points. That sounds respectable, but it surely may well be quite simply offset with the aid of IBM's ongoing problems in its existing organizations. And with a number of different excessive-yielders sitting near 52-week lows, IBM's 5% yield may no longer be value the pain.

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IBM (IBM) to purchase crimson Hat (RHT) for $34 Billion | killexams.com Real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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IBM (NYSE: IBM) and red Hat (NYSE: RHT), the realm's main issuer of open source cloud application, announced nowadays that the agencies have reached a definitive settlement beneath which IBM will acquire the entire issued and mind-blowing average shares of purple Hat for $190.00 per share in cash, representing a total business price of about $34 billion.

"The acquisition of crimson Hat is a online game-changer. It alterations every little thing concerning the cloud market," spoke of Ginni Rometty, IBM Chairman, President and Chief govt Officer. "IBM will become the area's #1 hybrid cloud provider, offering businesses the only open cloud answer with the intention to unencumber the entire value of the cloud for his or her groups.

"Most companies today are best 20 p.c along their cloud experience, renting compute vigor to cut charges," she referred to. "The next eighty p.c is about unlocking actual business value and driving growth. here is the next chapter of the cloud. It requires moving business purposes to hybrid cloud, extracting extra facts and optimizing every part of the company, from provide chains to earnings."

"Open source is the default option for up to date IT solutions, and that i'm incredibly proud of the role purple Hat has played in making that a truth within the commercial enterprise," spoke of Jim Whitehurst, President and CEO, pink Hat. "joining forces with IBM will deliver us with a more advantageous degree of scale, substances and capabilities to accelerate the impact of open source because the groundwork for digital transformation and convey pink Hat to an excellent wider viewers – all while preserving our unique tradition and unwavering commitment to open supply innovation."

This acquisition brings collectively the top-quality-in-category hybrid cloud suppliers and will enable agencies to soundly movement all enterprise purposes to the cloud. agencies today are already the usage of dissimilar clouds. besides the fact that children, analysis suggests that eighty percent of company workloads have yet to circulation to the cloud, held back through the proprietary nature of today's cloud market. This prevents portability of information and purposes throughout multiple clouds, records protection in a multi-cloud ambiance and constant cloud administration.

IBM and red Hat may be strongly positioned to handle this issue and accelerate hybrid multi-cloud adoption. collectively, they will support shoppers create cloud-native enterprise functions sooner, drive greater portability and protection of statistics and applications throughout distinctive public and personal clouds, all with constant cloud administration. In doing so, they are going to draw on their shared management in key technologies, similar to Linux, containers, Kubernetes, multi-cloud management, and cloud administration and automation.

IBM's and purple Hat's partnership has spanned twenty years, with IBM serving as an early supporter of Linux, collaborating with red Hat to assist boost and develop business-grade Linux and greater currently to deliver commercial enterprise Kubernetes and hybrid cloud solutions to customers. These improvements have turn into core technologies inside IBM's $19 billion hybrid cloud business. Between them, IBM and crimson Hat have contributed greater to the open source group than any other firm.

"modern announcement is the evolution of our lengthy-standing partnership," said Rometty. "This includes our joint Hybrid Cloud collaboration announcement in may also, a key precursor in our journey to today."

With this acquisition, IBM will stay dedicated to pink Hat's open governance, open source contributions, participation in the open supply community and building model, and fostering its widespread developer ecosystem. furthermore, IBM and crimson Hat will continue to be dedicated to the persisted freedom of open source, by the use of such efforts as Patent Promise, GPL Cooperation commitment, the Open Invention community and the LOT network.

IBM and red Hat also will proceed to construct and increase red Hat partnerships, including those with foremost cloud providers, similar to Amazon internet functions, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud, Alibaba and extra, apart from the IBM Cloud. at the equal time, red Hat will improvement from IBM's hybrid cloud and commercial enterprise IT scale in assisting expand their open source technology portfolio to corporations globally.

"IBM is committed to being an genuine multi-cloud provider, and we will prioritize the use of purple Hat expertise across assorted clouds" talked about Arvind Krishna, Senior vice president, IBM Hybrid Cloud. "In doing so, IBM will support open source expertise at any place it runs, enabling it to scale vastly within business settings world wide."

Upon closing of the acquisition, pink Hat will join IBM's Hybrid Cloud group as a definite unit, protecting the independence and neutrality of purple Hat's open source building heritage and dedication, current product portfolio and go-to-market method, and unique construction culture. purple Hat will continue to be led by Jim Whitehurst and pink Hat's present administration group. Jim Whitehurst additionally will be a part of IBM's senior management team and record to Ginni Rometty. IBM intends to keep crimson Hat's headquarters, amenities, manufacturers and practices.

"IBM's dedication to conserving the things that have made crimson Hat a hit - at all times thinking in regards to the client and the open supply neighborhood first – make this an enormous opportunity for now not simplest purple Hat but additionally open source more largely," said Paul Cormier, President, products and technologies, red Hat. "considering that the day we decided to bring open source to the enterprise, our mission has remained unchanged. And now, one of the biggest commercial enterprise expertise agencies on this planet has agreed to associate with us to scale and accelerate our efforts, bringing open supply innovation to an excellent superior swath of the enterprise."

fiscal details

The acquisition of purple Hat reinforces IBM's excessive-cost model. it's going to speed up IBM's earnings boom, gross margin and free money circulate within 12 months of closing. It additionally will help an exceptional and becoming dividend.

