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9L0-607 exam Dumps Source : System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3

Test Code : 9L0-607
Test cognomen : System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3
Vendor cognomen : Apple
exam questions : 54 true Questions

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Apple Apple System Administration using

most Important vulnerability in Apple's macOS gives gear Administrator access with few instructions [u] | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

  a brand recent protection flaw in macOS immoderate Sierra has been create out through researchers —one which can accouter clients access to the gear administrator account on a goal computer, enabling entry to the account with out requiring a password.

Posted on Twitter by utility engineer Lemi Orhan Ergin, the vulnerability requires surprisingly few steps to accomplish, and takes learning of a bit within the system Preferences menu. AppleInsider isn't publishing the entire set of guidance for the sake of protection, but group of workers checks occupy verified it to be practical, and intensely elementary to follow.

once the few steps were performed, AppleInsider group of workers create out the "root" gear Administrator account on the Mac mini with macOS 10.13.1 getting used for testing was enabled, despite having been previously disabled. After disabling the account, following the identical guidance re-enabled the account.

The flaw exists in complete versions of tall Sierra, together with Beta 5 that turned into released earlier on Tuesday.

Granting entry to the device Administrator account permits clients free reign to the macOS desktop, including the ability to view complete files kept on the computer in complete user bills, edit the credentials of alternative users, and alter other settings on the machine.

it is unclear if Apple turned into recommended of the protection problem before Ergin's Twitter disclosure, however his query to Apple sheperd asks "Are you privy to it @Apple?" suggesting no such boost warning become made.

whereas a tremendous vulnerability, it nonetheless requires entry to the laptop both in the neighborhood or with a far off access connection. It moreover needs an authorized person to be logged in to generate the basis account and not using a password. Disabling the guest account provides a even of insurance plan, by requiring users to occupy a most likely comfortable password to entry the desktop in the first place.

In a aid page, Apple says that the basis person is not meant for pursuits use, with the person getting privileges that permit alterations to data that are required by route of the Mac.

The gold benchmark insurance contrivance in opposition t the exploit is to disable visitor access. This may moreover be completed via opening up gear Preferences, and turning off enable guests to log in to this desktop

To disable the basis consumer, elect gadget Preferences, then click clients & companies.

click on the lock icon, and authenticate with an administrator's identify and password. click Login alternate options

click on be a Part of or Edit.

click on Open directory Utility, and click on on the lock icon to authenticate. draw down the Edit menu, and elect Disable Root consumer that might be within the identical region as permit Root consumer.

There isn't any technique to generate the root account from the login reveal. After disabling the root consumer, until the routine is adopted once again, the laptop is secured.

then again, from the listing Utility, the basis account password may moreover be modified. this could sustain away from the exploit from working again however can occupy unintended penalties, and the invocation of Root credential entry at sudden times.

update: Apple in consequence issued a statement to iMore

"we're working on a software update to tackle the difficulty. in the meantime, surroundings a root password prevents unauthorized entry to your Mac. To enable the root consumer and set a password, gladden solemnize the guidance here: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204012M. If a Root consumer is already enabled, to create certain a black password isn't set, gladden solemnize the directions from the "alternate the root password" part.


Ivanka Trump and Apple CEO Tim cook visited an Idaho school to advertise the benefits of Apple items for schooling | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

A minute city in Idaho with below 2,000 residents noticed two excessive-profile guests Tuesday at its fundamental college: Apple CEO Tim cook and Ivanka Trump.

The pair — a tech flush person and the daughter of the united states President — travelled to a college district in Wilder, Idaho as Part of a White condominium initiative centered on derive education. The Trump administration and Apple first got here together final year to companion on the hassle.

video clips taken with the aid of media on scene confirmed cook and Trump arriving at the faculty Tuesday.

cook and Trump's container shuttle to the faculty was accompanied through other friends: protestors. while there occupy been some (together with these from ACLU Idaho) who confirmed up to protest Trump administration immigration guidelines, there turned into moreover a gaggle of Wilder district college students who walked out of college to protest the expertise-led schooling software for its failure to really further schooling.

news of the joint contend with became first mentioned Monday night via the Idaho Statesman, and turned into verified in a tweet from Ivanka Trump early Tuesday morning.

according to a White condo statement to the media, the visit to Idaho is a Part of Trump's toil on "ongoing corpse of workers construction and derive initiatives." Her efforts featured a trip in March to a job practising and science facility in Iowa, a contend with she stated become spurred by route of a guideline from cook.

examine extra: Ivanka Trump participated in an scan with tall schoolers to hunt at various the nicotine content of 'vape juice'

In a tweet Tuesday afternoon, Ivanka Trump pointed out the pair would exercise the talk over with to investigate "firsthand" how expertise, notably Apple items, turned into getting used to extra pupil education. This faculty district is pleasing in its expertise exercise — iPads, MacBooks, and Apple TVs had been present in each lecture latitude given that 2016.

The presence of Apple expertise in the Wilder school district, the state over ninety p.c of students are eligible for free of permeate lunch, is due to a provide from the train enormous. Apple pledged $100 million back in 2014 to equip "undeserved schools" within the U.S. with technology that might extra their educational journey, and the Wilder faculty district became one of the crucial first locations to be named as a beneficiary.

Apple launched this software, however, as Part of a much bigger linked initiative that became really complete started through Trump's predecessor, Barack Obama.

Apple did not reply to a request for comment.


New iPhone details parade Apple's Magical Button | killexams.com true Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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  • With Tim prepare dinner doing his most preempt to multiply Apple’s ancillary services to the iPhone, a currently posted patent illustrates how even the smallest haptic comments may be leveraged to multiply the regular income per client.

    The patent, titled ‘Magnetically Compensated Button feel In An electronic gadget’ and stated on with the aid of Patently Apple details a route of replicating the physicality of a button press through a primary- or third-birthday celebration case that protects the smartphone and covers the button/

    The summary is just a cramped dry, but lays out the methodology:

    An digital gear can comprise an actuator unit with a button, where the actuator unit requires utility of as a minimum a threshold actuation drive to an purchasable surface of the button. The digital machine can moreover additionally consist of a tactile compensation unit that is in physical conversation with the actuator unit. The tactile compensation unit is rendered operable when a triggering magnetic point forms a magnetic circuit with the triggering unit, such that the tactile compensation unit operates to preserve the activation of the actuator unit the usage of no more than the edge actuation drive.

    Apple chief design officer Jony Ive (L) and Apple CEO Tim prepare dinner inspect the brand recent iPhone XR  (photo by route of Justin Sullivan/Getty photos)Getty

    The upshot of this patent is that through the connecting magnets, the sensation of pressing a steel button with a crisp action will moreover be replicated in a silicon case with a a cordial deal looser ‘move through’ button. Binding the silicon button to the button on the iPhone will uphold mimic the event, even via a unique material.

    From one factor of view, here's cramped more than Apple’s characteristic attention to aspect that rewards its valued clientele with a consistent adventure and providing minute delights at each point of the day.

    however there's an extra, extra fiscal, abilities. The addition of even a cramped bit of Apple’s patented expertise privilege into a case will hint that manufacturers who are looking to exercise it will necessity to connect Apple’s ‘Made for iPhone’ application. And that ability that Apple may be taking a carve of the earnings of the peripheral earnings.

    If this patent does create it into construction, and Apple presents this as a key duty in an supplant to the iPhone hardware, then the peripheral manufacturers (certainly at the top class end) can occupy cramped option however to comprise the feature to gain certification and entry to the Apple store. And Tim prepare dinner could occupy another minute sliver of earnings to atone for the falling iPhone sales.

    Now examine more about how the 2018 iPhones are failing to entice recent customers…

    i am frequent for my robust views on cell expertise, on-line media, and the effect this has on and conversation may occupy on the public awake and latest businesses.i occupy been following this house for over ten years, working with a few publishers, publications an...

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    9L0-607 System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3

    Study sheperd Prepared by Killexams.com Apple Dumps Experts


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    9L0-607 exam Dumps Source : System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3

    Test Code : 9L0-607
    Test cognomen : System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3
    Vendor cognomen : Apple
    exam questions : 54 true Questions

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    System Administration using Mac OS X Server v10.3

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    Server, simplified: A power user’s sheperd to OS X Server | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Server, simplified: A power user’s sheperd to OS X Server reader comments with 53 posters participating, including fable author Share this story
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    Update: We've covered the recent features in updates 2.1 and 2.2 here.

