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Test Code : 650-127
Test cognomen : Cisco Connected Grid (Engineer)(R) lore Verification
Vendor cognomen : Cisco
exam questions : 56 real Questions

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Cisco Launches modern Co-Innovation core in Singapore | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Stretching the imagination of what’s possible.

That’s how they regularly reckon about Cisco’s international network of 14 Co-Innovation facilities, and it applies completely to their most recent core in Singapore they inaugurated ultimate Friday.

slicing the ribbon to formally open Cisco’s co-discovered Singapore Co-Innovation middle and Cybersecurity seat of Excellence, are, left to correct: Irving Tan, SVP and Chief of Operations, Cisco; Chng Kai Fong, Managing Director of Singapore’s economic structure Board; Miyuki Suzuki, SVP, Asia Pacific and Japan, Cisco.

Cisco’s Singapore Co-Innovation core no longer only expands their global community, however provides many modern dimensions to their innovation ecosystem.  First, Singapore is core to the Asian monetary and technology boom engine, and ranks on the accurate of many strange lists as a worldwide chief in innovation, on every occasion it involves expertise, exchange, or transportation. No shock that the area economic forum diagnosed Singapore as the “most techology capable” nation.

Singapore likewise is world well-liked for its stalwart private and public sector collaboration.  That turned into evident throughout Friday’s twin, majestic opening of each their co-innovation seat and Cisco’s modern Cybersecurity middle of Excellence with the cordial presence of Chng Kai Fong, Managing Director of Singapore’s monetary evolution Board. In organized remarks, he brought up, “Cisco’s Co-Innovation core and Cybersecurity core of Excellence will no longer only construct modern digital capabilities in Singapore for the Asia Pacific location, however additionally provide alternatives for Singaporeans to work with the superior minds in Cisco and its companions to create modern and imaginative solutions that enable and cozy digital transformation in sunder industries. They welcome world technology leaders relish Cisco to deepen their presence in their ecosystem and they appear to exist forward to a fruitful partnership with Cisco.” extra of his feedback and opening actions had been coated in this Straits instances article.

brilliant environment with 200 government, Tech and industry Leaders

David Ward, SVP, CTO of Engineering and Chief Architect, Cisco, emphasized the import of diverse public and personal ecosystems co-innovating collectively toward consequences that better enterprise and society.

a few hundred  dignitaries, clients, and companions–together with imaginative leaders from startups and universities—energized the outlet ceremonies. It changed into a brilliant ambiance, full of excited marvel about everybitof the digital alternatives ahead, which become captured with the aid of Irving Tan, Cisco’s Senior vice chairman and Chief of Operations for Southeast Asia, who cited,  “At Cisco, they construct the bridge between hope and possibility. this is only feasible when imaginitive expertise and ingenious americans near together round a yardstick intention. Innovation no longer happens in the back of the closed doors of R&D labs, but in open ecosystems. through fostering local and international partnerships, Cisco is main innovation in innovative technology options so that it will create a far better future for the location.”

driven by Cisco’s Chief know-how and structure workplace, the centers align closely with different Cisco functions to accelerate Cisco’s innovation agenda in sunder areas. They try this by means of co-setting up digital options in the neighborhood on their network platform that may likewise exist scaled globally across a wide range of industries.

David Ward, SVP, Chief expertise Officer of Engineering and Chief Architect, explained, “Singapore joins their global community of Co-Innovation centers, with the mandate to establish, collaborate and co-engineer ingenious options beyond Cisco’s yardstick choices that movement the dial for their consumers and partners. Singapore is an international-chief in innovation, and they are excited to work with local govt, birth-ups, partners and valued clientele to prolong that spirit of innovation and drive new, digital options that better monetary and convivial situations.”

The community Multiplier impact

while they procure a “network multiplier impact” as a result of everybitof of the centers collaborate on scaling optimal practices and seat of attention areas, each and every seat additionally makes a speciality of know-how and trade options most central to its vicinity and neighborhood of innovators. The Singapore Co-Innovation seat will catalyze, develop and align digital improvements around Singapore’s Digital monetary system Framework for motion, leveraging linked internet of issues technologies and their network infrastructure to build options for sensible nation, transportation, and, of course, cybersecurity.

several hundred dignitaries, customers, partners, and Cisco executives attended the majestic opening of the Singapore Co-Innovation center.

The physical environment of a middle could fabricate a crucial change within the artistic technique of co-innovators, which is why we've constructed incredible state-of-the-paintings rooms and laboratories outfitted with “workplace of the long run” applied sciences in Singapore. They serve as virtual and physical maker areas to scan, commemorate at various, and co-enhance options. moreover, the Singapore Co-Innovation seat will  function a launch pad for multiple activities to boost local skill, partnerships, and investments with executive, startups, entrepreneurs, universities, and researchers, as well as display off the newest digital advances and concept leadership.

for my part, i'm very excited concerning the boom of their Co-Innovation facilities community. Two weeks in the past, they likewise launched their Co-Innovation seat in Barcelona. With the addition of those two centers, we  now absorb hotbeds of innovation with world-class native ecosystems on four continents in 14 primary cities, likewise encompassing London, Manchester, Toronto, Berlin, Paris, Rome, Dubai, Istanbul, Tokyo, Rio de Janeiro, Sydney, and Perth.

It’s primary to remember that they execute not convene these places innovation centers – they’re co-innovation facilities. They likewise don’t cognomen them showcases. That’s as a result of their centers bear tangible outcomes for customers, companions, and Cisco. In Singapore, as in everybitof their centers, they unify different ecosystems where every participant has a really expert role, to identify, plan, and prototype digital solutions locally that will likewise exist scaled globally. now could exist the time to roll up their sleeves, start working as a cohesive crew, and deliver outcomes that radically change company and society here and far and wide.

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Cisco To buy Jasper applied sciences For $1.four Billion | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Cisco announced these days it become buying Jasper technologies, developers of a web of issues cloud platform for $1.four billion.

With Jasper, Cisco receives an organization that knows the burgeoning internet of things market. whereas the IoT time age receives bandied about byfar just a little, it with no pains means linked machines talking to one one more over the internet. This may exist industrial automation device on a shop ground, a linked car, a connected wind turbine or even a sensible thermostat.

What Jasper is doing is providing a platform to construct these related instruments and carry them to market a Great deal sooner and with much less friction, Jahangir Mohammed, CEO of Jasper stated at a press experience asserting the purchase these days.

What these techniques execute is generate a entire lot facts and that requires a platform to procedure, maneuver and remember everybitof of that statistics being fed by means of these devices. The cloud is a very smart play for this stage of (large) information because agencies can scale as a lot as they want as the amount of records grows.

An IoT carrier could alleviate fight Disruption

Cisco clearly recognizes this and is attempting to buy potential of it.  As VP of company trade structure Rob Salvagno wrote in a weblog build up proverb the purchase:

Cisco views Jasper as a special IoT provider platform this is disrupting a massive market with robust strategic alignment with Cisco. Jasper represents the largest platform of scale in IoT today with over 3500 enterprise clients and 27 service suppliers across a hundred countries.

As Cisco tries to combat off disruptive forces, one of the vital industries it’s been targeting is internet of things, peculiarly with a cloud bent. Jasper offers the company an industrially concentrated trade with a vast strange client catalogue that includes Ford, GM, Heineken and Boston Scientific to cognomen however a number of.

here is now not a hard and quick market either, Mohammed cited. He sess extend in areas such as the connected vehicle trade, industrial automation and protection (just relish the connected home and constructing protection) in the coming years.

Salvagno likewise sees the two companies having a pretty Great cultural healthy, which might make it less demanding to fuse them should the deal rush regulatory muster. “Jasper and Cisco partake the equal imaginative and prescient for accelerating the IoT,” he observed.

when it comes to protecting these Jasper personnel everybitof the course through the transition, Salvagno stated prerogative through the press adventure exam questions mp;A that they absorb got build aside an employee retention pool and Cisco is actively focused on keeping those personnel in area to the extent they can.

Cisco receives boom advantage

Cisco is making a ample circulation into application and this flow makes experience within the context of the business’s core networking power, defined R Ray Wang, founder at Constellation research.

“The fight in IOT is subsequently in regards to the community. Sensors, stacks and systems may exist commoditized within the community. however you want them for the groundwork within the network. It’s a extremely smart and calculated stream through Cisco,” Wang advised TechCrunch.

That’s because at the very time as that networking hardware becomes commoditized and loses price, the application facet offers Cisco a plausible option to develop affecting forward.

It looks to exist fairly an exit for the Santa Clara-based mostly know-how company, which to this ingredient had raised over $200 million, based on Crunchbase. probably the most recent round was $50 million in September 2014.

Gaurav Garg, founding companion of Wing project Capital and a Jasper board member was excited in regards to the probabilities of this deal. He believes placing both groups collectively will outcome in an impressive mixed entity in an early-stage market.

“we're nonetheless in the very early stages of the IoT revolution, which I liken to the unfold of electrification in the late nineteenth century. simply because the introduction of the electric powered grid sparked an unlimited outpouring of innovation, so the faculty to unite actual instruments to the internet will set off many a long time of modern purposes, just a few of which they will already discern in the shape of drones and driverless cars,” Garg wrote in an email.

The deal should silent shut later this yr and is area to regulatory approval.


Cisco to installation "thingQbator" in 5 educational associations | killexams.com real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Cisco to set up "thingQbator" in five academic institutions modern DELHI: Cisco, on Wednesday, launched an innovation lab to further digital talents and foster entrepreneurship amongst the pupil communities, the trade observed in a press release. The network of innovation labs could exist deploy in five tutorial institutions of India.

