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9L0-521 OS X Server Essentials 10.9

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9L0-521 exam Dumps Source : OS X Server Essentials 10.9

Test Code : 9L0-521
Test denomination : OS X Server Essentials 10.9
Vendor denomination : Apple
exam questions : 92 actual Questions

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Apple Apple OS X Server

For Apple, 2018 putative a novel traffic tack | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

5 collaboration tools that extend Microsoft workplace

inside Mac OS X 10.7 Lion Server: Apple replaces Samba for home windows networking features | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

The upcoming release of Mac OS X 10.7 Lion Server will eradicate the previously bundled open supply Samba software and exchange it with Apple's own tools for windows file sharing and community directory capabilities.Apple everyone started bundling Samba with Mac OS X 10.2, enabling Mac clients to connect to Microsoft's home windows file and community directory capabilities in line with SMB (Server Message Block, a protocol moreover referred to as home windows File Sharing).

In both Mac OS X Server and customer variants, Samba makes it workable for Macs to partake information with windows valued clientele on the community and access home windows file servers. It has moreover later allowed Mac OS X Server to travail as an NT domain Controller to manage community debts and gain roaming profiles and residential directories purchasable to home windows pc clients.

despite the fact, the Samba crew has moved active construction of the challenge to the extra strict GPLv3 license, which prevents Apple from realistically using the utility commercially.

builders file that Apple has internally officially announced that it'll drag Samba from Mac OS X Lion and Lion Server, and replace it with windows networking application developed with the aid of Apple. the brand novel replacement for Samba is asserted to subsist named SMBX, and helps Microsoft's more moderen SMB2 edition of its proprietary however overtly published protocol, which changed into originally released in home windows Vista.

whereas Mac OS X's previous Samba best supported the fashioned SMB1, Microsoft's novel SBM2 is both sooner and extra effective, reducing the variety of instructions and subcommands from over 100 to simply 19, whereas including pipelining of instructions (to greater successfully transact over leisurely hyperlinks), abet for symbolic links, caching of file residences, and bigger storage fields assisting more advantageous performance of gigantic file transfers over quick networks.

Apple's windows file sharing application in Lion will continue to permit Macs to both deliver and entry windows-trend file shares, but reportedly will now not aid the NT domain Controller points of Samba, which relate to Microsoft's 1990's, NT-period directory provider supported ahead of active directory, which was launched alongside home windows 2000.

regardless of its age, some networks nevertheless expend NT locality Controller configurations as a result of its relative simplicity compared to Microsoft's more up to date active directory. Apple is now mentioned to subsist recommending active listing to users who are nevertheless based upon the older NT domain Controller network listing services.

in spite of this, the edition of Samba Apple had been the usage of prevented Macs from seamlessly working with up to date PCs running home windows 7, which consist of protection alterations in how encryptions protocols work. Apple's own utility won't subsist restrained via the design hassle of Samba.

end users might conceivably acquire Samba on their own and combine it into their Mac OS X atmosphere themselves, however Samba does not at present provide ready to expend binaries for Mac OS X, and a unadulterated port of Samba would want Apple's handy to expend person interface and tight integration with other Apple application, including Open listing, the company's own listing functions solution.


Will Apple allow virtualization of OSX Server on non-Apple hardware? | killexams.com actual Questions and Pass4sure dumps

at the moment, the most effective aspect limiting OSX Server running virtualized on widely wide-spread hardware is Apple’s insistance that it only elope on Apple hardware.  VMWare, VirtualBox and Parallels hold complied and made it unattainable for OSX to elope on the comfort but Xserves and Mac pros.

Apple has allowed the virtualization of OSX on Apple’s personal hardware because a metamorphosis of EULA in Leopard.

but most likely Apple is loosening its dangle on the OSX Server?  a fascinating tidbit from Virtualization.information indicates there is a few code which may betoken that Apple OSX Server may subsist made to elope as a VM on its vSphere Cloud infrastructure utility.

vSphere is going to aid Mac OSX, by presenting EFI abet and abet for Darwin as guest OS.

vSphere doesn’t elope on Apple hardware so it's pleasing that VMware is edifice in support for Apple’s OS.  A frequent virtualization solution would travel a long manner into fixing the pocket left with the aid of Apple’s exit of the Xserve market and would demonstrate that Apple has its finger on the heart beat of the route of digital computing.

Full textual content of what  was discovered pasted below:

vSphere to pilot Mac OSX?

Linux Host home windows Host Mac OS Host

there hold been some textual content that listed the a number of kinds of host, together with Mac OSX.

be certain that you've got installed everyone obtainable Mac OS X application updates. @&!*@*@(msg.cdrom.darwindisconnect)Your Mac OS visitor is the expend of this CD-ROM equipment. The most secure mode to disconnect this digital CD-ROM is via pressing %s, then ej ecting the media from inner the guest%s. To continue anyway, press %s.%s @&!*@*@(msg.Backdoor.OsNotMacOSXServer)The guest working gadget is not Mac OS X Server. @&!*@*@(msg.cpuid.darwinWithBTHV)Mac OS X isn't supported with software virtualization. exchange the execution mode to computerized. @&!*@*@(msg.cpuid.darwinWithBT)Mac OS X is not supported with software virtualization. To elope Mac OS X you need a number on which %s supports hardware virtuali zation. isolation.bios.IsGOS.Darwin

there hold been some textual content that listed quite a lot of messages related to Mac OSX

sbios vbios bios440 efi32 efi64 nvram lsibios nbios nxbios nx3bios e1000bios vmibios vmmmods sas1068bios pvscsibios

As that you can see, there is point out of EFI assist which is required in addition Mac OSX. Does this spell future edition of vSphere will pilot virtualizing Mac OSX?

New guestOS forms?

darwin10 darwin10-sixty four darwin-64 mandrake-sixty four opensuse opensuse-64 winServer2008Cluster-32 winServer2008Cluster-sixty four winServer2008Datacenter-32 winServer2008Datacenter-64 winServer2008DatacenterCore-32 winServer2008DatacenterCore-sixty four winServer2008Enterprise-32 winServer2008Enterprise-sixty four winServer2008EnterpriseCore-32 winServer2008EnterpriseCore-64 winServer2008SmallBusiness-32 winServer2008SmallBusiness-sixty four winServer2008SmallBusinessPremium-32 winServer2008SmallBusinessPremium-64 winServer2008Standard-32 winServer2008Standard-64 winServer2008StandardCore-32 winServer2008StandardCore-sixty four winServer2008Web-32 winServer2008Web-64 XenVMMXenVMM

There turned into a bit that I got here across which listed everyone supported guestOS kinds, here you can remark there were just a few extra that were introduced between vSphere 4.0 and four.1. One wonderful aspect that i'm not certain if lots of people hold seen, is theVirtualMachineGuestOsIdentifier within the vSphere API. This in fact offers the guestos identifier that's supported in every liberate of VI/vSphere. wonderful enough, a darwin guestos assist has been documented as of vSphere 4.0:


9L0-521 OS X Server Essentials 10.9

Study pilot Prepared by Killexams.com Apple Dumps Experts


Killexams.com 9L0-521 Dumps and actual Questions

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9L0-521 exam Dumps Source : OS X Server Essentials 10.9

Test Code : 9L0-521
Test denomination : OS X Server Essentials 10.9
Vendor denomination : Apple
exam questions : 92 actual Questions

How long prep is required to pass 9L0-521 exam?
Killexams.Com is a notable web page for 9L0-521 certification cloth. When I institute you on the internet, I almost joyed in delectation because it become exactly what I turned into seeking out. I become searching out a few actual and much less steeply-priced assist on line due to the fact I didnt hold the time to travel through bunch of books. I discovered sufficient solemnize question birthright here that proved to subsist very useful. I changed into capable of score properly in my Apple test and Im obliged.


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OS X Server Essentials 10.9

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Apple updates OS X 10.9 Mavericks Server, fixing VPN issues | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

No result found, try novel keyword!Small patch allows client, server to subsist under different NAT providers Apple's latest update to OS X 10.9 Mavericks Server has fixed a virtual private network (VPN) connectivity issue. The update fixes ...

A power user’s pilot to OS X Server, Mavericks edition | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

Mavericks runs version 3.0 of Server.app, the user-friendly mug of OS X Server.Mavericks runs version 3.0 of Server.app, the user-friendly mug of OS X Server. Andrew Cunningham reader comments 62 with 41 posters participating Share this story
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  • The Mountain Lion version of OS X Server marked the conclude of a transition for Apple's server software. When Apple released OS X 10.6 in 2009, Server was an expensive and entirely divorce version of OS X that only shipped on Apple's rack-mountable XServe systems and cost $1,000 if you wanted to elope it on any of your other Macs. Fast-forward to 2012 and the XServe was long-dead, OS X Server was a $20 add-on to OS X, and the powerful-but-complex tools used to manage and configure the server software had been thrown out in favor of a greatly simplified application primarily controlled via expansive on/off switches. It took a brace of years, but Apple had done the very thing to its server hardware and software that it did to Final crop Pro. The company made its features more accessible for little businesses and high-end consumers at the expense of features captious to a subset of professional users.

