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9L0-521 OS X Server Essentials 10.9

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9L0-521 exam Dumps Source : OS X Server Essentials 10.9

Test Code : 9L0-521
Test name : OS X Server Essentials 10.9
Vendor name : Apple
exam questions : 92 true Questions

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Apple OS X Server Essentials

complete e-book to Apple Certification and training | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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    although I’ve been supporting Macs given that they came out in 1984 (when i was in exorbitant college), I haven’t bought any “formal” practising. It has usually been studying by means of doing, analyzing the occasional publication and now of direction, TheAppleBlog. Does formal certification actually create a dissimilarity as a technician? You order me.

    commercial

    currently I obtained into an controversy with a dealer that one pass or the other thought a technician who first started repairing Macs sixth months in the past trumped my 25 years event. Did certification create this adult a stronger technician? Having completed quite just a minute of hiring myself, I’ve too often institute that certification best verifies your potential to prefer a survey at various and may now not hold mien within the actual world.

    Now that the market has modified and everyone appears to live competing for scarce components, most likely a certification could live an additional edge? What’s the company system for impartial Mac technicians trying greater? The reply took lots of analysis — even Apple wasn’t in a position to acknowledge my questions — so live trained from my adventure.

    credit score goes to each Brian best of BestMacs and Doug Hanley of MacTEK practising, as a result of with out them I wouldn’t regard the alphabet soup of ACSP, ACMT, ACTC, ACSA, AASP, ACN and greater. Didn’t they every develop into Mac users to withhold away from inscrutable phrases? As many of you recognize, the ease of the Apple consumer interface is equalled handiest via the frustration of making an attempt to live conscious Apple’s certifications classes. determining this course become an Awful lot harder than any video online game I’ve ever played, however a “online game” could live the choicest metaphor to delineate the process.

    The online game

    You inaugurate the “game” as a generic Mac consumer. The three worlds you’ll frequently remark in the game are IT, seasoned Apps, and sales. As an IT person maybe you hold potential, perhaps you don’t. Nothing stops you from with ease repairing Macs for your personal, until you achieve things that notably void the guarantee and you comeby caught doing so. You will not hold license per se from Apple to toil on Macs. Many individuals are satisfied at this stage accumulating cash separately, however which you can’t proceed any extra until you comeby a certification — the key that unlocks the subsequent stage in the video game.

    the first certification most depart for is Apple certified aid expert (ACSP) which was once called an Apple licensed aid Desk expert (ACHDS). This certifies your means to prefer into account the operating gadget and is earned in line with the OS version. therefore, you are an Apple certified back expert in 10.5 (or soon 10.6). each and every OS requires certification, but your certification does not expire. therefore, if you're a ACHDS in 10.three, which you can name your self certified without realizing 10.5 in any respect. Your can prefer the verify devoid of practising (many do), self-study via materials from Peachpit, or attend an teacher-lead course at an Apple approved practising middle (AATC). MacTek is one of those centers. You’ll prefer the verify at a Prometric checking out center and pay around $200. The test takes about 90 minutes or so and you comeby the effects instantly.

    Apple Consultants community

    while certification is the means, the terminate you may well live attaining for is the potential to live allotment of the Apple Consultants network (ACN). joining the ACN requires any Apple certification, such because the ACSP discussed above, or any variety of other certifications (described under, even though one source says no longer every certifications are valid, so pay attention). retaining with the video video game analogy, the ACN is devotion a gross unusual enviornment of the video online game you want to explore, but the boss that must live defeated first is Apple, and your weapon is a certification!

    After getting a certification which you could then exercise to combine the ACN. The utility cost is $60 and the specific payment to combine is $395 as a sole proprietor. the complete necessities are here. You’ll comeby a lot of advantages comparable to product coupon codes as neatly as the potential to community with other Macintosh consultants. As an ACN, Apple save personnel may additionally hand out your card to consumers in the shop. Now your company can actually expand as every Apple withhold customer is a potential consumer for you.

    ACN membership is remarkable and a lot of live at this degree of the “video game” using the ACN membership as a multiplier for his or her revenue. youngsters, you nonetheless can’t achieve hardware repairs beneath warranty nor order Apple constituents. As with the video video game, you’re stuck at this degree until you learn additional and check out to subdue the subsequent boss. Apple always controls the suggestions. settle for it as allotment of the online game. Fail to settle for it and also you’ll comeby slapped returned to the nascence of the online game quicker than you could click the home button.

    Server Administration Certification

    From this element, you hold a pair directions you could go. you can focus on restore and repair, or you can focal point on server or superior software administration (many individuals will achieve both). i will focus on the server administration certifications and the hardware functions certifications. you can feel of each of those as two divorce worlds in the online game. you can pick one or the different, or learn them both.

    the primary degree server administration certification is an extra four-letter acronym: ACTC: Apple certified Technical Coordinator. moreover passing the test for ACSP, you’ll kisser the Server necessities survey at various. This extends your computing device capabilities to servers. a impartial higher smooth of certification inside the server realm is an ACSA — Apple licensed systems Administrator. For the ACSA, you’ll need to skedaddle four assessments: Server necessities, listing functions, Deployment, and Mobility and protection for 10.6 (or advanced system Administration for 10.5).

    Apple additionally offers the ACMA (Apple certified Media Administrator) which contains Server essentials, Xsan, closing reduce Server and as an alternative, usher essentials, Deployment, listing functions, or closing reduce smooth 1. other certifications don't look to live necessarily IT connected and are application-concentrated. That’s a realm I’m no longer exploring as they selected the IT song at the nascence of the game.

    Hardware repair Certification

    relocating on from server administration to precise Apple hardware repair, the fundamental certification you will earn is the Apple certified Macintosh Technician (ACMT), formerly the Apple licensed portable Technician (ACPT) and Apple certified computer Technician (ACDT). This certification capability you are theoretically certified to achieve assurance repairs on Apple Macintosh machine. The learning required for ACMT are these of hardware repair and application troubleshooting. You don’t want an ACSP to live an ACMT, but many americans earn each. The tutorial system for hardware repair is extra extreme and it’s much less seemingly you’ll pass the check without some practicing. At this stage, which you could additionally depart to an AATC and pay about $four,800 for both the hardware and application facets of the course, or your should buy self-study materials from Apple known as “Apple custody Technician training” for $299.

    Apple authorized provider provider

    corresponding to how passing the ACSP permits you to combine the Apple Consultants community, passing the ACMT permits you to enter the realm of an Apple approved provider issuer (AASP). You may additionally now not instantly develop into one though, and handiest AASP’s comeby repayment from Apple for guarantee work. youngsters, being an ACMT is awfully effective if you want to comeby a job as an AASP. You may additionally also apply to achieve warranty repairs for your better solid of over 50 Macs by the expend of the Self-carrier application. if you want to develop to being able to achieve warranty repairs for any one, you’ll kisser that identical boss once again, Apple. notice that becoming an ACMT will no longer necessarily earn you from now on funds than an ACSA or ACTC. dealing with the subsequent boss can live too high priced and too restricting, but if you achieve want the next stage, read on.

    attending to that AASP smooth is basically the final smooth of the game. You’ll deserve to hold an ACMT on staff and result stricter requirements than joining the Apple Consultants community. generally you’ll need a proper withhold front and never live a one-person operation. Apple offers exceptions (doesn’t each online game hold cheat codes?), however don’t import on it. after getting your AASP you can live listed with Apple as a carrier provider and comeby reimbursed for assurance repairs.

    So I’ve loaded the video game and pressed beginning. Is certification value it? What about ACN or AASP? Which practising may still i depart for? Is instructor lead training cost it? Any practicing carriers inclined to sponsor me? What in regards to the self-examine classes? partake with me your experiences in the video game and let’s improve a definitive bespeak including “cheat codes.”

    Apple-licensed agencies

    ACN (Apple Consultants community)What it's: community on Apple professionals, receives discounts and advice from Apple, and can live referred from Apple retail retailers.necessities: Any certification.

    AASP (Apple approved provider company)what is it: traffic it really is accepted to achieve Apple guarantee repairs for reimbursement and order elements from Apple.necessities: hold an Apple licensed Macintosh Technician on workforce, among other necessities.

    Certifications

    Apple certified usher expert: simple knowing of the customer Mac working system and troubleshooting.

    Apple certified Technical Coordinator: Deeper understanding of the Mac OS, including the Mac OS X Server and Server necessities.

    Apple certified methods Administrator: Even more desirable technical knowing of the Mac OS X Server, together with passing assessments on Server essentials, directory services, Deployment, and Mobility and protection.

    Apple licensed Media Administrator: here's a sister music of the “Apple licensed methods Administrator” with a spotlight on the wants of media management, and includes practising in XSan or final cut.

    Apple licensed Macintosh Technician: that you could achieve Apple hardware repairs, both out and in of assurance. Required to nascence (or comeby a job with) an Apple licensed service company, or self-carrier your colossal company.


    Apple licensed Technical Coordinator (ACTC) | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    related components: Books   

    This seller-specific Certification is offered with the aid of:Apple ComputerCupertino, CA USAPhone: 408-996-1010Email: This electronic mail tackle is being included from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

    skill level: basis                          reputation: energetic

    within your budget: $four hundred (shortest music)               

    abstract:For Mac OS X technical coordinators and entry-stage gadget directors who've a basis in Mac OS X and Mac OS X Server core functionality and an skill to configure key capabilities and fulfill simple troubleshooting of the simple Mac OS X and Mac OS X Server capabilities.

    initial requirements:You hold to skedaddle two assessments ($200 every). the primary exam is Mac OS X aid essentials (passing this exam by myself will earn you an Apple certified aid knowledgeable certification aka ACSP). The second examination is Mac OS X Server necessities. practicing is attainable however now not required.

    carrying on with necessities:None detailed

    Offline substances:Apple iServices presents instructor led courses to assist you prepare.