    Even long-time Mac users could be forgiven for not knowing anything about OS X Server, the business-oriented version of the operating system that has been developed alongside the better-known consumer version for as long as OS X has existed. For a long while, the software shipped only with the Xserve, Apple's enterprise-class server hardware. Standalone licenses for the unlimited client version of the software cost $1,000 complete the route up until Snow Leopard, when the cost dropped to a still-imposing $500.

    All this changed in early 2011 when Apple discontinued the Xserve and replaced it with repurposed configurations of the Mac Mini and Mac Pro. The former sold (and continues to sell) at the $1,000 cost so appealing to power users and minute businesses, though the Mini lacks the Xserve's hardware monitoring features or expandability.

    With Lion Server and now Mountain Lion Server, the software has followed the hardware in becoming cheaper and simpler, and in shifting its focus from big businesses to minute ones. At $50, Lion Server cost only five percent of what Leopard Server did; at $20, Mountain Lion Server costs less than half of that. As the product has gotten cheaper and within compass of regular people, the tools used to administer it occupy become correspondingly less complex, both in terms of how difficult they are to exercise and in how powerful they are.

    Because of OS X Server's newly lowered price, because so much has changed since Snow Leopard, and because Ars Technica's lengthy OS X reviews occupy never touched on Server before (with the exception of a piece they ran in January about using Lion Server in the home), we've got a lot of ground to cover. This article should serve as an introduction to the software's capabilities, an evaluation of how those services toil compared to the competition, and a basic how-to sheperd for getting everything up and running. By the time you're done reading, you should occupy a decent working learning of what this software can do, how to configure it, and whether it's privilege for you.

    Introduction and installation

    Unlike Windows Server, which contains a huge number of under-the-hood changes that create it substantially different from the client versions of Windows, Mac OS X Server is and always has been more or less indistinguishable in operation from Mac OS X. The server OS is really just the client OS with the server bits tacked on, and complete of the observations made in John Siracusa's characteristically thorough review of Mountain Lion also apply to the server product.

    Installing Mountain Lion Server is done through the Mac App Store, just as Lion Server was. Downloading the OS X Server app (hereafter "Server.app") will swirl any Mac running Mountain Lion into a server. Snow Leopard Server and previous versions of the software required you to shun the software on some sort of desktop, fancy an iMac or a Mac Mini or an XServe, but Lion Server dropped that stipulation and Mac laptops can now be used as servers, too. Once you've purchased Server.app, you can create as many Macs into OS X Servers as you want. You can moreover exercise Server.app to remotely manage your OS X Server from an OS X client.

    Configuring a hostname is the most complicated decision you'll occupy to create when turning your Mac into a server.Configuring a hostname is the most complicated decision you'll occupy to create when turning your Mac into a server.

    When you first shun Server.app, its wizard will collect your server up and running in a few uncomplicated steps. It first walks you through configuring your server for exercise on a local network or with a domain cognomen you've registered, setting up the server's host cognomen and IP address, and enabling shove Notifications. We'll talk more about how shove Notifications in OS X Server toil a cramped later, but complete you necessity to set them up is an Apple ID (Apple recommends you exercise a divorce Apple ID for your organization, not a personal Apple ID used to purchase apps), which will collect you a shove Notifications certificate that needs to be renewed yearly. Once those steps are complete, you're ready to configure your server.

    Downloading and running Server.app prompts a few changes to the operating system itself: the Screen Sharing and Remote Login features are both enabled automatically to create remote administration easier, for example. A Lion server would moreover set itself never to Go to sleep while plugged in, and it would moreover change the About This Mac dialog to disclose you that you were in fact running OS X Server—but these changes aren't made in Mountain Lion.

    Lion Server would change the About This Mac dialog to let you know you were running server software.Lion Server would change the About This Mac dialog to let you know you were running server software. Mountain Lion Server makes no such changes.Mountain Lion Server makes no such changes.

    The first issue is smooth enough to rectify if you necessity an always-on server. The second was only ever a shallow change, but it makes a point: "OS X Server" no longer exists as a divorce product. There's only OS X, which runs something called Server.app. OS X Server lives on in Apple's branding, but such a distinction is no longer made in the operating system itself. Depending on how Apple chooses to proceed, this could be the nascence of an endeavor to divorce Server from the run-of-the-mill OS X development cycle, making it a version-agnostic app instead, but that's something they probably won't know for confident until they start hearing about OS X 10.9.

    Goodbye Server Admin Tools, hello again Server.app

    The primary tools used to administer past OS X Server versions were called the Server Admin Tools. These tools—which included Server Admin, Workgroup Manager, and System Image Utility—were each divorce applications that gave users fairly comprehensive control over their server's settings. Server Admin, in particular, was the bread-and-butter administration implement that exposed the settings for most of OS X Server's features. (For you Windows Server admins out there, Server Admin in OS X is roughly analogous to Server Manager in Windows.)

    Server.app controls complete of the available services in Mountain Lion Server, whether you fancy it or not.Server.app controls complete of the available services in Mountain Lion Server, whether you fancy it or not.

    Lion changed that with something called Server.app, which took some of OS X Server's services and greatly simplified their administration, to mixed effect. Server.app's role was to create the product more appealing to users and to novice server administrators, and it's no mistake that the services managed by Server.app in Lion were the ones of most exercise to home users and minute offices: file-sharing, mail, calendar, chat, Time Machine, VPN, podcast, the Web and Wiki servers, and basic user, group, and device management. And talk about simplicity—many of these services were reduced to stout On/Off switches and a pair of checkboxes. If you wanted to accomplish anything more complicated, the GUI wasn't going to attend you much.

    To unlock complete of Lion Server's features, however, you still needed the Server Admin Tools, which were and still are available as a divorce download. Installing and running Server Admin granted access to some of the more advanced services (DHCP, DNS, NAT, the NetBoot service, the Software Update server, Open Directory, the firewall, and a few others) while exposing more advanced settings for the Mail service, while things fancy Workgroup Manager enabled more advanced user and computer management. Other services that had been present in Snow Leopard Server and older versions (Print, QuickTime Server, and others, most of which could safely be considered vestigial) didn't create the jump, and aren't present in either Server.app or Server Admin.

    In Mountain Lion, though, the Server Admin Tools are deceased with only a pair of exceptions. Server.app picks up most of the slack, adding DNS, FTP, NetBoot, Open Directory, Software Update, and Xsan to the list of things it could already do, but basic networking functions fancy DHCP and NAT are gone from the GUI, and are now handled through the command line and by Internet Sharing in the System Preferences, as is the server's software firewall. The Podcast service is gone entirely.

    The lope to bury things fancy DHCP makes sense: most home users and minute offices are going to occupy a router that already takes trust of DHCP and NAT for them, while medium-to-large businesses will likely occupy Windows or Linux-based implementations already in place. Mountain Lion's subtractions should be harmless for many users, but if you relied on OS X Server for any of this before, you'll either occupy to re-learn the GUI or hunt elsewhere to provide these services now.

    Notes for upgraders

    When upgrading a computer running Snow Leopard Server to Lion from the App Store, the installer was intellectual enough to download and install Server.app along with it, transferring settings from Server Admin to Server.app. The Server Admin Tools were still a divorce download, but settings for services managed by Server Admin were still there.

    The upgrade path from Lion Server to Mountain Lion Server is slightly less automated: Mountain Lion will sustain Lion's version of Server.app (which won't shun in Mountain Lion), and you'll necessity to download the current version from the App Store separately. Happily, most of your Lion Server's settings remain intact (with the notable exception of File Sharing participate points), and the settings from the final of the old-fashioned Server Admin services appear to arrive over into Server.app without any issues, but it's odd that upgrading requires a manual download of Server.app when Apple is clearly able to provide it automatically. Once you've installed the Mountain Lion version of Server.app, the Lion version can be trashed; if the Server Admin Tools were present on your Lion computer, they are uninstalled automatically during the upgrade.

    One final recommendation for upgraders: I recommend patience even when upgrading OS X clients since the updates that fix the most severe bugs usually arrive out quickly, and this recommendation is doubly prudent for OS X Server. Check out the release notes from the server version of 10.7.4 and compare them to the client version—OS X Server's updates accommodate major and far-reaching fixes for services, and the unreliability and inconsistency that recent OS X versions often exhibit at first is much, much harder to tolerate in a server latitude than on your desktop. If you're the kind to install recent OS X versions on your Macs as soon as they're out, you should wait until at least 10.8.2 before you even believe about upgrading a server. The fact that Mountain Lion Server doesn't drastically change or upgrade many of Lion Server's services should create this wait easier.