    The Mavericks version of OS X Server ushers in no such sweeping changes. In fact, the scope of the update is closer to the incremental updates that the Mountain Lion version has received between its launch in July of 2012 and now. Despite a version number extend from 2.X to 3.X, OS X Server is finished with the major overhauls. The software has been changed from an enterprise-targeted package to one better suited to power users and little businesses. Now that the transition is complete, it's pellucid that slow, constant improvement is the novel normal.

    This means there's a Little less truly novel ground to cover than there was final year, but in keeping with final year’s review, we’re quiet going to travel through everyone of the services OS X Server offers particular by item. This will serve as both an evaluation of those services as well as a basic how-to pilot for those who are novel to the software—in cases where nothing has changed, they hold re-used portions of final year's review. If you'd fancy to read more about OS X Server's transition from an enterprise product to a "prosumer" product, that's background information that they covered final year.

    Installation, setup, and getting started Andrew Cunningham

    When configuring a novel OS X Server, the install process is the very as it was in Mountain Lion: hold any Mac running OS X 10.9 and download and install the Server software package (hereafter Server.app) from the Mac App Store. Unlike Mavericks itself, Server.app 3.0 is quiet a $19.99 download both for novel customers and for people upgrading from Mountain Lion or Lion Server, though download codes are being offered free of (additional) charge to members of Apple’s $99-a-year OS X and iOS developer programs. The older Server.app versions won’t elope in Mavericks, and Server.app 3.0 won’t elope in Lion or Mountain Lion, so the upgrade process is an all-or-nothing proposition.

    Apple has removed most of the more intimidating configuration screens from the Server installation process. Where Mountain Lion Server and older versions would examine for hostname and IP address configuration (among other things), the novel Server.app gets birthright to the point. agree to the EULA, input an administrator’s username and password, and wait for the first-time setup process to complete. Configuring those more advanced settings can quiet subsist done after the fact in Server.app, but for home users, the more intimidating barriers to installation hold been removed.

    Another consumer-y paw is the addition of novel Server Tutorials, which pop up in front of the Server.app window first thing after the first-time setup has completed. The extinct Server.app had a persistent “Next Steps” locality across the bottom of the screen that would assist newbies through some of the server basics, but the Server Tutorials are more friendly and more comprehensive everyone around.

    The novel Tutorials aren't a novel feature per se, but they gain existing features easier for newbies to learn. Enlarge / The novel Tutorials aren't a novel feature per se, but they gain existing features easier for newbies to learn. Andrew Cunningham The older, more exhaustive abet
 files are quiet available, as is Apple's extensive online documentation. Enlarge / The older, more exhaustive abet files are quiet available, as is Apple's extensive online documentation. Andrew Cunningham

    Each tutorial starts with an objective stated in simple language: “share files” or “provide centralized backup” or “host a website.” Clicking on each section opens up a tutorial that explains services fancy File Sharing and Time Machine at a tall flat before providing step-by-step instructions with screenshots and some resources for further reading—the “Advanced Topics” section of Apple’s online OS X Server abet is generally the first stop.

    Apple’s online abet and the old-style Server abet files are everyone quiet there in the Mavericks version of OS X Server, but the novel Server Tutorials fill a pretty obvious user education gap from older versions of the software. Along with the simplification of the setup process, they gain it easier for a Mac enthusiast to gain the jump from being a regular extinct OS X user to an professional server administrator. Learning OS X Server before was a study in digging into abet files, Googling, and just poking around at stuff until it seemed fancy it was working, but the tutorials provide neophytes a clearer path from Point A to Point B.

    Meet Server.app Server.app has been spruced up, but it should quiet subsist
 intimate if you used it in Mountain Lion. Enlarge / Server.app has been spruced up, but it should quiet subsist intimate if you used it in Mountain Lion. Andrew Cunningham

    If you want to execute basically anything with OS X Server, you’re going to execute it with Server.app. This all-in-one server administration utensil has completely replaced the more advanced but less user-friendly Server Admin Tools from Lion and older versions of OS X, but it supports most of the very features. The Look of the application has changed a Little from its Mountain Lion incarnation—linen has been excised, the default window size is wider, and the artery items are organized and presented has been rethought, mostly for the better—but it’s quiet largely the very interface.

    Server.app is used to:

  • Manage local and Open Directory users and groups
  • Enable, disable, and configure services, everyone of which we'll subsist discussing individually
  • Add SSL certificates
  • Set remote management preferences
  • Enable propel notifications
  • Check your server's status and log messages
  • You can launch the app directly from the server itself, or you can install it on any OS X client computer and connect to your Mavericks servers using their host names or IP addresses—just click Connect to Server from the Manage menu. Server.app in Mavericks is able to manage both Mavericks servers and older Mountain Lion servers, so if you manage multiple servers and don't want to upgrade everyone of them at once, you'll subsist able to expend the very utensil to control them both. Server.app in Mountain Lion couldn't connect to Lion servers, so this is a welcome change.

    Managing a Mountain Lion server from the Mavericks version of Server.app. Enlarge / Managing a Mountain Lion server from the Mavericks version of Server.app. Andrew Cunningham

    Looking at the left of the screen, start at the top and travail your artery down. Items in the "Server" section are everyone about server monitoring and common administration. This is where you can view uptime and log information, usage statistics, log files from your various services, and any alerts that the server may hold generated. Even in the Alerts section, Mavericks dumbs things down a bit in the denomination of user friendliness. Things fancy "S.M.A.R.T. status" and "Disk unreachable" hold been consolidated under "Disk," while most of the headings hold been simplified.

    Other Server.app uses comprehend viewing and changing IP address and hostname information, managing your security certificates, and configuring the server's remote administration options. Your server can subsist managed remotely using SSH, screen sharing, or other client Macs running Server.app.

    Finally, the Server section of Server.app is where you configure propel notifications for your services. propel notifications are used with the Mail, Contacts, Calendar, and Profile Manager services to alert your users when novel messages or calendar invites or other data comes in. Apple's support documentation recommends using propel notifications with these services as a more efficient alternative to polling the server for data at a set interval. propel notifications are moreover used to alert server administrators when novel Alerts are generated—any Mac that has connected to your server using Server.app will receive these Alerts in its Notification Center.

  • A few of the things that Server.app does: managing remote access settings.
  • Monitoring alerts.
  • Managing certificates.
  • Viewing logs for the server and the individual services.
  • Resource usage stats.
  • And, finally, managing remote servers.
  • Push notifications can subsist sent from your server to any OS X or iOS client that it manages. You first need to salvage a propel Notification Service certificate from Apple using an organizational Apple ID as opposed to the personal Apple ID that you might expend in the Mac App Store or with an Apple Developer account. The certificate, which is used to encrypt the communication between your server and your clients, is free, but it must subsist renewed yearly.

    Most of your time in Server.app will subsist spent in the "Accounts" and "Services" sections. We'll talk more about Accounts later in the Open Directory section, since it's mostly useful for administrators of little to medium-size businesses using their Macs to manage user credentials and permissions. The panes for Server's various services are where you'll expend the vast majority of your time in OS X Server, and we'll subsist going through each service one by one to warrant their particular uses and features.

    The only universal change to everyone Service panes is the addition of a novel Access section that gives you more granular status messages about what the service is doing at a particular point in time, along with a link to an OS X Server abet file with more information for each service. Most of the time this message will just counsel you whether the service is on or off, but again, the denomination of the game is user-friendliness. This information will mostly subsist redundant or unnecessary for the power user, but Apple is working to gain Server easier to learn for people novel to the software.

    Finally, there's now a divorce section in Server.app for "Advanced" services, including DHCP, DNS, FTP, NetInstall, Open Directory, Software Update, and Xsan. These services are everyone hidden by default in the View menu (again, one assumes, to withhold newbies from stumbling onto them), but clicking any of them will cause everyone of them to betoken up in Server.app as they normally would in Mountain Lion. We'll subsist going through everyone of them to talk about what they do, but unlike some of the non-advanced services, there are very few changes between the Mavericks and Mountain Lion versions.

    Open Directory The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's active Directory. Enlarge / The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's active Directory. Andrew Cunningham

    Open Directory is one of the core services of OS X Server, and since we'll subsist talking about users, groups, and permissions a lot in the next few thousand words, we'll talk about it first (even if it has been stuck below the "Advanced" services fold in Mavericks).