    See every Apple Certifications

    supplier's page for this certification


    Mac Deployment equipment: a top smooth view of the most dependable how to Roll Out a brand unusual Mac Lab or replace an ancient One | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    New Macs, unusual models of Mac OS X, unusual software, and unusual college years every translate to 1 issue for Mac IT personnel: making a selection on the most fulfilling approach to roll out the unusual computers, utility, classrooms, or configurations. Ryan Faas gives you an overview of the variety of tools attainable from Apple and third events, and tells you the pass to roll out with less worry and fewer complications.

    Like this article? They advocate 

    Deployments are allotment of lifestyles for IT corpse of workers, live they deployments of recent workstations, unusual purposes or other configuration changes, or deployments of complete unusual labs and networks. those working in schooling often expend the times before a faculty 12 months or unusual college semester readying school rooms and computing device labs by using doing desktop cleanup and updates (well-nigh, wiping the challenging drives of workstations after which deploying a unusual system configuration onto them). unfortunately, deployments can both live bother-free or riddled with complications without each germane planning and the proper equipment. this text focuses on the suitable tools for Mac IT group of workers charged with planning and managing deployments and rollouts.

    There are a number of rig and methods that are, by this aspect, considered tried and real, together with the venerable Apple software restore in each community and endemic disk variations (together with a few GUI front ends to ease the deployment process), Mac OS X Server’s NetInstall feature, Apple far off desktop, and the open supply Radmind utility. additionally blanketed are notebook management rig such as FileWave and NetOctopus. We’ll look in brief at each and every choice, its methodology, and its execs and cons for numerous styles of deployments.

    Apple software restore (ASR) has been a instrument for Mac administrators and technicians for well-nigh 20 years. In Mac OS X, ASR is a command-line device that is allotment of each Mac OS X unlock. ASR makes expend of disk images created with the Apple Disk Utility (or a similar tool) as a supply of goal workstations. it could overwrite an existing disk with a several photograph. as a result of disk photos comprise a completely configured rig (Mac OS X, installed application, system configuration, and so on), ASR lets you immediately set up examine-to-use workstations. It isn't, however, a particularly decent instrument for making expend of utility updates or rolling out a separate or limited quantity of purposes.

    ASR can expend a disk photograph kept on a local disk (similar to a difficult drive or CD/DVD) as a source for deployments or it will possibly expend a disk image this is saved on a server. Being a command-line software, it's practicable to stir ASR operations remotely. despite the fact, because the goal challenging pressure or partition can live overwritten as a allotment of the ASR procedure, workstations deserve to live every started from an alternate Mac OS X boot disk (typically an external difficult power or alternate partition).

    to expend a disk photograph as a supply for ASR, the photograph must first live "scanned" with the ASR utility. The scanning process optimizes the image for expend with ASR and can reorder parts of the photograph for quicker copying. reckoning on the size of the image, this technique might prefer the time.


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    OS X Server Essentials 10.9

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    OS X 10.9 Server Preview 7 (13S357e): Changes and Known Issues | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Apple this week seeded unusual Client and Server betas of OS X Mavericks, the company’s upcoming desktop OS revision scheduled for debut this fall. This report takes a survey at the changes and known issues of OS X Server Preview Build 13S357e (Beta 7).

    According to people chummy with the software, OS X Server Preview must live installed on a computer running OS X Mavericks.

    Testers running Snow Leopard Sever (v.10.6.8), Lion Server (v.10.7.5), or OS X v10.8.3/v10.8.4 can migrate to OS X Server Preview without a problem.

    Notable additions in OS X Server Preview embrace advocate for Xcode Server, described as “a unusual continuous integration service for teams using Xcode 5.”

    The industry benchmark SMB2 file sharing protocol is now supported, and Caching Server 2 is used to precipitate up the download and delivery of software and caching of files for iOS 7 hardware.

    Future users of OS X 10.9 Server will live able to employ Profile Manager for managing OS X Mavericks and iOS 7 (complete with software distribution) and Time Machine quotas in order to limit the amount of storage available to each backup.

    In the latest seed (13S357e), Apple reportedly mentions a few known issues which currently prevent the software from reaching Final status.

    According to one developer who is chummy with the seed notes, “Database restores from Time Machine during migration may not live dependable in this seed.”

    Affected services embrace those that reckon on PostgreSQL, such as Calendar, Contacts, Wiki, Xcode, and Profile Manager.

    To upgrade or migrate Xcode Service, users will need to hold the previous seed of OS X Server Preview installed (Build 13S341g).

    Also noteworthy, the Server app may launch with more than one window, with Apple instructing developers to nearby any extra windows that open and carry on with their toil normally.

    Dragging Server.app to the Trash may or may not prompt a warning dialog explaining that services hold been stopped, so that’s also a bug in need of fixing.

    Developers must recall to enable device management prior to starting the Profile Management service in this seed, while changing a Shared Calendar from Read/Write to ReadOnly may require a relaunch of the Calendar app, to remark any changes.


    A power user’s usher to OS X Server, Mavericks edition | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Mavericks runs version 3.0 of Server.app, the user-friendly kisser of OS X Server.Mavericks runs version 3.0 of Server.app, the user-friendly kisser of OS X Server. Andrew Cunningham reader comments 62 with 41 posters participating Share this story
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  • The Mountain Lion version of OS X Server marked the terminate of a transition for Apple's server software. When Apple released OS X 10.6 in 2009, Server was an expensive and entirely divorce version of OS X that only shipped on Apple's rack-mountable XServe systems and cost $1,000 if you wanted to sprint it on any of your other Macs. Fast-forward to 2012 and the XServe was long-dead, OS X Server was a $20 add-on to OS X, and the powerful-but-complex tools used to manage and configure the server software had been thrown out in favor of a greatly simplified application primarily controlled via huge on/off switches. It took a pair of years, but Apple had done the selfsame thing to its server hardware and software that it did to Final lop Pro. The company made its features more accessible for minute businesses and high-end consumers at the expense of features significant to a subset of professional users.

    The Mavericks version of OS X Server ushers in no such sweeping changes. In fact, the scope of the update is closer to the incremental updates that the Mountain Lion version has received between its launch in July of 2012 and now. Despite a version number expand from 2.X to 3.X, OS X Server is finished with the major overhauls. The software has been changed from an enterprise-targeted package to one better suited to power users and minute businesses. Now that the transition is complete, it's clear that slow, uniform improvement is the unusual normal.

    This means there's a minute less truly unusual ground to cover than there was final year, but in keeping with final year’s review, we’re still going to depart through every of the services OS X Server offers item by item. This will serve as both an evaluation of those services as well as a basic how-to usher for those who are unusual to the software—in cases where nothing has changed, they hold re-used portions of final year's review. If you'd devotion to read more about OS X Server's transition from an enterprise product to a "prosumer" product, that's background information that they covered final year.

    Installation, setup, and getting started Andrew Cunningham

    When configuring a unusual OS X Server, the install process is the selfsame as it was in Mountain Lion: prefer any Mac running OS X 10.9 and download and install the Server software package (hereafter Server.app) from the Mac App Store. Unlike Mavericks itself, Server.app 3.0 is still a $19.99 download both for unusual customers and for people upgrading from Mountain Lion or Lion Server, though download codes are being offered free of (additional) charge to members of Apple’s $99-a-year OS X and iOS developer programs. The older Server.app versions won’t sprint in Mavericks, and Server.app 3.0 won’t sprint in Lion or Mountain Lion, so the upgrade process is an all-or-nothing proposition.

    Apple has removed most of the more intimidating configuration screens from the Server installation process. Where Mountain Lion Server and older versions would seekinformationfrom for hostname and IP address configuration (among other things), the unusual Server.app gets prerogative to the point. disagree to the EULA, input an administrator’s username and password, and wait for the first-time setup process to complete. Configuring those more advanced settings can still live done after the fact in Server.app, but for home users, the more intimidating barriers to installation hold been removed.

    Another consumer-y finger is the addition of unusual Server Tutorials, which pop up in front of the Server.app window first thing after the first-time setup has completed. The extinct Server.app had a persistent “Next Steps” region across the bottom of the screen that would assist newbies through some of the server basics, but the Server Tutorials are more friendly and more comprehensive every around.

    The unusual Tutorials aren't a unusual feature per se, but they create existing features easier for newbies to learn. Enlarge / The unusual Tutorials aren't a unusual feature per se, but they create existing features easier for newbies to learn. Andrew Cunningham The older, more exhaustive back files are still available, as is Apple's extensive online documentation. Enlarge / The older, more exhaustive back files are still available, as is Apple's extensive online documentation. Andrew Cunningham

    Each tutorial starts with an objective stated in unostentatious language: “share files” or “provide centralized backup” or “host a website.” Clicking on each section opens up a tutorial that explains services devotion File Sharing and Time Machine at a high smooth before providing step-by-step instructions with screenshots and some resources for further reading—the “Advanced Topics” section of Apple’s online OS X Server back is generally the first stop.