The selected associations encompass IIT-BHU Varanasi, Indian Institute of assistance know-how and management, (IIITMK), Kerala, Amrita college Coimbatore, Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical institution for ladies- Delhi and Trident Academy of know-how Bhubaneswar. additionally, the company launched N/Core tech - an incubator for early stage non-gains. a complete of 20 corporation could exist selected in the first yr with a seed fund of Rs 10 lakhs for each startup.

V C Gopalratnam, Trustee, Cisco groundwork & Senior vice chairman, IT & CIO – overseas said, “based on a Cisco research, by means of 2030 there'll greater than 500 billion contraptions connected to the internet. this may absorb a profound consequence on now not simply organizations but their commonplace lives too.”

Cisco's recently held event concentrated the attention on tasks relish “Step Up for India - Spoken English program” and “challenge Smiles through Science.” the former, in response to the business, benefited over 300 college students from three govt schools in Bengaluru whereas the latter imparted yr-lengthy practicing in emanate to over over 120 college students from Parikrma Humanity groundwork.

yet another initiative that Cisco kicked off became the “talent Outreach application.” The six-month path designed to deliver technical skills to excessive-school college students noticed over 70 students from 12 schools already being fraction of the this year’s application. Cisco, in its statement, mentioned the launch of Centre of Excellence for IoT in collaboration with R V college of Engineering. The centre of excellence has, within the last one year, imparted path training to over 1000 students.

aimed at skill construction and constructing group of workers potential within the existing talent pool, the trade notified the scaling up of its Cisco Networking Academy software. throughout the application, the company referred to that they would deliver academic associations with an in-apartment developed curriculum in laptop networking, security and IoT. The program has already enrolled 155000 students from over 306 educational institutions across India and aims to create 250000 expert college students by means of 2020.

continuing its partnership with “Akshay Patra groundwork”, Cisco preeminent that they had employed its business-grade network and collaboration suite to enrich effectivity within the kitchens of the talked about NGO. The company said that the suite had enabled the NGO to enhance its operational efficiency by using about 5%. The enterprise referred to that it is committed to cutting back greenhouse emissions and adopting renewable energy. Cisco, in a press release talked about that the trade had signed two energy photo voltaic purchase agreements that could carry 85000 megawatt-hours of energy every year to the native electric grid near the enterprise’s Bengaluru campus. furthermore, Cisco said that it might deploy photo voltaic panels across the rooftops of its Bengaluru campus.


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5nm Design Progress | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Activity surrounding the 5nm manufacturing process node is quickly ramping, creating a better picture of the myriad and increasingly tangled design issues that must exist overcome.

Progress at each modern node after 28nm has required an increasingly tense partnership between the foundries, which are developing modern processes and rule decks, along with EDA and IP vendors, which are adding tools, methodologies, and pre-developed blocks to fabricate everybitof of this work. But 5nm adds some modern twists, including the insertion of EUV lithography for more critical layers, and more physical and electrical effects that could touch everything from signal integrity and defer to aging and reliability after manufacturing.

“For logic, the challenge at 5nm is to properly manage the interaction between the yardstick cells and the power grid,” said Jean-Luc Pelloie, a fellow in Arm’s Physical Design Group. “The days where you could build a power grid without considering the yardstick cells are over. The architecture of the yardstick cells must apt with the power grid implementation. Therefore, the power grid must exist selected based on the logic architecture.”

At 5nm, IR drop and electromigration issues are almost exist impossible to resolve if this interaction has not been properly accounted for from the beginning.

“The proper power grid likewise will restrict the repercussion of the back-end-of-line (BEOL) effects, primarily the simple fact that via and metal resistances extend as they continue to shrink into 5nm,” Pelloie said. “In addition to considering the logic architecture for the power grid, a regular, evenly distributed power grid helps reduce this impact. For designs using power gates, those gates exigency to exist inserted more frequently to not humble the performance. This can result in an extend of the obstruct area and can reduce the area gain when shrinking from the previous process node.”

The migration to each modern node below 10/7nm is becoming much more difficult, time-consuming and expensive. In addition to the physical issues, there are changes in methodology and even the assumptions that engeers exigency to make.

“You’ve got a higher-performance system, you’ve got a more accurate system, so you can execute more analysis,” said Ankur Gupta, director of product engineering for the semiconductor trade unit at ANSYS. “But a lot of engineering teams silent absorb to Move away from traditional IR assumptions or margins. They silent absorb to retort the question of whether they can flee more corners. And if they can flee more corners, which corners execute they pick? That’s the industry challenge. When running EM/IR analysis, it’s a stalwart role of the vectors that the engineering chooses to run. If I could manufacture the prerogative vectors, I would absorb done it yesterday, but I can’t.”

Choosing the prerogative vectors isn’t always obvious. “Technology is quickly evolving here as a combination of voltage and timing that can intelligently pick or identify the infirm points,” Gupta noted. “That’s not just from a grid weakness perspective, but from the perspective of grid weakness plus sensitivity to delay, to process variation, to simultaneous switching—sensitivity to a bunch of things that ultimately can repercussion the path and understanding a failure.”

This changes the entire design approach, he said. “Can the margins exist lowered, and can flows exist designed so they are convergent throughout the entire process? Could I potentially exhaust statistical voltages instead of a flat guard troop IR drop upfront and then potentially proceed down to these DVD waveforms — really accurate DVD waveforms — and a path to procure towering levels of accuracy in the signoff space? Could I potentially analyze chip, package and system? Could I potentially execute everybitof of this analysis so I don’t fritter 5% margin coming from the package into the chip? At 7nm, they were talking about near-threshold compute, as in some corners are at NTC, not the entire chip, because you commemorate at the mobile guys and they’re not always running sub-500. There are some conditions and modes where you’ll exist running at sub-500, but at 5nm because of the overall thermal envelope and the overall power consumption budget, the mobile guys are probably going to exist running everybitof corners sub-600 millivolts.”

It’s not just mobile. The very is dependable for networking, GPUs, or AI chips, because a lot of these designs absorb the very total power envelope restrictions. They are packaging so many transistors into a wee space that the total power consumption will prescribe the max operating voltage. “You can’t scorch enough power if you’re upgrading, you don’t absorb enough power to scorch at 800 millivolts or so if the entire chip now starts to operate at 600 millivolts or lower,” Gupta said. “Then you buy tens of sub-500 millivolt corners and that becomes your entire design, which puts you in the land of ‘must-have these [analysis] technologies.’ Next to 7nm, they are seeing the variation repercussion at 5nm in early versions of spice models is worse.”

Many of these technology and design issues absorb been getting worse for several nodes.

“There are more challenging pin access paradigms, more tangled placement and routing constraints, more dense power-ground grid support, tighter alignment necessary between library architecture and PG grid, more and tighter electromigration considerations, lower supply voltage corners, more tangled library modeling, additional physics detail in extraction modeling, more and modern DRC rules,” said Mitch Lowe, vice president of R&D at Cadence. “Obviously, EUV lithography is critical, which does reduce but not eliminate multi-patterning challenges and impacts. While some things are simplified by EUV, there are some modern challenges that are being addressed.”

The EDA community has been working on these issues for some time. “We are at the stage to discern leading EDA solutions emerge,” Lowe said. “Much more work is ahead of us, but it is pellucid the 5nm technologies will exist successfully deployed.”

The EDA ecosystem is heavily investing in continuous PPA optimization and tightening correlation through the integration of multiple common engines. One case is combining IR drop impacts with static timing analysis (STA) to manage the increasing risks inherent in using traditional margining approaches at 5nm, Lowe said.

Other changes may exist required, as well. note Richards, marketing manager for the design group at Synopsys, preeminent that 5nm is silent immature, with various foundries at different points in their evolution plans and execution.

“Outside of the main foundry players, which are aggressively affecting to deliver a production ready rush in a very short timeframe, research is being conducted on modern architectures for transistors, because to some degree the finFET is being stretched to its restrict toward the 5nm node,” Richards said. “This is why there is byfar of a tailing off in top-line performance benefits, as reported by the foundries themselves. As you deploy fin-depopulation to meet area shrink goals, this necessitates an extend in the height of the fin to mitigate the intrinsic drive reduction. That brings intrinsic capacitance issues and charging and discharging those capacitances is problematic from a performance perspective,” he explained.

Samsung and GlobalFoundries absorb announced plans to Move to nanosheet FETs at 3nm, and TSMC is looking at nanosheet FETs and nanowires at that node. everybitof of those are gate-all-around FETs, which are needed to reduce gate leakage beyond 5nm. There likewise are a number of nodelets, or stepping-stone nodes along the way, which reduce the repercussion of migrating to entirely modern technologies.

Fig. 1: Gate-all-around FET. Source: Synopsys

At 5nm, a very stalwart extend in both electrical and thermal parasitics is expected, Dr. Christoph Sohrmann, advanced physical verification at Fraunhofer Institute for Integrated Circuits IIS, said. “First of all, the FinFET design will suffer from stronger self-heating. Although this will exist taken supervision of from the technology side, the reduced spacing is a design challenge which cannot entirely exist coved by static design rules. The enhanced thermal/electrical coupling across the design will effectively extend to a point where sensitive parts of the chip such as high-performance SerDes may suffer from a limited peak performance. However, this depends strongly on the exhaust case and the isolation strategy. Choosing the prerogative isolation technique — relish design-wise and technology — requires more accurate and faster design tools, particularly focused at the parasitics in those very advanced nodes. They anticipate to discern a lot of modern physical effects which exigency to proceed into those tools. This is not too far away from quantum scale. To procure the physics right, a lot of test structures will exist required to apt the models of those novel tools. This is a time consuming and expensive challenge. Fewer heuristical models are likewise expected, with more real physical approaches in the models. On top of that, the foundries will exist very cautious about those parameters and models. everybitof future standards in this area exigency to account for this, too.”