The enterprise will continue with a disciplined financial coverage and is committed to protecting strong funding grade credit ratings. The enterprise will goal a leverage profile according to a mid to high single A credit rating. The company intends to suspend its share repurchase program in 2020 and 2021.

At signing, the business has ample money, credit score and bridge lines to secure the transaction financing. The enterprise intends to close the transaction via a combination of money and debt.

The acquisition has been accepted via the boards of administrators of both IBM and pink Hat. it is discipline to crimson Hat shareholder approval. It is also area to regulatory approvals and other time-honored closing circumstances. it's expected to shut within the latter half of 2019.

Investor conference name particulars

IBM will host an investor convention name beginning at 8:30 a.m. EDT, Monday, October 29, 2018. The Webcast may well be accessed via a link at https://www.ibm.com/investor/movements/ibm-acquires-redhat102018.html. Presentation charts could be attainable shortly earlier than the Webcast.


M2150-768 IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4

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Guide to vendor-specific IT security certifications | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Despite the wide selection of vendor-specific information technology security certifications, identifying which...

ones best suit your educational or career needs is fairly straightforward.

This guide to vendor-specific IT security certifications includes an alphabetized table of security certification programs from various vendors, a brief description of each certification and advice for further details.

Introduction: Choosing vendor-specific information technology security certifications

The process of choosing the right vendor-specific information technology security certifications is much simpler than choosing vendor-neutral ones. In the vendor-neutral landscape, you must evaluate the pros and cons of various programs to select the best option. On the vendor-specific side, it's only necessary to follow these three steps:

  • Inventory your organization's security infrastructure and identify which vendors' products or services are present.
  • Check this guide (or vendor websites, for products not covered here) to determine whether a certification applies to the products or services in your organization.
  • Decide if spending the time and money to obtain such credentials (or to fund them for your employees) is worth the resulting benefits.
  • In an environment where qualified IT security professionals can choose from numerous job openings, the benefits of individual training and certifications can be hard to appraise.

    Many employers pay certification costs to develop and retain their employees, as well as to boost the organization's in-house expertise. Most see this as a win-win for employers and employees alike, though employers often require full or partial reimbursement for the related costs incurred if employees leave their jobs sooner than some specified payback period after certification.

    There have been quite a few changes since the last survey update in 2015. The Basic category saw a substantial jump in the number of available IT security certifications due to the addition of several Brainbench certifications, in addition to the Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) Cyber Ops certification, the Fortinet Network Security Expert Program and new IBM certifications. 

    2017 IT security certification changes

    Certifications from AccessData, Check Point, IBM and Oracle were added to the Intermediate category, increasing the total number of certifications in that category, as well. However, the number of certifications in the Advanced category decreased, due to several IBM certifications being retired. 

    Vendor IT security certifications Basic information technology security certifications 

    Brainbench basic security certificationsBrainbench offers several basic-level information technology security certifications, each requiring the candidate to pass one exam. Brainbench security-related certifications include:

  • Backup Exec 11d (Symantec)
  • Check Point FireWall-1 Administration
  • Check Point Firewall-1 NG Administration
  • Cisco Security
  • Microsoft Security
  • NetBackup 6.5 (Symantec)
  • Source: Brainbench Information Security Administrator certifications

    CCNA Cyber OpsPrerequisites: None required; training is recommended.

    This associate-level certification prepares cybersecurity professionals for work as cybersecurity analysts responding to security incidents as part of a security operations center team in a large organization.

    The CCNA Cyber Ops certification requires candidates to pass two written exams.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Cyber Ops

    CCNA SecurityPrerequisites: A valid Cisco CCNA Routing and Switching, Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician or Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification.

    This credential validates that associate-level professionals are able to install, troubleshoot and monitor Cisco-routed and switched network devices for the purpose of protecting both the devices and networked data.

    A person with a CCNA Security certification can be expected to understand core security concepts, endpoint security, web and email content security, the management of secure access, and more. He should also be able to demonstrate skills for building a security infrastructure, identifying threats and vulnerabilities to networks, and mitigating security threats. CCNA credential holders also possess the technical skills and expertise necessary to manage protection mechanisms such as firewalls and intrusion prevention systems, network access, endpoint security solutions, and web and email security.

    The successful completion of one exam is required to obtain this credential.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNA Security

    Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80Prerequisites: Basic knowledge of networking; CCSA training and six months to one year of experience with Check Point products are recommended.

    Check Point's foundation-level credential prepares individuals to install, configure and manage Check Point security system products and technologies, such as security gateways, firewalls and virtual private networks (VPNs). Credential holders also possess the skills necessary to secure network and internet communications, upgrade products, troubleshoot network connections, configure security policies, protect email and message content, defend networks from intrusions and other threats, analyze attacks, manage user access in a corporate LAN environment, and configure tunnels for remote access to corporate resources.

    Candidates must pass a single exam to obtain this credential.

    Source: Check Point CCSA Certification

    IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0Prerequisites: IBM suggests that candidates be highly familiar with the IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 console. They should have experience taking actions; activating analyses; and using Fixlets, tasks and baselines in the environment. They should also understand patching, component services, client log files and troubleshooting within IBM Endpoint Manager.