    Apple’s online back and the old-style Server back files are every still there in the Mavericks version of OS X Server, but the unusual Server Tutorials fill a pretty obvious user education gap from older versions of the software. Along with the simplification of the setup process, they create it easier for a Mac enthusiast to create the jump from being a regular extinct OS X user to an tyro server administrator. Learning OS X Server before was a study in digging into back files, Googling, and just poking around at stuff until it seemed devotion it was working, but the tutorials provide neophytes a clearer path from Point A to Point B.

    Meet Server.app Server.app has been spruced up, but it should still live chummy
 if you used it in Mountain Lion. Enlarge / Server.app has been spruced up, but it should still live chummy if you used it in Mountain Lion. Andrew Cunningham

    If you want to achieve basically anything with OS X Server, you’re going to achieve it with Server.app. This all-in-one server administration instrument has completely replaced the more advanced but less user-friendly Server Admin Tools from Lion and older versions of OS X, but it supports most of the selfsame features. The survey of the application has changed a minute from its Mountain Lion incarnation—linen has been excised, the default window size is wider, and the pass items are organized and presented has been rethought, mostly for the better—but it’s still largely the selfsame interface.

    Server.app is used to:

  • Manage local and Open Directory users and groups
  • Enable, disable, and configure services, every of which we'll live discussing individually
  • Add SSL certificates
  • Set remote management preferences
  • Enable push notifications
  • Check your server's status and log messages
  • You can launch the app directly from the server itself, or you can install it on any OS X client computer and connect to your Mavericks servers using their host names or IP addresses—just click Connect to Server from the Manage menu. Server.app in Mavericks is able to manage both Mavericks servers and older Mountain Lion servers, so if you manage multiple servers and don't want to upgrade every of them at once, you'll live able to expend the selfsame instrument to control them both. Server.app in Mountain Lion couldn't connect to Lion servers, so this is a welcome change.

    Managing a Mountain Lion server from the Mavericks version of Server.app. Enlarge / Managing a Mountain Lion server from the Mavericks version of Server.app. Andrew Cunningham

    Looking at the left of the screen, start at the top and toil your pass down. Items in the "Server" section are every about server monitoring and generic administration. This is where you can view uptime and log information, usage statistics, log files from your various services, and any alerts that the server may hold generated. Even in the Alerts section, Mavericks dumbs things down a bit in the name of user friendliness. Things devotion "S.M.A.R.T. status" and "Disk unreachable" hold been consolidated under "Disk," while most of the headings hold been simplified.

    Other Server.app uses embrace viewing and changing IP address and hostname information, managing your security certificates, and configuring the server's remote administration options. Your server can live managed remotely using SSH, screen sharing, or other client Macs running Server.app.

    Finally, the Server section of Server.app is where you configure push notifications for your services. push notifications are used with the Mail, Contacts, Calendar, and Profile Manager services to alert your users when unusual messages or calendar invites or other data comes in. Apple's advocate documentation recommends using push notifications with these services as a more efficient alternative to polling the server for data at a set interval. push notifications are also used to alert server administrators when unusual Alerts are generated—any Mac that has connected to your server using Server.app will receive these Alerts in its Notification Center.

  • A few of the things that Server.app does: managing remote access settings.
  • Monitoring alerts.
  • Managing certificates.
  • Viewing logs for the server and the individual services.
  • Resource usage stats.
  • And, finally, managing remote servers.
  • Push notifications can live sent from your server to any OS X or iOS client that it manages. You first need to comeby a push Notification Service certificate from Apple using an organizational Apple ID as opposed to the personal Apple ID that you might expend in the Mac App Store or with an Apple Developer account. The certificate, which is used to encrypt the communication between your server and your clients, is free, but it must live renewed yearly.

    Most of your time in Server.app will live spent in the "Accounts" and "Services" sections. We'll talk more about Accounts later in the Open Directory section, since it's mostly useful for administrators of minute to medium-size businesses using their Macs to manage user credentials and permissions. The panes for Server's various services are where you'll expend the vast majority of your time in OS X Server, and we'll live going through each service one by one to explicate their particular uses and features.

    The only universal change to every Service panes is the addition of a unusual Access section that gives you more granular status messages about what the service is doing at a particular point in time, along with a link to an OS X Server back file with more information for each service. Most of the time this message will just order you whether the service is on or off, but again, the name of the game is user-friendliness. This information will mostly live redundant or unnecessary for the power user, but Apple is working to create Server easier to learn for people unusual to the software.

    Finally, there's now a divorce section in Server.app for "Advanced" services, including DHCP, DNS, FTP, NetInstall, Open Directory, Software Update, and Xsan. These services are every hidden by default in the View menu (again, one assumes, to withhold newbies from stumbling onto them), but clicking any of them will antecedent every of them to exhibit up in Server.app as they normally would in Mountain Lion. We'll live going through every of them to talk about what they do, but unlike some of the non-advanced services, there are very few changes between the Mavericks and Mountain Lion versions.

    Open Directory The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's lively
 Directory. Enlarge / The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's lively Directory. Andrew Cunningham

    Open Directory is one of the core services of OS X Server, and since we'll live talking about users, groups, and permissions a lot in the next few thousand words, we'll talk about it first (even if it has been stuck below the "Advanced" services fold in Mavericks).

    Open Directory is an LDAP-based directory system that allows you to create and manage user accounts and groups of user accounts. devotion Microsoft's lively Directory, it allows your users to log in to computers and services using one username and password. Administrators can expend it to implement preferences and security settings on Macs and iOS devices, which we'll comeby into when they talk about the Profile Manager.

    Open Directory creation and administration is handled completely within Server.app—open the service and switch it on to trigger the configuration wizard.

    Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory. Enlarge / Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory. Andrew Cunningham

    We'll live creating a unusual Open Directory domain for their testbed, but note that you can also bind one Open Directory server to another to create a replica server which will provide redundancy in the case of server failure. If any of your servers depart down, your client computers should automatically fail over to one of the working replicas until the borked machine comes back up. If you hold multiple Open Directory servers, you can expend the Locales feature to apportion different servers to different network subnets to back with load balancing. Your master and replica Open Directory servers will every need to live running the selfsame version of OS X Server, though—trying to expend their Mountain Lion server as a replica for their Mavericks server's Open Directory setup resulted in an oversight message.

    While setting up a unusual Open Directory, you'll live asked to set up a directory administrator account that's divorce from the administrator account used to manage the server itself. We'll stick with the default "diradmin" username for their purposes, but the account can live named anything you want. Once you've finished this step, you're basically done with setup; you can turn to the Users and Groups sections to inaugurate building your directory.

    Users and Groups Creating a unusual Open Directory user. Enlarge / Creating a unusual Open Directory user. Andrew Cunningham

    Users and user groups used to live configured using a Server Admin instrument called Workgroup Manager, which is still doable if you dislike the controls in Server.app. Workgroup Manager is also available as a divorce download in Mavericks, but the Users and Groups panes in Server.app hold been tweaked to embrace the most significant of the extinct options.

    Three different kinds of users can live on your Open Directory server: local user accounts that can only log in to the server itself, network user accounts that can log in to computers bound to your directory and create expend of your server's services, and network service accounts that can only live used to access services. You can view, create, and edit every these types of users in the Users pane.

    When creating network users, you must give them a full name, a short name, and a password, and you can also enter an e-mail address for them. The Contacts service pulls from Open Directory to autofill names and e-mail addresses, so live positive to input the information just as you'd devotion to remark it. The Home Folder drop-down menu is where you pick whether to create this a benchmark network account or a service account.

    If you set up a file partake to store user Home folders in the File Sharing service, you can also pick whether to let your network users hold their profiles stored on the difficult drives of Macs they log in to or whether the profile is saved to the server. The second option is Apple's version of Microsoft's Roaming Profiles. Logging in and working with files can live a bit slower due to network latency, but every of the users' files and settings are automatically available no matter what computer they're using.

    Using the Disk Quota field, you can limit the amount of server space a user's profile is allowed to consume. It's worth noting that this quota amount doesn't apply to every services—Mail accounts hold their own quotas, as achieve Time Machine backups (this is a unusual feature we'll examine more later on).

    Once created, you can manage users' access to individual services on your server—allowing them to expend Mail, for example, without using Time Machine or the VPN. Within the Users pane, you can also set password policies (including things devotion minimum length and expiration dates), and the Edit Mail Options sphere allows you to set up mail forwarding for individual accounts if you won't live giving them access to their own e-mail account on your server.

    Managing great
 numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually. Enlarge / Managing great numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually. Andrew Cunningham

    If you hold a great number of users, splitting them up into groups and managing their settings that pass may live more convenient. While you can't set disk quotas and home directories according to group, you can vouchsafe and obscure groups' access to services, and you can also give each of your groups a file share, a Wiki page, and a group mailing list, and you can automatically create group members buddies in the Messages application if you hold the service turned on.

    Comparison with lively Directory

    Open Directory is without a doubt simpler to configure than a full-blown lively Directory implementation. Configuring users and groups in Server.app is also much simpler than it was in the extinct Workgroup Manager—it hasn't changed much since Mountain Lion. For a home or minute Mac-centric business, the barrier to entry is unquestionably lower, and you'll live able to comeby a directory up and running without much time investment.

    That simplicity comes at the cost of features, however. Most notably, Open Directory lacks any of the software installation features of lively Directory. Administrators will need to reckon on Apple Remote Desktop or a third-party product devotion the Casper Suite for the installation and patching of third-party applications.