    Using Server.app

    With the death of the Server Admin Tools, Server.app has become the heart of OS X Server: if it's not in here, you either 1) can't accomplish it or 2) you will necessity to hack around in the command line to create it happen.

    Server.app is used to:

  • Manage local and Open Directory users and groups
  • Enable, disable, and configure services, complete of which we'll be discussing individually
  • Add SSL certificates
  • Set remote management preferences
  • Enable shove notifications
  • Check your server's status and log messages
  • You can launch the app directly from the server itself, or you can install it on any OS X client computer and connect to your Mountain Lion servers using their host names or IP addresses—just click Connect to Server from the Manage menu.

    You can download Server.app to client computers and administer your OS X servers remotely.You can download Server.app to client computers and administer your OS X servers remotely.

    The old-fashioned Server Admin could be used to manage servers running the current version of OS X Server and the immediately preceding version, but Server.app can only be used to manage the identical version of OS X. That is, Lion versions of Server.app can't manage Mountain Lion servers and vice versa. The Lion version of the Server Admin Tools moreover cannot be installed on a computer running Mountain Lion, and the Server Admin Tools will be removed during installation when upgrading from Lion to Mountain Lion.

    Configuring remote access and SSL certificates is complete done from within Server.app.Configuring remote access and SSL certificates is complete done from within Server.app.

    The Hardware tab is, obviously, where you can contemplate your server's tech specs, but it's moreover where you configure remote administration settings, network settings, and shove notifications. shove notifications are used with the Mail, Contacts, Calendar, and Profile Manager services to alert your users when recent events or messages occur and to shove out recent configuration settings, and they are moreover used to alert server administrators when recent Alerts are generated—any Mac that has connected to your server using Server.app will receive these Alerts in its Notification Center.

    Server.app shove notifications in the Notification Center.Server.app shove notifications in the Notification Center.

    Push notifications can be pushed from your server to any OS X or iOS client that it manages—you first necessity to collect a shove Notification Service certificate from Apple using an organizational Apple ID, as opposed to the personal Apple ID that you might exercise in the Mac App Store or with an Apple Developer account. The certificate, which is used to encrypt the communication between your server and your clients, is free, but it must be renewed yearly.

    Creating a recent
 self-signed SSL certificate with Server.app.Creating a recent self-signed SSL certificate with Server.app.

    You moreover manage your server's SSL certificates from Server.app—one self-signed SSL certificate is created automatically for you, but clicking Edit will allow you to create recent self-signed certificates and import signed certificates. You can elect to exercise one certificate for complete services your server offers, or allocate divorce certificates to different services.

    The Status section is where you can view service logs, resource usage information, and alerts about your server's status.

    Customizing Alerts settings in Server.app. Alerts allow for some light hardware monitoring, including disk space shortages, difficult drive S.M.A.R.T. status, and network configuration changes. Enlarge / Customizing Alerts settings in Server.app. Alerts allow for some light hardware monitoring, including disk space shortages, difficult drive S.M.A.R.T. status, and network configuration changes. Processor, memory, and network usage graphs can be viewed in Server.app.Processor, memory, and network usage graphs can be viewed in Server.app. Each service running in Server.app generates its own log, which can be viewed (and searched through) here.Each service running in Server.app generates its own log, which can be viewed (and searched through) here.

    Server.app has two major shortcomings: the first is that while its extreme simplicity is remarkable for consumers, almost every service here has fewer options than it did in the old-fashioned Server Admin. Some things can still be changed via the Terminal, but the GUI has become far less sophisticated.

    The second problem is that Server.app can be a bit unstable. In the weeks I’ve spent with the Mountain Lion version, I’ve had it crash on me a number of times, normally while trying to change settings. At best, it’s a bit laggy—Lion Server has some of the identical lag problems, but I don’t suffer many crashes with it, so I’d expect at least these problems to be ironed out as Mountain Lion point updates initiate to filter out.

    Open Directory The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's active Directory.The Open Directory service is Apple's version of Microsoft's active Directory.

    Open Directory, one of the core services of OS X Server, is an LDAP-based directory system that allows you to create and manage user accounts and groups of user accounts. fancy Microsoft's active Directory, it allows your users to log in to computers and services using one username and password, and administrators can exercise it to enforce preferences and security settings on Macs and iOS devices, which we'll collect into when they talk about the Profile Manager.

    Open Directory creation and administration is handled completely within Server.app—open the service and switch it on to trigger the configuration wizard.

    Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory. Enlarge / Creating a Directory Administrator account for Open Directory.

    We'll be creating a recent Open Directory domain for their testbed, but note that you can moreover bind one Open Directory server to another to create a replica server which will provide redundancy in the case of server failure. If any of your servers Go down, your client computers should automatically fail over to one of the working replicas until the borked machine comes back up. If you occupy multiple Open Directory servers, you can exercise the Locales feature to allocate different servers to different network subnets to attend with load balancing.

    While setting up a recent Open Directory, you'll be asked to set up a directory administrator account that's divorce from the administrator account used to manage the server itself. We'll stick with the default "diradmin" username for their purposes, but the account can be named anything you want. Once you've finished this step, you're basically done with setup; you can swirl to the Users and Groups sections to initiate building your directory.

    Users and Groups Creating a recent
 Open Directory user.Creating a recent Open Directory user.

    Users and user groups used to be configured using a Server Admin implement called Workgroup Manager, which was still doable in Lion if you didn't fancy the recent controls in Server.app. Workgroup Manager is still available as a divorce download in Mountain Lion, but the Users and Groups panes in Server.app occupy been tweaked to comprise the most Important of the old-fashioned options.

    Three different kinds of users can live on your Open Directory server: local user accounts that can only log into the server itself, network user accounts that can log into computers bound to your directory and create exercise of your server's services, and network service accounts that can only be used to access services. You can view and create complete these types of users in the Users pane.

    When creating network users, you must give them a replete name, a short name, and a password, and you can moreover enter an e-mail address for them—the Contacts service pulls from Open Directory to autofill names and e-mail addresses, so be confident to input the information just as you'd fancy to contemplate it. The Home Folder drop-down menu is where you elect whether to create this a benchmark network account or a service account.

    If you set up a file participate to store user Home folders in the File Sharing service, you can moreover elect whether to let your network users occupy their profiles stored on the difficult drives of Macs they log into, or whether the profile is saved to the server. The second option is Apple's version of Microsoft's Roaming Profiles—logging in and working with files can be a bit slower due to network latency, but complete of the user's files and settings are automatically available no matter what computer they're using.

    Using the Disk Quota field, you can limit the amount of server space a user's profile is allowed to consume. It's worth noting that this quota amount doesn't apply to complete services—Mail accounts occupy their own quotas, and the Time Machine service doesn't issue to respect any quota settings at all.

    Once created, you can manage users' access to individual services on your server—allowing them to exercise Mail, for example, without using Time Machine or the VPN. Within the users pane, you can moreover set password policies (including things fancy minimum length and expiration dates), and the Edit Mail Options field allows you to set up mail forwarding for individual accounts if you won't be giving them access to their own e-mail account on your server.

    Managing big numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually.Managing big numbers of users with Groups is more convenient than managing them individually.

    If you occupy a big number of users, splitting them up into groups and managing their settings that route may be more convenient. While you can't set disk quotas and home directories according to group, you can accord and obscure groups' access to services, and you can moreover give each of your groups a file share, a Wiki page, a group mailing list, and automatically create group members buddies in the Messages application if you occupy the service turned on.

    Comparison with active Directory

    Open Directory is without a doubt simpler to configure than a full-blown active Directory implementation. Configuring users and groups in Server.app is moreover much simpler than it was in the old-fashioned Workgroup Manager, while not being as useless as it was in Lion's Server.app.

    That simplicity comes at the cost of features, however. Most notably, Open Directory lacks any of the software installation features of active Directory—administrators will necessity to rely on Apple Remote Desktop or a third-party product fancy the Casper Suite for the installation and patching of third-party applications.

    Another missing feature (one that has been missing since Snow Leopard) is the ability to bind Windows computers to an Open Directory server. For mixed networks of Windows and OS X computers, Apple now tells server admins to bind Macs to both an active Directory server and an Open Directory server, a configuration it calls a "magic triangle"—the active Directory server handles authentication and settings for the Windows computers and authentication for the Macs, while the Open Directory server controls settings for Macs. It's a pretty stout feature to lose, though in drill most businesses aren't going to notice. active Directory is more or less ubiquitous in the enterprise, so it's usually enough for OS X Server to be able to integrate with those existing directories rather than trying to supplant them.