    This credential recognizes professionals who use IBM Endpoint Manager V9.0 daily. Candidates for this certification should know the key concepts of Endpoint Manager, be able to describe the system's components and be able to use the console to perform routine tasks.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Editor's note: IBM is retiring this certification as of May 31, 2017; there will be a follow-on test available as of April 2017 for IBM BigFix Compliance V9.5 Fundamental Administration, Test C2150-627.

    Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Endpoint Manager V9.0

    IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud ProtectionPrerequisites: IBM recommends that candidates have experience with network data communications, network security, and the Windows and Mac operating systems.

    This credential pertains mainly to sales engineers who support the Trusteer Fraud product portfolio for web fraud management, and who can implement a Trusteer Fraud solution. Candidates must understand Trusteer product functionality, know how to deploy the product, and be able to troubleshoot the product and analyze the results.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Certified Associate -- Security Trusteer Fraud Protection

    McAfee Product SpecialistPrerequisites: None required; completion of an associated training course is highly recommended.

    McAfee information technology security certification holders possess the knowledge and technical skills necessary to install, configure, manage and troubleshoot specific McAfee products, or, in some cases, a suite of products.

    Candidates should possess one to three years of direct experience with one of the specific product areas.

    The current products targeted by this credential include:

  • McAfee Advanced Threat Defense products
  • McAfee ePolicy Orchestrator and VirusScan products
  • McAfee Network Security Platform
  • McAfee Host Intrusion Prevention
  • McAfee Data Loss Prevention Endpoint products
  • McAfee Security Information and Event Management products
  • All credentials require passing one exam.

    Source: McAfee Certification Program

    Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA)Prerequisites: None; training recommended.

    This credential started as an academic-only credential for students, but Microsoft made it available to the general public in 2012.

    There are 10 different MTA credentials across three tracks (IT Infrastructure with five certs, Database with one and Development with four). The IT Infrastructure track includes a Security Fundamentals credential, and some of the other credentials include security components or topic areas.

    To earn each MTA certification, candidates must pass the corresponding exam. 

    Source: Microsoft MTA Certifications

    Fortinet Network Security Expert (NSE)Prerequisites: Vary by credential.

    The Fortinet NSE program has eight levels, each of which corresponds to a separate network security credential within the program. The credentials are:

  • NSE 1 -- Understand network security concepts.
  • NSE 2 -- Sell Fortinet gateway solutions.
  • NSE 3 (Associate) -- Sell Fortinet advanced security solutions.
  • NSE 4 (Professional) -- Configure and maintain FortiGate Unified Threat Management products.
  • NSE 5 (Analyst) -- Implement network security management and analytics.
  • NSE 6 (Specialist) – Understand advanced security technologies beyond the firewall.
  • NSE 7 (Troubleshooter) -- Troubleshoot internet security issues.
  • NSE 8 (Expert) -- Design, configure, install and troubleshoot a network security solution in a live environment.
  • NSE 1 is open to anyone, but is not required. The NSE 2 and NSE 3 information technology security certifications are available only to Fortinet employees and partners. Candidates for NSE 4 through NSE 8 should take the exams through Pearson VUE.

    Source: Fortinet NSE

    Symantec Certified Specialist (SCS)This security certification program focuses on data protection, high availability and security skills involving Symantec products.

    To become an SCS, candidates must select an area of focus and pass an exam. All the exams cover core elements, such as installation, configuration, product administration, day-to-day operation and troubleshooting for the selected focus area.

    As of this writing, the following exams are available:

  • Exam 250-215: Administration of Symantec Messaging Gateway 10.5
  • Exam 250-410: Administration of Symantec Control Compliance Suite 11.x
  • Exam 250-420: Administration of Symantec VIP
  • Exam 250-423: Administration of Symantec IT Management Suite 8.0
  • Exam 250-424: Administration of Data Loss Prevention 14.5
  • Exam 250-425: Administration of Symantec Cyber Security Services
  • Exam 250-426: Administration of Symantec Data Center Security -- Server Advanced 6.7
  • Exam 250-427: Administration of Symantec Advanced Threat Protection 2.0.2
  • Exam 250-428: Administration of Symantec Endpoint Protection 14
  • Exam 250-513: Administration of Symantec Data Loss Prevention 12
  • Source: Symantec Certification

    Intermediate information technology security certifications 

    AccessData Certified Examiner (ACE)Prerequisites: None required; the AccessData BootCamp and Advanced Forensic Toolkit (FTK) courses are recommended.

    This credential recognizes a professional's proficiency using AccessData's FTK, FTK Imager, Registry Viewer and Password Recovery Toolkit. However, candidates for the certification must also have moderate digital forensic knowledge and be able to interpret results gathered from AccessData tools.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one online exam (which is free). Although a boot camp and advanced courses are available for a fee, AccessData provides a set of free exam preparation videos to help candidates who prefer to self-study.

    The certification is valid for two years, after which credential holders must take the current exam to maintain their certification.

    Source: Syntricate ACE Training

    Cisco Certified Network Professional (CCNP) Security Prerequisites: CCNA Security or any CCIE certification.

    This Cisco credential recognizes professionals who are responsible for router, switch, networking device and appliance security. Candidates must also know how to select, deploy, support and troubleshoot firewalls, VPNs and intrusion detection system/intrusion prevention system products in a networking environment.