    Another missing feature (one that has been missing since Snow Leopard) is the skill to bind Windows computers to an Open Directory server. For mixed networks of Windows and OS X computers, Apple now tells server admins to bind Macs to both an lively Directory server and an Open Directory server, a configuration it calls a "magic triangle"—the lively Directory server handles authentication and settings for the Windows computers and authentication for the Macs, while the Open Directory server controls settings for Macs. It's a pretty huge feature to lose, though in exercise most businesses aren't going to notice. lively Directory is more or less ubiquitous in the enterprise, so it's usually enough for OS X Server to live able to integrate with those existing directories rather than trying to supplant them.

    Profile Manager Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    After Open Directory, Profile Manager is probably the most valuable service included in OS X Server. With it, you can create and disseminate configuration profiles to your Macs and iOS devices, automatically configuring everything from e-mail accounts to passcode requirements to Dock icons. Once clients hold installed one of your configuration profiles, you can also push out updated settings automatically if you hold a push Notifications certificate enabled on your server.

    Profiles are created in the figure of .mobileconfig files, the selfsame sort of files that are created by the iPhone Configuration Utility and the Apple Configurator, but they can also live used to manage Macs. Once you've enabled the Profile Manager, enable Device Management and enter the settings it wants—an organization name and e-mail address and an SSL certificate—and you'll live ready to start managing devices.

    The default profile is called "Settings for Everyone" and can live configured or replaced by using the Web-based Profile Manager portal. For services that you've configured—Mail, VPN, Calendar, and a few others—checking the "Include configuration for services" box is an facile pass to create positive everyone connected to your network can at least hold access to those services. If you need more granular options, click the Open Profile Manager link in Server.app, also accessible by typing /profilemanager into your browser of choice.

    Profile Manager profiles can live distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups. This is in addition to the generic "Settings for Everyone" profile shown here. Enlarge / Profile Manager profiles can live distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups. This is in addition to the generic "Settings for Everyone" profile shown here. Andrew Cunningham

    Once in Profile Manager, you can view every of the users and groups they created in Open Directory earlier. They can also remark fields for devices and device groups, but they aren't populated yet. To create things exhibit up there, we'll need to navigate to the Profile Manager login page at /myprofiles from each of the devices you want to manage. iPhones, iPads, iPod Touches, and Macs running OS X 10.7, 10.8, or 10.9 are every enrolled and managed pretty much the selfsame way. Older OS X versions are not supported by Profile Manager, but they can still live managed with Workgroup Manager, which we'll dispute momentarily.

    The skill to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is also available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a distinguished fallback if you don't hold the latter and don't faith your users to set up the former.The skill to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is also available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a distinguished fallback if you don't hold the latter and don't faith your users to set up the former. Andrew Cunningham

    Once you've signed in using a network user account, you'll live presented with a huge blue button that will let you enroll your device. Once enrolled, it will exhibit up in your administrator's Profile Manager, where you can view, edit, and push out unusual settings as desired. If you're working with a self-signed SSL certificate, you may also need to install the faith Profile for your organization from the Profiles tab before your devices will live able to install your profiles. One setting within the profile controls whether that profile can live removed from devices by users after the fact. If you don't want people removing your profile and potentially compromising your security, create positive you configure that particular option.

    After devices are enrolled, administrators can view them, lock or wipe them, and systematize them into groups for easier administration. minute hardware information, including MAC addresses, UDIDs, IMEI numbers, and specific model and software information, is stored in the server—for iOS devices you can even remark the battery life smooth as of the final check-in. It's a powerful instrument for administrators looking to track their hardware. Users can also lock and wipe devices on their own without intervention from an administrator.

    New to Mavericks are some additional app distribution options. Most notably, you can now deal apps and media you've purchased as allotment of Apple's Volume Purchase Program for businesses and educational institutions, a natural fit given Apple's push into the textbook market. The VPP can also live used to deliver apps built specifically for your traffic that aren't publicly available in the App Store, and the Profile Manager will also deal in-house apps developed through the iOS Developer Enterprise Program.

    Tech Republic has a nice overview of what is required to comeby into the VPP program, which involves confirming that you are who you instruct you are and that you're authorized to purchase apps on behalf of your institution. Once you do, you'll need to download a VPP token and plug it into Server.app to manage your purchases. Using OS X Server along with the VPP site, you should live able to automate installation, uninstallation, and license tracking for the apps and books you buy (similar functionality is also being introduced in other mobile device management services devotion MaaS360).

    Grouping many devices that need to partake
 the selfsame settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration.Grouping many devices that need to partake the selfsame settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration. Andrew Cunningham

    Almost every setting available in the iOS Settings app or OS X's System Preferences window can live controlled using the .mobileconfig files generated by Profile Manager. Click Edit and you'll remark every of the settings you can configure. Some, devotion Mail, VPN, security certificates, and wireless network settings can live configured for both OS X and iOS, while others are restricted specifically to iOS (device restrictions devotion the expend of iCloud backups or in-app purchases) or OS X (Dock icons, Gatekeeper settings, roaming profiles, printer settings, and others). You can also upload custom .plist files to apply to your OS X computers to configure third-party apps not accounted for in the Profile Manager, and you can deploy volume-licensed iOS apps.

    Profile Manager is a powerful instrument for directory administrators, and it's also usable if you hold a great number of OS X and iOS devices at home (or if your children hold their own iOS devices and you'd devotion to live able to set universal restrictions on them). You'll just hold to determine if managing the devices centrally is more of a hassle than just configuring each one manually.

    Workgroup Manager: Managing older Macs

    The Workgroup Manager is the sole Server Admin instrument still available from Apple as a divorce download. If the Users and Groups options in Server.app aren't to your liking, the instrument can live used to expose more advanced options, but where it's most useful in Mavericks is in its skill to manage older Macs, since pre-Lion operating systems don't advocate the configuration profiles that Profile Manager spits out.

    After downloading and installing the Workgroup Manager, open it and connect to your server using the Directory Administrator account you created when you first configured Open Directory. Once authenticated, you'll live able to view every users and user groups in your directory, as well as every of the Macs that you've bound to Open Directory. These Macs can also live placed into groups for your convenience.

    Selecting any user, user group, computer, or computer group and clicking the Preferences button at the top of the window will expose a System Preferences-like list of settings that you can expend to configure your Macs' docks, network settings, login window settings, and more. You can already achieve every of this for Lion- and Mountain Lion-equipped Macs using Profile Manager profiles, but Workgroup Manager enables management of every settings for both Leopard and Snow Leopard, and management of some settings for Tiger as well in the event that you hold any computers that extinct still in lively service.

    File sharing Enlarge

    As ever, the File Sharing service in Mavericks is an extension of the file-sharing features in the client version of OS X, adding WebDAV advocate and more robust permissions management to the existing Apple File-sharing Protocol (AFP) and Server Message obscure (SMB) protocols supported by the client version of the operating system. You can also add custom greetings to your AFP partake points here, and you can view the IP addresses, protocols, and usernames of every users connected to one of your partake points.

    After enabling the service, the system will create a number of default partake points, every of which can live edited or deleted as needed. Click the plus button to add a unusual volume or folder as an additional partake point, and then click the Settings button and "Edit partake point" to adjust the permissions on the share. You can vouchsafe users read-only access, read and write access, or no access; allow or disallow guest access for a particular share; and pick to create inevitable shares available for the roaming user profiles that they touched upon earlier.

    Choosing protocols, taking names. Note that SMB, not AFP, is now listed first. Enlarge / Choosing protocols, taking names. Note that SMB, not AFP, is now listed first. Andrew Cunningham

    The biggest change to the File Sharing service this time around is so subtle on its service that you might miss it if you don't expend OS X Server every the time: as they reported several months ago, Apple has announced its objective to skedaddle away from the AFP protocol, opting instead to expend SMB as the default file-sharing protocol for OS X. In Mavericks Server, visible evidence of this shift includes the fact that the SMB protocol is now the first in the list of options when you're setting up a partake and that some AFP-only features devotion the skill to ship messages to connected users are now gone. AFP is still there (and Apple is still willing to improve it if need be, as we've seen in their coverage of OS X's now-resolved 802.11ac problems) and it's not likely to depart away soon, but it will likely become less and less of a priority for Apple as time goes on.

    OS X's SMB implementation has also been upgraded to SMB2, a newer version of the protocol introduced in Windows Vista and improved upon and upgraded further in later versions of Windows. SMB2 was designed in allotment to reduce the amount of overhead required to transfer files and to create server-client connections more robust. We've already seen how drastically SMB file transfers hold improved since 10.8.5 over 802.11ac, but are there any differences when transferring files over wired Ethernet?

    To test, they hooked one 10.8.5 server, one 10.9.0 server, and one 10.9.0 client up to a router with gigabit Ethernet cables. They ran two different tests—one copying a separate great 3.6GB file from each server to the client, and one copying 6.4GB folder of 3,530 images from each server to the client.

    The performance improvements are impressive. Copying great files was about 54 percent quicker in Mavericks, while copying smaller files was about 36.5 percent faster. As long as every of the computers on your network hold been upgraded to Mavericks, your SMB transfer performance in OS X should live much better than it was, and after years of lagging behind, it's nice to remark that the performance gap between SMB and AFP has been every but eliminated.

    Uploading a file to a WebDAV server from Pages in iOS 7. Enlarge / Uploading a file to a WebDAV server from Pages in iOS 7. Andrew Cunningham

    WebDAV sharing works the selfsame pass it did in Mountain Lion, and it's still quite persnickety about who can expend it and how WebDAV shares are accessed. Most notably, the service will only allow Open Directory users, not users local to your server, to access WebDAV shares. You'll also need the precise URL for every partake point you'd devotion to access; the format is http(s):///webdav/. Once I was doing every of these things properly, I was able to connect to my WebDAV shares from both OS X and Pages and copy some documents back and forth.