    Open Directory is an LDAP-based directory system that allows you to create and manage user accounts and groups of user accounts. fancy Microsoft's active Directory, it allows your users to log in to computers and services using one username and password. Administrators can expend it to enforce preferences and security settings on Macs and iOS devices, which we'll salvage into when they talk about the Profile Manager.

    Open Directory creation and administration is handled completely within Server.app—open the service and switch it on to trigger the configuration wizard.

    Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory. Enlarge / Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory. Andrew Cunningham

    We'll subsist creating a novel Open Directory domain for their testbed, but note that you can moreover bind one Open Directory server to another to create a replica server which will provide redundancy in the case of server failure. If any of your servers travel down, your client computers should automatically fail over to one of the working replicas until the borked machine comes back up. If you hold multiple Open Directory servers, you can expend the Locales feature to assign different servers to different network subnets to abet with load balancing. Your master and replica Open Directory servers will everyone need to subsist running the very version of OS X Server, though—trying to expend their Mountain Lion server as a replica for their Mavericks server's Open Directory setup resulted in an oversight message.

    While setting up a novel Open Directory, you'll subsist asked to set up a directory administrator account that's divorce from the administrator account used to manage the server itself. We'll stick with the default "diradmin" username for their purposes, but the account can subsist named anything you want. Once you've finished this step, you're basically done with setup; you can revolve to the Users and Groups sections to launch edifice your directory.

    Users and Groups Creating a novel Open Directory user. Enlarge / Creating a novel Open Directory user. Andrew Cunningham

    Users and user groups used to subsist configured using a Server Admin utensil called Workgroup Manager, which is quiet doable if you dislike the controls in Server.app. Workgroup Manager is moreover available as a divorce download in Mavericks, but the Users and Groups panes in Server.app hold been tweaked to comprehend the most captious of the extinct options.

    Three different kinds of users can live on your Open Directory server: local user accounts that can only log in to the server itself, network user accounts that can log in to computers bound to your directory and gain expend of your server's services, and network service accounts that can only subsist used to access services. You can view, create, and edit everyone these types of users in the Users pane.

    When creating network users, you must give them a replete name, a short name, and a password, and you can moreover enter an e-mail address for them. The Contacts service pulls from Open Directory to autofill names and e-mail addresses, so subsist certain to input the information just as you'd fancy to remark it. The Home Folder drop-down menu is where you select whether to gain this a measure network account or a service account.

    If you set up a file partake to store user Home folders in the File Sharing service, you can moreover select whether to let your network users hold their profiles stored on the hard drives of Macs they log in to or whether the profile is saved to the server. The second option is Apple's version of Microsoft's Roaming Profiles. Logging in and working with files can subsist a bit slower due to network latency, but everyone of the users' files and settings are automatically available no matter what computer they're using.

    Using the Disk Quota field, you can confine the amount of server space a user's profile is allowed to consume. It's worth noting that this quota amount doesn't apply to everyone services—Mail accounts hold their own quotas, as execute Time Machine backups (this is a novel feature we'll examine more later on).

    Once created, you can manage users' access to individual services on your server—allowing them to expend Mail, for example, without using Time Machine or the VPN. Within the Users pane, you can moreover set password policies (including things fancy minimum length and expiration dates), and the Edit Mail Options realm allows you to set up mail forwarding for individual accounts if you won't subsist giving them access to their own e-mail account on your server.

    Managing big numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually. Enlarge / Managing big numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually. Andrew Cunningham

    If you hold a big number of users, splitting them up into groups and managing their settings that artery may subsist more convenient. While you can't set disk quotas and home directories according to group, you can award and obscure groups' access to services, and you can moreover give each of your groups a file share, a Wiki page, and a group mailing list, and you can automatically gain group members buddies in the Messages application if you hold the service turned on.

    Comparison with active Directory

    Open Directory is without a doubt simpler to configure than a full-blown active Directory implementation. Configuring users and groups in Server.app is moreover much simpler than it was in the extinct Workgroup Manager—it hasn't changed much since Mountain Lion. For a home or little Mac-centric business, the barrier to entry is unquestionably lower, and you'll subsist able to salvage a directory up and running without much time investment.

    That simplicity comes at the cost of features, however. Most notably, Open Directory lacks any of the software installation features of active Directory. Administrators will need to rely on Apple Remote Desktop or a third-party product fancy the Casper Suite for the installation and patching of third-party applications.

    Another missing feature (one that has been missing since Snow Leopard) is the faculty to bind Windows computers to an Open Directory server. For mixed networks of Windows and OS X computers, Apple now tells server admins to bind Macs to both an active Directory server and an Open Directory server, a configuration it calls a "magic triangle"—the active Directory server handles authentication and settings for the Windows computers and authentication for the Macs, while the Open Directory server controls settings for Macs. It's a pretty expansive feature to lose, though in drill most businesses aren't going to notice. active Directory is more or less ubiquitous in the enterprise, so it's usually enough for OS X Server to subsist able to integrate with those existing directories rather than trying to supplant them.

    Profile Manager Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    After Open Directory, Profile Manager is probably the most valuable service included in OS X Server. With it, you can create and disseminate configuration profiles to your Macs and iOS devices, automatically configuring everything from e-mail accounts to passcode requirements to Dock icons. Once clients hold installed one of your configuration profiles, you can moreover propel out updated settings automatically if you hold a propel Notifications certificate enabled on your server.

    Profiles are created in the form of .mobileconfig files, the very sort of files that are created by the iPhone Configuration Utility and the Apple Configurator, but they can moreover subsist used to manage Macs. Once you've enabled the Profile Manager, enable Device Management and enter the settings it wants—an organization denomination and e-mail address and an SSL certificate—and you'll subsist ready to start managing devices.

    The default profile is called "Settings for Everyone" and can subsist configured or replaced by using the Web-based Profile Manager portal. For services that you've configured—Mail, VPN, Calendar, and a few others—checking the "Include configuration for services" box is an light artery to gain certain everyone connected to your network can at least hold access to those services. If you need more granular options, click the Open Profile Manager link in Server.app, moreover accessible by typing /profilemanager into your browser of choice.

    Profile Manager profiles can subsist
 distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups. This is in addition to the generic "Settings for Everyone" profile shown here. Enlarge / Profile Manager profiles can subsist distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups. This is in addition to the generic "Settings for Everyone" profile shown here. Andrew Cunningham

    Once in Profile Manager, you can view everyone of the users and groups they created in Open Directory earlier. They can moreover remark fields for devices and device groups, but they aren't populated yet. To gain things betoken up there, we'll need to navigate to the Profile Manager login page at /myprofiles from each of the devices you want to manage. iPhones, iPads, iPod Touches, and Macs running OS X 10.7, 10.8, or 10.9 are everyone enrolled and managed pretty much the very way. Older OS X versions are not supported by Profile Manager, but they can quiet subsist managed with Workgroup Manager, which we'll argue momentarily.

    The faculty to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is moreover available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a powerful fallback if you don't hold the latter and don't trust your users to set up the former.The faculty to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is moreover available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a powerful fallback if you don't hold the latter and don't trust your users to set up the former. Andrew Cunningham

    Once you've signed in using a network user account, you'll subsist presented with a expansive blue button that will let you enroll your device. Once enrolled, it will betoken up in your administrator's Profile Manager, where you can view, edit, and propel out novel settings as desired. If you're working with a self-signed SSL certificate, you may moreover need to install the trust Profile for your organization from the Profiles tab before your devices will subsist able to install your profiles. One setting within the profile controls whether that profile can subsist removed from devices by users after the fact. If you don't want people removing your profile and potentially compromising your security, gain certain you configure that particular option.

    After devices are enrolled, administrators can view them, lock or wipe them, and arrange them into groups for easier administration. circumstantial hardware information, including MAC addresses, UDIDs, IMEI numbers, and specific model and software information, is stored in the server—for iOS devices you can even remark the battery life flat as of the final check-in. It's a powerful utensil for administrators looking to track their hardware. Users can moreover lock and wipe devices on their own without intervention from an administrator.

    New to Mavericks are some additional app distribution options. Most notably, you can now dispense apps and media you've purchased as section of Apple's Volume Purchase Program for businesses and educational institutions, a natural suitable given Apple's propel into the textbook market. The VPP can moreover subsist used to deliver apps built specifically for your traffic that aren't publicly available in the App Store, and the Profile Manager will moreover dispense in-house apps developed through the iOS Developer Enterprise Program.

    Tech Republic has a nice overview of what is required to salvage into the VPP program, which involves confirming that you are who you divulge you are and that you're authorized to purchase apps on behalf of your institution. Once you do, you'll need to download a VPP token and plug it into Server.app to manage your purchases. Using OS X Server along with the VPP site, you should subsist able to automate installation, uninstallation, and license tracking for the apps and books you buy (similar functionality is moreover being introduced in other mobile device management services fancy MaaS360).