    Successful completion of four exams is required.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCNP Security

    Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE)Prerequisite: CCSA certification R70 or later.

    This is an intermediate-level credential for security professionals seeking to demonstrate skills at maximizing the performance of security networks.

    A CCSE demonstrates a knowledge of strategies and advanced troubleshooting for Check Point's GAiA operating system, including installing and managing VPN implementations, advanced user management and firewall concepts, policies, and backing up and migrating security gateway and management servers, among other tasks. The CCSE focuses on Check Point's VPN, Security Gateway and Management Server systems.

    To acquire this credential, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: Check Point CCSE program

    Cisco Cybersecurity SpecialistPrerequisites: None required; CCNA Security certification and an understanding of TCP/IP are strongly recommended.

    This Cisco credential targets IT security professionals who possess in-depth technical skills and knowledge in the field of threat detection and mitigation. The certification focuses on areas such as event monitoring, event analysis (traffic, alarm, security events) and incident response.

    One exam is required.

    Source: Cisco Systems Cybersecurity Specialist

    Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)Prerequisites: None required; training is recommended.

    The CSSA exam covers basic administration of SonicWall appliances and the network and system security behind such appliances.

    Classroom training is available, but not required to earn the CSSA. Candidates must pass one exam to become certified.

    Source: SonicWall Certification programs

    EnCase Certified Examiner (EnCE)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend 64 hours of authorized training or have 12 months of computer forensic work experience. Completion of a formal application process is also required.

    Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the use of Guidance Software's EnCase computer forensics tools and software.

    Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a practical component.

    Source: Guidance Software EnCE

    EnCase Certified eDiscovery Practitioner (EnCEP)Prerequisites: Candidates must attend one of two authorized training courses and have three months of experience in eDiscovery collection, processing and project management. A formal application process is also required.

    Aimed at both private- and public-sector computer forensic specialists, this certification permits individuals to become certified in the use of Guidance Software's EnCase eDiscovery software, and it recognizes their proficiency in eDiscovery planning, project management and best practices, from legal hold to file creation.

    EnCEP-certified professionals possess the technical skills necessary to manage e-discovery, including the search, collection, preservation and processing of electronically stored information in accordance with the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.

    Individuals can gain this certification by passing a two-phase exam: a computer-based component and a scenario component.

    Source: Guidance Software EnCEP Certification Program

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium V10.0Prerequisites: IBM recommends basic knowledge of operating systems and databases, hardware or virtual machines, networking and protocols, auditing and compliance, and information security guidelines.

    IBM Security Guardium is a suite of protection and monitoring tools designed to protect databases and big data sets. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security Guardium credential is aimed at administrators who plan, install, configure and manage Guardium implementations. This may include monitoring the environment, including data; defining policy rules; and generating reports.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: IBM Security Guardium Certification

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6Prerequisites: IBM recommends a working knowledge of IBM Security QRadar SIEM Administration and IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager, as well as general knowledge of networking, risk management, system administration and network topology.

    QRadar Risk Manager automates the risk management process in enterprises by monitoring network device configurations and compliance. The IBM Certified Administrator -- Security QRadar Risk Manager V7.2.6 credential certifies administrators who use QRadar to manage security risks in their organization. Certification candidates must know how to review device configurations, manage devices, monitor policies, schedule tasks and generate reports.

    Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: IBM Security QRadar Risk Manager Certification

    IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1Prerequisites: IBM recommends a basic knowledge of the IBM Security Network Intrusion Prevention System (GX) V4.6.2, IBM Security Network Protection (XGS) V5.3.1, Microsoft SQL Server, Windows Server operating system administration and network security.

    The Security SiteProtector System enables organizations to centrally manage their network, server and endpoint security agents and appliances. The IBM Certified Analyst -- Security SiteProtector System V3.1.1 credential is designed to certify security analysts who use the SiteProtector System to monitor and manage events, monitor system health, optimize SiteProtector and generate reports.

    To obtain this certification, candidates must pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Security SiteProtector Certification

    Oracle Certified Expert, Oracle Solaris 10 Certified Security AdministratorPrerequisite: Oracle Certified Professional, Oracle Solaris 10 System Administrator.

    This credential aims to certify experienced Solaris 10 administrators with security interest and experience. It's a midrange credential that focuses on general security principles and features, installing systems securely, application and network security, principle of least privilege, cryptographic features, auditing, and zone security.

    A single exam -- geared toward the Solaris 10 operating system or the OpenSolaris environment -- is required to obtain this credential.

    Source: Oracle Solaris Certification

    Oracle Mobile SecurityPrerequisites: Oracle recommends that candidates understand enterprise mobility, mobile application management and mobile device management; have two years of experience implementing Oracle Access Management Suite Plus 11g; and have experience in at least one other Oracle product family.

    This credential recognizes professionals who create configuration designs and implement the Oracle Mobile Security Suite. Candidates must have a working knowledge of Oracle Mobile Security Suite Access Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Administrative Console, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Notification Server, Oracle Mobile Security Suite Containerization and Oracle Mobile Security Suite Provisioning and Policies. They must also know how to deploy the Oracle Mobile Security Suite.

    Although the certification is designed for Oracle PartnerNetwork members, it is available to any candidate. Successful completion of one exam is required.