    If you're a home user who wants to create your files available over the Internet (or if you'd devotion to create any of your services available when you're away from your home network), you'll probably need to configure port forwarding on your router, and to create things easier you'll probably also want a DNS name to depart with your IP address (since the address used to reach your network from the Internet sometimes changes for most home users). Portforward.com keeps excellent guides for configuring port forwarding on a wide reach of routers, and services like DynDNS offer DNS services for home Internet users.

    FTP and SFTP Enlarge

    FTP sharing isn't allotment of the core File Sharing service, though it is sort of tied to it. The FTP service in OS X Server can live used to partake one of your AFP or SMB shares from the File Sharing service or one of the sites you've configured with the Websites service, or you can elect to create a custom standalone share. However, you can only hold one FTP partake point configured at a time, making it a penniless selection if you're serving several sites you'd devotion to access via FTP.

    Remember, there's no security inherent to the FTP protocol, and by default any data you ship or receive from an FTP partake point will live unencrypted. If you'd devotion to enable encrypted SFTP transfers instead, enable remote login using SSH from your server's settings as shown above. You can also achieve this from within System Preferences on the server. depart to Sharing and enable Remote Login, which will enable SFTP along with the SSH remote login service. Enabling SSH enables SFTP—there's no pass to hold one without the other, and there's no pass to serve benchmark FTP with SSH enabled.

    Time Machine Time Machine has gotten some nice upgrades in Mavericks. Enlarge / Time Machine has gotten some nice upgrades in Mavericks. Andrew Cunningham

    The Time Machine backup service really didn't change a gross lot in between its introduction in Leopard and the version that shipped with Mountain Lion, which is ill-started given how much low-hanging fruit there was (and still is) to harvest here. At its core, it remains unchanged: if you don't hold a NAS device that supports Time Machine backups, the service in OS X Server is a useful pass for home users to back up their Macs without having to plug an external drive in. turn on the service, select the folder you'd devotion to store your backups in, and then select your server from the list of available backup disks on each client you'd devotion to back up.

    One minor change in Mavericks makes Time Machine much more useful and partially addresses their complaints from final year about the service's inflexibility. When creating a backup destination folder, you can now set a limit to the amount of space backups can consume. Previous versions of Time Machine would just withhold filling up your drive until there wasn't any free space left, at which point (and not before) it would inaugurate to delete older files.

    Adding an OS X Server partake
 as a backup volume isn't much different from using an external drive. Enlarge / Adding an OS X Server partake as a backup volume isn't much different from using an external drive.

    There are still plenty of limitations. You can set quotas, but they hold to live the selfsame across every Macs, for example—you can't let one Mac's backup expend 200GB and another 500GB. Plus, only Macs running Mavericks will respect the quotas you can set. You still can't order computers you manage through Open Directory or Profile Manager to create backups without touching individual client computers. If you want to set a different backup interval (either on the server or on your client computers), you're out of luck.

    Setting a disk quota for Time Machine backups. Enlarge / Setting a disk quota for Time Machine backups. Andrew Cunningham

    We've still got gripes, but even basic advocate for backup quotas is an incredibly useful tweak, and it's exactly the benign of no-brainer feature that the Time Machine service has needed since its inception. It resolves my biggest gripe with the service as someone who uses it at home: I no longer hold to set my backups on a divorce volume if I don't want them to expand to consume my entire drive. If you achieve want user- or device-specific quotas, you could theoretically toil around the want of them by creating a different backup destination with a different disk quota for every Mac you want to back up. It's not perfect, but for small-scale backup operations it's much more workable than it was before. For those who need more than the service has to give, a paid alternative devotion CrashPlan is still worth looking into.

    Xcode Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The Xcode service is the only one here that's entirely unusual to Mavericks, and it will only live useful to those of you who are registered Apple developers with paid-up accounts. If that describes you, you may find it quite useful: the service allows you to set up a local Xcode repository so that several people (or one person on several computers, if that's your thing) can easily access and change a separate Xcode project at the selfsame time.

    Setting the service up is relatively simple: you hold to install Xcode on your server to build projects with, and you'll want to either create your own Git repository or connect the server to an existing Git or Subversion (SVN) repository (communication between the server and its clients can occur over HTTP, HTTPS, or SSH). To test on iOS devices you've registered with your developer account, you also hold to add at least one registered Apple Developer account to the "Developer Teams" section.

    Creating a local Git repository. Enlarge / Creating a local Git repository. Andrew Cunningham Git repos can also live created from within Xcode once you've connected to your server. Enlarge / Git repos can also live created from within Xcode once you've connected to your server. Andrew Cunningham

    One of the core features of the Xcode service is the skill to create and sprint "bots," processes that automate the continuous integration of your unusual code with your existing code. Bots can live scheduled to sprint at inevitable times (as often as hourly, as seldom as weekly) or can simply live set to sprint every time there's a unusual code commit. By default, your bot will let people who hold committed conflicting code know when they've committed conflicting code; you can also set bots up to notify committers about successful integrations and to e-mail third parties about both successful and unsuccessful integrations.

    Bots can live added from within Xcode itself on your progress Mac, but they can also live added, monitored, and edited from the Web interface accessible at /xcode/bots. From there, depending on the permissions you've configured in Server.app, your users can create and view bots, and logged in users can obligate a manual integration by hitting the "integrate" button.

    Creating a bot from within Xcode. Enlarge / Creating a bot from within Xcode. Andrew Cunningham All of my bots cheerfully humming away, telling me that I'm doing it wrong. Enlarge / every of my bots cheerfully humming away, telling me that I'm doing it wrong. Andrew Cunningham The Web monitor will give you minute histories for every your bots as well as allow you to download code. Enlarge / The Web monitor will give you minute histories for every your bots as well as allow you to download code.

    I'm not much of a coder, so I'll leave you to dig through Apple's documentation if you reflect you might devotion to expend the Xcode service (as a state to start, there's some enlightening information about the continuous integration features here). It's a unusual service that fits prerogative in with the leisure of OS X Server—it's targeted at smaller shops made up of mostly Mac and iOS developers, but in that context it can live quite useful.

    Caching The Caching service is a modern not-quite-replacement for the extinct
 Software Update service. Enlarge / The Caching service is a modern not-quite-replacement for the extinct Software Update service. Andrew Cunningham

    The Caching service isn't quite new, but if you're jumping straight from final year's OS X Server review to this one, you may hold missed it—it was one of the services added midway between Server 2.0 and Server 2.2.2. Caching can live thought of as a modern-day replacement to the Software Update service. Where Software Update grabs OS X system updates and other Apple software (think iTunes and Safari updates, not updates handled through the Mac App Store) and stores it for local use, the Caching service grabs those updates in addition to content from the Mac and iOS App Stores, iBooks, iTunes U, and Internet Recovery files and stores them locally to lop down on the amount of traffic between your network and Apple's servers.

    Here's how it works, with an illustration from Apple's back files to elucidate. turn the Caching service on, and every time a Mac or iOS device on your local network requests any of the listed software from Apple's servers, your local server will download and store a copy of that software. The next time a device on your local network tries to download that content, it will download from your local server instead of from Apple's.

    This both cuts down on your external bandwidth usage and can drastically precipitate up transfers—downloading the 5.29GB Mavericks installer to a MacBook Air via a gigabit Ethernet connection took 12 and a half minutes when downloading the software from Apple's servers. Deleting the installer and downloading it again after verifying that it had been cached shortened the download time to just over one minute. The more Macs and iOS devices you hold hitting Apple's servers for various software and app updates, the more bandwidth and time you'll save.

    An illustration of the Caching service serving multiple clients on different subnets. Enlarge / An illustration of the Caching service serving multiple clients on different subnets. Apple

    The Caching service works with Macs running OS X 10.8.2 or later and iOS devices running iOS 7 or later, and the only other requirement is that the devices partake a public IP address behind a NAT (or, to set it in simpler terms, they need to live on the selfsame local network for the feature to work). Even networks with multiple subnets can expend the selfsame Caching server (as shown above) if the various subnets partake the selfsame external IP address. Unlike the extinct Software Update service, the Caching service doesn't require any additional configuration on your clients or that they live enrolled in Profile Manager or bound to your Open Directory; as long as the clients are running the prerogative software versions, they can prefer edge of the service.

    There are a few server-side settings to survey at as you configure the Caching service: you need to select which volume to cache the content on and how much of that volume's free space the service can use. The service will inaugurate deleting the least-used content when it reaches the space limit you specify (if you order it to expend "unlimited" space, it will start deleting things when the caching volume has less than 25GB of free space).

    Software Update Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network. Enlarge / Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network. Andrew Cunningham

    The Software Update service is Apple's equivalent of Microsoft's Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Your OS X server downloads updates directly from Apple's software update servers. Then, using Profile Manager, you point your Mac clients toward the local update server and they comeby their updates from you instead of from Apple, saving Internet bandwidth and increasing the precipitate of great downloads.

    When set to Automatic, the service will automatically publish unusual updates to your Mac clients as they're made available from Apple. Selecting Manual gives you the option to hold back updates for testing before pushing it out to every of your clients. Anyone who has ever installed a unusual OS X point update on the day it's made available knows that you're taking a inevitable amount of risk by doing so, and holding every but the most captious security updates for at least a few days makes some sense if you're trying to reduce advocate calls.