    Grouping many devices that need to partake
 the very
 settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration.Grouping many devices that need to partake the very settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration. Andrew Cunningham

    Almost every setting available in the iOS Settings app or OS X's System Preferences window can subsist controlled using the .mobileconfig files generated by Profile Manager. Click Edit and you'll remark everyone of the settings you can configure. Some, fancy Mail, VPN, security certificates, and wireless network settings can subsist configured for both OS X and iOS, while others are restricted specifically to iOS (device restrictions fancy the expend of iCloud backups or in-app purchases) or OS X (Dock icons, Gatekeeper settings, roaming profiles, printer settings, and others). You can moreover upload custom .plist files to apply to your OS X computers to configure third-party apps not accounted for in the Profile Manager, and you can deploy volume-licensed iOS apps.

    Profile Manager is a powerful utensil for directory administrators, and it's moreover usable if you hold a big number of OS X and iOS devices at home (or if your children hold their own iOS devices and you'd fancy to subsist able to set universal restrictions on them). You'll just hold to resolve if managing the devices centrally is more of a hassle than just configuring each one manually.

    Workgroup Manager: Managing older Macs

    The Workgroup Manager is the sole Server Admin utensil quiet available from Apple as a divorce download. If the Users and Groups options in Server.app aren't to your liking, the utensil can subsist used to expose more advanced options, but where it's most useful in Mavericks is in its faculty to manage older Macs, since pre-Lion operating systems don't support the configuration profiles that Profile Manager spits out.

    After downloading and installing the Workgroup Manager, open it and connect to your server using the Directory Administrator account you created when you first configured Open Directory. Once authenticated, you'll subsist able to view everyone users and user groups in your directory, as well as everyone of the Macs that you've bound to Open Directory. These Macs can moreover subsist placed into groups for your convenience.

    Selecting any user, user group, computer, or computer group and clicking the Preferences button at the top of the window will expose a System Preferences-like list of settings that you can expend to configure your Macs' docks, network settings, login window settings, and more. You can already execute everyone of this for Lion- and Mountain Lion-equipped Macs using Profile Manager profiles, but Workgroup Manager enables management of everyone settings for both Leopard and Snow Leopard, and management of some settings for Tiger as well in the event that you hold any computers that extinct quiet in active service.

    File sharing Enlarge

    As ever, the File Sharing service in Mavericks is an extension of the file-sharing features in the client version of OS X, adding WebDAV support and more robust permissions management to the existing Apple File-sharing Protocol (AFP) and Server Message obscure (SMB) protocols supported by the client version of the operating system. You can moreover add custom greetings to your AFP partake points here, and you can view the IP addresses, protocols, and usernames of everyone users connected to one of your partake points.

    After enabling the service, the system will create a number of default partake points, everyone of which can subsist edited or deleted as needed. Click the plus button to add a novel volume or folder as an additional partake point, and then click the Settings button and "Edit partake point" to adjust the permissions on the share. You can award users read-only access, read and write access, or no access; allow or disallow guest access for a particular share; and select to gain certain shares available for the roaming user profiles that they touched upon earlier.

    Choosing protocols, taking names. Note that SMB, not AFP, is now listed first. Enlarge / Choosing protocols, taking names. Note that SMB, not AFP, is now listed first. Andrew Cunningham

    The biggest change to the File Sharing service this time around is so subtle on its service that you might miss it if you don't expend OS X Server everyone the time: as they reported several months ago, Apple has announced its aim to saunter away from the AFP protocol, opting instead to expend SMB as the default file-sharing protocol for OS X. In Mavericks Server, visible evidence of this shift includes the fact that the SMB protocol is now the first in the list of options when you're setting up a partake and that some AFP-only features fancy the faculty to route messages to connected users are now gone. AFP is quiet there (and Apple is quiet willing to help it if need be, as we've seen in their coverage of OS X's now-resolved 802.11ac problems) and it's not likely to travel away soon, but it will likely become less and less of a priority for Apple as time goes on.

    OS X's SMB implementation has moreover been upgraded to SMB2, a newer version of the protocol introduced in Windows Vista and improved upon and upgraded further in later versions of Windows. SMB2 was designed in section to reduce the amount of overhead required to transfer files and to gain server-client connections more robust. We've already seen how drastically SMB file transfers hold improved since 10.8.5 over 802.11ac, but are there any differences when transferring files over wired Ethernet?

    To test, they hooked one 10.8.5 server, one 10.9.0 server, and one 10.9.0 client up to a router with gigabit Ethernet cables. They ran two different tests—one copying a single big 3.6GB file from each server to the client, and one copying 6.4GB folder of 3,530 images from each server to the client.

    The performance improvements are impressive. Copying big files was about 54 percent quicker in Mavericks, while copying smaller files was about 36.5 percent faster. As long as everyone of the computers on your network hold been upgraded to Mavericks, your SMB transfer performance in OS X should subsist much better than it was, and after years of lagging behind, it's nice to remark that the performance gap between SMB and AFP has been everyone but eliminated.

    Uploading a file to a WebDAV server from Pages in iOS 7. Enlarge / Uploading a file to a WebDAV server from Pages in iOS 7. Andrew Cunningham

    WebDAV sharing works the very artery it did in Mountain Lion, and it's quiet quite persnickety about who can expend it and how WebDAV shares are accessed. Most notably, the service will only allow Open Directory users, not users local to your server, to access WebDAV shares. You'll moreover need the precise URL for every partake point you'd fancy to access; the format is http(s):///webdav/. Once I was doing everyone of these things properly, I was able to connect to my WebDAV shares from both OS X and Pages and copy some documents back and forth.

    If you're a home user who wants to gain your files available over the Internet (or if you'd fancy to gain any of your services available when you're away from your home network), you'll probably need to configure port forwarding on your router, and to gain things easier you'll probably moreover want a DNS denomination to travel with your IP address (since the address used to achieve your network from the Internet sometimes changes for most home users). Portforward.com keeps excellent guides for configuring port forwarding on a wide compass of routers, and services like DynDNS offer DNS services for home Internet users.

    FTP and SFTP Enlarge

    FTP sharing isn't section of the core File Sharing service, though it is sort of tied to it. The FTP service in OS X Server can subsist used to partake one of your AFP or SMB shares from the File Sharing service or one of the sites you've configured with the Websites service, or you can elect to create a custom standalone share. However, you can only hold one FTP partake point configured at a time, making it a destitute option if you're serving several sites you'd fancy to access via FTP.

    Remember, there's no security inherent to the FTP protocol, and by default any data you route or receive from an FTP partake point will subsist unencrypted. If you'd fancy to enable encrypted SFTP transfers instead, enable remote login using SSH from your server's settings as shown above. You can moreover execute this from within System Preferences on the server. travel to Sharing and enable Remote Login, which will enable SFTP along with the SSH remote login service. Enabling SSH enables SFTP—there's no artery to hold one without the other, and there's no artery to serve measure FTP with SSH enabled.

    Time Machine Time Machine has gotten some nice upgrades in Mavericks. Enlarge / Time Machine has gotten some nice upgrades in Mavericks. Andrew Cunningham

    The Time Machine backup service really didn't change a gross lot in between its introduction in Leopard and the version that shipped with Mountain Lion, which is hapless given how much low-hanging fruit there was (and quiet is) to harvest here. At its core, it remains unchanged: if you don't hold a NAS device that supports Time Machine backups, the service in OS X Server is a useful artery for home users to back up their Macs without having to plug an external drive in. revolve on the service, select the folder you'd fancy to store your backups in, and then select your server from the list of available backup disks on each client you'd fancy to back up.

    One minor change in Mavericks makes Time Machine much more useful and partially addresses their complaints from final year about the service's inflexibility. When creating a backup destination folder, you can now set a confine to the amount of space backups can consume. Previous versions of Time Machine would just withhold filling up your drive until there wasn't any free space left, at which point (and not before) it would launch to delete older files.

    Adding an OS X Server partake
 as a backup volume isn't much different from using an external drive. Enlarge / Adding an OS X Server partake as a backup volume isn't much different from using an external drive.

    There are quiet plenty of limitations. You can set quotas, but they hold to subsist the very across everyone Macs, for example—you can't let one Mac's backup expend 200GB and another 500GB. Plus, only Macs running Mavericks will respect the quotas you can set. You quiet can't counsel computers you manage through Open Directory or Profile Manager to gain backups without touching individual client computers. If you want to set a different backup interval (either on the server or on your client computers), you're out of luck.

