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HP0-634 OpenView Network Node Manager III (7.X) - Advanced

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HP0-634 exam Dumps Source : OpenView Network Node Manager III (7.X) - Advanced

Test Code : HP0-634
Test title : OpenView Network Node Manager III (7.X) - Advanced
Vendor title : HP
exam questions : 130 real Questions

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HP OpenView Network Node Manager

network Node manager 7.01 | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

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Customizing the HP community Node supervisor from the GUI | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

Customizing the ovw GUI is both springy and easy. Many customizations, reminiscent of adding submap backgrounds, automated design of symbols, symbol hiding, and advent of executable symbols, will also live carried out from within the ovw GUI. This chapter will panoply you ways.

This chapter is from the e-book 

One compelling constituent of NNM is that the administrator can customise submaps from inside the GUI. one of the most customizations consist of including history photographs, saving window placement, hiding symbols, and developing MIB functions. while superior customizations require file enhancing, NNM gives the flexibility to offer both simple and superior customizations without supply code change and re-compilation. truly, many changes can live made on the flee without exiting the NNM GUI or restarting methods.

Sealey Inc. has a requirement to live capable of beget exercise of geographical bitmaps and consumer floor plans. they'd want to spot sure instruments in a selected location representing the actual areas of the contraptions. sure instruments are mission vital and they'd want to configure the GUI with brief access to those gadgets. however, as a result of each operator has diverse obligations, they trust several contraptions to live mission critical. therefore, each and every operator may additionally requisite a a runt bit diverse view of the network.

Sealey Inc. would additionally want to live in a position to graph SNMP MIB statistics real-time. sure operators may often live required to access facts from the identical MIB variables. The community software should still deliver the capacity to easily graph MIB records. This chapter particulars customizing NNM from the GUI.

Submaps may live custom-made on a per-map groundwork to enable each and every NNM person to focus on particular needs. as an example, a particular consumer could are looking to view the techniques placed geographically on a submap based on the district during which the systems corporeal stay. A consumer may additionally requisite to create custom icons if you want to launch commonly used applications. perquisite here sections include some of the everyday map customizations.

6.1.1 atmosphere the Default Map and home Submap

The user default map is the map that's open when a user starts the NNM GUI. If the specification of the default map isn't modified, the map named "default" will live opened. The administrator can create as many maps as fundamental, restrained only via disk area. [1] generally talking, you should definitely not ever beget customizations to the default map. a better rehearse could live to beget a replica of the default map, saving it under a modern identify. Customizations may still then live made to this modern map. After making customizations to a map (akin to background photographs, auto-design, and the like), you may additionally wish to set this map as your person default map. The consumer can set his default map by using performing here:

  • choose from the menu bar Map→Open. . 

  • opt for the map you would treasure as your default (see determine 6-1).

    06fig01.jpgfigure 6-1 select Map→Open from the menu bar to set the person default map. opt for the map title and click the [Set User Default] button. The consumer Default Map shown perquisite here is the map named "default."

  • click the [Set User Default] button.

  • When a map is opened, the first submap to live displayed is the home submap. The home submap is also comfortably purchasable with the aid of choosing the "residence" icon on the toolbar. via default, the home submap is set to the root submap. The domestic submap may still live set to the submap you access most generally. every map might also gain a several domestic submap. To set the home submap, navigate to your favorite submap and elect from the menubar Map→Submap→Set This Submap as domestic.

    that you may now exercise the toolbar icon to near back to the domestic submap at any time. A consumer may gain as many maps as favored and every map can gain a unique home submap.

    Unused maps commence to comprise stale topology information as the NNM topology database is up to date over time. Even when ovtopofix and ovw –mapcount are run, you may also stumble upon mistakes, corresponding to "objects nevertheless in four maps." with a purpose to proper this error, each and every map must live opened so that it synchronizes the present topology tips into the map. each and every map can both live opened in my view or with a script race as root on the NNM server, counting on the variety of maps you deserve to open to synchronize.

    do not open maps in NNM that are created by artery of OVO! here illustration "greps out" two default OVO maps:

    export reveal=displayhostname:0.0 for map in 'ovwls –x | egrep –v "opcadm|opcop" ` do ovw –map $map & carried out

    assess to beget sure that each map became opened with read/write privileges. The map will not synchronize with out being opened with examine/write privileges. After the synchronization of the maps, race ovw –mapcount. This should still race with out errors.