    Source: Oracle Mobile Security Certification

    RSA Archer Certified Administrator (CA)Prerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, administer, maintain and troubleshoot the RSA Archer Governance, Risk and Compliance (GRC) platform.

    Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on integration and configuration management, security administration, and the data presentation and communication features of the RSA Archer GRC product.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Archer Certification

    RSA SecurID Certified Administrator (RSA Authentication Manager 8.0)Prerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    Dell EMC offers this certification, which is designed for security professionals who manage, maintain and administer enterprise security systems based on RSA SecurID system products and RSA Authentication Manager 8.0.

    RSA SecurID CAs can operate and maintain RSA SecurID components within the context of their operational systems and environments; troubleshoot security and implementation problems; and work with updates, patches and fixes. They can also perform administrative functions and populate and manage users, set up and use software authenticators, and understand the configuration required for RSA Authentication Manager 8.0 system operations.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Authentication Manager Certification

    RSA Security Analytics CAPrerequisites: None required; Dell EMC highly recommends RSA training and two years of product experience as preparation for the RSA certification exams.

    This Dell EMC certification is aimed at security professionals who configure, manage, administer and troubleshoot the RSA Security Analytics product. Knowledge of the product's features, as well the ability to use the product to identify security concerns, are required.

    Candidates must pass one exam, which focuses on RSA Security Analytics functions and capabilities, configuration, management, monitoring and troubleshooting.

    Source: Dell EMC RSA Security Analytics

    Advanced information technology security certifications 

    CCIE SecurityPrerequisites: None required; three to five years of professional working experience recommended.

    Arguably one of the most coveted certifications around, the CCIE is in a league of its own. Having been around since 2002, the CCIE Security track is unrivaled for those interested in dealing with information security topics, tools and technologies in networks built using or around Cisco products and platforms.

    The CCIE certifies that candidates possess expert technical skills and knowledge of security and VPN products; an understanding of Windows, Unix, Linux, network protocols and domain name systems; an understanding of identity management; an in-depth understanding of Layer 2 and 3 network infrastructures; and the ability to configure end-to-end secure networks, as well as to perform troubleshooting and threat mitigation.

    To achieve this certification, candidates must pass both a written and lab exam. The lab exam must be passed within 18 months of the successful completion of the written exam.

    Source: Cisco Systems CCIE Security Certification

    Check Point Certified Managed Security Expert (CCMSE)Prerequisites: CCSE certification R75 or later and 6 months to 1 year of experience with Check Point products.

    This advanced-level credential is aimed at those seeking to learn how to install, configure and troubleshoot Check Point's Multi-Domain Security Management with Virtual System Extension.

    Professionals are expected to know how to migrate physical firewalls to a virtualized environment, install and manage an MDM environment, configure high availability, implement global policies and perform troubleshooting.

    Source: Check Point CCMSE

    Check Point Certified Security Master (CCSM)Prerequisites: CCSE R70 or later and experience with Windows Server, Unix, TCP/IP, and networking and internet technologies.

    The CCSM is the most advanced Check Point certification available. This credential is aimed at security professionals who implement, manage and troubleshoot Check Point security products. Candidates are expected to be experts in perimeter, internal, web and endpoint security systems.

    To acquire this credential, candidates must pass a written exam.

    Source: Check Point CCSM Certification

    Certified SonicWall Security Professional (CCSP)Prerequisites: Attendance at an advanced administration training course.

    Those who achieve this certification have attained a high level of mastery of SonicWall products. In addition, credential holders should be able to deploy, optimize and troubleshoot all the associated product features.

    Earning a CSSP requires taking an advanced administration course that focuses on either network security or secure mobile access, and passing the associated certification exam.

    Source: SonicWall CSSP certification

    IBM Certified Administrator -- Tivoli Monitoring V6.3Prerequisites: Security-related requirements include basic knowledge of SSL, data encryption and system user accounts.

    Those who attain this certification are expected to be capable of planning, installing, configuring, upgrading and customizing workspaces, policies and more. In addition, credential holders should be able to troubleshoot, administer and maintain an IBM Tivoli Monitoring V6.3 environment.

    Candidates must successfully pass one exam.

    Source: IBM Tivoli Certified Administrator

    Master Certified SonicWall Security Administrator (CSSA)The Master CSSA is an intermediate between the base-level CSSA credential (itself an intermediate certification) and the CSSP.

    To qualify for Master CSSA, candidates must pass three (or more) CSSA exams, and then email training@sonicwall.com to request the designation. There are no other charges or requirements involved.

    Source: SonicWall Master CSSA

    Conclusion 

    Remember, when it comes to selecting vendor-specific information technology security certifications, your organization's existing or planned security product purchases should dictate your options. If your security infrastructure includes products from vendors not mentioned here, be sure to check with them to determine if training or certifications on such products are available.

    About the author:Ed Tittel is a 30-plus year IT veteran who's worked as a developer, networking consultant, technical trainer, writer and expert witness. Perhaps best known for creating the Exam Cram series, Ed has contributed to more than 100 books on many computing topics, including titles on information security, Windows OSes and HTML. Ed also blogs regularly for TechTarget (Windows Enterprise Desktop), Tom's IT Pro and GoCertify.