    Setting a disk quota for Time Machine backups. Enlarge / Setting a disk quota for Time Machine backups. Andrew Cunningham

    We've quiet got gripes, but even basic support for backup quotas is an incredibly useful tweak, and it's exactly the benevolent of no-brainer feature that the Time Machine service has needed since its inception. It resolves my biggest gripe with the service as someone who uses it at home: I no longer hold to region my backups on a divorce volume if I don't want them to expand to consume my entire drive. If you execute want user- or device-specific quotas, you could theoretically travail around the want of them by creating a different backup destination with a different disk quota for every Mac you want to back up. It's not perfect, but for small-scale backup operations it's much more workable than it was before. For those who need more than the service has to give, a paid alternative fancy CrashPlan is quiet worth looking into.

    Xcode Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The Xcode service is the only one here that's entirely novel to Mavericks, and it will only subsist useful to those of you who are registered Apple developers with paid-up accounts. If that describes you, you may find it quite useful: the service allows you to set up a local Xcode repository so that several people (or one person on several computers, if that's your thing) can easily access and change a single Xcode project at the very time.

    Setting the service up is relatively simple: you hold to install Xcode on your server to build projects with, and you'll want to either create your own Git repository or connect the server to an existing Git or Subversion (SVN) repository (communication between the server and its clients can chance over HTTP, HTTPS, or SSH). To test on iOS devices you've registered with your developer account, you moreover hold to add at least one registered Apple Developer account to the "Developer Teams" section.

    Creating a local Git repository. Enlarge / Creating a local Git repository. Andrew Cunningham Git repos can moreover subsist
 created from within Xcode once you've connected to your server. Enlarge / Git repos can moreover subsist created from within Xcode once you've connected to your server. Andrew Cunningham

    One of the core features of the Xcode service is the faculty to create and elope "bots," processes that automate the continuous integration of your novel code with your existing code. Bots can subsist scheduled to elope at certain times (as often as hourly, as seldom as weekly) or can simply subsist set to elope every time there's a novel code commit. By default, your bot will let people who hold committed conflicting code know when they've committed conflicting code; you can moreover set bots up to notify committers about successful integrations and to e-mail third parties about both successful and unsuccessful integrations.

    Bots can subsist added from within Xcode itself on your development Mac, but they can moreover subsist added, monitored, and edited from the Web interface accessible at /xcode/bots. From there, depending on the permissions you've configured in Server.app, your users can create and view bots, and logged in users can compel a manual integration by hitting the "integrate" button.

    Creating a bot from within Xcode. Enlarge / Creating a bot from within Xcode. Andrew Cunningham All of my bots cheerfully humming away, telling me that I'm doing it wrong. Enlarge / everyone of my bots cheerfully humming away, telling me that I'm doing it wrong. Andrew Cunningham The Web monitor will give you circumstantial histories for everyone
 your bots as well as allow you to download code. Enlarge / The Web monitor will give you circumstantial histories for everyone your bots as well as allow you to download code.

    I'm not much of a coder, so I'll leave you to dig through Apple's documentation if you mediate you might fancy to expend the Xcode service (as a region to start, there's some enlightening information about the continuous integration features here). It's a novel service that fits birthright in with the comfort of OS X Server—it's targeted at smaller shops made up of mostly Mac and iOS developers, but in that context it can subsist quite useful.

    Caching The Caching service is a modern not-quite-replacement for the extinct
 Software Update service. Enlarge / The Caching service is a modern not-quite-replacement for the extinct Software Update service. Andrew Cunningham

    The Caching service isn't quite new, but if you're jumping straight from final year's OS X Server review to this one, you may hold missed it—it was one of the services added midway between Server 2.0 and Server 2.2.2. Caching can subsist thought of as a modern-day replacement to the Software Update service. Where Software Update grabs OS X system updates and other Apple software (think iTunes and Safari updates, not updates handled through the Mac App Store) and stores it for local use, the Caching service grabs those updates in addition to content from the Mac and iOS App Stores, iBooks, iTunes U, and Internet Recovery files and stores them locally to crop down on the amount of traffic between your network and Apple's servers.

    Here's how it works, with an illustration from Apple's abet files to elucidate. revolve the Caching service on, and every time a Mac or iOS device on your local network requests any of the listed software from Apple's servers, your local server will download and store a copy of that software. The next time a device on your local network tries to download that content, it will download from your local server instead of from Apple's.

    This both cuts down on your external bandwidth usage and can drastically accelerate up transfers—downloading the 5.29GB Mavericks installer to a MacBook Air via a gigabit Ethernet connection took 12 and a half minutes when downloading the software from Apple's servers. Deleting the installer and downloading it again after verifying that it had been cached shortened the download time to just over one minute. The more Macs and iOS devices you hold hitting Apple's servers for various software and app updates, the more bandwidth and time you'll save.

    An illustration of the Caching service serving multiple clients on different subnets. Enlarge / An illustration of the Caching service serving multiple clients on different subnets. Apple

    The Caching service works with Macs running OS X 10.8.2 or later and iOS devices running iOS 7 or later, and the only other requirement is that the devices partake a public IP address behind a NAT (or, to region it in simpler terms, they need to subsist on the very local network for the feature to work). Even networks with multiple subnets can expend the very Caching server (as shown above) if the various subnets partake the very external IP address. Unlike the extinct Software Update service, the Caching service doesn't require any additional configuration on your clients or that they subsist enrolled in Profile Manager or bound to your Open Directory; as long as the clients are running the birthright software versions, they can hold handicap of the service.

    There are a few server-side settings to Look at as you configure the Caching service: you need to select which volume to cache the content on and how much of that volume's free space the service can use. The service will launch deleting the least-used content when it reaches the space confine you specify (if you counsel it to expend "unlimited" space, it will start deleting things when the caching volume has less than 25GB of free space).

    Software Update Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network. Enlarge / Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network. Andrew Cunningham

    The Software Update service is Apple's equivalent of Microsoft's Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Your OS X server downloads updates directly from Apple's software update servers. Then, using Profile Manager, you point your Mac clients toward the local update server and they salvage their updates from you instead of from Apple, saving Internet bandwidth and increasing the accelerate of big downloads.

    When set to Automatic, the service will automatically publish novel updates to your Mac clients as they're made available from Apple. Selecting Manual gives you the option to hold back updates for testing before pushing it out to everyone of your clients. Anyone who has ever installed a novel OS X point update on the day it's made available knows that you're taking a certain amount of risk by doing so, and holding everyone but the most captious security updates for at least a few days makes some sense if you're trying to reduce support calls.

    OS X clients everyone
 the artery
 back to Tiger can subsist
 kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you quiet hold Tiger clients in need of updates in 2013, I'd divulge you've got bigger problems). Enlarge / OS X clients everyone the artery back to Tiger can subsist kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you quiet hold Tiger clients in need of updates in 2013, I'd divulge you've got bigger problems). Andrew Cunningham

    The Software Update service can update everyone of the very things that Apple's servers can, including Mac firmware updates; updates for Safari, iTunes, and other Apple app updates not handled through the Mac App Store (you can expend the Caching service to handle updates for those); and system updates for OS X versions reaching everyone the artery back to 10.4. A replete copy of Apple's update catalog is going to require several gigabytes of hard drive space. The faculty to download and dispense iOS updates from your local server quiet isn't included.

    There are moreover a few other limitations here compared to something fancy WSUS. While you can hold updates back from your users, there's no artery to propel them out. Once you've approved an update, your users can drag it down through the typical Software Update process, but you can't mandate that the update subsist installed and there's no artery to check update compliance throughout your organization. If your users select to shelve the updates, there's really not much you can execute about it. The best artery to skirt this limitation is to expend the Software Update service in concert with a management utensil fancy Apple Remote Desktop, which can compel update checks and install manually or on a schedule of your choosing.

    Additionally, there's no artery to endorse updates for certain groups or individuals while holding them back from other groups and individuals, functionality that WSUS has because of its tight active Directory integration. fancy many of OS X Server's services, Software Update is useful in a home with many Macs or in a little traffic with Macs numbering in the low-to-mid double digits, but organizations with hundreds or thousands of Macs to manage may find that it doesn't scale particularly well.

    Areas of overlap

    If you're running the Software Update service and the Caching service on the very server at the very time, there are a brace of things to withhold in mind. First, since both services will cache system updates, you might conclude up storing the very update multiple times; OS X point updates are regularly over a gigabyte in size, so this could add up over time. However, since the Caching service only downloads things you and your users actually need, you won't hold to consume gigabytes of space on the ancient OS X updates that Software Update will download in Automatic mode.

    Finally, Software Update gives you the faculty to hold back certain updates for testing if you'd like, while Caching caches and serves everything without restriction. The very set-it-and-forget-it configuration that makes the Caching service so light to start using moreover makes it difficult to live with if you need more granular or advanced controls.

    Taken together, the Mail, Calendar, Contacts, and Messages services are OS X Server's answer to Exchange, though nopart of them are nearly as complicated or feature-rich. Each service has seen relatively few changes since Mountain Lion, but we'll check in on everyone of them just the same.