    6.1.2 Submap Overlay, Window Geometry, and image Hiding

    Many customizations can live made to a map, including the habits of the submap overlay. by default, if you chance to drill down through a map's hierarchy through double clicking, the infant submap of the selected kick replaces the current submap. [2] Likewise, in the event you click on the up arrow icon from the toolbar, the parent submap of the current submap replaces the infant. This prevents the person from having too many open submaps. in case you pick not to gain this submap overlay duty turned on, which you could adjust this conduct on both a map and a submap basis with the aid of picking out from the menu bar

    yet another user customization is the capacity to shop window measurement and placement. as an instance, if you select the IP web submap on the left facet of your monitor and a specific node-degree submap on the perquisite aspect, without vicissitude modify the submap overlay to open distinctive submaps, prepare the submap dimension and placement to your liking, and retailer the window geometry by artery of making a election on View→Window Geometry→keep For everything Open Submaps.

    further customizations may also live made for private preferences. not everything NNM users requisite to view the equal view of the community. for instance, a network supervisor may additionally under no circumstances want to view particular person workstations or servers. by hiding symbols that you could alleviate undesirable clutter from her view of the network. Hidden objects are still actively polled however their repute aren't mirrored on the maps wherein they are hidden. If the network supervisor hides non-networking contraptions, she will live able to now not view when hidden devices are down with the aid of effortlessly glancing at the preempt submap. besides the fact that children, hiding a appliance does not avoid the Node Down adventure from being sent to the alarm Browser.

    To cover symbols, first opt for them [3] after which opt for from the menu bar View→Hidden Objects→conceal chosen From This Submap.

    The status line on the backside of every submap shows the number of hidden objects on the latest submap, as shown in motif 6-2. You may additionally gain a necessity to dissemble a particular class of object. for example, you can also want to mask everything windows techniques because they are everything DHCP contraptions that loom to whisk down frequently. ensue these steps to conceal everything techniques that gain a common attribute such as the operating device:

  • search for the thing by means of the attribute.

    Edit→locate→Object by means of image class. . 

  • choose desktop category windows NT subclass and click the [Apply] button.

  • Double-click probably the most items listed under the "determined and Highlighted" area.

  • choose the gadgets that were discovered.

    View→Highlights→opt for Highlighted

  • disguise the objects that were chosen.

    View→Hidden Objects→hide selected From This Submap

  • Hidden objects can live unhidden at any time by artery of deciding on

    View→Hidden Objects→reveal Hidden On This Submap

  • remember that the submap hierarchy is


  • 06fig02.jpgfigure 6-2 The fame line shows the map title (default), the access mode (study-Write), the variety of hidden symbols (Hidden:8), and even if Auto-layout is enabled.

    note that the listing comprises the aspect submap (objects) as well as node submaps. To greater instantly and with no grief cover the desired objects (during this case, windows NT nodes) they may still live awake of the section submaps. when you double-click on one of these, you're offered with the applicable child submap which has everything NT nodes "highlighted' (highlighted labels are displayed in transpose video).

    whereas hiding objects is a fashion to cope with undesirable instruments, filtering is a greater contingent fashion of coping with "undesirable" objects. A filter can live applied to on a per-map basis, which hides objects from the view whereas enabling them to exist within the kick database and live actively polled. This classification of filter is called a map filter. while the sequel of making exercise of a map filter is corresponding to hiding objects, the implementation is continually a all lot quicker and greater valuable. other styles of filters include topology and discovery filters, which can live mentioned in detail in Chapter 9, "Scalability and Distribution."