    Jimmy Carter: The Statesman as CEO | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    This is the fourth in HBR’s series of interviews with some of the world’s recognized leaders—individuals who have led not a company but a country. Each leader illuminates something different about the subject of leadership: the quality of thinking, the sense of responsibility, the style of management. The qualities of the individuals vary, in part as a reflection of the times in which they served, in part as an illustration of the values and approaches each brought to the task of managing some of the world’s largest and most complex organizations.

    In 1976, Jimmy Carter—farmer, businessman, former naval officer, Georgia state senator and governor, author, and church leader—was elected president of the United States. With the memory of Watergate still fresh in the public’s mind, President Carter appealed to voters by calling for honesty and integrity in government—the need for basic values guiding the country’s leaders.

    While in office, President Carter successfully championed a long and comprehensive legislative agenda, including passage of a national energy policy, deregulation of transportation industries and banking, and civil service reform. President Carter also negotiated a historic peace agreement between Israel and Egypt, established diplomatic relations with China, concluded the SALT II treaty, and gained ratification of the Panama Canal treaty. During his administration, the country was tested by an inflation-fanning oil embargo and the taking of American hostages in Iran. Both events gave rise to a feeling of American vulnerability to outside forces.

    Since leaving office, President Carter has continued to write books, lecture, teach, and contribute his services to community work.

    HBR: What makes a person a leader?

    Jimmy Carter: The ability to accommodate the pressures of a competitive world is one of the prerequisites to success. During the difficult years of working one’s way to the top, leadership qualities are tested. There may be tens of thousands of people who have the ambition to be president of the United States, or president of IBM, or of General Motors. But you don’t inherit the presidency of a democratic nation or any of these other positions of leadership. Only a few individuals have the capacity to meet the competitive test.

    What qualities determine success?

    The ability to work with other people, the capacity to expand one’s mind and one’s heart as years go by, and to see the broader dimensions of the future. Most important, it’s necessary not to fear the prospect of failure but to be determined not to fail. If a leader is not willing to attempt things that might not succeed, then he has little faith in himself or the goal he seeks to achieve.

    How do values shape leadership?

    High moral and ethical standards are essential, and they don’t change from one job to another, or from one level of authority to another. Honesty, truthfulness, integrity, unselfishness—these are always there. And whenever a leader violates these basic principles, through arrogance or through ignorance, there’s a derogation of duty.

    Leaders also have a duty to understand the needs of people who depend on them. I’ve never been a victim of racial discrimination. I’ve never been deprived of basic human rights. I’ve never suffered from hunger or lack of shelter. As a businessman, a church leader, and a political leader, I became intensely aware of the needs of others in the deep South during segregation, although I wasn’t always as courageous as I should have been in trying to alleviate these problems. But understanding the needs and suffering of others is a vital element for successful leadership.

    Finally, there’s a legal framework within which a leader must operate. The president of the country or of a company should display an exemplary commitment to the law. Any leader who deviates from compliance with the law, or compliance with the principles of a corporation, sends devastating waves of damage throughout the organization itself. Such conduct lowers the standards of performance of everyone who is aware of the violation.

    Is there anyone who you feel embodies these qualities of leadership?

    Harry Truman. He’s kind of a hero for me in this century. I tried to measure up to his standards. I don’t think Harry Truman ever told the American people a lie. I don’t think Harry Truman ever violated the law. He had a respect for history and a respect for the office of president. As a consequence, I am certain that Harry Truman would never have done anything to bring discredit to his office.

    As president, what were your experiences in dealing with business leaders? Both disappointments and successes.

    We had some disappointments at first. For instance, even before I became president I could see that the U.S. automobile industry was making two very serious mistakes. One was the lack of fuel efficiency, and the other was environmental pollution.

    So I called in to my cabinet room the chief executive officers—the chairmen of the board and the presidents of every automobile manufacturer in the nation—along with the autoworkers’ union representatives. I told them we were going to pass some very strict air pollution and energy conservation laws. My hope was that they would take the initiative right then and commit themselves to producing energy-efficient automobiles that would comply with these strict standards. Their unanimous response was that it simply was not possible. I told them that automakers in Sweden and in Japan were doing it, so it was possible. But they insisted that they just couldn’t make a profit on it because their profit came from the larger automobiles. So they refused to modify their designs.

    Eventually we passed a law that required them, incrementally and annually, to improve their automobiles’ efficiency and to comply with environmental standards. In the meantime, American manufacturers lost a lot of the domestic market. That was a case of the automobile industry being unwilling to look to the future. They could not see the long-run advantage, even though it might prove to be costly in the close-in years.

    In general, however, I think the business community was quite helpful and enlightened when I was in office. There was a tremendous improvement in the efficient use of energy while I was there. The laws that we finally passed after four full years of tedious negotiation are still on the books. And now we can sustain any given gross national product using about 30% less energy than we did, say, ten years ago.

    Another commitment my administration made, with which most business leaders helped me, was deregulating the private enterprise system. We deregulated oil and gas, airlines, railroads, trucks, the financial institutions, and communications, including radio and television. And we couldn’t have done that without the support and leadership of enlightened members of the business community. They agreed to put their faith in a more competitive free enterprise system. In general, even including the airlines, U.S. industry and consumers have gained substantial benefits from deregulation.

    How does becoming president change the way you think and what you think about in making decisions?