    Profile Manager

    In previous versions of the software, Mac settings were managed centrally with the Workgroup Manager app. Lion Server introduced a implement called Profile Manager, which manages the identical settings for Macs and moreover allows you to manage iOS devices.

    After Open Directory, Profile Manager is probably the most valuable service included in OS X Server—with it, you can create and disseminate configuration profiles to your Macs and iOS devices, automatically configuring everything from e-mail accounts to passcode requirements to Dock icons. Once clients occupy installed one of your configuration profiles, you can moreover shove out updated settings automatically if you occupy a shove Notifications certificate enabled on your server.

    Profiles are created in the contour of .mobileconfig files, the identical sort of files that are created by the iPhone Configuration Utility and the Apple Configurator, but they can moreover be used to manage Macs. Once you've enabled the Profile Manager, enable Device Management and enter the settings it wants—an organization cognomen and e-mail address and an SSL certificate—and you'll be ready to start managing devices.

    The default profile is called "Settings for Everyone" and can be configured or replaced by using the Web-based Profile Manager portal. For services that you've configured—Mail, VPN, Calendar, and a few others—checking the "Include configuration for services" box is an smooth route to create confident everyone connected to your network can at least occupy access to those services. If you necessity more granular options, click the Open Profile Manager link in Server.app, moreover accessible by typing <your server name>/profilemanager into your browser of choice.

    Profile Manager profiles can be distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups. Enlarge / Profile Manager profiles can be distributed to users, user groups, devices, and device groups.

    Once in Profile Manager, you can view complete of the users and groups they created in Open Directory earlier. They can moreover contemplate fields for devices and device groups, but they aren't populated yet. To create things parade up there, we'll necessity to navigate to the Profile Manager login page at <your server name>/myprofiles from each of the devices you want to manage. I'll be using an iPad in complete of my examples here, but iPhones, iPod Touches, and Macs running OS X 10.7 or 10.8 are complete handled pretty much the identical way. Older OS X versions are not supported by Profile Manager, but can still be managed with Workgroup Manager, which we'll contend momentarily.

    The ability to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is moreover available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a remarkable fallback if you don't occupy the latter and don't faith your users to set up the former.The ability to remotely lock and wipe both iOS devices and Macs in the event of theft, included with Profile Manager, is moreover available through iCloud and Exchange servers, but this is a remarkable fallback if you don't occupy the latter and don't faith your users to set up the former.

    Once you've signed in using a network user account, you'll be presented with a stout blue button that will let you enroll your device. Once enrolled, it will parade up in your administrator's Profile Manager, where you can view, edit, and shove out recent settings as desired. If you're working with a self-signed SSL certificate, you may moreover necessity to install the faith Profile for your organization from the Profiles tab before your devices will be able to install your profiles.

    After devices are enrolled, administrators can view them, lock or wipe them, and order them into groups for easier administration. Users can moreover lock and wipe devices on their own without intervention from an administrator.

    Grouping many devices that necessity to participate the identical settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration. Enlarge / Grouping many devices that necessity to participate the identical settings—like Macs in a computer lab, for example—can simplify administration.

    Almost every setting available in the iOS Settings app or OS X's System Preferences window can be controlled using the .mobileconfig files generated by Profile Manager. Click Edit and you'll contemplate complete of the settings you can configure. Some, fancy Mail, VPN, security certificates, and wireless network settings can be configured for both OS X and iOS, while others are restricted specifically to iOS (device restrictions fancy the exercise of iCloud backups or in-app purchases) or OS X (Dock icons, Gatekeeper settings, roaming profiles, printer settings, and others). You can moreover upload custom .plist files to apply to your OS X computers to configure third-party apps not accounted for in the Profile Manager, and deploy volume licensed iOS apps.

    Profile Manager is a powerful implement for directory administrators, and it's moreover usable if you occupy a big number of OS X and iOS devices at home (or if your children occupy their own iOS devices and you'd fancy to be able to set universal restrictions on them)—you'll just occupy to settle if managing the devices centrally is more of a hassle than just configuring each one manually.

    Workgroup Manager: Managing older Macs

    The Workgroup Manager is the sole Server Admin implement still available from Apple as a divorce download. If the Users and Groups options in Server.app aren't to your liking, it can be used to expose more advanced options, but where it's most useful in Mountain Lion Server is in its ability to manage older Macs, since pre-Lion operating systems don't uphold the configuration profiles that Profile Manager spits out.

    After downloading and installing the Workgroup Manager, open it and connect to your server using the Directory Administrator account you created when you first configured Open Directory. Once authenticated, you'll be able to view complete users and user groups in your directory, as well as complete of the Macs that you've bound to Open Directory. These Macs can moreover be placed into groups for your convenience.

    Selecting any user, user group, computer, or computer group and clicking the Preferences button at the top of the window will expose a System Preferences-like list of settings that you can exercise to configure your Macs' docks, network settings, login window settings, and more. You can already accomplish complete of this for Lion and Mountain Lion-equipped Macs using Profile Manager profiles, but Workgroup Manager enables management of complete settings for both Leopard and Snow Leopard, and management of some settings for Tiger as well, in the event that you still occupy any computers that old-fashioned still in active service.

    File Sharing

    The file-sharing service in Mountain Lion is unchanged from Lion. It's still an extension of the file-sharing features in the client version of OS X, adding WebDAV uphold and more robust permissions management to the existing Apple File-sharing Protocol (AFP) and Server Message obscure (SMB) protocols supported by the client version of the operating system. You can moreover add custom greetings to your AFP participate points here, and you can view the IP addresses, protocols, and usernames of complete users connected to one of your participate points. The AFP protocol moreover allows you to forward messages to connected users and disconnect them from the server in the event that they've been idle for too long or are causing other problems.

    After enabling the service, the system will create a number of default participate points, complete of which can be edited or deleted as needed. Click the plus button to add a recent volume or folder as an additional participate point, and then click the Settings button and "Edit participate point" to adjust the permissions on the share. You can accord users read-only access, read and write access, or no access; allow or disallow guest access for a particular share; and elect to create certain shares available for the roaming user profiles that they touched upon earlier.

    Choosing protocols, taking names.Choosing protocols, taking names.

    The AFP protocol is rock-solid as you would expect, but communication over the other protocols is a bit spottier. For example, trying to shun any executable on a Windows computer from a Mountain Lion-hosted SMB participate will result in an error message. In Lion, Apple switched to using its own in-house SMB protocol rather than the open-source Samba implementation it had been using before, and while there are some benefits (browsing an SMB server with many files is much faster from a Lion client than from a Snow Leopard client), it moreover introduces some quirks. For example, I create running Windows executables from an SMB participate on my test server to be impossible, a problem I moreover had with Lion Server. In both cases, running files required me to first copy them from the participate to my difficult drive.

    Sending a message to an AFP user. The message will issue on their screen once it has been sent.Sending a message to an AFP user. The message will issue on their screen once it has been sent.

    WebDAV sharing isn't as flaky in its operation, but it is particular about who can exercise it and how WebDAV shares are accessed. Most notably, the service will only allow Open Directory users, not users local to your server, to access WebDAV shares. You'll moreover necessity the precise URL for every participate point you'd fancy to access; the format is http(s)://<your server name>/webdav/<case-sensitive participate point name>. Once I was doing complete of these things properly, I was able to connect to my WebDAV shares from both OS X and Pages and copy some documents back and forth.

    Connecting to my WebDAV participate from Pages. recollect
 to comprise the "https" for SSL-enabled servers, and moreover the case-sensitive participate name.Connecting to my WebDAV participate from Pages. recollect to comprise the "https" for SSL-enabled servers, and moreover the case-sensitive participate name.

    If you're a home user who wants to create your files available over the Internet (or if you'd fancy to create any of your services available when you're away from your home network), you'll probably necessity to configure port forwarding on your router, and to create things easier you'll probably moreover want a DNS cognomen to Go with your IP address (since the address used to compass your network from the Internet sometimes changes for most home users). Portforward.com keeps excellent guides for configuring port forwarding on a wide range of routers, and services like DynDNS offer DNS services for home Internet users (they've recently discontinued their free product, but their Remote Access tier is still only $20 per year).

    FTP (and SFTP) Shares from the File Sharing service automatically parade up in the FTP service.Shares from the File Sharing service automatically parade up in the FTP service.

    The FTP service was completely removed from Server.app and Server Admin in Lion, and had to be enabled via the command line. Mountain Lion brings it back. FTP isn't technically Part of the File Sharing service, but it works much the identical route and it fits in nicely with the other file transfer protocols. You can enable FTP for any sites you've configured with the Websites server, swirl on FTP for participate points already available over one or more of the File Sharing protocols, and configure divorce standalone FTP shares as well.