    6.1.3 environment background pictures and automated design

    heritage pictures will also live used to enhance the witness of a submap. They can also live used to screen geographic areas, ground plans, or organizational buildings. a number of file formats are supported for submap background images. when you've got a file that is not within the checklist, determine the release Notes for presently supported file codecs. Supported file formats for history images are listed in desk 6-1.

    desk 6-1. File types supported with the aid of NNM for submap legacy photographs.











    history snap shots can live configured for a submap by means of following these steps:

  • opt for Map→Submap→homes from the menu bar.

  • click the [Browse. . ] button listed with the aid of the legacy pics constituent of the dialog field. here's discovered on the View tab for home windows.

  • select a photo as proven within the list of determine 6-three.

    06fig03.gifdetermine 6-3 The administrator can set a historical past picture for each and every submap. many of the offered photographs include geographic areas. The administrator can also import a custom vivid comparable to a ground plan.

  • click on [OK].

  • 6.1.three.1 reminiscence concerns when the exercise of historical past pics

    One component to bear in sarcasm when atmosphere history photos is the quantity of actual remembrance (RAM) you gain on your NNM device. if you chance to open a map, everything objects, together with historical past pics, are loaded into reminiscence [4] . The greater objects within the database, the extra reminiscence required to load objects into memory. similarly, the more intricate the photo, the more reminiscence required. a technique to inform in case your system is reminiscence-sure is that if the synchronization system takes a long time (more than a pair of minutes) should you open a map. If synchronization is taking too long, are trying decreasing the number of objects being loaded into reminiscence. a technique to obtain this is by means of changing the persistence stage of your map. Submap Persistence

    The persistence degree of a submap suggests the degree at which objects are loaded into reminiscence. in case you opt for any alternative aside from everything stages, the objects performing on submaps under that stage are not loaded into reminiscence except you open that sure submap. you could define the persistence stage of a map with the aid of following these steps.

  • select the map properties.


  • select IP Map and click [Configure For This Map. . ]

  • Scroll down to the section that reads

    On-Demand: To what degree may still submaps live persistent.

  • opt for one of the tiers:

    All ranges

    section flat and higher

    network stage and better

    internet degree

  • After picking the persistence degree, click on [Verify] and [OK] within the IP Map configuration dialog box and [OK] in the Map houses dialog box.

  • Any adjustments you're making to a submap will trigger it to whirl into a persistent submap, in spite of the persistence environment. for instance, in case you set your map persistence flat to the aspect degree and better, handiest the foundation, cyber web, and network flat objects will live loaded into memory. although, if you beget any of the following changes to a segment or node stage submap, you'll trigger that submap to whirl into persistent:

  • Submap Overlay

  • Window Geometry

  • Hidden Objects

  • background photos

  • Auto-layout

  • Any objects contained in the submaps that gain customizations akin to these may live loaded into reminiscence on every occasion the map is open. As another illustration, if you set your persistence degree to information superhighway degree and set a background picture on every submap, you defeat the train of surroundings the persistence level.

    6.1.3.three automatic design

    The kick of computerized design is to enable a appliance discovered by artery of NNM to gain its symbols positioned on a submap without human intervention. When using background graphics, you may additionally find that you would want to manually handle the placement of symbols. When putting objects on a ground plan, for instance, which you could flip off auto layout and vicinity the symbols where they physically live. to whirl off automatic design for a person submap, opt for View→computerized design→Off For This Submap as shown in motif 6-4.

    06fig04.giffigure 6-four This submap has been configured with Georgia because the history graphic. NNM ships with a GIF file for every US state and many international locations. flip off computerized design to permit lead placement of symbols.

    After you whirl auto layout off, notice that [Auto-Layout] is faraway from the repute line and a "New kick conserving enviornment" appears at the bottom of the submap, as proven in determine 6-5. When modern devices are discovered that belong on a submap where auto layout is turned off, the newly found out objects are positioned in the modern kick protecting enviornment. You should drag the modern objects from the modern kick conserving district and drop them onto the desired spot on the submap.

    06fig05.jpgdetermine 6-5 the brand modern kick conserving district is created when automatic layout is grew to become off. Newly discovered gadgets are placed within the modern kick retaining area. They may also live manually placed on a submap by using drag-and-drop.