    Mail Lack of a Web client is probably the biggest functional gripe about the Mail service in OS X Server Enlarge / want of a Web client is probably the biggest functional gripe about the Mail service in OS X Server Andrew Cunningham

    You can expend the Mail service to provide POP and IMAP e-mail service for your domain and other domain names that you configure, and you can set the server to accept authentication from local users, active Directory, and Open Directory users depending on your server and network configuration. You can moreover add an SMTP mail relay if your Internet service provider puts you behind a firewall that prevents you from sending e-mail directly from your server, and you can set a universal e-mail quota for everyone accounts here as well (this appears to subsist an all-or-nothing setting; if one user needs a quota bump, you'll need to give it to everyone). Simple virus and junk mail filtering as well as support for third-party blacklist servers round out the service's features.

    The Mail service provides you with just a few basic configuration options.The Mail service provides you with just a few basic configuration options. Andrew Cunningham

    Of the many things that Mail has lost since Lion (including the faculty to easily set maximum attachment sizes and view user accounts with usage and quota information, as well as more springy options for creating mailing lists), the webmail client is probably the one that people will notice the most.

    That client, based on the open-source Roundcube client, could subsist politely described as "antiquated" and was in desperate need of an update (perhaps with the comparatively slick client that iCloud uses) but Apple instead chose to replace it with... nothing. You'll hold to rely on the built-in Mail clients in OS X and iOS (or your IMAP client of choice) by default, though if you're really interested, you should subsist able to expend the Websites service to manually install and configure a webmail front-end for your mail server. Otherwise, Mail is about as basic as IMAP mail services get. If your needs are such that they can't subsist met by services hosted by the likes of Google and Microsoft, it's likely that you'll want something a Little more powerful than this.

    Calendar After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app. Enlarge / After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app. Andrew Cunningham

    The Calendar service gives each of your users their own calendar and Tasks list (which integrates with the Reminders apps in OS X and iOS), and will moreover let you create locations (like meeting rooms) and resources (like loaner laptops or projectors) that people can reserve. When creating locations and resources, you can either select to let reservations subsist approved automatically or assign one of your users to subsist the delegate who approves and rejects them. novel to Mavericks is an "Accept group" option to exclude certain groups from delegation; if you want managers to subsist able to reserve meeting rooms or equipment as they delight but would fancy lower-level employees to hold their requests vetted by the delegate, you just hold to plug the user group or groups those managers belong to into that field.

    Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject everyone
 scheduling requests for my novel meeting room. The faculty to exclude some users from delegation is novel to Mavericks. Enlarge / Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject everyone scheduling requests for my novel meeting room. The faculty to exclude some users from delegation is novel to Mavericks. Andrew Cunningham

    Unlike Mail, the Calendar service's Web client remains intact in Mavericks as long as you've moreover got the Websites service turned on, accessible from your browser at http(s):///webcal. Using the Web client, you can create and view appointments and invitations—aside from some minor rendering differences, it's identical to the Web client institute in Mountain Lion, birthright down to the inability to read your tasks lists from the Reminders apps. If you need to remark those, you'll need a local client. If you've used calendar software in the final few years, you won't subsist surprised by any of OS X Server's Calendar features.

    Contacts Contacts is simple—its main job is to populate the Contacts app with information from your directory. Enlarge / Contacts is simple—its main job is to populate the Contacts app with information from your directory. Andrew Cunningham

    There's very Little to divulge about the Contacts service. It will sync contacts you create across multiple computers (making it potentially useful for families or other groups who want to maintain a shared list of contacts), and will optionally allow results from your directory's users to subsist displayed when you fulfill a search in the Contacts app.

    Messages The Messages service is only slightly less sparse. Enlarge / The Messages service is only slightly less sparse. Andrew Cunningham

    The Messages service enables a simple Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP, or the protocol formerly known as Jabber) server that allows your users to communicate with one another without using a third-party service fancy direct or Google Talk. The service's only options allow you to archive everyone chats (located on the server in /Library/Server/Messages/Data/message_archives) and enable something called "server-to-server federation," which can both enable and restrict communication between user accounts stored in divorce directories on different servers.

    Many of OS X Server's services are equally useful to OS X and iOS clients, but iOS lacks any sort of built-in chat client and so can't hold handicap of a local Messages server by default (despite including an app of the very name). It's not difficult to find XMPP-enabled chat clients in the App Store if you want them, but you'll hold to navigate those waters on your own.

    Connecting to your server

    In OS X and iOS, the easiest artery to salvage your clients connected to these services is to comprehend them in configuration profiles you're pushing out. If you're not using Profile Manager (or if you hold Windows, Linux, Android, or other clients), Apple's expend of well-supported protocols in everyone of these services means that you can connect manually from just about any client without much trouble.

    Connecting to the services we've configured in the Internet Accounts pane. Enlarge / Connecting to the services we've configured in the Internet Accounts pane. Andrew Cunningham

    To connect to your services in OS X, open up the Internet Accounts preference pane, scroll to the bottom, and click Add Other Account. Select "Add an OS X server account" and enter your server's address if it doesn't show automatically in the list of nearby servers. Click Continue, enter your user credentials, and then select the services you'd fancy to use. Only Mountain Lion and Mavericks clients will support the syncing of Reminders and Notes, but older OS X clients can quiet connect to and expend the older services.

    To connect with other operating systems, you'll just hold to plug your server's denomination and credentials into programs that support the protocols Apple is using: IMAP and SMTP for Mail, CalDAV for Calendar, CardDAV for Contacts, and XMPP/Jabber for Messages. The process is not as automated as in OS X, but it works.

    NetInstall The NetInstall service can subsist
 used to install or elope OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server. Enlarge / The NetInstall service can subsist used to install or elope OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server. Andrew Cunningham

    The NetInstall service, known in older OS X Server versions as NetBoot, is a BOOTP-based system that allows Macs to boot from network volumes. This is usually done for the purposes of recovering files, running diagnostics, or installing clean or pre-configured OS X images on Macs.

    Booting from a networked volume can subsist initiated either by holding the N key as your Mac starts up or by selecting a network volume in the Startup Disk preference pane. NetInstall forms the backbone of the Internet Recovery feature that lets newer Macs download a fresh copy of OS X from Apple's servers; the disagreement is that with NetInstall you can serve up your own OS X bits locally. Apple provides tools for the creation of bootable images, though third parties fancy DeployStudio moreover expend the technology to simplify OS X imaging and deployment for larger numbers of computers.

    Apple distinguishes between three different kinds of bootable volumes: first are NetBoot images, which allow computers to boot to a replete OS X installation hosted on a server. To store user files, NetBoot images can expend space on the local Mac's hard drive, or they can subsist "diskless" images that store user data on the server and allow the built-in hard drive to subsist completely unmounted—useful for disk imaging and diagnostics. Second, there are NetInstall images, which are more or less network-hosted versions of OS X install media. Third, you hold NetRestore images, which can dump a custom OS X image directly to your Mac's hard drive.

    Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll hold to give it a region to store images and other data.Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll hold to give it a region to store images and other data. Andrew Cunningham

    We need to attend to a brace of things before they can flip on the NetInstall service: first, select which Ethernet port you'll expend to serve these images (Wi-Fi isn't an option) and the volume you'll expend to store both the images themselves and any user data they generate. You'll only really need to worry about the latter if you're configuring diskless NetBoot images. If you store the images on the boot volume, which is the default setting, the NetInstall service creates a NetBootSP0 folder for images and a NetBootClients0 folder for user data in the /Library/NetBoot folder.

    The final step is to give the service an image to travail with—this is a job for the System Image Utility.

    Creating a basic image with the System Image Utility Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The System Image Utility is buried in Server.app's Tools menu. By default, it gives you a simple menu that you can expend to gain NetBoot, NetInstall, and NetRestore images from either a bootable OS X volume (either on an external disk or a divorce volume on the Mac's hard drive; you cannot gain an image of the boot volume) or a Mavericks installer located in the Applications volume (if your installer was deleted during an update from an older version of OS X, it can easily subsist re-downloaded from the Mac App Store again).

    One of the System Image Utility's limitations is that it can only create images of the currently running version of OS X—Mavericks' System Image Utility can only gain Mavericks images, Mountain Lion's version can only gain Mountain Lion images, and so on. This can gain it a bit tedious to create images for multiple OS X versions if you need to support older Macs dropped by newer OS X releases.

    The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can expend
 to customize your OS X images.The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can expend to customize your OS X images. Andrew Cunningham

    Clicking the Customize button reveals an Automator-like workflow builder that you can expend to customize your images with application install packages and local user accounts and to set model and/or MAC address-related restrictions on the Macs that can expend the image you're creating.