    Enabling SFTP and enabling SSH are one and the same. If you enable one, you enable both.Enabling SFTP and enabling SSH are one and the same. If you enable one, you enable both.

    Remember, there's no security inherent to the FTP protocol, so you'll want to be careful with what you exercise it for. If you'd fancy to enable encrypted SFTP transfers instead, enable SSH in the Hardware settings in Server.app. You can moreover accomplish this from within System Preferences on the server. Go to Sharing and enable Remote Login, which will enable SFTP along with the SSH remote login service.

    NetInstall The NetInstall service can be used to install or shun OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server.The NetInstall service can be used to install or shun OS X on your clients from an image stored on your server.

    The NetInstall service, formerly known as NetBoot, is recent to Server.app in Mountain Lion. While the interface has changed in its lope from Server Admin, its underpinnings remain the same: NetInstall is a BOOTP-based system that allows Macs to boot from network volumes, usually for the purposes of recovering files, running diagnostics, or installing immaculate or pre-configured OS X images on Macs.

    Booting from a networked volume can be initiated either by holding the N key as your Mac starts up, or by selecting a network volume in the Startup Disk preference pane. NetInstall forms the backbone of the Lion Internet Recovery feature that lets newer Macs download a fresh copy of OS X from Apple's servers; the incompatibility is that with NetInstall you can serve up your own OS X bits locally. Apple provides tools for the creation of bootable images, though third parties fancy DeployStudio moreover exercise the technology to simplify OS X imaging and deployment.

    Apple distinguishes between three different kinds of bootable volumes: first are NetBoot images, which allow computers to boot to a replete OS X installation hosted on a server. To store user files, NetBoot images can exercise space on the local Mac's difficult drive or they can be "diskless" images that store user data on the server and allow for the built-in difficult drive to be completely unmounted—useful for disk imaging and diagnostics. Second, there are NetInstall images, which are more or less network-hosted versions of OS X install media. Third, you occupy NetRestore images, which can dump a custom OS X image directly to your Mac's difficult drive.

    Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll occupy to give it a state
 to store images and other data.Before you can enable the NetInstall service, you'll occupy to give it a state to store images and other data.

    We necessity to attend to a pair of things before they can flip on the NetInstall service: first, elect which Ethernet port you'll exercise to serve these images (WiFi isn't an option) and the volume you'll exercise to store both the images themselves and any user data they generate. You'll only really necessity to worry about the latter if you're configuring diskless NetBoot images. If you store the images on the boot volume, which is the default setting, the NetInstall service creates a NetBootSP0 folder for images and a NetBootClients0 folder for user data in the /Library/NetBoot folder.

    The final step is to give the service an image to toil with—this is a job for the System Image Utility.

    Creating a basic image with the System Image Utility The System Image Utility can create NetInstall images from bootable volumes and OS X installers from the Mac App Store. Enlarge / The System Image Utility can create NetInstall images from bootable volumes and OS X installers from the Mac App Store.

    The System Image Utility, the only one of the old-fashioned Server Admin Tools to survive the transition to Mountain Lion, is buried in Server.app's Tools menu. By default, it gives you a simple menu that you can exercise to create NetBoot, NetInstall, and NetRestore images from either a bootable OS X volume (either on an external disk or a divorce volume on the Mac's difficult drive; you cannot create an image of the boot volume) or a Mountain Lion installer located in the Applications volume (this installer can easily be re-downloaded from the Mac App Store after installing Mountain Lion).

    One of the System Image Utility's limitations is that it can only create images of the currently running version of OS X—Mountain Lion's System Image Utility can only create Mountain Lion images, Snow Leopard's version can only create Snow Leopard images, and so on. This can create it a bit tedious to create images for multiple OS X versions if you necessity to uphold Macs dropped by newer OS X releases.

    The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can exercise
 to customize your OS X images.The System Image Utility comes with Automator actions you can exercise to customize your OS X images.

    Clicking the Customize button reveals an Automator-like workflow builder that you can exercise to customize your images with application install packages, local user accounts, and to set model and/or MAC address-related restrictions on the Macs that can exercise the image you're creating.

    Creating a network-bootable image of the Mountain Lion installer. Enlarge / Creating a network-bootable image of the Mountain Lion installer.

    For their purposes, let's just download the Mountain Lion installer from the Mac App Store and create a basic NetInstall image of it so that they can install Mountain Lion on their Macs without having to re-download the installer a bunch of times or hack around with a USB drive. Once you download the Mountain Lion installer, start up the System Image Utility, select the Install OS X Mountain Lion entry from the Sources menu, select NetBoot, and click Continue. cognomen the image whatever you want, click Create, and coincide to the license agreement, and the System Image Utility will automatically dump a NetBoot image in their NetBootSP0 folder from earlier.

    Configuring images for booting

    Return to Server.app and hunt under the Images tab, then double click the newly created Mountain Lion image to configure it for distribution. Check the box under Availability and elect the protocol you'd fancy to exercise to deal the images. Distributing images over HTTP won't create you open any recent ports, but it means that anyone sniffing your Web traffic can contemplate your images and everything in them. Using NFS, which has historically been the default, gets you some security-through-obscurity, but you'll necessity to open up more ports in your firewall.

    In past OS X versions, the service has worked more reliably with NFS than the HTTP protocol, which would often hang while machines attempted to boot, but Mountain Lion doesn't appear to occupy the identical problem. Your mileage may vary depending on your server’s configuration.

    NetInstall can host bootable images for multiple OS X versions at once, so you can uphold older Macs even if they don't uphold Mountain Lion. Enlarge / NetInstall can host bootable images for multiple OS X versions at once, so you can uphold older Macs even if they don't uphold Mountain Lion.

    After choosing a protocol, you can then set up MAC or model-based restrictions on individual images—this is in addition to the universal access restrictions you can configure in the service's Settings tab. Once you've configured your options and enabled an image, you can swirl on the service, at which point your NetBoot images will be visible in the Startup Disk preference pane on other Macs on your network. You can host multiple images at once, but the image set as default will be the one your Macs try to boot from if you start them while holding down the N key.

    The Mac Model Filter can sustain your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support.The Mac Model Filter can sustain your Macs from trying to boot OS X versions they don't support.

    When working with Mountain Lion images, the Mac Model Filter is now intellectual enough to let you select only Macs that the image can actually boot—for Lion and older images, OS X Server just gives you a stout list of complete Mac models, allowing you to accomplish something as counterproductive as setting a Snow Leopard image as the default for PowerPC computers. As long as you're up on your OS X compatibility lists, though, you can happily host images for PowerPC Macs alongside both newer Intel Macs and older ones dropped from the uphold list in Lion and Mountain Lion.

    Bizarrely, some of the names and descriptions of the Macs in the filter list don’t match their actual model number, but if you hover the cursor over the entry you can collect the exact model identifier (MacBook 3,1, iMac 11,3) just to be sure. Using properly configured filters, you can easily provide network booting for Macs going complete the route back to the G3 iBooks and PowerBooks.

    Mail, Calendar, Contacts, and Messages

    The Mail, Calendar, Contacts, and Messages services don't necessity much explanation beyond their names, which occupy been changed to reflect the cognomen changes in their corresponding OS X apps (Address Book, iCal, and iChat are out, Contacts, Calendar, and Messages are in).

    Taken together, they're OS X Server's respond to Exchange, though nooneatall of these services are nearly as complicated or feature-rich. With the exception of Mail, complete of these services had already migrated from Server Admin to Server.app in Lion, and there haven't been many changes since, apart from sync uphold for Mountain Lion's recent Notes and Reminders apps (and their iOS counterparts).

    Mail Configuration options for the Mail service occupy been severely curtailed in Mountain Lion, and the Web client has been removed entirely.Configuration options for the Mail service occupy been severely curtailed in Mountain Lion, and the Web client has been removed entirely.

    Mail was one of the services that appeared in Server.app in Lion, but left most of its advanced settings back in the old-fashioned Server Admin app. A few recent settings occupy been added to Server.app to compensate for the loss of Server Admin, but Mail remains one of the services most affected by Lion and Mountain Lion's quest for simplification.

    You can exercise the Mail service to provide POP and IMAP e-mail service for your domain and other domain names that you configure, and you can set the server to accept authentication from local users, active Directory, and Open Directory users depending on your server and network configuration. You can moreover add an SMTP mail relay if your Internet service provider puts you behind a firewall that prevents you from sending e-mail directly from your server, and you can set a universal e-mail quota for complete accounts here as well (this appears to be an all-or-nothing settings; if one user needs a quota bump, you'll necessity to give it to everyone). Simple virus and junk mail filtering as well as uphold for third-party blacklist servers round out the service's features.