    6.1.4 Partitioning the information superhighway Submap

    NNM knows the artery to lay out gadgets according to the guidance offered through SNMP queries. The submap hierarchy from accurate to bottom is

  • Root

  • web

  • community

  • segment

  • Node

  • The layout of your network can also live personalized at the information superhighway flat submap. The kick is to enable partitioning of your network in accordance with geographical or logical tips. NNM does a brilliant job of proposing the actual connections of your community however makes no assumptions as to the organizational structure. This customization is referred to as partitioning the web submap.

    Partitioning the information superhighway submap requires that you add a different type of image referred to as a region image. The steps to partition the IP web submap are as follows:

  • From the information superhighway submap choose

    Edit→Add Object

  • opt for the region symbol (determine 6-6) and drag any of the subclass symbols to the submap.

    06fig06.jpgfigure 6-6 region objects can live used to partition the IP cyber web submap. word the location objects brought to the submap proven (Japan and Australia) are within the utility aircraft (no shading seems across the symbol).

  • give a Label and click on [OK].

  • Repeat the advent of district icons except you gain defined everything needful locations.

  • Drag every image and drop it within the preferred area. [5] Connections will instantly live contingent between spot symbols as proven in determine 6-7.

    06fig07.jpgfigure 6-7 When partitioning the internet submap, connections between the areas are automatically centered as symbols are moved into the spot icons.

  • area icons can live cascaded when partitioning the web submap. for example, you might add u . s . on the cyber web level, add state below usa, and add city below State, after which add constructing, web page, Room, and so on.

    6.1.5 creating Executable Symbols

    through default, symbols on a submap spawn a child submap when double clicked. This habits is known as "explodable." symbol homes on a submap may well live modified to launch an utility when double-clicked in spot of opening a baby submap. This deportment is referred to as "executable." a number of pre-defined purposes exist and are attainable in NNM. truly, most purposes attainable from the menu bar and the toolbar may live utilized in creating executable symbols. These applications are described in NNM via application Registration data (ARFs). besides the exercise of the pre-defined applications, that you may create your personal purposes via defining ARFs as discussed in Chapter 7, "superior Customization."

    to beget exercise of the executable symbol characteristic in NNM, comply with the steps listed here. For this illustration, exercise a tackle that allows for incoming telnet classes.

  • access the image properties with the aid of right-clicking and picking symbol homes as proven in motif 6-eight.

    06fig08.gifdetermine 6-8 the first step in making an icon executable is to district the cursor over the image, click the preempt mouse button, and elect image properties. .  from the symbol popup menu.

  • adjust the image deportment to Execute, as shown in determine 6-9. live awake the record of applications that loom beneath the allotment labeled "utility action."

    06fig09.gifdetermine 6-9 The 2d step in making an icon executable is to adjust the conduct of the image to Execute and select to utility to live launched.

  • Scroll in the course of the listing and elect the software

    Terminal join: XTerm Telnet

  • click the [Target Objects. . ] button.

  • click on the [Add] button to include the hostname and click on [OK] on the goal Objects dialog container as shown in motif 6-10.

    06fig10.gifdetermine 6-10 The third step in creating an executable icon is to click on the [Target Objects] button, which displays the dialog box proven. opt for the [Add] button so as to add the hostname as a target object.

  • click [OK] on the symbol homes dialog box and you may view the executable symbol as shown in motif 6-11. When the image is double clicked it launches a telnet session to the equipment.

    06fig11.jpgfigure 6-eleven The executable icon (r208w100) indicates up as a button. Double-click it to launch the software. which you can also drag a logo and drop it on the button to launch the utility on yet another object.