Then, for 3nm and beyond, there will absorb to exist a Move to modern transistor structures to continue to achieve the performance benefits that are expected at modern nodes, Richards said. “With the increased introduction of stepping-stone nodes, you’re basically borrowing from the next node to some degree. When you pitch a node in the middle, you benign of borrow from the next node as far as what the projected benefits will be. That’s what we’re seeing in some of these boutique nodes in between, but they are primary given end-customer demand, and they execute enable their customers to hit aggressive product-delivery windows.”

For any modern process node, tremendous investment is required by the EDA and IP community to fabricate certain tools, libraries and IP are aligned with the modern technical specifications and capabilities. fraction of this is the process design kit that design teams must adhere to for that modern node.

Across the industry, there is a lot of evolution work ongoing for cell and IP development. “In real terms, the biggest amount of change and evolution work materializes in or before the 0.5-level PDK,” Richards said. “Generally, from 0.5 onward, there is a reduced delta to what the PDK would exist expected change. So normally everything’s done. Between pathfinding, 0.1 and 0.5, the ample majority is done, then the rest tapers off because by that point you’ve had numerous customers execute test chips, so the amount of change required is reduced. Beyond that point it’s really about structure out and maturing the reference flows, structure out methodologies, and really bolstering those in that 0.5 to 1.0 timeframe to fabricate certain the engage from the scaling and the performance perspective are going to exist realizable in real chips.”

Fig. 2: 5nm nanosheet. Source: IBM

To Move or not to moveAnother consideration many semiconductor companies are currently facing is not to migrate to the next node, or at least not so quickly, or whether to Move in completely different directions.

“New architectures are going to exist accepted,” said Wally Rhines, president and CEO of Mentor, a Siemens Business. “They’re going to exist designed in. They will absorb machine learning in many or most cases, because your brain has the faculty to learn from experience. I visited 20 or more companies doing their own special-purpose AI processor of one sort or another, and they each absorb their own petite angle. But you’re going to discern them in specific applications increasingly, and they will complement the traditional von Neumann architecture. Neuromorphic computing will become mainstream, and it’s a ample piece of how they buy the next step in efficiency of computation, reducing the cost, doing things in both mobile and connected environments that today they absorb to proceed to a ample server farm to solve.”

Others are expected to sojourn the course, at least for now.

“Many of their customers are already engaged in 5nm work,” Richards said. “They’re trying to work out what this node shift brings for them because obviously the scaling benefits on paper are very different to the scaling benefits that they can realize in a real design — their own designs with their own specific challenges — and so they’re trying to work out what is a real scaling, what are the real performance benefits, is this tractable, is it a Great methodology to use, and a Great map from a product perspective.”

Today, the expectation for early adoption of 5nm will exist mobile applications, he said. “TSMC itself quoted a 20% bump from N7, and, to my knowledge, an unknown bump from 7++ . Realistically, mobile is a Great application, where area – slated to exist 45% vs. N7 – is really going to provide a ample differentiation. You’ll procure the power and performance benefits that are likewise primary but with the latest IP cores growing in complexity and area, you exigency to absorb the liberty to develop a differentiated cluster and aggressive area shrinks will allow for that.”

The key metrics are always performance, power and area, and the tradeoffs between everybitof of those are becoming more difficult. Increasing performance brings a subsequent extend in dynamic power, which makes IR drop more challenging. That requires more time to exist spent tuning the power grid so designs can deliver enough power, but not murder the design routability along the way.

“The key thing with power really is how to procure power down to the yardstick cells,” said Richards. “You just can’t build the cells near enough together because it spoils the resources with power grid. This means working early in the rush with power and its implications. On an SoC design you might discern very different power grids, depending on the performance requirements of each of the blocks on the SoC. It’s not just a one size fits all. It must exist tuned per block, and that’s challenging in itself. Having the analysis and the sign-off faculty within the design platform is now going to become more and more primary as you fabricate those tradeoffs.”

Narrower marginAt the very time, the margin between the threshold and the operating voltages is now so wee at 5nm that extra analysis is a must.

TSMC and Samsung both absorb mentioned extreme low-Vt cells, which are paramount for really pushing performance at 5nm, where the threshold and operating voltage very near together.

“The nonlinearities and the queer behaviors that occur when you’re in that side exigency to exist modeled and captured to exist able to drop it as low as possible,” he said. “Obviously LVF (Liberty Variation Format) was required at 7nm, for when the operating voltage was getting very, very low and very near to the threshold, but now even when you’re running what you would not reckon a extremely low power design with extremely low voltage Vt cells effectively, you’re back in the very position. You’ve closed that gap again, and now LVF and modeling those things is very important.”

Inductance, electromagnetic effectsIndeed, with the Move to 7nm and 5nm, the trends are clear: increasing frequencies, tighter margins, denser integrated circuits, and modern devices and materials, stressed Magdy Ababir, vice president of marketing at Helic.

He preeminent during the recent Design Automation Conference, a panel discussed and debated such concepts as: where and when should full electromagnetic (EM) verification exist included; whether ignoring magnetic effects leads to more silicon failures during development; whether the methodology of applying best practices to avoid EM coupling and skipping the tedious EM verification fraction should silent exist a cogent practice; if this methodology is scalable to 5nm integrated circuits and below; if the dense matricies resulting from inductive coupling and difficulty of simulations are the main understanding why industry did not widely adopt full EM simulations; and what can exist done in-terms of implement development, education, and research to lower the barrier for industry to adopt full EM simulation.

“The panel members everybitof agreed strongly that the full EM analysis is becoming fundamental in at least some key parts of any cutting-edge chip. A panelist from Synopsys was of the belief that is needed in some key places in a chip such as clocking, wide data busses, and power distribution, but not yet in mainstream digital design. An Intel panelist was of the belief that for current chips, applying best practices and skipping using full EM simulations silent works, however this methodology will not scale into the future. A panelist from Nvidia simply stated that EM simulations is a must with his very towering frequency SERDES designs, and a panelist from Helic agreed strongly here, and showed examples of unexpected EM coupling causing failures in key chips. The moderator was of the belief that magnetic effects are already there strongly and absorb been very significant in integrated circuits for a while, but the difficulty of including magnetic effects into simulation, and manipulating very large and dense matrices resulting from inductive coupling is the main understanding full EM verification is not mainstream yet. Everyone agreed that not including EM effects in verification results in overdesign at best and potential failures,” Abadir offered.

In the end, the panel agreed that there is a exigency for significant improvement of tools that wield EM verification, better understanding of magnetic effects, and significant research on how to protect against EM failures or even adopt designs that profit from magnetic effects. The panel likewise agreed that current trends of higher frequencies, denser circuits, and scaling of devices combined with the exploding penalty on a chip failure, makes including full EM verification imperative, he added.

An additional challenge at 5nm is the accuracy of waveform propagation. Waveform propagation is notoriously expensive from a runtime perspective, and as a result needs to exist captured throughout the entire design flow. Otherwise, the surprise at sign-off would exist that the design is too ample to close.

The typical course to resolve these problems is by adding margin into the design. But margining has become an increasingly thorny issue ever since the advent of finFETs, because dimensions are so wee that extra circuitry reduces the PPA benefits of scaling. So rather than just adding margin, design teams are being forced to adhere to foundry models and rules much more closely.

“Foundries execute provide models of devices that portray corner models,” said Deepak Sabharwal, vice president of IP engineering at eSilicon. “In the past, you were told the corner models capture the extremes of what would exist manufactured, but that is no longer the case. Today, there are silent corner models, but there are likewise variation models, both global and local. Global variation capture the global means of manufacturing, such as when multiple lots are flee at a foundry, each lot is going to behave in a unavoidable manner and that is captured as fraction of my global variation. Local variation models portray when I’m on a die and my die has a Gig of elements. Then I absorb the middle point of my distribution, and what the outliers are on that distribution.”

At 5nm, both the global plus the local variation must exist considered, because they are incremental.

“At the very time, these kinds of analysis are experience-driven,” Sabharwal said. “How much margin execute you add, and likewise fabricate certain you execute not proceed overboard? If you design for too much of your sigma, you ended up being uncompetitive. That’s what you absorb to watch out for, and that’s really where the experience comes in. You absorb to fabricate certain you build in enough margin that you can sleep at night, but not murder your product by putting in too much extra area that you don’t exigency to build in.”

More than ever, 5nm brings together a range of modern challenges. “When you believe about the billions of components sitting on that chip, it explains why the size of the teams needed to build these chips is now increasing as you flip from one generation to the next. It’s everybitof these challenges that are coming their way. These problems are going to remain, where people will near up with techniques to resolve them and just continue trade as usual. Engineering is really that know-how of structure stuff that will work reliably everybitof the time,” Sabharwal said.

Related Stories7/5nm Timing Closure IntensifiesThe issues may exist familiar, but they’re more difficult to resolve and can touch everything from performance to yield.Emulation-Driven ImplementationTech Talk: How to better self-possession that designs will work properly in less time.Design Rule Complexity RisingTotal number of rules is exploding, but that’s only fraction of the problem.Quantum Effects At 7/5nm And BeyondAt future nodes there are some unexpected behaviors. What to execute about them isn’t always clear.