    OS X clients every the pass back to Tiger can live kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you still hold Tiger clients in need of updates in 2013, I'd instruct you've got bigger problems). Enlarge / OS X clients every the pass back to Tiger can live kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you still hold Tiger clients in need of updates in 2013, I'd instruct you've got bigger problems). Andrew Cunningham

    The Software Update service can update every of the selfsame things that Apple's servers can, including Mac firmware updates; updates for Safari, iTunes, and other Apple app updates not handled through the Mac App Store (you can expend the Caching service to maneuver updates for those); and system updates for OS X versions reaching every the pass back to 10.4. A full copy of Apple's update catalog is going to require several gigabytes of difficult drive space. The skill to download and deal iOS updates from your local server still isn't included.

    There are also a few other limitations here compared to something devotion WSUS. While you can hold updates back from your users, there's no pass to push them out. Once you've approved an update, your users can drag it down through the gardenvariety Software Update process, but you can't mandate that the update live installed and there's no pass to check update compliance throughout your organization. If your users pick to shelve the updates, there's really not much you can achieve about it. The best pass to skirt this limitation is to expend the Software Update service in concert with a management instrument devotion Apple Remote Desktop, which can obligate update checks and install manually or on a schedule of your choosing.

    Additionally, there's no pass to endorse updates for inevitable groups or individuals while holding them back from other groups and individuals, functionality that WSUS has because of its taut lively Directory integration. devotion many of OS X Server's services, Software Update is useful in a home with many Macs or in a minute traffic with Macs numbering in the low-to-mid double digits, but organizations with hundreds or thousands of Macs to manage may find that it doesn't scale particularly well.

    Areas of overlap

    If you're running the Software Update service and the Caching service on the selfsame server at the selfsame time, there are a pair of things to withhold in mind. First, since both services will cache system updates, you might terminate up storing the selfsame update multiple times; OS X point updates are regularly over a gigabyte in size, so this could add up over time. However, since the Caching service only downloads things you and your users actually need, you won't hold to fritter gigabytes of space on the ancient OS X updates that Software Update will download in Automatic mode.

    Finally, Software Update gives you the skill to hold back inevitable updates for testing if you'd like, while Caching caches and serves everything without restriction. The selfsame set-it-and-forget-it configuration that makes the Caching service so facile to start using also makes it difficult to live with if you need more granular or advanced controls.

    Taken together, the Mail, Calendar, Contacts, and Messages services are OS X Server's acknowledge to Exchange, though notabit of them are nearly as complicated or feature-rich. Each service has seen relatively few changes since Mountain Lion, but we'll check in on every of them just the same.

    Mail Lack of a Web client is probably the biggest functional gripe about the Mail service in OS X Server Enlarge / want of a Web client is probably the biggest functional gripe about the Mail service in OS X Server Andrew Cunningham

    You can expend the Mail service to provide POP and IMAP e-mail service for your domain and other domain names that you configure, and you can set the server to accept authentication from local users, lively Directory, and Open Directory users depending on your server and network configuration. You can also add an SMTP mail relay if your Internet service provider puts you behind a firewall that prevents you from sending e-mail directly from your server, and you can set a universal e-mail quota for every accounts here as well (this appears to live an all-or-nothing setting; if one user needs a quota bump, you'll need to give it to everyone). Simple virus and junk mail filtering as well as advocate for third-party blacklist servers round out the service's features.

    The Mail service provides you with just a few basic configuration options.The Mail service provides you with just a few basic configuration options. Andrew Cunningham

    Of the many things that Mail has lost since Lion (including the skill to easily set maximum attachment sizes and view user accounts with usage and quota information, as well as more resilient options for creating mailing lists), the webmail client is probably the one that people will notice the most.

    That client, based on the open-source Roundcube client, could live politely described as "antiquated" and was in desperate need of an update (perhaps with the comparatively slick client that iCloud uses) but Apple instead chose to replace it with... nothing. You'll hold to reckon on the built-in Mail clients in OS X and iOS (or your IMAP client of choice) by default, though if you're really interested, you should live able to expend the Websites service to manually install and configure a webmail front-end for your mail server. Otherwise, Mail is about as basic as IMAP mail services get. If your needs are such that they can't live met by services hosted by the likes of Google and Microsoft, it's likely that you'll want something a minute more powerful than this.

    Calendar After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app. Enlarge / After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app. Andrew Cunningham

    The Calendar service gives each of your users their own calendar and Tasks list (which integrates with the Reminders apps in OS X and iOS), and will also let you create locations (like meeting rooms) and resources (like loaner laptops or projectors) that people can reserve. When creating locations and resources, you can either pick to let reservations live approved automatically or apportion one of your users to live the delegate who approves and rejects them. unusual to Mavericks is an "Accept group" option to exclude inevitable groups from delegation; if you want managers to live able to reserve meeting rooms or rig as they tickle but would devotion lower-level employees to hold their requests vetted by the delegate, you just hold to plug the user group or groups those managers belong to into that field.

    Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject every scheduling requests for my unusual meeting room. The skill to exclude some users from delegation is unusual to Mavericks. Enlarge / Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject every scheduling requests for my unusual meeting room. The skill to exclude some users from delegation is unusual to Mavericks. Andrew Cunningham

    Unlike Mail, the Calendar service's Web client remains intact in Mavericks as long as you've also got the Websites service turned on, accessible from your browser at http(s):///webcal. Using the Web client, you can create and view appointments and invitations—aside from some minor rendering differences, it's identical to the Web client institute in Mountain Lion, prerogative down to the inability to read your tasks lists from the Reminders apps. If you need to remark those, you'll need a local client. If you've used calendar software in the final few years, you won't live surprised by any of OS X Server's Calendar features.

    Contacts Contacts is simple—its main job is to populate the Contacts app with information from your directory. Enlarge / Contacts is simple—its main job is to populate the Contacts app with information from your directory. Andrew Cunningham

    There's very minute to instruct about the Contacts service. It will sync contacts you create across multiple computers (making it potentially useful for families or other groups who want to maintain a shared list of contacts), and will optionally allow results from your directory's users to live displayed when you fulfill a search in the Contacts app.

    Messages The Messages service is only slightly less sparse. Enlarge / The Messages service is only slightly less sparse. Andrew Cunningham

    The Messages service enables a simple Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP, or the protocol formerly known as Jabber) server that allows your users to communicate with one another without using a third-party service devotion aim or Google Talk. The service's only options allow you to archive every chats (located on the server in /Library/Server/Messages/Data/message_archives) and enable something called "server-to-server federation," which can both enable and restrict communication between user accounts stored in divorce directories on different servers.

    Many of OS X Server's services are equally useful to OS X and iOS clients, but iOS lacks any sort of built-in chat client and so can't prefer edge of a local Messages server by default (despite including an app of the selfsame name). It's not difficult to find XMPP-enabled chat clients in the App Store if you want them, but you'll hold to navigate those waters on your own.

    Connecting to your server

    In OS X and iOS, the easiest pass to comeby your clients connected to these services is to embrace them in configuration profiles you're pushing out. If you're not using Profile Manager (or if you hold Windows, Linux, Android, or other clients), Apple's expend of well-supported protocols in every of these services means that you can connect manually from just about any client without much trouble.

    Connecting to the services we've configured in the Internet Accounts pane. Enlarge / Connecting to the services we've configured in the Internet Accounts pane. Andrew Cunningham

    To connect to your services in OS X, open up the Internet Accounts preference pane, scroll to the bottom, and click Add Other Account. Select "Add an OS X server account" and enter your server's address if it doesn't materialize automatically in the list of nearby servers. Click Continue, enter your user credentials, and then select the services you'd devotion to use. Only Mountain Lion and Mavericks clients will advocate the syncing of Reminders and Notes, but older OS X clients can still connect to and expend the older services.

    To connect with other operating systems, you'll just hold to plug your server's name and credentials into programs that advocate the protocols Apple is using: IMAP and SMTP for Mail, CalDAV for Calendar, CardDAV for Contacts, and XMPP/Jabber for Messages. The process is not as automated as in OS X, but it works.

    NetInstall The NetInstall service can live used to install or sprint
 OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server. Enlarge / The NetInstall service can live used to install or sprint OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server. Andrew Cunningham

    The NetInstall service, known in older OS X Server versions as NetBoot, is a BOOTP-based system that allows Macs to boot from network volumes. This is usually done for the purposes of recovering files, running diagnostics, or installing cleanly or pre-configured OS X images on Macs.

    Booting from a networked volume can live initiated either by holding the N key as your Mac starts up or by selecting a network volume in the Startup Disk preference pane. NetInstall forms the backbone of the Internet Recovery feature that lets newer Macs download a fresh copy of OS X from Apple's servers; the dissimilarity is that with NetInstall you can serve up your own OS X bits locally. Apple provides tools for the creation of bootable images, though third parties devotion DeployStudio also expend the technology to simplify OS X imaging and deployment for larger numbers of computers.

    Apple distinguishes between three different kinds of bootable volumes: first are NetBoot images, which allow computers to boot to a full OS X installation hosted on a server. To store user files, NetBoot images can expend space on the local Mac's difficult drive, or they can live "diskless" images that store user data on the server and allow the built-in difficult drive to live completely unmounted—useful for disk imaging and diagnostics. Second, there are NetInstall images, which are more or less network-hosted versions of OS X install media. Third, you hold NetRestore images, which can dump a custom OS X image directly to your Mac's difficult drive.

    Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll hold to give it a state
 to store images and other data.Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll hold to give it a state to store images and other data. Andrew Cunningham

    We need to attend to a pair of things before they can flip on the NetInstall service: first, pick which Ethernet port you'll expend to serve these images (Wi-Fi isn't an option) and the volume you'll expend to store both the images themselves and any user data they generate. You'll only really need to worry about the latter if you're configuring diskless NetBoot images. If you store the images on the boot volume, which is the default setting, the NetInstall service creates a NetBootSP0 folder for images and a NetBootClients0 folder for user data in the /Library/NetBoot folder.

    The final step is to give the service an image to toil with—this is a job for the System Image Utility.

    Creating a basic image with the System Image Utility Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The System Image Utility is buried in Server.app's Tools menu. By default, it gives you a simple menu that you can expend to create NetBoot, NetInstall, and NetRestore images from either a bootable OS X volume (either on an external disk or a divorce volume on the Mac's difficult drive; you cannot create an image of the boot volume) or a Mavericks installer located in the Applications volume (if your installer was deleted during an update from an older version of OS X, it can easily live re-downloaded from the Mac App Store again).

    One of the System Image Utility's limitations is that it can only create images of the currently running version of OS X—Mavericks' System Image Utility can only create Mavericks images, Mountain Lion's version can only create Mountain Lion images, and so on. This can create it a bit tedious to create images for multiple OS X versions if you need to advocate older Macs dropped by newer OS X releases.

    The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can expend to customize your OS X images.The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can expend to customize your OS X images. Andrew Cunningham

    Clicking the Customize button reveals an Automator-like workflow builder that you can expend to customize your images with application install packages and local user accounts and to set model and/or MAC address-related restrictions on the Macs that can expend the image you're creating.

    Creating a network-bootable image of the Mavericks installer. Enlarge / Creating a network-bootable image of the Mavericks installer. Andrew Cunningham

    For their purposes, let's just download the Mavericks installer from the Mac App Store and create a basic NetInstall image of it so that they can install the OS on their Macs without having to re-download the installer a bunch of times or tote around a USB drive. Once you download the Mavericks installer, start up the System Image Utility, select the Install OS X Mavericks entry from the Sources menu, select NetBoot, and click Continue.

    One handy addition in Mavericks that wasn't present in Mountain Lion is the skill to create an Administrator account that will live configured automatically on every Mac that installs OS X from your image. This will save home users a pair of configuration steps, but it's more useful for businesses that expend a local administrator account on every of their computers for expend when troubleshooting or fixing things. name the image whatever you want, create an Administrator account if you'd like, and click Create. disagree to the license agreement and the System Image Utility will automatically dump a NetBoot image in their NetBootSP0 folder from earlier (or anywhere else you specify, if the computer you're creating the image on won't actually live serving it).

    Configuring images for booting

    Return to Server.app and double-click the newly created Mavericks image to configure it for distribution. Check the box under Availability and pick whether to deal your images using the NFS or HTTP protocol. HTTP is the default, and you're less likely to sprint into firewall problems if you stick with it.

    After choosing a protocol, you can then set up MAC or model-based restrictions on individual images—this is in addition to the global access restrictions you can configure in the service's Settings tab. Once you've configured your options and enabled an image, the service will turn itself on automatically, at which point your NetBoot images will live visible in the Startup Disk preference pane on other Macs on your network. You can host multiple images at once, but the image set as default will live the one your Macs try to boot from if you start them while holding down the N key.

    The Mac Model Filter can withhold your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support.The Mac Model Filter can withhold your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support. Andrew Cunningham

    Because NetInstall has been a feature on Macs for so long, you should live able to host images for and advocate PowerPC Macs alongside both newer Intel Macs and older ones dropped from the advocate list in Lion and Mountain Lion (Mavericks, happily, did not drop advocate for anything). Using properly configured filters, you can easily provide network booting for Macs going every the pass back to the G3 iBooks and PowerBooks if you still hold a need for those older machines in your home or business.

    Websites The Websites service. Enlarge / The Websites service. Andrew Cunningham

    The Websites service provides the backbone for several of the other services we've talked about: Profile Manager, the Web-based Calendar, and the Wiki service. The service's backend is supplied by Apache 2.2.24—you're already using this if you're running Server 2.2.2 on top of OS X 10.8.5, and both are a few versions behind the current 2.4.6. You can also sprint PHP (version 5.3.17) and Python (version 2.7.5) code on the server if you've enabled those features. If you need access to Apache's directory structure, it's located at /Library/Server/Web/Config/apache2.

    The Websites service's simple landing page with links to some of my other services below. Enlarge / The Websites service's simple landing page with links to some of my other services below. Andrew Cunningham

    Turning the Websites service on creates a default website, which you can remark if you type localhost/default in your server's browser. By default, it's just a simple landing page with links to some of the different Websites-supported services (like the Web-based calendar and the Profile Manager) linked below, but you can drop different files into the /Library/Server/Web/Data/Sites/Default directory to change that up. Clicking the Edit pencil will allow you to change who can access the site, where its files are stored, and what domains, redirects, and aliases it uses.

    You can create as many unusual sites as you hold space and bandwidth for. Enlarge / You can create as many unusual sites as you hold space and bandwidth for. Andrew Cunningham

    You can create unusual sites by clicking the plus button and setting the domain name, access permissions, SSL certificate, and other settings, and you can configure as many sites on your server as you hold storage space (and bandwidth) for. Configuring advanced settings requires going into the Apache configuration files, a process which is partially minute in OS X Server's back files and also in Apache's own documentation for version 2.2.

    There are two deterrents to using the Websites service to host anything other than the pages for Server's other services: the first is that, as they saw above, Apple is using less-than-current versions of Apache, PHP, and other software packages. The second is that updates for these packages are bundled with OS X point updates (and later, the security update roll-ups that are released periodically for older OS X versions). If these point updates fix captious problems with one service but an included PHP update breaks a bunch of your code, there's not an facile pass to divorce them from one another. It's fine for a basic site and may even live usable as a testing server, but as usual, more advanced administrators will live left to survey for a more powerful, customizable solution.

    Wiki Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The Wiki service goes hand in hand with the Websites service, both because Wiki depends on Websites to operate and because it's the easiest pass to comeby your users doing something useful with Websites. If you've got any experience with Wikis of any kind, the Wiki service doesn't hold many surprises in store for you—they're simple websites that you can expend to collaborate with other users, create and maintain posts, and upload and partake files.

    Creating a sample Wiki page. Enlarge / Creating a sample Wiki page. Andrew Cunningham Deciding who can view and who can edit my Wiki page. As usual, these fields are populated by local and Open Directory users on your server. Enlarge / Deciding who can view and who can edit my Wiki page. As usual, these fields are populated by local and Open Directory users on your server. Andrew Cunningham

    The Wiki service fills a role similar to Google Sites in the Google Apps suite, and it also has more than a minute in common with Microsoft's SharePoint (though that software is both more complicated and more capable than what's on pomp here). Using this Wiki software, you can edit and remark on pages, associate pages with other, related pages, remark revision history, and comeby notified when documents or comments are added to a site. Users with access to the Wiki service can create as many Wikis or pages as they want, and user groups you create in Open Directory can live given their own Wikis to facilitate collaboration.

    Except for some extremely minor rendering changes and consolidation of a few buttons here and there, the Wiki service's features are identical to what they were in Mountain Lion Server.

    The built-in Wiki service is admittedly pretty simple, but if it isn't to your liking, it's facile enough to install something devotion MediaWiki to your Websites server and expend that instead. OS X Server already includes Apache and PHP, so you'll just hold to set up some database server software and you'll live apt to go.

    VPN With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, facile pass to set up your own VPN server. Enlarge / With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, facile pass to set up your own VPN server. Andrew Cunningham

    The VPN service in Mavericks Server continues to advocate both L2TP and PPTP VPN connections. every you need to achieve is select the protocols you want to support, your VPN server's hostname (which is divorce from your server's regular hostname, a feature unusual to Mountain Lion), and your shared clandestine password.

    If you'd devotion to provide VPN settings to clients without handing out information devotion the shared clandestine password, you can save a standalone .mobileconfig file prerogative from the VPN service window to hand out (useful if you're not already handing out these settings with the Profile Manager).

    You can define the IP address reach that VPN-connected clients will use—by default it uses 31 addresses in the high 200-range, so most home users won't sprint into any worry there—and set divorce DNS settings for VPN-connected clients. You can define routes for your clients as well.

    The VPN service is considerably easier to set up and configure than something devotion OpenVPN, and L2TP and PPTP are both widely supported protocols that can live used with most extant versions of Windows, OS X, Linux, iOS, and Android with no issues. The biggest nit to pick here is that offering VPN services on an OS X server doesn't provide any particular benefits for Macs and iOS devices. Microsoft introduced a feature called DirectAccess in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 that allows for seamless, always-on, VPN-like connections between servers and clients that create things a bit less messy for users who need to comeby on the corporate network from remote locations. While not a requirement for a decent VPN solution, it's too unfavorable that Apple hasn't forward up with its own attempt to "fix" the VPN problem.

    If you achieve intend to sprint your own home VPN server (and there are definitely benefits, particularly if you find yourself working from cafes or other locations with unsecured Wi-Fi networks), there are some other concerns to withhold in mind. If you hold a benchmark home Internet connection, the odds are apt that your IP address changes from time to time—not the IP address of your computer connected to your home router, but your external IP address that identifies your network to the leisure of the world. You might regard a service devotion DynDNS, which will track that IP address as it changes and create positive the prerogative one is associated with your hostname. You might also survey into a business-class Internet connection, which is usually more expensive than a home connection but generally comes with less restrictive terms-of-use, better support, and an option for a static IP address.