    Becoming president generates and demands a much greater awareness of what one’s predecessors have done. A leader must understand history, either within the corporation or within the nation. Quite often an awareness of what has gone before gives good guidance about how to handle current challenges or opportunities and helps avoid repeating mistakes. Leadership also requires a broad concept of your responsibility to others and your future effect on them. As you rise in corporate or political positions, you have an increasingly broad impact on other people’s lives.

    How would you describe your management style?

    I have always tried to limit the number of specific duties that I had to manage. Where I could, I would delegate authority to others whom I trusted. I’ve done everything I could to master those duties that I considered uniquely mine, that no one else could perform. To do that, I would commit the time and concentrated effort necessary to go into considerable detail. Management, in my view, requires mastery of relevant details about one’s own unique duties.

    As president, you were constantly engaged in negotiation and mediation—with business leaders, with the Congress, in the Middle East. You’ve even written a book on mediation, Negotiation: The Alternative to Hostility. Why is negotiation so important?

    Every leader has to understand at least the rudiments of negotiation—because a chief executive officer in the White House, in the boardroom, or in the corporate executive offices is faced every day with potential conflict, with immediate subordinates, with the workers in the plant, with the sales force, or perhaps with competitors.

    All negotiations, whether in government or business, require certain things. One is a proper respect for the people across from you whose opinions differ from yours. You can’t be arrogant. You’ve got to give the people with whom you’re contending your understanding—not your agreement but your understanding. It requires some humility to recognize that you’re not inherently better than they are.

    A successful negotiation has to be voluntary and unanimous. Then you have an agreement. You also need to understand when an intermediary, an arbitrator or mediator, would help and when a direct approach is best. This has an important application in business. Altercations between two big corporations can often be resolved most easily through direct talks between the chief executive officers. They need to be secluded but backed up and advised by their attorneys. Instead of going to court in an extremely expensive eight- or ten-year lawsuit, where no one wins, a direct encounter like this is often the best approach.

    During your administration, the United States confronted a series of economic, environmental, and military limits. How do you think a leader should contend with limits and the recognition of limits?

    The recognition of limits shouldn’t lead to a feeling of weakness. A shortage of raw materials, of arable land, or of pure air, are all real conditions that must be accepted and then corrected or accommodated. The acknowledgment that we can’t do anything we want to the environment is not an acknowledgment of weakness. Dealing with limitations wisely and successfully is a sign of greatness.

    Business should readily understand this concept. Limits are taken for granted in the competitive arena. Alternative products are on the market. Competitors are striving to be better, more desirable, or more efficient than you are. You also are limited by your customers’ desires and tastes. You can’t charge any price you want for most products. In business, limits are acknowledged and expected. So there’s no feeling of inferiority. The same principle should apply to political leadership.

    Yet that message of limits and restraints is tough to convey, particularly in politics.

    That’s exactly right. And I was not always successful in getting it across. It’s always much more popular for someone to say, it’s okay to do whatever you want, we’re never going to run out of oil, forests, or other raw materials; to tell the American people the United States is so powerful, we can always live a happy life, regardless of what happens to the rest of the world; to say it doesn’t matter how large our federal deficits are—our country is so strong, we can survive it. It doesn’t matter what happens to the nation’s agricultural community—we have enough land to survive. It doesn’t matter about human rights violations around the world, because our people are secure in their basic rights.

    This way of thinking is very attractive to the American people. These are messages they like to hear. We don’t have to worry about others, we’ve got it made, and because of our great blessings, which are obvious, we must be God’s chosen people. And if someone is poor, or destitute, or deprived, it must be because God looks on them with disfavor. To me, that is an incorrect approach to the world’s problems. But it is a politically attractive approach.

    Part of leadership is telling people news they may not want to hear. Is another part willingness to hear bad news from advisers?

    It’s a serious mistake for any leader to be surrounded by sycophants. It’s just as erroneous to listen only to advisers who have a homogeneous approach to the important issues of the day. The stronger and more self-assured a leader is the more likely he or she is to seek diversity of advice. If you are insecure or don’t have confidence in yourself, then you’re apt to listen to a narrow range of advice.

    I deliberately chose advisers with disparate points of view. The media criticized this as indicating disharmony in my administration. But especially in matters of foreign policy, I wanted the very conservative, stable, and cautionary reaction of the State Department on the one hand and the more dynamic, innovative advice from the National Security Council staff on the other hand. Sometimes the two points of view conflicted. But in foreign policy and defense, the final decisions were always mine. I wanted a broad assortment of opinions before I made a judgment. That’s also why I brought in to the Oval Office members of the Congress from both houses and both parties, and listened to them: to make sure again that I had diversity.

    Do we expect too much or the wrong things from our leaders?

    In general, the American people credit the president with excessive power and authority in the field of economics. The president doesn’t have much to do with the inflation rate, for instance. A little, but not much. He can affect the budget deficit. In economics and finance, the president must share authority with a tremendous free enterprise system and with the Congress and the Federal Reserve Board.

    But in matters of foreign policy and defense, the president does have tremendous power and unique authority. Occasionally, he can even act unilaterally.

    Because there is a misapprehension among the American people about this delineation of power, one responsibility of the executive officer is to define his or her authority and influence properly. I was not against using my legal authority to a maximum degree, but I was very careful to make sure that it was legal and proper when I did exercise authority. As stated earlier, I also consulted with others as much as possible.