    Creating a network-bootable image of the Mavericks installer. Enlarge / Creating a network-bootable image of the Mavericks installer. Andrew Cunningham

    For their purposes, let's just download the Mavericks installer from the Mac App Store and create a basic NetInstall image of it so that they can install the OS on their Macs without having to re-download the installer a bunch of times or tote around a USB drive. Once you download the Mavericks installer, start up the System Image Utility, select the Install OS X Mavericks entry from the Sources menu, select NetBoot, and click Continue.

    One handy addition in Mavericks that wasn't present in Mountain Lion is the faculty to create an Administrator account that will subsist configured automatically on every Mac that installs OS X from your image. This will reclaim home users a brace of configuration steps, but it's more useful for businesses that expend a local administrator account on everyone of their computers for expend when troubleshooting or fixing things. denomination the image whatever you want, create an Administrator account if you'd like, and click Create. agree to the license agreement and the System Image Utility will automatically dump a NetBoot image in their NetBootSP0 folder from earlier (or anywhere else you specify, if the computer you're creating the image on won't actually subsist serving it).

    Configuring images for booting

    Return to Server.app and double-click the newly created Mavericks image to configure it for distribution. Check the box under Availability and select whether to dispense your images using the NFS or HTTP protocol. HTTP is the default, and you're less likely to elope into firewall problems if you stick with it.

    After choosing a protocol, you can then set up MAC or model-based restrictions on individual images—this is in addition to the global access restrictions you can configure in the service's Settings tab. Once you've configured your options and enabled an image, the service will revolve itself on automatically, at which point your NetBoot images will subsist visible in the Startup Disk preference pane on other Macs on your network. You can host multiple images at once, but the image set as default will subsist the one your Macs try to boot from if you start them while holding down the N key.

    The Mac Model Filter can withhold your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support.The Mac Model Filter can withhold your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support. Andrew Cunningham

    Because NetInstall has been a feature on Macs for so long, you should subsist able to host images for and support PowerPC Macs alongside both newer Intel Macs and older ones dropped from the support list in Lion and Mountain Lion (Mavericks, happily, did not drop support for anything). Using properly configured filters, you can easily provide network booting for Macs going everyone the artery back to the G3 iBooks and PowerBooks if you quiet hold a need for those older machines in your home or business.

    Websites The Websites service. Enlarge / The Websites service. Andrew Cunningham

    The Websites service provides the backbone for several of the other services we've talked about: Profile Manager, the Web-based Calendar, and the Wiki service. The service's backend is supplied by Apache 2.2.24—you're already using this if you're running Server 2.2.2 on top of OS X 10.8.5, and both are a few versions behind the current 2.4.6. You can moreover elope PHP (version 5.3.17) and Python (version 2.7.5) code on the server if you've enabled those features. If you need access to Apache's directory structure, it's located at /Library/Server/Web/Config/apache2.

    The Websites service's simple landing page with links to some of my other services below. Enlarge / The Websites service's simple landing page with links to some of my other services below. Andrew Cunningham

    Turning the Websites service on creates a default website, which you can remark if you ilk localhost/default in your server's browser. By default, it's just a simple landing page with links to some of the different Websites-supported services (like the Web-based calendar and the Profile Manager) linked below, but you can drop different files into the /Library/Server/Web/Data/Sites/Default directory to change that up. Clicking the Edit pencil will allow you to change who can access the site, where its files are stored, and what domains, redirects, and aliases it uses.

    You can create as many novel sites as you hold space and bandwidth for. Enlarge / You can create as many novel sites as you hold space and bandwidth for. Andrew Cunningham

    You can create novel sites by clicking the plus button and setting the domain name, access permissions, SSL certificate, and other settings, and you can configure as many sites on your server as you hold storage space (and bandwidth) for. Configuring advanced settings requires going into the Apache configuration files, a process which is partially circumstantial in OS X Server's abet files and moreover in Apache's own documentation for version 2.2.

    There are two deterrents to using the Websites service to host anything other than the pages for Server's other services: the first is that, as they saw above, Apple is using less-than-current versions of Apache, PHP, and other software packages. The second is that updates for these packages are bundled with OS X point updates (and later, the security update roll-ups that are released periodically for older OS X versions). If these point updates fix captious problems with one service but an included PHP update breaks a bunch of your code, there's not an light artery to divorce them from one another. It's fine for a basic site and may even subsist usable as a testing server, but as usual, more advanced administrators will subsist left to Look for a more powerful, customizable solution.

    Wiki Enlarge Andrew Cunningham

    The Wiki service goes hand in hand with the Websites service, both because Wiki depends on Websites to operate and because it's the easiest artery to salvage your users doing something useful with Websites. If you've got any savor with Wikis of any kind, the Wiki service doesn't hold many surprises in store for you—they're simple websites that you can expend to collaborate with other users, create and maintain posts, and upload and partake files.

    Creating a sample Wiki page. Enlarge / Creating a sample Wiki page. Andrew Cunningham Deciding who can view and who can edit my Wiki page. As usual, these fields are populated by local and Open Directory users on your server. Enlarge / Deciding who can view and who can edit my Wiki page. As usual, these fields are populated by local and Open Directory users on your server. Andrew Cunningham

    The Wiki service fills a role similar to Google Sites in the Google Apps suite, and it moreover has more than a Little in common with Microsoft's SharePoint (though that software is both more tangled and more capable than what's on panoply here). Using this Wiki software, you can edit and comment on pages, associate pages with other, related pages, remark revision history, and salvage notified when documents or comments are added to a site. Users with access to the Wiki service can create as many Wikis or pages as they want, and user groups you create in Open Directory can subsist given their own Wikis to facilitate collaboration.

    Except for some extremely minor rendering changes and consolidation of a few buttons here and there, the Wiki service's features are identical to what they were in Mountain Lion Server.

    The built-in Wiki service is admittedly pretty simple, but if it isn't to your liking, it's light enough to install something fancy MediaWiki to your Websites server and expend that instead. OS X Server already includes Apache and PHP, so you'll just hold to set up some database server software and you'll subsist cogent to go.

    VPN With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, light
 artery
 to set up your own VPN server. Enlarge / With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, light artery to set up your own VPN server. Andrew Cunningham

    The VPN service in Mavericks Server continues to support both L2TP and PPTP VPN connections. everyone you need to execute is select the protocols you want to support, your VPN server's hostname (which is divorce from your server's regular hostname, a feature novel to Mountain Lion), and your shared stealthy password.

    If you'd fancy to provide VPN settings to clients without handing out information fancy the shared stealthy password, you can reclaim a standalone .mobileconfig file birthright from the VPN service window to hand out (useful if you're not already handing out these settings with the Profile Manager).

    You can define the IP address compass that VPN-connected clients will use—by default it uses 31 addresses in the tall 200-range, so most home users won't elope into any inconvenience there—and set divorce DNS settings for VPN-connected clients. You can define routes for your clients as well.

    The VPN service is considerably easier to set up and configure than something fancy OpenVPN, and L2TP and PPTP are both widely supported protocols that can subsist used with most extant versions of Windows, OS X, Linux, iOS, and Android with no issues. The biggest nit to pick here is that offering VPN services on an OS X server doesn't provide any particular benefits for Macs and iOS devices. Microsoft introduced a feature called DirectAccess in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 that allows for seamless, always-on, VPN-like connections between servers and clients that gain things a bit less messy for users who need to salvage on the corporate network from remote locations. While not a requirement for a decent VPN solution, it's too scandalous that Apple hasn't Come up with its own attempt to "fix" the VPN problem.

    If you execute intend to elope your own home VPN server (and there are definitely benefits, particularly if you find yourself working from cafes or other locations with unsecured Wi-Fi networks), there are some other concerns to withhold in mind. If you hold a measure home Internet connection, the odds are cogent that your IP address changes from time to time—not the IP address of your computer connected to your home router, but your external IP address that identifies your network to the comfort of the world. You might consider a service fancy DynDNS, which will track that IP address as it changes and gain certain the birthright one is associated with your hostname. You might moreover Look into a business-class Internet connection, which is usually more expensive than a home connection but generally comes with less restrictive terms-of-use, better support, and an option for a static IP address.

    Finally, you'll need to gain certain to open the arrogate ports in your router's firewall to gain your server's VPN service accessible from outside networks. Apple's comprehensive list of TCP and UDP ports used by OS X and OS X Server is helpful here. The VPN service typically uses UDP 500, UDP 1701, TCP 1723, and UDP 4500.

    DHCP Creating a novel subnet with the DHCP service. Enlarge / Creating a novel subnet with the DHCP service. Andrew Cunningham

    The DHCP service was originally missing from Server.app in the original Mountain Lion Server release but was restored in a subsequent update. Most home and little traffic users will hold a router that already handles this service, but if you hold lots of clients on your network, it might behoove you to provide the service using more capable hardware than what comes in most wireless routers.