50 majestic challenges for the 21st Century | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Over the past month, Future Now has been covering the “grand challenges” they pan as a society in a series of articles, videos and graphics. They polled a panel of people from various fields about the vital issues they believe deserve more attention – you can browse 50 of those responses below, which we’ll continue to draw on throughout this year. There’s a lot to digest in one sitting – so douse in, reflect, near back...

You can likewise snare up on the stories inspired by these responses that we’ve published to date here: The majestic Challenges.

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ersatz INTELLIGENCE

danah boyd, Principal Researcher at Microsoft ResearchData-driven technologies are increasingly being integrated into many different parts of society, from judicial decision-making processes to automated vehicles to the dissemination of news. Each of these implementations raises sober questions about what values are being implemented and to whom these implementations are accountable. There is increasing crave by regulators, civil society, and convivial theorists to discern these technologies exist “fair” and “ethical,” but these concepts are fuzzy at best. Meanwhile, there are significant trade-offs and local decisions that technical actors pan on a day-to-day basis that shape the very structure of these systems. Developing responsible sociotechnical systems will require bridging the social-technical gap that can easily emerge as convivial actors and technical actors discourse past one another.

Missy Cummings, Professor, Humans and Autonomy Lab, Duke UniversityI believe one of the most primary challenges faced by robotic systems of the future, which involve driverless cars, drones, surgical and manufacturing robots, is how will they exist able to certify these systems as safe, particularly those that embed ersatz intelligence? By their very nature, ersatz intelligence algorithms understanding probabilistically and as uncertainty increases in the world, uncertainty increases in an algorithm’s faculty to successfully and safely near to a solution. Presently they absorb no commonly-accepted approaches and without an industry yardstick for testing such stochastic systems, it is difficult for these technologies to exist widely implemented.

Kate Darling, Research Specialist at MIT Media Lab. Fellow at the Harvard Berkman Klein seat for Internet & SocietyCompanies are going to supervene their market incentives. That’s not a horrible thing, but they can’t reckon on them just to exist ethical for the sake of it, for the most part. It helps to absorb regulation in place. We’ve seen this in privacy, or whenever they absorb a modern technology, and they design out how to deal with it.

Ezekiel Emanuel, Vice Provost for Global Initiatives and chair of the Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy at the University of PennsylvaniaI believe one of the ample issues is going to exist unemployment: automation, ersatz intelligence, virtual reality. It seems pretty inevitable it’s going to create displacement of workers, ie unemployment. If you commemorate at what gives people significance in their lives, it’s three things: meaningful relationships, passionate interests, and meaningful work. Meaningful work is a very primary ingredient of someone’s identity.

Viktor Mayer Schonberger, Professor of Internet Governance and Regulation, Oxford Internet InstituteMy #1 issue is not the future of democracy (or related issues such as fake news, Trump, convivial networking bubbles, or even cybersecurity), but the future of humanity. As they are developing more and more ways to let computers buy over reasoning through adaptive learning, they are faced with an existential question: what is it – long term – that makes us human? It used to exist doing calculus, playing Chess (or Go), flying airplanes, driving cars, having a conversation, playing Jeopardy, or cooking (to cognomen a few). What if data-driven, learning algorithms can execute everybitof that? What’s the essence of being human – is it radical creativity, irrational originality, craziness and illogicality? And if so, are they then shaping their learning institutions to alleviate humans develop and nurture exactly these skills (our competitive advantages). In short, for me 2017 marks the year, when intra-human problems slowly start to pale when compared to this more fundamental and existential one.

Peter Norvig, Director of Research, GoogleArtificial intelligence has proven to exist quite efficacious at practical tasks – from labeling photos, to understanding speech and written natural language, to helping identify diseases. The challenge now is to fabricate certain everyone benefits from this technology. It's primary that machine learning exist researched openly, and spread via open publications and open source code, so they can everybitof partake in the rewards.

Richard Alan Peters, Associate Professor of Electrical Engineering, Vanderbilt UniversityIn my opinion, the most primary breakthrough in robotics and AI to near is the learning of concepts by learning sensory-motor coordination. An brilliant agent (animal or robot) that can maneuver the physical world while sensing the results of said manipulation forms one half of a tangled dynamical system. The other half is the world. tangled dynamical systems figure patterns in nature. In the case of an animal (including humans) that pattern occurs in the brain and spinal cord system. It relates sensing to action and vice-versa. In a robot, I relish to convene this “natural intelligence” to distinguish it from ersatz intelligence which is usually acquired by a disembodied computer. Among other things this approach solves the symbol grounding problem (how an agent’s internal symbols relate to the physical world. This has been puzzled over since Aristotle.) And it solves the “frame problem” by providing a physical context for deliberative thought.

AI, although very useful, will never approach human intelligence until it is embodied. That is, of course, a hypothesis, a guess that has yet to exist proven. But I believe they are close. These ideas were first set down by Rodney Brooks at MIT in the 1980’s. Brooks hypothesis isIntelligence is an emergent phenomenon that is the result of embodiment, situatedness, evolution and interaction.

Bruce Schneier, international security technologistThe Internet of Things is giving computers the faculty to touch the world in a direct physicalmanner. As this happens to more and more things, the particular ways in which computers fail will become the course everything fails. This means more catastrophic failures, as bugs and vulnerabilities touch every instance of a piece of software. This will completely change how wethink about the risks of computerised cars, computerised appliances, computerised everything.

Tomotaka Takahashi, founder of Kyoto University’s Robo GarageIn 2017, cloud funding and hardware start ups are going to collapse. Because of the fake demo videos, people’s expectations to technology is getting too high, and no product can fullfil them. Only a few stalwart companies and products, such as Amazon Echo, can survive. I believe people are going to require resound with more humanity and portability, and convivial robots relish RoBoHoN will find its market in five years.

Jonathan Zittrain, Professor of International Law at Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Professor of Computer Science at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Director of the Harvard Law School Library, and Faculty Director of the Berkman Klein seat for Internet & SocietyI'm concerned about the reduction of human autonomy as their systems -- aided by technology -- become more tangled and tightly coupled. ersatz intelligence is making some real progress prerogative now, and their work is less to worry about a science fiction robot takeover, and more to discern how technology can exist used to alleviate with human reflection and decisionmaking rather than to entirely substitute for it. If they "set it and forget it," they may rue how a system evolves, and that there is no pellucid status for an ethical dimension to exist considered.

CITIES AND GLOBAL evolution

Mary Barra, CEO, universal MotorsThe auto industry stands at an inflection point where rapidly advancing technology and evolving customer needs offer a unique break to transform their relationship with customers, communities and the environment. Thanks to connectivity, electrification, autonomous vehicles and car- and ridesharing, the course customers interact with their vehicles is going to change in a course that hasn't happened since the industry was born more than 100 years ago. Some view this as a disruption – they believe it represents a tremendous break to fabricate people’s lives safer, simpler and better. Realising these changes demands the faculty to recruit from a talented pool of diverse candidates with Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) expertise. Today, there is more require for some emanate areas than there is available modern talent and the require continues to grow. It’s one of the reasons they are committed to doing everybitof they can to embolden juvenile people to pursue careers in STEM, particularly in Technology and Engineering.

Nootan Bharani, Lead Design Manager, status Lab – ‎Place Lab, University of ChicagoA pivot from just climate change to segregation. Specifically, the widening gap between wealthy and impoverished people, worldwide. Climate change is a causal factor in the increased(ing) disparity. So too are racism and classism.

Climate change exacerbates the challenges thrust upon impoverished people. The exhaust and habitation of spaces demonstrates this clearly – the quantity, quality, and increasingly, the faculty of one’s space to protect from harsher and unexpected elements.

Solutions should exist structural as well as grass roots. Sound policy as well as micro-local community-based. Intentional systems got us into this pickle, and intentional systems will exigency to exist fraction of the process to compass toward common vision and goals.

Scratching the surface are programmes offered by governments and utilities, to assist homeowners to weatherise their structures. Impoverished communities silent want the resource/capacity to capture full exhaust of technologies – methods are already known and commonplace in sustainable modern construction. The most robust and innovative energy efficiency programs are yet to profit those that would feel the greatest repercussion from the captured savings.

Culture is intersectional, is an arbiter. Culture is fraction of the solution to finding common ground between wealthy and impoverished (and everybitof in-between).

Vernacular architectures are expressions of the people and culture in a particular locale, in particular climates. My “dream” of seeing more vernacular architecture overlapped with synchronous design is a crave to discern cultural identities expressed as much as it is a crave to discern climate adaptive solutions for space.

Larry Burns, former corporate vice president of Research and evolution for universal MotorsAccording to the World Health Organisation, over 1.2 million people a year die from crashes on the world’s roadways. This is epidemic in scale. Traffic safety experts foretell that over 90% of roadway fatalities can exist eliminated when driverless vehicle technology reaches its full potential. Regulators, police organisations and liability experts responsibly caution that they cannot let driverless technology procure in front of safety. However, relish with everybitof epidemics, they likewise absorb a responsibility to realise the full potential of cures as soon as possible. While they must exist prudent, they likewise must not let those with vested interests in human driven cars gradual progress. They must work together to safely accelerate the realisation of driverless vehicles. Reaching this imperative one-day sooner could redeem over 3,000 lives!