    How much consultation went into your decision and policy making?

    Whenever I made a decision concerning foreign policy or defense, I worked it out in advance, initially with the secretary of state, secretary of defense, the joint chiefs of staff, the National Security Council, and the key members of Congress, both Democrats and Republicans. We would have a consensus before we made a major move on the Panama Canal treaty, for example, or with the negotiations on SALT II. As a result, Congress never reversed or refused a single proposal I made and changed my defense budget proposals minimally. It is extremely important to build into initial discussions the people who will eventually be responsible for the final definition or implementation of a proposal.

    A large amount of consultation, however, increases the danger of leaks. What was your view of keeping information secret?

    If you’re a political leader, you have to decide about the level of secretiveness. In general, I think that some secrets contribute toward leaders’ misusing and violating their positions. When secrecy is emphasized, it tends to be used sooner or later to cover up mistakes. And if those mistakes later become public, they will be more embarrassing than if they were acknowledged openly in the first place.

    My inclination was to have as few secrets as possible. In general, we sought to reveal the facts to the American people. So I had frequent press conferences, and all my cabinet officers had orders to share their knowledge with the press whenever it would not adversely affect our national security.

    How much of a leader’s time should be spent on pursuing accomplishments and how much on selling accomplishments to constituents?

    You have a choice at any time to concentrate your efforts on additional accomplishments or to publicize previous achievements. I don’t want to appear too idealistic by saying this, but we deliberately kept a full agenda on the things we wanted to accomplish. Our agenda was always so ambitious that even after I was defeated in November 1980, we still had a highly productive legislative session. We finished energy legislation, we passed the Alaska Lands Bill after 20 years of fruitless effort, we passed legislation creating the Super Fund, and more.

    I had envisioned publicizing my successes for political purposes in the 1980 election year. But, unfortunately, two things happened: the Iranian revolution precipitated a more than doubling of oil prices in less than 12 months, and the hostages were taken. The political and economic climate precluded my letting the public know what I had accomplished. But there has to be a combination of initiatives and publicity. Only by educating people on what you have already done can you retain adequate political support to pursue present and future goals.

    What do you consider is the right way for leaders in this country to use their power?

    Our country is certainly the most powerful nation on earth. Economically, militarily, politically, sometimes even morally and ethically. But that doesn’t mean we can use this tremendous power to subjugate other people or to impose our will on others against their wishes. Or to intrude into the internal affairs of another country, unless our own security is directly threatened.

    We should use our influence, not to create or sustain conflict and animosity and suffering throughout the world but to alleviate it. And although we have the most powerful military force on earth, we should use that force with great reticence. Whenever possible, we should use diplomacy and negotiation to alleviate friction, to bring disputing parties together, to resolve matters through peaceful means.

    In the case of the Middle East, my predecessors and I were always eager to support any peace process that was initiated. Anyone in the Middle East who took one small step toward peace knew there was an eager partner in Washington. To me that was a proper use of U.S. power. We didn’t inject troops into the Middle East. We didn’t bomb villages or bomb Beirut. We sought opportunities to bring people together to work out a peaceful agreement, with our government acting as mediator.

    That to me is a stamp of greatness, not weakness. We don’t have to be a bully in the world just because we are the strongest.

    A version of this article appeared in the March 1988 issue of Harvard Business Review.

    Lubuntu 18.10 May Support 32-Bit PCs If There's Demand, Here's How You Can Help | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    It was brought to our attention that the upcoming Lubuntu 18.10 (Cosmic Cuttlefish) operating system series may continue to support 32-bit installations if there's demand from users.

    After it was decided earlier this year when the development of the next Lubuntu release, 18.10, kicked off that 32-bit installations will be dropped, Lubuntu developer Simon Quigley informs us that the team behind the lightweight GNU/Linux distribution wants to give 32-bit support one more chance if there's still demand from the community.

    Starting with the upcoming Ubuntu 18.10 (Cosmic Cuttlefish) release, which is currently scheduled for an October 18, 2018, release, the official flavors won't be shipping with 32-bit installation images, except Lubuntu if users are interested in helping testing and 32-bit (i386) ISOs. Otherwise, Lubuntu 18.10 will not ship with 32-bit installation images.

    "We understand that there is still interest for keeping the i386 images for Lubuntu, and thus, have not dropped it like the majority of other Ubuntu flavors have," said Simon Quigley in his latest weekly newsletter. "So, if you have i386 machines that you are still using Lubuntu on, please help us test, or the images will no longer be released."

    Here's how you can help

    If you still have an i386 machine and you want to help the Lubuntu team continue maintaining and release 32-bit (i386) installation images for the next Lubuntu release, you must download the 32-bit installation images from the official ISO QA tracker for i386 architectures, install them on your PC and test them thoroughly. As usual, bugs and other issues can be reported via Launchpad.

    However, if there's not enough testing for the community for the Lubuntu 18.10 32-bit installation images and if several i386-specific bugs remain unfixed, the Lubuntu team will not release 32-bit ISO images for Lubuntu 18.10 (Cosmic Cuttlefish), which will ship with the latest LXQt 0.13.0 desktop environment by default instead of the LXDE desktop that was used until now.

    Lubuntu 18.10

    Lubuntu 18.10



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    IBM M2150-768 Exam (IBM Security Sales Mastery Test v4) Detailed Information



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