    As in Mountain Lion, the service allows you to configure multiple subnets on different physical network interfaces (or VLANs, for Macs with only one physical network interface), configure your DHCP ranges, set DHCP lease time, reserve specific IP addresses for specific clients, and view information on connected clients. Depending on your router's firmware, you may actually hold more network configuration options there than OS X gives you, but for homes or little businesses it's nice to hold everyone of these settings available in one simple tool, especially if you're using it in conjunction with the DNS service and don't want to hold to jump around between different administration tools.

    DNS The DNS service. Enlarge / The DNS service. Andrew Cunningham The different types of DNS records available.The different types of DNS records available. Andrew Cunningham

    As DNS servers go, the one in OS X Server is pretty simple: you can specify forwarding servers to handle requests that your OS X server can't handle (which can either provide redundancy or allow you to expend OS X for some DNS requests but not others), resolve the computers for which your server should fulfill lookups (for the server only, for clients on the local network, and for clients on other networks), and configure your host names, IP addresses, and aliases.

    Click the Settings button and then click betoken everyone Records, and you'll subsist able to access more granular and advanced DNS settings. These comprehend primary and secondary zones, a number of different types of DNS resource records, and reverse DNS records. There aren't many other frills, but it will salvage the job done.

    Xsan With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could hold Xsan Admin for a spin. Enlarge / With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could hold Xsan Admin for a spin. Andrew Cunningham

    The Xsan Admin is a bit of a niche service in an operating system packed with niche services. It interfaces with Xsan 3.1 (up from 3.0 in Mountain Lion), a product that serves as Apple's storage locality network (SAN) implementation. section of the utensil lives in Server.app, and the other section can subsist institute in Server.app's Tools menu; between the two of them, they allow you to manage expansive Fibre Channel storage arrays.

    Because setting Xsan up requires a Fibre Channel network, a brace of OS X Servers, and at least one networked storage array, they can't give you much more information on the service's operation than this. The abet files for Server.app and the Xsan Admin utensil should subsist enough to salvage you started if this is something you're interested in.

    You’ve just been served

    And so OS X Server has settled into its novel "normal." Having completed the saunter from an enterprise-class server product to a home-and-small-business server product in Mountain Lion, Apple has set about simplifying Server's interface in Mavericks and making its services easier to set up, learn, and use. Major releases will bring changes to Server.app and, on occasion, brand-new services (the Xcode service is the only expansive addition since 10.8.5 and Server 2.2.2). In between major releases, bugs will subsist squashed, and smaller services and features will subsist added and extended. Mavericks in no artery alters the Server's trajectory. Rather, it drives home the "consumerization" of OS X Server that has been happening since the nascence of the decade.

    In a very literal sense, OS X Server specializes in push-button solutions—most of them are enabled by toggling a single expansive button. Its services are light to set up, but they're difficult to expand if your needs aren't met by the baked-in features. When it comes to almost any feature that isn't exclusively OS X and/or iOS-centric (Mail, Websites, Wiki, and so on), power users and businesses will likely outgrow the services in short order. Thanks to Server's reliance on measure software fancy Apache, it's reasonably light to install your own custom services yourself if you know what you're doing, but if that's the case, you might find yourself wanting server hardware more robust than a Mac Mini (the $999 version of which is Apple's only offering as of this writing that even approximates server hardware, now that the Mac Pro Server and the Xserve are both dead).

    None of this is to divulge that Server is a scandalous product (it's not), just that you should subsist fully vigilant of its strengths and weaknesses when you set it up. The Apple-centric stuff here is very useful. The Software Update and Caching services travail as advertised, Time Machine is newly useful thanks to its disk space quotas, and Profile Manager is as cogent a artery to manage Macs and iOS devices as any third-party offering. OS X Server moreover remains one of the more user-friendly ways to elope your own VPN, and it's not half-bad as a file server thanks to its light UI and diverse protocol support. You salvage a truckload of features for your $20; it's just that most of the time a more powerful (and, often, free and more platform-agnostic) alternative already exists.

    Is OS X Server for you? If your household or little traffic uses mostly Macs, iPhones, and iPads and even one of the services here piqued your interest, then yes. The barriers to entry (both pecuniary and technical) are lower than they've ever been, and you didn't hold to pay for Mavericks anyway. If you hold a lot of Windows and Linux systems in the mix, OS X Server is not without its uses, but you should probably start your search elsewhere.

    Further reading:

  • OS X 10.9 Mavericks: The Ars Technica Review
  • Apple's OS X Server documentation landing page
  • List of TCP and UDP ports used by OS X
  • PortForwarding.com port forwarding guides for home routers
  • OS X Mountain Lion Server review

  • Apple shifts from AFP file sharing to SMB2 in OS X 10.9 Mavericks | killexams.com actual questions and Pass4sure dumps

      In OS X Mavericks, Apple will launch migrating from its own legacy Apple Filing Protocol to Microsoft's SMB2 in an trouble to enhance performance, security and cross platform file sharing.

    Macs running OS X 10.9 Mavericks will automatically default to using SMB2 when talking to each other, and plunge back to AFP when file sharing with Macs running previous versions of OS X or when working with Time Machine backups.

    From AFP to SMB2

    Apple has maintained and enhanced its own AFP file sharing since it was first introduced in the late 1980s as section of the original Macintosh's easy-to-use AppleTalk networking system (below). The company then transitioned AFP from its own proprietary AppleTalk transport to the Internet's TCP/IP, where it has remained the default protocol for Mac to Mac "personal file sharing" on OS X.

    SMB ("Server Message Block") originated at IBM, but was popularized and greatly expanded by Microsoft as the default Windows File Sharing protocol. fancy Apple, Microsoft transitioned its SMB file sharing protocol from its original NetBIOS transport to TCP/IP.

    In the late 90s, Microsoft attempted to rename SMB as CIFS (the "Common Internet File System") in an trouble to gain it sound more fancy a cross platform standard, although the novel denomination and the expend of SMB as the Internet's file sharing protocol never really took off.

    While proprietary to Microsoft, the SMB protocol was reverse engineered to create the Samba open source project to allow Unix-like operating systems to partake files with Windows PCs. Apple incorporated Samba into OS X 10.2 to support file and network directory services with Windows PCs, resulting in the simple option to enable Windows File Sharing on Macs.

    With the release of Windows Vista, Microsoft greatly revamped SMB to pellucid out extinct legacy complications and enhance its performance, capabilities and security. This resulted in SMB2. Microsoft further enhanced its SMB2 protocol with version 2.1 in Windows 7 and a 2.2 version for Windows 8 that is moreover referred to as SMB 3.0. Apple doesn't distinguish between these variants in its own documentation.

    From Samba to SMBX

    Samba didn't initially support Microsoft's novel SMB2; additionally, the project decided to saunter its future development (including support for SMB2) to the more strict GPLv3 license. That prevented Apple from realistically using the software commercially.

    For OS X 10.7 Lion, Apple wrote its own software for Windows File Sharing under the denomination "SMBX" to replace Samba, adding initial support for Microsoft's SMB2 at the very time.

    Rather than maintaining both AFP and SMBX in parallel, Apple is now consolidating its future efforts in its own implementation of Microsoft's SMB2 protocol. Macs running OS X 10.9 Mavericks will expend SMB2 as their default file sharing protocol when connecting to each other or to PCs running Windows Vista, 7 or 8.

    In a public technology overview, Apple says, "SMB2 is superfast, increases security, and improves Windows compatibility."SMB2 is superfast, increases security, and improves Windows compatibility.

    The company moreover outlines that "SMB2 features Resource Compounding, allowing multiple requests to subsist sent in a single request. In addition, SMB2 can expend big reads and writes to gain better expend of faster networks as well as big MTU support for blazing speeds on 10 Gigabit Ethernet. It aggressively caches file and folder properties and uses opportunistic locking to enable better caching of data. It’s even more reliable, thanks to the faculty to transparently reconnect to servers in the event of a temporary disconnect."

    Apple will continue to support AFP for file sharing with Macs running previous versions of OS X and with Time Machine backup systems. OS X Mavericks moreover includes support for NFS v3 and v4, which are commonly used on Linux and Oracle's Solaris for automounting file shares.

    Support for Windows ACLs; NTFS remains read only

    Apple's development of OS X has similarly incorporated other technologies from Microsoft's Windows, including support for Windows-style ACLs (Access Control Lists), a more robust and fine-grained system for implementing file-based permissions that offered a variety of improvements over the existing BSD Unix-style permissions used in prior versions of OS X.

    Support for ACLs, introduced in OS X 10.4 Tiger in 2004, helped enhance connectivity between Macs and PCs and Windows active Directory services.

    In terms of file systems, OS X Mavericks continues to expend HFS+, with support for file system journaling. OS X continues to support Microsoft's basic FAT32 file system and includes read-only support for Windows' default NTFS.



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