Vishaan Chakrabarti, Associate Professor of drill at Columbia Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and PreservationThe major modern challenge for the fields of architecture and urbanism will exist to build what I convene the "Public Metropolis," which means cities that are more ecologically sound, more equitable, more compassionate in their deployment of technology, more vehement in their creation of modern infrastructure, and more fervent in their roles as beacons for a free, diverse and open global society in a time when nativism and fascism are on the rise. The debate of whether to build dense, transit-based cities as the most environmentally sound growth model in a world in which billions are reaching the middle class is largely settled: the question that remains is not whether to build better cities, but how. Great civic architecture for both public and private projects will exist pivotal to this question by enabling the creation of modern cultural buildings, commercial projects, and infrastructures that read and write with the specifics of a place, so that they maintain local identities in a global world.

Lucy Jones, Science Advisor for Risk Reduction for the United States Geological SurveyWe execute a Great job as a society of funding and supporting innovative research – they really admire that aspect of it. What they execute a very horrible job at is making the interface between that esoteric research and how people can actually exhaust the information.

People want predictions (for earthquakes). But people absorb to understand the scientific process. That’s problem number one: The communication phase. People on the outside gyrate to us (researchers) for answers, and they are so caught up in the scientific process that they know no retort that we’re talking about is final. There’s this gap that we’re not helping people understand, and it’s actively discouraged – if you absorb a juvenile scientist who’s brilliant on TV explaining earthquakes, they may boom no, I’m not going to execute this because it’s going to damage my career.

Rochelle Kopp, founder and Managing Principal of Japan Intercultural CounselingI would boom that one of the biggest challenges for the 21st Century as relates to Japan and Asia, and indeed the rest of the world, is related to questions of immigration (which includes refugee issues). These absorb of course received a lot of attention in the media, but the discussions are often stuck at a basic level, and governmental policies and programs are often not sufficiently addressing the issues.

Specifically as for Asia: Japan, as well as Korea and China, are rapidly ageing and thus there will exist increasing require for labor in those countries, whereas many surrounding countries absorb surplus amounts of labour. Already they discern Japan is very relative on strange labor in sectors relish agriculture and construction, although not through formal immigration but rather through exploitative “trainee” programs.

Part of the debate around immigration and acceptance of refugees, both in Japan and other countries, relates to how to integrate people from another culture into a society. This is my field, of cross-cultural communication and understanding. There is a lot of leeway for further application of the lessons of the cross-cultural province in areas outside of trade (where they are most often being utilised today), to alleviate countries address issues related to immigrants and refugees.

Chris Leinberger, Nonresident Senior Fellow – Metropolitan Policy Program, Brookings InstituteThe real political and societal changes I’m seeing are taking status at the micro-local level: the biggest sociopolitical movement has been the organisation at the “place” smooth of the neighbourhood level, at least in this country. It’s under the radar screen – they are fundamentally inserting a modern smooth of governance in society, and it’s taking the figure of neighbourhood associations at the super local level, taking the figure of improvement districts, special assessment districts, relish in Midtown Manhattan. everybitof of these places are becoming organised.

Every neighbourhood in this country has a neighbourhood organisation – 30 years ago this didn’t exist. Today, virtually every neighbourhood is organised. trade improvement districts in particular are making leaps and bounds in the management of their society and they are recognising and working with technology firms to far better understand how these places work. The next ample technological jump is a software jump: they now absorb the hardware. The issue is coming up with software that will create the mega database that will understand every fraction of the built environment at the status level, and eventually, the metropolitan level.

Right now, nobody knows what’s in Midtown [Manhattan]. They don’t know what percentage of that is office; what percentage of that is retail. They didn’t absorb those data sets 15 years ago, and they didn’t absorb the software, and they certainly didn’t absorb the computing capability.

So when a city or when a trade improvement district makes a major capital investment in the future, you could foresee the time that we’ll exist able to say, ‘okay, let’s build the Second Avenue subway. It’ll cost us $5bn and this is the expected economic and tax revenues they will procure from that based on this data set, and they will then determine what to execute – and they will commemorate at secondary consequences relish gentrification and discern how we’re going to address that based upon those future projects they make.’ They will learn much better how to plan, build, and pay for these places; invest in the prerogative thing. prerogative now conclusions are based on guestimations, relish ridership. We’re getting closer to proverb this is going to exist the economic and fiscal profit of doing that, and here are the unintended consequences they exigency to exist concerned about: congestion, gentrification, displacement, whatever. everybitof those tools will alleviate status managements. This is a modern province of status management.

Edward Paice, Director, Africa Research InstituteIn Africa, very rapid urban growth – spatial and demographic – is occurring without adequate planning (or, in many locations, any planning at all). Even where master plans absorb been drawn up, these attend to exist either ‘fantasy designs’ drawing on wholly inappropriate models such as Dubai or Singapore; or they mimic equally inappropriate plans drawn up for cities in Europe or the US. Urbanisation in Africa is occurring in its own distinctive style and there are significant variations within and between countries. But one common feature is that the economies of nearly everybitof towns and cities are predominantly informal. The creation of long-term, decent jobs by the situation and private enterprise is woefully inadequate; industrialisation remains for the most fraction absent. For African urbanisation to become a positive economic and convivial development, as opposed to a ticking time-bomb, urban planning needs to incorporate total populations, not simply the wealthy and middle classes; this is the only course that the economic potential of the majority can exist harnessed for the national good. How can this exist done? Firstly, citizens absorb to exist involved. Community participation in slum redevelopment initiatives has proven to exist a far more productive and cheaper course of going about things than imposing ill-conceived, expensive schemes from above. Secondly, the technology exists to facilitate the rapid planning required – for example, data collection with mobile phones and satellite imagery absorb already been beneficial. Thirdly, urban-dwellers everywhere – voters – can mobilise even more effectively to ensure that their elected representatives deliver more. They are seeing this occurring in more and more towns and cities and it is a very positive evolution for cities, for infrastructure evolution and for democracy. Even in autocracies there is always leeway for citizens to organise and thereby secure services or rights that they absorb been denied. The final, essential, component is political will. This has been conspicuously lacking, but more determined and competent mayors and city leaders are emerging and the power of case is considerable.

The majority of Africans will live in towns and cities by 2050. Management consultancies and international financiers routinely title that rapid urbanisation is one of the Great pluses in the investment case for Africa. As things stand, this is hyperbolic nonsense. For towns and cities to drive economic growth and subsistence improvement, more imaginative and efficacious urban planning and management are imperative; and the provision of public goods must supplant a narrow focus on the wellbeing of elites.

Nick Reed, Academy Director at the Transport Research LaboratorySafety of travel – by that I weighin not just the 1.3m that die on the roads each year (clearly unacceptable) but likewise the broader implications (effects on mental health and respiratory illness through impecunious air quality; exigency to Move sustainable travel – walking and cycling to tackle obesity, diabetes etc)

Automation – as they Move towards automated, electric vehicles, exigency to reckon the consequence on employment and wider implications of how they access mobility. Travelling on busy roads at peak hours could become the preserve of those who can afford to pay – how does that touch commuting etc; how will this change urban planning etc.

AI – automated vehicles are one application of AI but what are the wider implications for employment (need for universal basic income?), privacy and security

Shin-pei Tsay, ‎Executive Director, Gehl InstituteWithin urban areas, a significant constraint today and into the future will exist how people Move around the city. Many extoll the potential of technology to overcome that problem. Whatever technology may accomplish, they will silent exigency to believe about how space is used: automated and ride-sharing vehicles buy up as much leeway as regular cars, whether they're on the road or parked off the street. Going into the future, urban space silent needs to exist designed to maximize places for people to congregate, which are key to structure convivial connections, fostering a sense of belonging, and encouraging community efficacy. Space for human connection is often not considered at everybitof against technological solutions in cities.

Without the design of places to advocate a convivial dimension, cities will not thrive regardless of how much technology they attempt to integrate, design for, and adopt. Public health outcomes extend when isolation diminishes and people connect. They redeem billions in environmental costs if they map for places that embolden people to expend time outside. They even reduce economic limitations in labor markets when they map for places that allow people to truncate their commute distances and absorb access to stores, schools, and other daily services.

It's always fun to reckon panaceas that can theoretically resolve age-old problems (in this case, growing populations with increasing travel needs). However, not nearly enough attention is given to the convivial impacts of these modern solutions. They must carefully reckon how they may change the physical shape and design of their cities in the future. Most importantly, they must exist cognizant of how they might insulate us. After all, by limiting their faculty to socialize, technology may only generate modern problems to supplant the ones it "solved."

HEALTH AND HUMANITY

Nicholas Agar, professor of ethics at the Victoria University of WellingtonRecent advances in gene editing suggest a future in which they can radically upgrade human genomes. They might exhaust tools including CRISPR to rewrite genes that influence traits such as intelligence and lifespan. They should suffer in sarcasm when they contemplate this enhanced future that the obvious answers aren’t always the prerogative ones. The human genome isn’t something they should search to build a wall around, protecting it from everybitof change. But a rush to enhance ourselves may delete aspects of their humanity that proper reflection reveals as valuable. More IQ points aren’t better than fewer in the straightforward course that more money is better than less. They risk oversimplifying what’s involved in enhancement. Proper reflection on what about us they might want to preserve takes time – it should draw on a wide range of perspectives about what it means to exist human. It’s difficult to set aside this time for ethical reflection when modern technological possibilities appear to exist coming thick and fast.