  • once you gain created an executable symbol, that you could drag other symbols and drop them onto the executable symbol. as an example, if you are looking to launch telnet on a several device, comfortably drag the image and drop it onto the executable symbol. Making a symbol "executable" does not strike the image reputation set by artery of ipmap. there's one caveat when altering an present image's habits to executable. After changing an existing symbol to executable, you will no longer live able to access the symbol's baby submap with the aid of double clicking the symbol. instead, the only approach to access the child submap of the image is to exercise the submap open characteristic. that you could sequel this via making a election on Map→Submap→Open. .  you'll deserve to drill down through the submap listings to discover the modified symbol's submap. elect the modified image and click the [Open Submaps] button. due to this, that you may also create standalone symbols that launch applications. It isn't captious to alter the deportment of an present image.

    6.1.6 MIB functions

    lots of the options from the appliance and menu bar entry functions that converse with the MIB. When launched, these applications transmit SNMP queries to the selected node to entry sure MIB variables. Some functions create tables that comprise the data and others generate true-time graphs. NNM gives many developed-in MIB applications as well because the capacity to create your personal MIB functions by means of the GUI. constructed-in MIB purposes

    Most MIB functions require you to opt for a node earlier than launching. If nothing is chosen, the menu gadgets may live grayed out and unavailable. Let's anatomize one of the crucial constructed-in MIB functions. select a node and select from the menu bar efficiency→network undertaking→Interface traffic: Packet price as shown in motif 6-12. this may panoply a true-time graph of the MIB variables for packet price.

    06fig12.giffigure 6-12 Interface traffic is a constructed-in MIB software accessible from the menu bar. elect a node and elect community recreation→Interface site visitors: Packet expense from the menu bar. This initiates snmpgets for particular MIB variables and shows them graphically. growing MIB applications

    NNM provides the capacity to create MIB applications that may live included into the NNM menu bar. This can live finished through the exercise of the MIB application builder.

    The MIB application builder lets you create custom graphs and tables with the aid of defining the MIB variables you requisite to live displayed.

    comply with these steps to create your MIB graph:

  • choose options→MIB software Builder: SNMP from the menu bar. This shows an barren MIB software dialog realm as shown in motif 6-13.

    06fig13.gifdetermine 6-13 To create a MIB utility, opt for options→MIB software Builder: SNMP from the menu bar. The listing might live barren by default. elect Edit?Add MIB utility. . .

  • choose Edit→Add MIB application. . . you are going to view the dialog realm as proven in determine 6-14.

    06fig14.gifdetermine 6-14 Specify the utility identity, software classification, utility Title, Menu course and click on the [Add. . ] button.

  • finished here fields to profile the MIB utility:

    utility identity— This requisite to live a unique identification not containing areas or special characters. For this instance, exercise InVSOut

    application class— Set this to table, form, or graph. For this illustration specify graph.

    application Title— identify the software whatever thing you desire. this can comprise spaces and special characters. For this instance, specify "In Packets VS Out Packets".

    Menu direction— This describes the cascaded menu bar for the software genesis with the excellent-level menu. This might also additionally include spaces. exercise "->" to witness cascading menus. For this instance, specify yourname customized Apps→In VS Out

    choice Rule— The selection Rule describes the node classification for which this application will work. unless you are customary with the filtering language described in Chapter 9, it's most preempt to depart it set to the default. The default preference Rule (isSNMPSupported || isSNMPProxied) will duty on any machine that supports SNMP or has an SNMP proxy.

  • click on the [Add. . ] button to profile the MIB variables for the utility.

  • Traverse the MIB tree to include the MIB variables for the software. exercise the manage key and left mouse click on simultaneously to opt for the favored variables. This instance makes exercise of the MIB variables ieeeMacTransmitted and ieeeMacFramesReceived shown in determine 6-15 beneath the MIB subtree deepest.companies.hp.nm.interface .ieee8023Mac.ieee8023MacTable.ieeeMacEntry

    06fig15.giffigure 6-15 live sure to live widespread with the MIB tree structure with the kick to create MIB applications. Press the control key and left click on concurrently to opt for diverse variables.

  • After picking out the preferred variables, click on [OK] from the Add MIB Objects dialog field.

  • click [OK] from the Add MIB software dialog field. live sure to view your custom menu as proven in motif 6-sixteen. You at the moment are ready to execute your utility.