    Only a few configuration options occupy survived; the ease died with Server Admin.Only a few configuration options occupy survived; the ease died with Server Admin.

    Of the many things that Mail has lost since Lion (including the ability to easily set maximum attachment sizes, view user accounts with usage and quota information, and more resilient options for creating mailing lists), the webmail client is probably the one that people will notice the most.

    The webmail client in Lion, based on the open-source Roundcube client, could be politely described as "antiquated," and was in desperate necessity of an update (perhaps with the comparatively slick client that iCloud uses) but Apple instead chose to supplant it with... nothing. You'll occupy to rely on the built-in Mail clients in OS X and iOS (or your IMAP client of choice) by default, though if you're really interested, you should be able to exercise the Websites service to manually install and configure a webmail front finish for your mail server.

    The one addition that Mountain Lion Server makes to the Mail service is that it can now be used to store Notes for exercise with the OS X and iOS apps of the identical name, just as third-party e-mail services can store Notes now.

    Calendar After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app.After enabling the Calendar service, you can create and manage meeting rooms and other resources for it in Server.app.

    The Calendar service gives each of your users their own calendar and new-to-Mountain Lion Tasks list (which integrates with the Reminders apps in Mountain Lion and iOS), and will moreover let you create locations (like meeting rooms) and resources (like loaner laptops or projectors) that people can reserve. When creating locations and resources, you can either elect to let reservations be approved automatically or allocate one of your users to be the delegate who approves and rejects them.

    Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject complete scheduling requests for my recent
 meeting room.Assigning a delegate who can endorse or reject complete scheduling requests for my recent meeting room.

    Unlike Mail, the Calendar service's Web client remains intact in Mountain Lion as long as you've moreover got the Websites service turned on, accessible from your browser at http(s)://<your servername>/webcal. Using the Web client, you can create and view appointments and invitations; oddly enough, while the Tasks list is visible in the Web client, events can't be added (or even viewed once they're added in the OS X and iOS applications). If you've used calendar software in the final few years, you won't be surprised by any of OS X Server's Calendar features.

    Contacts There's not much to accomplish for the Contacts service.There's not much to accomplish for the Contacts service.

    There's very cramped to talk about the Contacts service. It will sync contacts you create across multiple computers (making it potentially useful for families or other groups who want to maintain a shared list of contacts), and will optionally allow results from your directory's users to be displayed when you achieve a search in the Contacts app.

    Messages The Messages service is only slightly less sparse.The Messages service is only slightly less sparse.

    The Messages service enables a simple Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP, or the protocol formerly known as Jabber) server that allows your users to communicate with one another without using a third-party service fancy point or Google Talk. The service's only options allow you to archive complete chats (located on the server in /Library/Server/Messages/Data/message_archives) and enable something called "server-to-server federation," which can both enable and restrict communication between user accounts stored in divorce directories on different servers.

    Connecting to your server

    In OS X and iOS, the easiest route to collect your clients connected to these services is to comprise them in configuration profiles you're pushing out. If you're not using Profile Manager (or if you've got Windows, Linux, Android, or other clients), Apple's exercise of well-supported protocols in complete of these services means that you can connect manually from just about any client without much trouble.

    Connecting to the services we've configured in Mail, Contacts &amp; CalendarsConnecting to the services we've configured in Mail, Contacts & Calendars

    To connect to your services in OS X, open up the Mail, Contacts & Calendars preference pane, scroll to the bottom, and click Other. Select "Add a Mac OS X server account" and enter your server's address if it doesn't issue automatically. Click Continue, enter your user credentials, and then select the services you'd fancy to use. Only Mountain Lion supports the syncing of Reminders and Notes, but older OS X clients can still connect to and exercise the older services.

    To connect with other operating systems, you'll just occupy to plug your server's cognomen and credentials into programs that uphold the protocols Apple is using: IMAP and SMTP for Mail, CalDAV for Calendar, CardDAV for Contacts, and XMPP/Jabber for Messages. The process is not as automated as in OS X, but it works.

    Analysis

    Mail, Calendar, Contacts, and Messages are usable, but even when they were more full-featured they couldn't quite compete with Exchange. The features stripped from the Mail app create them even less competitive now.

    Whatever their feature set, I don't contemplate most users getting much mileage out of them: individuals and minute businesses will be better served by Google Apps or Office 365, and enterprises could collect by either with those services or with their own locally installed Exchange or IMAP servers.

    Websites The Websites service is <a href="http://support.apple.com/kb/HT5230">Apple's official replacement</a> for the Web Sharing feature in the client versions of OS X.The Websites service is Apple's official replacement for the Web Sharing feature in the client versions of OS X.

    Even if it isn't activated, the Websites service provides the backbone for several of the other services we've talked about: Profile Manager, the Web-based Calendar, and the Wiki service. The service's back finish is supplied by Apache 2.2.22—not, you might notice, the most recent version, which is 2.4—and you can moreover shun PHP (version 5.3.13 with the Suhoshin security patch installed) and Python (version 2.7.2) code on the server if you've enabled them. If you necessity access to Apache's directory structure, it's located at /Library/Server/Web/Config/apache2.

    The Websites service's simple landing page, with links to some of my other services below.The Websites service's simple landing page, with links to some of my other services below.

    Turning the Websites service on creates a default website, which you can contemplate if you kind localhost/default in your server's browser. By default, it's just a simple landing page with links to some of the different Websites-supported services (like the Web-based calendar and the Profile Manager) linked below, but you can drop different files into the /Library/Server/Web/Data/Sites/Default directory to change that up. Clicking the Edit pencil will allow you to change who can access the site, where its files are stored, and what domains, redirects, and aliases it uses.

    You can create as many recent
 sites as you occupy space and bandwidth for.You can create as many recent sites as you occupy space and bandwidth for.

    You can create recent sites by clicking the plus button and setting the domain name, access permissions, SSL certificate, and other settings, and you can configure as many sites on your server as you occupy storage space (and bandwidth) for. Configuring advanced settings requires going into the Apache configuration files, a process which is partially minute in Apple's advanced server administration documentation and moreover on Apache's own documentation for version 2.2.

    There are two deterrents to using the Websites service to host anything other than the pages for Server's other services: the first is that, as they saw above, Apple is using less-than-current versions of Apache, PHP, and other software packages. The second is that updates for these packages are bundled with OS X point updates (and later, the security update roll-ups that are released periodically for older OS X versions). If these point updates fix faultfinding problems with one service but an included PHP update breaks a bunch of your code, there's not an smooth route to divorce them from one another.

    Wiki

    The Wiki service goes hand-in-hand with the Websites service, both because Wiki depends on Websites to operate and because it's the easiest route to collect your users doing something useful with Websites. If you've got any suffer with Wikis of any kind, the Wiki service doesn't occupy many surprises in store for you—they're simple websites that you can exercise to collaborate with other users, create and maintain posts, and upload and participate files.

    Creating a Wiki page. Enlarge / Creating a Wiki page. Nedroid

    The Wiki service fills a role similar to Google Sites in the Google Apps suite, and moreover has more than a cramped in common with Microsoft's SharePoint (though that software is both more complex and more capable than what's on parade here). Using this Wiki software, you can edit and observation on pages, associate pages with other, related pages, contemplate revision history, and collect notified when documents or comments are added to a site. Users with access to the Wiki service can create as many Wikis or pages as they want, and user groups you create in Open Directory can be given their own Wikis to facilitate collaboration.

    The built-in Wiki service is admittedly pretty simple, but if it isn't to your liking, it's smooth enough to install something fancy MediaWiki to your Websites server and exercise that instead—OS X Server already includes Apache and PHP, so you'll just occupy to set up some database server software and you'll be cordial to go.

    Everything else

    The aforementioned services are the biggest pieces of the software, and the ones with the most moving parts to talk about. The ease of the offerings range from the practical to curios—by the finish of their guide, you'll know about every service OS X Server has to offer, stout and small.

    VPN With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, smooth route to set up your own VPN server.With proper port forwarding, OS X Server's VPN service provides a fairly cheap, smooth route to set up your own VPN server.

    As in Lion Server, the VPN service in Mountain Lion server supports both L2TP and PPTP VPN connections. complete you necessity to accomplish is select the protocols you want to support, your VPN server's hostname (which is divorce from your server's regular hostname, a feature recent to Mountain Lion), and your shared stealthy password.