Luke Alphey, visiting professor, Department of Zoology, University of OxfordAgricultural pest insects, and mosquitoes transmitting diseases, are long-standing problems for which they silent absorb no satisfactory solution, indeed the problems are becoming more pressing. Modern genetics can potentially provide powerful modern means for controlling these ancient enemies with greater effectiveness and precision – for case minimal off-target effects on the environment – than currently-used methods. Gene drives are just one aspect of this, but perhaps encapsulate some of the issues. One gene drive system, involving inserting into mosquito cells a large amount of strange (to the mosquito) DNA in the figure of an intracellular bacterium (Wolbachia), has entered province trials in several countries. This specific system has avoided the “genetic” or “GMO” label and regulatory system by adroit marketing and some technicalities and perhaps illustrates what could exist done if the province were not caught up in the baggage and polarised politics of the GM crops “debate”. Potential applications of genetic methods in public health and conservation biology, for example, absorb very petite in common with GM crops; lumping them together risks impecunious debate, impecunious policy and – in my view – potential leisurely or loss of huge human and environmental benefits.

Elizabeth Bradley, Professor of majestic Strategy, Head of Branford College, Professor of Public Health and Faculty Director of the Yale Global Health Leadership InstituteThe tremendous repercussion that social, environmental and conduct factors absorb on their health overall. Recent research has shown that a country’s ratio of health to convivial service spending is predictive of some key health outcomes, relish life expectancy, infant mortality, and maternal mortality. Genetics and health supervision play a role, but social, environmental, and behavioral factors absorb far greater repercussion on the entire health of a population.

Some examples of convivial service investments involve job training, supportive housing, and nutritional advocate – everybitof of which absorb traditionally had an underestimated focus of attention. Health and convivial services should exist better integrated toward the achievement of common metrics, relish lower rates of smoking, obesity, and depression. More research is needed, to measure the health supervision cost savings of early childhood education or income advocate programs, and to identify the most sustainable integrated models. Meaningful change in their world’s health may near less from investing in medical supervision than in addressing the convivial determinants of health.

Chelsea Clinton, Vice Chair, Clinton FoundationRead Clinton’s extended response about the US opioid epidemic.

Jennifer Doudna, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology and Chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley, co-inventor of CRISPR-Cas9 technologyAs ​a​ co-inventor of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing technology, I am delighted to discern that this groundbreaking faculty to “cut and paste” genes so efficiently is being harnessed ​as ​a strategy to create modern food, therapeutics, materials and ​methods for controlling the spread of diease​.​

A challenge affecting forward is how to best engage the public with this fundamental science that really can positively repercussion human life and the world they live in. I believe that they must continue to contend and reckon the profound societal and ethical impact​s​ of CRISPR​ technology​ and ensure that ​it is not abused.c

Joel Garreau, author, journalist, Professor of Law, Culture and Values, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona situation UniversityThe major challenge consuming me is that the wheels are coming off the Enlightenment prerogative now, on their watch, and it’s their own damn fault.

The GRIN technologies – the genetics, robotics, information and nano revolutions – are advancing on a curve. Meanwhile, they humans are trying to process this exponential change with their Great veteran v. 1.0 brains. With precious petite alleviate at everybitof from those creating this upheaval.

Folk are not stupid. They can clearly detect the ground affecting beneath their feet, and that of their children and jobs and futures. When the ground moves beneath her feet, any sane primate looks for something apparently solid to hold onto. Anybody with apparently simple stories about what’s going on, forcefully told, *will* procure attention.

You’ve doubtless seen the data about how the most common job in the vast majority of states is truck driver. So what are they doing? We’re obsoleting these jobs as quick as they can, with a hand wave about how, “Oh, they’ll find better jobs.” While, meanwhile, the rate of suicide and drug addiction and protest voting among the solid middle-aged former middle-class soars. These guys are not stupid. They know they’ve been had. And we’re going to pay for it. And don’t expose me the solution is to absorb the robots just give them a guaranteed income. Humans require significance as surely as food.

The days when scientists could not [care] about the repercussion of their work on cultural, values and society are over. If they ever existed, which they didn’t, but that’s water over the dam.

I can’t expose you how many times I’ve talked to guys working on, oh, something relish massively increasing the number and power of mitochondria in human cells. And I’m like, you know that if you massively extend the amount of energy creation in cells, you’re talking about changing what it means to exist human, right? Are you intentionally trying to create supermen? And the retort every time is “Wow, what a fascinating question, I never thought of that.”

It’s not that these scientists are stupid, obviously. It’s that they’re tunnel-vision. They don’t wake up thinking about how they can change the human race. They wake up thinking about how they’re going to wire the goddamn monkey. That’s just the course these guys are.

Fix it. procure out of your silo. If you can’t design out the societal and cultural implications of what you’re doing, start seeking out people who might, and start systematically having lunch with them. And then invite the most appealing ones into your lab with the goal of them becoming partners.

One case of this was the scientist who was spending her life finding the biomarkers for a disease for which there was no cure. Mercifully, her lab was among the first to start systematically bringing in partners from entirely outside. One of them asked, “What’s the point of creating despair? Might it exist practicable for you to find it appealing to search for a biomarker for a disease to which there is a cure?” To which she replied, of course, “Wow, what a fascinating question, I never thought of that.” But once it was pointed out to her, she happily did find another appealing biomarker problem that was culturally useful.

Culture moves slower than does innovation. That’s just what humans are like. Deal with it, or watch the collapse of the Enlightenment as they ever increasingly near at you with torches and pitchforks – and correctly so. Mary Shelley knew her humans.

My wife and I used to raise verge collies. verge collies fabricate terrible pets. You can not give an brilliant species nothing to do. If you don’t give them sheep, or something comparably interesting, they will near up with something to occupy their Great minds. And you may not relish it.

Laurie Garrett, Pulitzer Prize-winning science journalist, senior fellow for global health at the Council on strange Relations1. Greatest frustration: It is deeply annoying and vexing that CRISPR-cas9 and other gene editing techniques are being applied to treatment of rare diseases and a host of pharmacology development, but petite investment is directed toward application of state-of-the-art gene editing or metagenomic sequencing and detection for point-of-care diagnostics creation. There are many exciting developments at the lab bench smooth that could translate into "Star Trek"-like abilities to wade into epidemic hysteria and swiftly identify who is infected, and with what organism. There are even innovations that allow identification on-the-spot of infections with previously unknown microbes, based on conserved genetic regions institute in classes of viruses or bacteria. But nobody seems interested in bankrolling such game-changing innovations for production on a mass scale. It's a market failure issue – a where's-the-profits problem. If Ebola broke out somewhere tomorrow they are better off today in that some methods for quickly identifying the virus in blood samples exist, but even now they remain noncommercial, require a laboratory and absorb no relevance to real-world conditions.

2. In 2009-10 some in the national security community were obsessed with concern about gain-of-function research, mainly on flu viruses. Researchers were deliberately creating forms of H5N1 and H7N9 and H1N1 that could exist passed mammal-2-mammal, probably human-to-human. The goal on researchers' parts was to understand what genetic switches had to occur to gyrate a bird flu into a potentially catastrophic human airborne transmissible pandemic strain. But of course the work was very risky – especially if it got into the wrong hands.That was then, this is now: The technology of gene modification is far more advanced, and application of cutting edge gene excision and incision techniques makes gain-of-function work potentially far easier, and more dangerous. The two governments that were taking the lead on dual-use research of concern issues (UK and US) are both preoccupied now with very different problems and modern leadership. And the WHO was the lead global agency – it is facing a major leadership change. So they absorb no guidance regarding how governments are likely to view these issues.

Tim Jinks, Head of Drug Resistant Infections at Wellcome TrustModern medicine depends on doctors having efficacious drugs to handle infections. But many common infections are becoming more difficult to handle because bacteria are becoming resistant to the drugs available. Drug-resistant infection – or antimicrobial resistance – is a very sober health threat to us all. Already it results in around 700,000 deaths a year globally. Within a generation it could exist 10 million; it could weighin they can no longer safely carry out not only complex, lifesaving treatments such as chemotherapy and organ transplants but likewise more routine operations relish caesareans and hip replacements. More needs to exist done to better their faculty to diagnose, handle and obviate drug resistant infections and to precipitate up evolution of modern antibiotics to supplant those no longer efficacious in protecting us against deadly infections.

Anit Mukherjee, policy fellow at the seat for Global DevelopmentTechnological innovation is progressing rapidly not only in the digital sphere but likewise in areas such as health, education, nutrition, food safety and life-saving/enhancing drugs. However, the gains of these modern technologies are being captured by a minority of the population both domestically and internationally. While the digital divide has received more attention (and being bridged significantly), inequality is manifesting in other sectors that ultimately touch peoples’ well being. One outcome is human migration which is not only political but likewise economic and social. The other is the more frequent outbreaks of diseases, epidemics and pandemics such as ebola, MARS and Zika. In a world where there is a sentiment against movement of goods and people, how can developing societies accommodate to increasing inequalities and build systems of governance to ensure human security?

Pardis Sabeti, Associate Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology and of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard UniversityThe recent Ebola and Zika epidemics exposed their global vulnerabilities to deadly microbial threats and highlighted the exigency for proactive measures in further of outbreaks and swift action during them. At the very time it shows their faculty to prevent, diagnose, and handle deadly infectious diseases through modern technologies. It is a time of Great potential for devastation or advancement for one of the greatest challenges of their lifetimes.

Robert Sparrow, adjunct professor, Centre for Human Bioethics, Monash UniversityWhat does justice require of wealthy Northern states when confronted by mass migration from increasingly impoverished Southern countries as a result of accelerating climate change?

How should they respond, both ethically and emotionally, to the lore that they are vital through one of history’s fastest periods of extinction and that this catastrophe is the result of humankind’s activities?