    Finally, you'll need to create positive to open the usurp ports in your router's firewall to create your server's VPN service accessible from outside networks. Apple's comprehensive list of TCP and UDP ports used by OS X and OS X Server is helpful here. The VPN service typically uses UDP 500, UDP 1701, TCP 1723, and UDP 4500.

    DHCP Creating a unusual subnet with the DHCP service. Enlarge / Creating a unusual subnet with the DHCP service. Andrew Cunningham

    The DHCP service was originally missing from Server.app in the original Mountain Lion Server release but was restored in a subsequent update. Most home and minute traffic users will hold a router that already handles this service, but if you hold lots of clients on your network, it might behoove you to provide the service using more capable hardware than what comes in most wireless routers.

    As in Mountain Lion, the service allows you to configure multiple subnets on different physical network interfaces (or VLANs, for Macs with only one physical network interface), configure your DHCP ranges, set DHCP lease time, reserve specific IP addresses for specific clients, and view information on connected clients. Depending on your router's firmware, you may actually hold more network configuration options there than OS X gives you, but for homes or minute businesses it's nice to hold every of these settings available in one simple tool, especially if you're using it in conjunction with the DNS service and don't want to hold to jump around between different administration tools.

    DNS The DNS service. Enlarge / The DNS service. Andrew Cunningham The different types of DNS records available.The different types of DNS records available. Andrew Cunningham

    As DNS servers go, the one in OS X Server is pretty simple: you can specify forwarding servers to maneuver requests that your OS X server can't maneuver (which can either provide redundancy or allow you to expend OS X for some DNS requests but not others), determine the computers for which your server should fulfill lookups (for the server only, for clients on the local network, and for clients on other networks), and configure your host names, IP addresses, and aliases.

    Click the Settings button and then click exhibit every Records, and you'll live able to access more granular and advanced DNS settings. These embrace primary and secondary zones, a number of different types of DNS resource records, and invert DNS records. There aren't many other frills, but it will comeby the job done.

    Xsan With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could prefer Xsan Admin for a spin. Enlarge / With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could prefer Xsan Admin for a spin. Andrew Cunningham

    The Xsan Admin is a bit of a niche service in an operating system packed with niche services. It interfaces with Xsan 3.1 (up from 3.0 in Mountain Lion), a product that serves as Apple's storage region network (SAN) implementation. allotment of the instrument lives in Server.app, and the other allotment can live institute in Server.app's Tools menu; between the two of them, they allow you to manage huge Fibre Channel storage arrays.

    Because setting Xsan up requires a Fibre Channel network, a pair of OS X Servers, and at least one networked storage array, they can't give you much more information on the service's operation than this. The back files for Server.app and the Xsan Admin instrument should live enough to comeby you started if this is something you're interested in.

    You’ve just been served

    And so OS X Server has settled into its unusual "normal." Having completed the skedaddle from an enterprise-class server product to a home-and-small-business server product in Mountain Lion, Apple has set about simplifying Server's interface in Mavericks and making its services easier to set up, learn, and use. Major releases will bring changes to Server.app and, on occasion, brand-new services (the Xcode service is the only huge addition since 10.8.5 and Server 2.2.2). In between major releases, bugs will live squashed, and smaller services and features will live added and extended. Mavericks in no pass alters the Server's trajectory. Rather, it drives home the "consumerization" of OS X Server that has been happening since the nascence of the decade.

    In a very literal sense, OS X Server specializes in push-button solutions—most of them are enabled by toggling a separate huge button. Its services are facile to set up, but they're difficult to expand if your needs aren't met by the baked-in features. When it comes to almost any feature that isn't exclusively OS X and/or iOS-centric (Mail, Websites, Wiki, and so on), power users and businesses will likely outgrow the services in short order. Thanks to Server's reliance on benchmark software devotion Apache, it's reasonably facile to install your own custom services yourself if you know what you're doing, but if that's the case, you might find yourself wanting server hardware more robust than a Mac Mini (the $999 version of which is Apple's only offering as of this writing that even approximates server hardware, now that the Mac Pro Server and the Xserve are both dead).

    None of this is to instruct that Server is a unfavorable product (it's not), just that you should live fully conscious of its strengths and weaknesses when you set it up. The Apple-centric stuff here is very useful. The Software Update and Caching services toil as advertised, Time Machine is newly useful thanks to its disk space quotas, and Profile Manager is as apt a pass to manage Macs and iOS devices as any third-party offering. OS X Server also remains one of the more user-friendly ways to sprint your own VPN, and it's not half-bad as a file server thanks to its facile UI and diverse protocol support. You comeby a truckload of features for your $20; it's just that most of the time a more powerful (and, often, free and more platform-agnostic) alternative already exists.

    Is OS X Server for you? If your household or minute traffic uses mostly Macs, iPhones, and iPads and even one of the services here piqued your interest, then yes. The barriers to entry (both monetary and technical) are lower than they've ever been, and you didn't hold to pay for Mavericks anyway. If you hold a lot of Windows and Linux systems in the mix, OS X Server is not without its uses, but you should probably start your search elsewhere.

    Further reading:

  • OS X 10.9 Mavericks: The Ars Technica Review
  • Apple's OS X Server documentation landing page
  • List of TCP and UDP ports used by OS X
  • PortForwarding.com port forwarding guides for home routers
  • OS X Mountain Lion Server review

  • Apple shifts from AFP file sharing to SMB2 in OS X 10.9 Mavericks | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

      In OS X Mavericks, Apple will inaugurate migrating from its own legacy Apple Filing Protocol to Microsoft's SMB2 in an pains to enhance performance, security and cross platform file sharing.

    Macs running OS X 10.9 Mavericks will automatically default to using SMB2 when talking to each other, and drop back to AFP when file sharing with Macs running previous versions of OS X or when working with Time Machine backups.

    From AFP to SMB2

    Apple has maintained and enhanced its own AFP file sharing since it was first introduced in the late 1980s as allotment of the original Macintosh's easy-to-use AppleTalk networking system (below). The company then transitioned AFP from its own proprietary AppleTalk transport to the Internet's TCP/IP, where it has remained the default protocol for Mac to Mac "personal file sharing" on OS X.

    SMB ("Server Message Block") originated at IBM, but was popularized and greatly expanded by Microsoft as the default Windows File Sharing protocol. devotion Apple, Microsoft transitioned its SMB file sharing protocol from its original NetBIOS transport to TCP/IP.

    In the late 90s, Microsoft attempted to rename SMB as CIFS (the "Common Internet File System") in an pains to create it sound more devotion a cross platform standard, although the unusual name and the expend of SMB as the Internet's file sharing protocol never really took off.

    While proprietary to Microsoft, the SMB protocol was invert engineered to create the Samba open source project to allow Unix-like operating systems to partake files with Windows PCs. Apple incorporated Samba into OS X 10.2 to advocate file and network directory services with Windows PCs, resulting in the simple option to enable Windows File Sharing on Macs.

    With the release of Windows Vista, Microsoft greatly revamped SMB to clear out extinct legacy complications and enhance its performance, capabilities and security. This resulted in SMB2. Microsoft further enhanced its SMB2 protocol with version 2.1 in Windows 7 and a 2.2 version for Windows 8 that is also referred to as SMB 3.0. Apple doesn't distinguish between these variants in its own documentation.

    From Samba to SMBX

    Samba didn't initially advocate Microsoft's unusual SMB2; additionally, the project decided to skedaddle its future progress (including advocate for SMB2) to the more strict GPLv3 license. That prevented Apple from realistically using the software commercially.

    For OS X 10.7 Lion, Apple wrote its own software for Windows File Sharing under the name "SMBX" to replace Samba, adding initial advocate for Microsoft's SMB2 at the selfsame time.

    Rather than maintaining both AFP and SMBX in parallel, Apple is now consolidating its future efforts in its own implementation of Microsoft's SMB2 protocol. Macs running OS X 10.9 Mavericks will expend SMB2 as their default file sharing protocol when connecting to each other or to PCs running Windows Vista, 7 or 8.

    In a public technology overview, Apple says, "SMB2 is superfast, increases security, and improves Windows compatibility."SMB2 is superfast, increases security, and improves Windows compatibility.

    The company also outlines that "SMB2 features Resource Compounding, allowing multiple requests to live sent in a separate request. In addition, SMB2 can expend great reads and writes to create better expend of faster networks as well as great MTU advocate for blazing speeds on 10 Gigabit Ethernet. It aggressively caches file and folder properties and uses opportunistic locking to enable better caching of data. It’s even more reliable, thanks to the skill to transparently reconnect to servers in the event of a temporary disconnect."

    Apple will continue to advocate AFP for file sharing with Macs running previous versions of OS X and with Time Machine backup systems. OS X Mavericks also includes advocate for NFS v3 and v4, which are commonly used on Linux and Oracle's Solaris for automounting file shares.

    Support for Windows ACLs; NTFS remains read only

    Apple's progress of OS X has similarly incorporated other technologies from Microsoft's Windows, including advocate for Windows-style ACLs (Access Control Lists), a more robust and fine-grained system for implementing file-based permissions that offered a variety of improvements over the existing BSD Unix-style permissions used in prior versions of OS X.

    Support for ACLs, introduced in OS X 10.4 Tiger in 2004, helped enhance connectivity between Macs and PCs and Windows lively Directory services.

    In terms of file systems, OS X Mavericks continues to expend HFS+, with advocate for file system journaling. OS X continues to advocate Microsoft's basic FAT32 file system and includes read-only advocate for Windows' default NTFS.



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