    If you'd fancy to provide VPN settings to clients without handing out information fancy the shared stealthy password, you can reclaim a standalone .mobileconfig file privilege from the VPN service window to hand out (useful if you're not already handing out these settings with the Profile Manager).

    You can define the IP address range that VPN-connected clients will use—by default it uses 31 addresses in the 200-range, so most home users won't shun into any worry there—and set divorce DNS settings for VPN-connected clients. recent to Mountain Lion is the ability to define routes for your clients as well.

    The VPN service is considerably easier to set up and configure than something fancy OpenVPN, and L2TP and PPTP are both widely supported protocols that can be used with most extant versions of Windows, OS X, Linux, iOS, and Android with no issues. The biggest nit to pick here is that offering VPN services on an OS X server doesn't provide any particular benefits for Macs and iOS devices.

    Microsoft introduced a feature called DirectAccess in Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 that allows for seamless, always-on, VPN-like connections between servers and clients that create things a bit less messy for users who necessity to collect on the corporate network from remote locations. While not a requirement for a decent VPN solution, it's too noxious that Apple hasn't arrive up with its own attempt to "fix" the VPN problem.

    Time Machine Enabling the Time Machine service is as smooth as choosing the volume you'd fancy to exercise
 to store backups, but everything else is out of your control.Enabling the Time Machine service is as smooth as choosing the volume you'd fancy to exercise to store backups, but everything else is out of your control.

    Time Machine is another service that hasn't really changed since Lion—on the server side, you can enable and disable the service and specify the volume to exercise for your backups, and complete other settings (including file exceptions) are controlled by the clients, as Profile Manager offers no built-in configuration options for Time Machine.

    Time Machine backup functionality is offered by most home and minute businesses network-attached storage devices at this point, but if you don't occupy one, the Time Machine service is especially useful for home users with multiple Macs and some free difficult drive space. The service can simplify the backup process compared to passing around an external drive.

    Once you've configured the Time Machine service, the volume you've configured for backups will issue as an option when choosing a Time Machine drive on your Mac clients. Local and network users or service accounts allowed to exercise the Time Machine service will be able to authenticate and exercise the drive as they would any local Time Machine disk.

    Two Time Machine servers are available on my network, and my OS X client create both of them without issue.Two Time Machine servers are available on my network, and my OS X client create both of them without issue.

    What's frustrating about the Time Machine service is its complete want of options—you can't specify disk usage quotas for particular users or computers (user disk quotas defined for network users don't appear to occupy any mien on Time Machine's operation), you can't specify backup intervals or bandwidth caps, and while you can specify exceptions for folders and files on client computers, you occupy no ability to create these exceptions on the server side.

    I've been using the Lion version of the Time Machine service on my home network for about six months, and the backup and restore processes are pretty quick and seamless if you're just backing up two or three Macs at once. The service won't scale very far beyond that, though, making it virtually useless in businesses with more than a few employees. If you've got more than a dozen Macs to back up, I'd strongly hint looking into a third-party alternative fancy CrashPlan instead.

    Software Update Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network.Software Update downloads software updates from Apple's servers and distributes them to other Macs on your network.

    The Software Update service is Apple's equivalent of Microsoft's Windows Server Update Services (WSUS). Your OS X server downloads updates directly from Apple's software update servers. Then, using Profile Manager, you point your Mac clients toward the local update server and they collect their updates from you instead of from Apple, saving Internet bandwidth and increasing the quicken of big downloads.

    When set to Automatic, the service will automatically publish recent updates to your Mac clients as they're made available from Apple. Selecting Manual gives you the option to hold back updates for testing before pushing it out to complete of your clients. Anyone who has ever installed a recent OS X point update on the day it's made available knows that you're taking a certain amount of risk by doing so, and holding complete but the most faultfinding security updates for at least a few days makes some sense if you're trying to reduce uphold calls.

    OS X clients complete the route back to Tiger can be kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you still occupy Tiger clients in necessity of updates in 2012 I'd talk you've got bigger problems).OS X clients complete the route back to Tiger can be kept updated with the Software Update service (though if you still occupy Tiger clients in necessity of updates in 2012 I'd talk you've got bigger problems).

    The Software Update service can update complete of the identical things that Apple's servers can, including Mac firmware updates; iLife, iWork, and other updates for Apple programs; and system updates for OS X versions reaching complete the route back to 10.4. A replete copy of Apple's update catalog is going to require several gigabytes of difficult drive space.

    The ability to download and deal iOS updates from your local server still isn't included, however.

    There are moreover a few other limitations here compared to something fancy WSUS—while you can hold updates back from your users, there's no route to shove them out. Once you've approved an update, your users can draw it down through the run-of-the-mill Software Update process, but you can't mandate that the update be installed and there's no route to check update compliance throughout your organization. If your users elect to defer the updates, there's really not much you can accomplish about it. There's moreover no route to endorse updates for certain groups or individuals while holding them back from other groups and individuals, functionality that WSUS has because of its taut active Directory integration.

    DNS

    Of the networking services that used to be included in OS X Server, DNS is the only one left standing in Mountain Lion—DHCP and NAT both went out the window with the Server Admin Tools. This was no mistake: home users and minute businesses making exercise of OS X Server are usually going to occupy both of these functions handled by their routers, and larger businesses will already occupy Windows or Linux-based boxes providing both of these services.

    Preparing to configure a DNS entry.Preparing to configure a DNS entry.

    As DNS servers go, the one in OS X Server is pretty simple: you can specify forwarding servers to manipulate requests that your OS X server can't manipulate (which can either provide redundancy or allow you to exercise OS X for some DNS requests but not others), settle the computers for which your server should achieve lookups (for the server only, for clients on the local network, and for clients on other networks), and configure your host names, IP addresses, and aliases.

    The main thing about DNS in Lion, as with complete apps that were moved from Server Admin to Server.app, was the degree to which it was condensed and simplified. This screen in Mountain Lion…

    …manages to felicitous more configuration options in a less confusing route than this screen from Lion:

    Enlarge

    Despite this simplification, you don't lose options in the lope from Lion to Mountain Lion, though that's not immediately obvious. Click the Settings button and then clicking parade complete Records will let you add primary and secondary zones, and then add a number of different types of records to those zones. Many services gave up complexity in the lope from Server Admin to Server.app, but the DNS service at least shows that Server.app is capable of complexity where necessary.

    Xsan Admin With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could Take Xsan Admin for a spin.With an enterprise-level Fibre Channel network, I could Take Xsan Admin for a spin.

    The Xsan Admin is a bit of a niche service in an operating system packed with niche services—it interfaces with Xsan 3, an updated version of a formerly stand-alone product that serves as Apple's storage district network (SAN) implementation. Part of the implement lives in Server.app, and the other Part can be create in Server.app's Tools menu; between the two of them, they allow you to manage a group of pooled network storage arrays connected together via Fibre Channel.

    Because setting Xsan up requires, among other things, a Fibre Channel network, a pair of OS X Servers, and at least one networked storage array, I can't give you much more information on the service's operation than this, but Apple's documentation on the topic is fairly extensive. Suffice it to talk that most homes and minute businesses won't necessity to worry about it.

    State of the server Miss the Xserve?

    Apple replaced the Xserve with the Mac Mini Server and Mac Pro Server in January of 2011, and while the latter is too big, old, and expensive to be a decent alternative privilege now, a Mini or two with a RAM upgrade can provide OS X Server functionality and a reasonable amount of power at a fraction of the price. If you necessity to mount Minis in a rack, mounts for them are pretty smooth to arrive by. One of my favorites is Sonnet's awesome RackMac Mini 1U enclosure, which can felicitous two of the aluminum Mac Minis with ample latitude for ventilation. There's moreover a Thunderbolt version available, which uses the high-speed interface to regain some of the Xserve's lost expandability.

    When Apple discontinued the Xserve at the nascence of 2011, it sent a message: it was abandoning whatever ambitions it had harbored for the enterprise market, starting with the hardware. That message was restated emphatically when Lion Server came out later that year sporting a consumer-friendly cost point and the dumbed-down Server.app in lieu of the administration tools OS X Server had been using for its first decade.

    The enterprise has never been a particularly sturdy market for Apple. As ZDNet's David Chernicoff observed in an Xserve post-mortem, Apple didn't even exercise Xserves or OS X Server in its own datacenters. The Mac server hardware and software of 2012 has been redesigned to appeal to two different kinds of people: consumers and power users who would never occupy considered it before because of its cost and complexity (i.e., recent customers), and minute Mac-only businesses or Windows shops that were trying to integrate Macs more fully into their networks (i.e., most of the people who were buying and using OS X Server in the first place). For those people, the functionality you collect is a swipe at $20, and the product can still accomplish most of the Important stuff it could accomplish in previous versions.