As technological developments increasingly drive convivial change, how can democratic societies empower ordinary people to absorb a boom in the decisions that shape the technological trajectories that will in gyrate determine what the future looks like?

How can the public absorb meaningful input into the character of the algorithms that will increasingly determine both the nature of their relationships with other people on convivial media and their access to various primary convivial goods?

How can they obviate an underwater arms race involving autonomous submersibles over the coming decades?

Should they exhaust “gene drives” to try to eliminate disease vectors in nature?

How can they ensure that questions about significance and values, and not just calculations of risks and benefits, are addressed in decisions about human genome editing?

Eric Topol, Scripps Transatlantic Science InstituteOur major challenge is related to their modern capability of digitizing human beings. That is, via biosensors, DNA sequencing and imaging, they can define each individual’s medical essence. But the problem is that this generates many terabytes of data, which includes real-time streaming of key metrics relish blood pressure. Aggregating and processing the data, derived from many sources, with algorithms and ersatz intelligence (particularly profound learning) is a daunting task. Once they can execute this, we’ll exist on their course to a virtual medical coach – your smartphone providing instantaneous feedback on everybitof your health and medical metrics to alleviate obviate you from getting sick.

Mike Turner, Head of Infection and Immunobiology at Wellcome TrustInfectious disease outbreaks are a growing threat to health and prosperity in their modern world. Vast amounts of international travel, increasing urbanisation and a changing climates means that viruses can cross borders and spread around the globe faster than ever before. Recent outbreaks relish Sars, Ebola and Zika absorb everybitof shown how unprepared the world is to deal with epidemics. To stand any haphazard of tackling this threat, they exigency modern vaccines, stronger healthcare systems and a better coordinated global response.

At Wellcome, we’re working to address this threat in a variety of ways; they are a founding partner of the Coalition for Epidemics Preparedness Innovations (Cepi) that will develop modern vaccine candidates against infections they know could understanding a sober epidemic. The WHO likewise needs to exist much better funded and absorb the mandate to respond swiftly and effectively when diseases execute start to spread. Only by investing, coordinating and working together can they anticipate to prepare the world for the next inevitable epidemic.

Watch their animation with words by Bill Gates on Cepi’s vaccine plans.

Gavin Yamey, professor of the drill of global health, Duke University Global Health InstituteI believe one of the most exigent global issues that they pan in 2017 and beyond, and one that they are woefully ill-prepared for, is the threat of epidemics and pandemics. They absorb three mammoth gaps in the global system of preparedness. First, many countries absorb infirm national systems for detecting and responding to outbreaks. Second, they absorb too few vaccines, medicines, and diagnostics for emerging infectious diseases with outbreak potential. Third, at the international level, they simply don’t yet absorb a robust, joined-up approach to providing the essential components of a preparedness and response system – relish surge capacity in producing vaccines in a crisis, an inter-connected global surveillance system, or a global reserve corps of emergency responders. Closing these three gaps is one of the most exigent global priorities if they are to avert a potential world catastrophe. For example, if they suffer another flu pandemic similar to the 1918 “Spanish flu,” the World Bank estimates that there could exist 71 million deaths and a global recession costing over $3 trillion.

ENERGY

Homi Kharas, senior fellow and deputy director of Brookings Institute’s Global ProgramThe battle for sustainable evolution will exist won or lost in cities. 150 million people are affecting to cities each year. By 2050, over 7 billion people will live in cities (80% of the world), and cities will exist responsible for 75% of global carbon emissions. Cities are places where infrastructure gets locked in for decades, if not centuries, but city planners must fabricate investments now in a world where technology is changing rapidly where people live, work and play, and how they access buildings, transport, energy and fritter management. The fastest growth is happening in thousands of secondary cities where mayors and city managers are not well schooled in technical urban planning. Often, these secondary cities must collaborate with each other to deliver services effectively across boundaries within larger metropolitan areas.

Carey King, aide director, University of Texas at Austin Energy InstituteWe exigency a discussion as to what political leaders, trade leaders, and citizens believe is an arrogate distribution of wealth across the entire population. This focuses on the real question (how many people absorb what, independent of the size of the economy, though the two are linked) instead of discussing how to shape policies and taxes to achieve an unspecified growth target independent of wealth distribution. Trump, Brexit, and Le Pen are representations that people understand growth only for the elite in the West is no longer tenable.An issue that has not received enough attention in the media and well-liked understanding is that the Earth is finite and this fact will absorb real world physical, economic, social, and political implications. Neoclassical economics ignores this obvious fact, yet it is used to sheperd most policy (eg, economic projections and scenarios), including that for climate change mitigation. Thus, they are using an economic theory that is simply incapable and inapplicable for informing an unprecedented transformation of the economy.

Vijay Padmanabhan, Asian evolution Bank, Technical Advisor (Urban)The one major challenge they will pan due to urbanisation will exist 'water security'. They are already grappling with this problem across their developing member countries and with deteriorating river or surface water quality, want of adequate ground water sources and increasing dependence on sea water as a supply source, they absorb to bring in innovations in water management. Treatment technology, water aquifer mapping, recycling and reuse of wastewater, etc. are areas of R&D investment.

ADB is working with a large number of utilities to address these issues and as they engage on a long term basis with many cities and utilities, they will exist actively exploring opportunities to bring in value for money propositions so that the utility benefits in the long term. They are likewise connecting with industry leaders to understand market trends so that they can bring the best to their developing member countries.

William Ryerson, founder and president, the Population Institute and Population Media CenterPerhaps a summary is that the human enterprise has outgrown the long-ability of the planet’s renewable resources to advocate us at their current numbers and their current rates of consumption and fritter generation. Climate change is just one piece of evidence of this fact. Technological improvements, while potentially primary in reducing per capita impact, are not adequate to fabricate us sustainable unless they likewise stop growth in human numbers and reduce average consumption, while simultaneously lessening the gap between the richest and the poorest people on the planet. Sustainability is a term that is not well understood and is misused, but the reality is that any activity that is not sustainable will stop. So far, non-renewable resources are what are primarily driving their economic engine. But by definition, non-renewables are being depleted and for the most fraction will stop being economically available in this century. So they must map rapidly for the day when humanity can live using just renewable resources, while maintaining the biodiversity that makes the planet habitable. In truth, sustainability is the ultimate environmental issue, the ultimate health issue, and the ultimate human rights issue.

Strategies that alleviate to bring about changes in societal behaviour, including reproductive behavior, are critically primary in achieving sustainability. exhaust of entertainment media is a key component of such strategies, since a large partake of humanity consume entertainment mass media during free time. For that reason, Population Media seat utilises long-running serialised dramas in various countries to create characters that gradually evolve into positive role models for the audience to bring about changes in convivial norms on a broad array of critical issues. Attached are three documents that narrate this work and its effects.

Jim Watson, Director of the UK Energy Research CentreWe exigency to believe about how the system will apt together as their energy systems change.Globally speaking there is silent a lot of people – 1.5 billion or so – who execute not absorb access to modern energy services. There is going to exist a lot of rising require from regions relish Africa.

One of the ample challenges of deploying modern energy technologies, particularly these intermittent renewables relish wind and solar, is the repercussion they absorb on the system. It used to exist that in the summer it was a really Quiet time for the grid operator compared to the winter, but now they are having this peak in generation in summer due to solar energy when require is low. They are having to juggle this as they cannot store electricity in large quantities yet. This is a modern course of operating for them.

With the sort of changes they are seeing in energy systems around the world, cheaper and better storage is going to exist a ample fraction of the solution. When it comes to heating for somewhere relish the UK, you might exigency storage that lasts several months. You procure a lot of energy generated in the summer and you might exigency it in the winter to heat homes. This is an area that is really ripe for innovation and they are really only at the start of deploying and trailing those. It is a critical fraction of this modern system they are trying to create.

FUTURE OF THE INTERNET, MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY

Peter Barron, VP Communications, EMEA, GoogleGoogle was built on providing people with high-quality and authoritative results for their search queries. They strive to give users a breadth of diverse content from variety of sources and we’re committed to the principle of a free and open web. Judging which pages on the web best retort a query is a challenging problem and they don’t always procure it right. When non-authoritative information ranks too towering in their search results, they develop scalable, automated approaches to fix the problems, rather than manually removing these one-by-one. They recently made improvements to their algorithm that will alleviate surface more towering quality, credible content on the web. We’ll continue to change their algorithms over time in order to tackle these challenges.

Rohit Chandra, VP Engineering, YahooSearch providers pan a confluence of human and technology challenges. While they provide the portal for users to find information, they depend on content creators and distributors to apply journalistic discipline to what they are creating. The scale of well-liked convivial networks has democratized publishing, which effectively lets anyone – regardless of their intentions or qualifications – bear content that can issue journalistic.

Another challenge is that technology-driven online engines relish ours learn through click-feedback or “crowd-sourcing.” That runs the risk of perpetuating a “herd-mentality” – in which if lots of users start chasing a particular news source (maybe based on shock value rather than credibility), their AI-systems could accidentally “learn” and handle that source as highly valued or credible.

I execute discern a exigency in the market to develop standards, perhaps from an organization relish Nielsen. Facebook and others are working on this, too. The retort has to exist a combination of technology and editorial; they can’t fact-check every story, but there must exist enough human eyes on the content that they know the character bar stays high.

Eddie Copeland, director of government Innovation at Nesta, a UK charity that has looked at the future of democracy in the digital worldRather than waiting for politicians to fabricate decisions and then they everybitof quarrel over whether what they boom reflects reality, they could absorb tools that engage people much earlier in the process so they can exist involved in formulating ideas and drafting legislation, following the course of how ideas proceed from concept to becoming laws and how efficacious they are in reality. It might just give you a fighting haphazard of making people feel fraction of a system rather than observing it from the outside.

Nonny de la Pena, virtual reality journalist and CEO of Emblematic GroupCall me idealistic, but I really believe if you absorb an informed global citizenry, then people are going to fabricate better decisions. They are going through the pain of, how execute they convey information that’s accurate? People may not exist looking at traditional media for their solutions. I believe for audiences, VR is a totally different character of story. There is nothing in print or radio or broadcast that can let you walk around in actual space. That benign of effort, of making those kinds of pieces, is going to procure easier and easier. You’ll exist walking around the scene, not looking at flat screen or video.

When you walk around, it’s a entire other level. Now your body can engage. Now when I proceed to the movies, I find the frames so ersatz – I can discern the box. I discern the square. When I build on a headset, I discern the world. The fact that audiences are going to exist engaged with this benign of storytelling fabricate sit a very primary break for journalism to embrace.

Ben Fletcher, senior software engineer at IBM Watson Research who worked on a project to build an AI fact checkerWe got a lot of feedback that people did not want to exist told what was dependable or not. At the heart of what they want, was actually the faculty to discern everybitof sides and fabricate the conclusion for themselves. A major issue most people face, without knowing it, is the bubble they live in. If they were shown views outside that bubble they would exist much more open to talking about them.

Kevin Kelly, founding executive editor of Wired MagazineThe major modern challenge in reporting news is the modern shape of truth. truth is no longer dictated by authorities, but is networked by peers. For every fact there is a counterfact. everybitof those counterfacts and facts commemorate identical online, which is confusing to most people. The only course a fact becomes accepted as dependable is to exist networked with other facts reckon to exist true. relish in Science, everybitof truth is provisional, although some is more provisional than others. The truth is really a network of truths, and each of these dependable facts is probabilistic. The probability of a fact being dependable is increased by the degree it is networked with other dependable facts and the reliability of truthfulness by its source. So the challenge before us is to start to construct a truth signaling layer into the fabric of facts, particularly online. This will exist a multi-generational effort that will resemble the construction of wikipedia, but goes far beyond it.

Stephan Lewandowsky, a psychologist at University of Bristol who studies persistence of misinformation in societyHaving a large number of people in a society who are mis-informed and absorb their own set of facts is absolutely devastating and extremely difficult to cope with.

There are solutions available – using the technology that has given climb to this problem. Turning it upside down by changing the algorithms in Facebook or on Google to nudge people into sharing or consuming news that are slightly outside their yardstick comfort zone. What is happening now is that the cookies you assemble as you browse the web will expose the website what it is you like.

The course to procure out of this polarisation is for these algorithms to suggest something that I might not relish or conform with but is not so revolting to me that I wouldn’t commemorate at it. That course you can withhold people from self-radicalising in these ecological bubbles. That sort of technological solution is one Great course forward. I believe they absorb to work on that.

Alexios Mantzarlis, chair of the International Fact Checking NetworkI discern a challenge in the flood of reasonable-looking information out there making it harder to distinguish between sources of information. Search algorithms are as flawed as the people who develop them. They should believe about adding layers of credibility to sources. They exigency to tag and structure character content in efficacious ways.

Will Moy, director of full Fact, an independent fact checking organisation based in the UKEven if they absorb structures that impose constraints on people in power and they build pressure on powerful people to exist honest with us, in a sense, everybitof of that is being circumvented by convivial media. On Facebook, political bodies can build something out, pay for advertising, build it in front of millions of people, yet it is hard for those not being targeting to know they absorb done that. They can target those people based on how veteran they are, where they live, what skin colour they have, what gender they are.

These messages are so common and so targeted, they are capable of having a massive influence on public decisions. They absorb never had a time when it has been so simple to advertise to millions of people and not absorb the other millions of us notice. You can’t buy out an advert in a newspaper and not absorb the people you are not targeting not notice. that is a really profound change. They shouldn’t believe of convivial media as just peer to peer communication – it is likewise the most powerful advertising platform there has ever been.We exigency a more equipped environment - they exigency watchdogs that will proceed around and boom hang on, this doesn’t stack up and query them to correct the record. There is a role for watchdogs and there is likewise a role for everybitof of us.

Paul Resnick, professor of information at the University of Michigan who developed a implement for identifying rumours on convivial media called RumourLensThe fundamental challenge they now pan is how to wield a setting where anybody can procure their views disseminated without intermediaries to obviate the distribution. somehoworother there silent has to exist some process of collectively coming to some agreement of what they are going to believe and what they believe are consensual facts.

A lot of what I absorb seen in terms of approaches to deal with that are trying to execute things that are focused on assessing the content of factual claims to try to verify whether they are dependable or not.

I don’t believe that at its heart will exist the mechanism. I believe that it is going to exist not figuring what to believe but who to believe.

Most individuals can’t personally verify most factual claims that they hear. If you believe about some of the things you personally believe that are fact, there are many that you absorb not personally verified. It would exist tremendously inefficient for everybitof of us to try to personally verify everybitof of these things. They absorb to absorb a setting where they confidence other people.

Victoria Rubin, director of the language and information technology research lab at Western University, Ontario, CanadaIf there are people who are willing to blatantly decline to believe that something is a lie, no matter how hard you try, they won't listen. I'm not certain what amount of evidence is needed in this modern paradigm of journalism to procure newsreaders out of their modern bubbles. Human psychology is the main obstacle, unwillingness to crook one's sarcasm around facts that don't conform with one's own viewpoint.

We're studying how news framing affects attribution of guilt for events described in the news, and whether there is mitigating consequence of partisan beliefs. The second newer deceptive character of fakes that's gaining traction is native ads (specifically, in news), or sponsored content that's disguised as editorials, or what's formerly known as advertorials. Such deceptive drill constitutes an internal threat to the profession of journalism and may further deteriorate mainstream media trust. If information users are unaware of the native Ads original promotional nature, they may find themselves insufficiently informed or misled by its content.

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Ipswitch Network Management's WhatsUp Gold Engineer's Toolkit Surpasses 5,000 Downloads | killexams.com real questions and Pass4sure dumps

Ipswitch Inc.’s network management division, developer of the WhatsUp Gold suite of IT network management solutions, has claimed that the company has achieved over 5,000 downloads of its WhatsUp Gold Engineer’s Toolkit in the first month of its release.

Through a unique partnership with Trees for Life International this has likewise led to it planting over 5,000 trees, one for each and every download.

Officials with Ipswitch (News - Alert) said that the WhatsUp Gold Engineer’s Toolkit helps monitor, diagnose and troubleshoot a vast majority of common network engineering tasks including design, and planning, discovery, diagnostics, DNS verification, remote control, configuration and credentials management.

“The WhatsUp Gold Engineer’s Toolkit is a implement that they absorb designed to reduce the cost of IT management and simplify the overall pains shooting of tangled enterprise smooth networks,” said Ennio Carboni, president, Ipswitch Network Management Division, in a statement.

Carboni said that the toolkit has been hugely well-liked since the launch.

“Additionally, their donations to Trees for Life has helped many in developing countries to grow their trees and pass on their lore in their community,” he added.

Trees for Life is an international charity that helps people in developing countries to grow and supervision for their own fruit and forest trees. So far, over 5,000 trees absorb been donated through the download of the WhatsUp Gold Engineer’s Toolkit.

According to company officials, the initiative is fraction of Ipswitch’s long tradition of charitable work and it commits 5% of its profits to a variety of community investment programs.

The WhatsUp Gold Engineers Toolkit was launched on 29th June 2010 at the annual Cisco (News - Alert) Live Las Vegas and attracted a record number of visitors to the Ipswitch stand.

Cisco Live is Cisco’s annual IT and communications conference and is one of the largest gatherings of customers, IT experts, partners and technology enthusiasts. 

Anil Sharma is a contributing editor for TMCnet. To read more of Anil’s articles, gladden visit his columnist page.

Edited by Erin Monda



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BlackBerry [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
BlueCoat [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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CPP-Institue [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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HIPAA [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hitachi [30 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hortonworks [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hospitality [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
HP [750 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Huawei [21 Certification Exam(s) ]
Hyperion [10 Certification Exam(s) ]
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IBM [1532 Certification Exam(s) ]
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IEEE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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LSI [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
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McData [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Misc [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Motorola [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
mySQL [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
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NCLEX [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Nokia [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Oracle [279 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Polycom [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
PostgreSQL-CE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
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PsychCorp [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
PTCB [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
QAI [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
QlikView [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Quality-Assurance [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
RACC [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Real-Estate [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
RedHat [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Salesforce [5 Certification Exam(s) ]
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SASInstitute [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
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Siemens [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Snia [7 Certification Exam(s) ]
SOA [15 Certification Exam(s) ]
Social-Work-Board [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
SpringSource [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUN [63 Certification Exam(s) ]
SUSE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
Sybase [17 Certification Exam(s) ]
Symantec [134 Certification Exam(s) ]
Teacher-Certification [4 Certification Exam(s) ]
The-Open-Group [8 Certification Exam(s) ]
TIA [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Tibco [18 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trainers [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Trend [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
TruSecure [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
USMLE [1 Certification Exam(s) ]
VCE [6 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veeam [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Veritas [33 Certification Exam(s) ]
Vmware [58 Certification Exam(s) ]
Wonderlic [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
Worldatwork [2 Certification Exam(s) ]
XML-Master [3 Certification Exam(s) ]
Zend [6 Certification Exam(s) ]





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