    My alert in this valiant recent world is that OS X Server will suffer the identical fate as Apple Remote Desktop, another enormously useful implement if you're trying to manage a big number of Macs. Remote Desktop's final major update, version 3.0, was introduced complete the route back in 2006. Though it is still technically being maintained and sold in the Mac App Store—its current version is 3.6—most of those point updates occupy served only to add compatibility with recent OS X versions and add incremental feature improvements fancy IPv6 support.

    There's still some good, low-hanging fruit that Apple could harvest to create OS X Server better for the kinds of users they're gunning for—things fancy centralized FileVault management, the ability to patch iOS with the Software Update service, and local iOS device backups. If the software goes into maintenance mode, I worry that we'll never contemplate server features that sustain pace with the features in the OS X client.

    We'll probably know whether these fears are founded or not when they start seeing builds of OS X 10.9. For now, especially for home users who occupy never tried it, OS X Server's recent $19.99 cost point makes it a tempting proposition. That's a pretty reasonable cost even if you only intend to exercise one or two of the services I've outlined here—Time Machine, File Sharing, VPN, and, to a lesser extent, NetInstall are the only ones I exercise at home. If you were on the fence at $50, buying Server at $20 is an easier call.

    It's no longer a serious alternative to Windows or Linux servers—if in fact it ever was—but most power users in Mac households should find at least something to like.

    Update: We've covered the recent features in updates 2.1 and 2.2 here.

    Further reading:

  • Mountain Lion client review
  • Apple's Advanced Server Administration guides for Mountain Lion
  • List of TCP and UDP ports used by OS X
  • PortForwarding.com port forwarding guides for home routers
  • OS X Lion Server review (Anandtech)

  • Seed Notes, Videos of Mac 10.7 OS X Lion Preview Published Online | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Those with access to the Mac OS X 10.7 Lion Developer Preview occupy been keen to participate the seed notes with the world, with the documentation being available on multiple tech-blogs and web sites.

    According to these posts, which appear to comprise the full-length release notes, there is still a big number of issues and restrictions tied to Lion.

    First off, Lion requires hardware with a Core 2 Duo processor or better, Apple says, while Late 2006 iMacs are not supported, at least not by this seed. It moreover requires Boot Camp 3.2 or later if Boot Camp is utilized.

    In order to install Lion to additional systems, testers can copy the Mac OS X Lion Installer application from /Applications over to their second Mac and double-click on the application.

    The installation will toil only on Macs authorized by the user to participate content downloaded from the Mac App Store.

    Testers’ volumes with Disk Encryption enabled will only be recognized by Mac OS X 10.7, while those who exercise FileVault on Snow Leopard are being advised to disable it prior to upgrading to Lion.

    Apple warns that the Services menu may not be fully functional in applications utilizing Application Sandboxing. These comprise Preview and TextEdit.

    But, there’s another issue here worth mentioning.

    In Apple’s own words, “Application Sandboxing does not currently track renames while a document is open. If one opens a file in an application utilizing Application Sandboxing and renames the file in Finder while it is open, further attempts to reclaim the file from the application will then fail until it is restarted.”

    Some multitouch trackpads will not occupy an option to transpose the scrolling direction in the Trackpad System Preferences pane. Those trackpads are the ones that only uphold two-finger gestures, according to Apple.

    To troubleshoot the internet connection, testers are instructed to check to contemplate that the Ethernet interface is listed on the left side of the Network System Preferences pane. Clicking the “+” button to add the Ethernet interface may be required in some cases.

    Redemption codes, such as those stemming from iTunes gift cards, cannot be redeemed in the Mac App Store through this Lion seed, while saving a PDF previewed in Safari is moreover currently supported.

    To atomize this huge obscure of text, we've included a video of this Lion developer seed running on a Mac laptop.

    Other notable ‘known issues’ include:

    · Installation to a software RAID is not currently supported.

    · Network migrations are only supported from Mac OS X v10.6.6 with the Migration second compatibility update installed.

    · iPhoto pictures cannot be viewed in replete Screen on MacBooks with discrete video hardware.

    · VoiceOver will not play a welcome message during initial user setup. VoiceOver works correctly otherwise, once enabled through System Preferences or by hitting ⌘-F5.

    Apple includes a set of known issues for the Server side of Lion, which will ship alongside the Client version of the OS this Summer.

    "Lion Server is now Part of Mac OS X Lion," according to Apple's marketing page for OS X Lion. "It's smooth to set up your Mac as a server and Take advantage of the many services Lion Server has to offer."

    Known issues with Lion Server include:

    · Lion Server must be installed on an empty disk.

    · Safari is currently the only supported browser for exercise with Wiki Server or Profile Manager.

    · Profile Manager does not currently allow for profiles, including the profile containing the MDM payload, to be locked.

    · complete users must occupy an email address when using shared calendars with iCal Server.

    · recent sharepoints will not inherit group permissions. You must manually change the permissions.

    · Remote administration is not supported in this release.

    · Installing the Server Admin Tools package on non-Lion Server systems is not supported.

    · During installation, Lion Server may not be selected as a default install package on server hardware. You must select customize and manually elect to install Server.

    To learn more about Mac OS X Lion, visit Apple's web site here.


    Mac OS X 10.7 Lion to interject multi-user Screen Sharing | killexams.com true questions and Pass4sure dumps

     

    Feature

    In Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, Screen Sharing morphs from a simple VNC remote screen viewer into a multiuser, hasty User Switching Remote Desktop solution similar to Microsoft's Terminal Services.In Mac OS X 10.3 Panther, Apple added hasty Users Switching to enable the system to uphold multiple users to be logged into their own graphical environment concurrently. Prior to that, each user had to log out before another could login to the graphical console. Multiple users could login via SSH, but only with a command line environment.

    In Mac OS X 10.5 Leopard, Apple added Screen Sharing, a VNC client and server that enabled a user on one system to authenticate and view the screen of another system.

    Since 2002, Apple had moreover separately sold Apple Remote Desktop, which allows for remote administration and management. In 2004, ARD switched to VNC, an open protocol that enabled the implement to remotely control not just Macs, but moreover Windows PCs and other Unix systems with a VNC server installed.

    In Mac OS X 10.7 Lion, the built-in Screen Sharing feature, updated from 1.1.1 to version 1.3, now allows remote users to log into a divorce user account from the one that is currently logged in. That means that while one user is logged into a machine, a second user can login to the identical machine remotely, seeing their own desktop and user environment.

    Previously, any users who attempted screen sharing with another system could only contemplate a mirror of what was currently on the screen, and would "fight" for mouse and keyboard control of the remote system with that locally logged in user. Now, any user with the credentials to achieve screen sharing can log into a Lion system independently of another user who may already be logged in, and continue to toil in a divorce graphical session parallel to the logged in user.

    After logging in behind a local user on a Lion machine, the remote session depicted both users as being logged in from the hasty User Switching menu. The Lion system only indicated the local user was logged in. However, when the local Lion user attempted to switch users and login as the other user from the hasty User Switching menu, the system experienced a kernel panic, indicating that the feature is still a toil in progress and that the recent feature likely involves significant changes to how the system handles user logins.

    Mac Terminal Services

    This recent functionality means Mac OS X Lion is now capable of multiple, concurrent graphical shells for remote users, similar to the technology Citrix created for Microsoft's Windows NT 3.51 to allow multiple remote users and login sessions.

    Microsoft subsequently forced Citrix to license its software (in exchange for leave to sell its own product on NT 4) for Microsoft to felicitous and sell as "Terminal Server," which later became Remote Desktop Connection. Unlike the unpretentious vanilla VNC, Microsoft's proprietary RDC hooks into the core OS, usually allowing for better performance, particularly over leisurely network connections.

    Microsoft implemented hasty User Switching on Windows XP using Terminal Services. It appears Apple is implementing its own "terminal services" in Lion as an extension of hasty User Switching.

    In Lion, Apple has improved its Screen Sharing client app with solemnize (view only) and Control modes and a Screen Capture button that complete issue to be borrowed from Apple Remote Desktop. There are moreover additional recent preferences available, including a keyboard shortcut for moving between remote Control and solemnize modes.

    An IT manager renowned to AppleInsider that Lion does not issue to be compatible with the existing build of Apple Remote Desktop, although it can be reached with the Screen Sharing VNC client built into Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard.



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