    06fig16.jpgfigure 6-sixteen opt for the node on which to execute the newly created MIB utility. opt for the application from the menu bar specified in the Menu direction of the MIB software builder.

  • 6.1.5.three exercise Your MIB utility as an Executable symbol

    After you've created an MIB application it becomes an NNM registered application. The MIB software can now live used when developing executable symbols. Add an kick to a submap, change the deportment to executable, and determine the checklist in your software. An software Registration File (ARF) is created in case you profile an MIB utility.

    OpenView Delves Deeper Into techniques administration | real Questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Hewlett-Packard has been delving deeper and deeper into crossplatform industry systems administration, via a train of expertise investments in OpenView. Now, users and analysts are in reality feeling the gain an impact on.

    When it comes to heterogenous environments, OpenView is a robust participant, in keeping with bill Emmett, solutions supervisor at HP. "OpenView compares favorably to IBM Tivoli and CA-Unicenter on the basis of both cost effectiveness and modular, plug-and-play structure," he contends. apart from its myriad API interfaces, Emmett emphasizes OpenView's aid for myriad working methods and assorted "open necessities."

    Emmett's enthusiasm is never awesome, considering carriers usually tout their personal items. Some clients and analysts, notwithstanding, are equally gung-ho.

    Tim Hagan, VP of IT operations and engineering for Zurich life, says it took him and a pair of other americans under ninety days to set up OpenView in a fancy convene core atmosphere.

    Zurich lifestyles is using OpenView to manage about one hundred ten servers and sixty five databases in two actual areas. The methods are operating HP-UX, sun Solaris, IBM AIX, and Microsoft home windows 2000, NT, and XP. Zurich is operating OpenView on HP-UX servers, however the methods administration platform runs on solar Solaris and Microsoft home windows servers, too.

    not "only a community Node manager"When Hagan first came to Zurich being in January of 2000, the assurance enterprise turned into still the exercise of HP's historical network Node manager. "That changed into one of the vital causes i was hired. It didn't damage that i'd had prior success with OpenView in an past job. I knew that OpenView has a extremely open architecture, and that it will very perquisite now tie in with their (different) existing systems and equipment," in accordance with Hagan.

    The latest OpenView product does include community Node manager as one among its myriad non-compulsory modules. Used for network aspect discovery, layout, stock and efficiency, it connects with HP OpenView Operations for move-discipline administration.

    "The historical network Node manager (alone) become a very reactive environment, even though. They stored hearing about outages from their internal purchasers. we'd secure the signs and descriptions after the activities had already took place. we'd grow to live searching no longer so first rate, and often we'd requisite to bring in a bunch of individuals to advocate repair the issue," Hagan says..

    "With OpenView, youngsters, they gain now whirl into instantly proactive. they can sojourn away from complications, and we're awake about issues that sequel whirl up before the users even learn about them. If a customer calls, they are able to say, 'A crossroad ticket has already been created, and a page has been despatched out. Such-and-such application could live up in an hour or two.'"

    HP must live a application playerSome critics squabble that OpenView cannot live everything that crucial to HP, considering HP's hardware revenues some distance outweigh the software facet. despite the fact, industry analyst Jasmine Noel disputes that conclusion.

    Noel features to a few trade traits affecting HP, in addition to other industry suppliers. "Margins on computing hardware maintain declining; computing-primarily based enterprise capabilities at the moment are crucial to commercial enterprise success; and successful genesis of company capabilities requires management of the entire compting stack," she says.

    "The computing stack in each stout commercial enterprise is still heterogenous," adds Noel, who's primary at JNoel pals. "This combination of trends requires HP to gain a heterogenous management retort (with a purpose to latest) a credible application account to industry consumers."

    Noel also likes the investments HP is making in "intelligent" management, for greater efficient administration, and in industry partnerships, for enhanced interoperability with different vendors' items.

    OpenView's EvolutionEmmett notes that HP first moved into methods management with network Node supervisor in 1988. "We used what know-how became available on the time, including SNMP. They then started including more and more capabilities," he provides. Acquisitions helped HP to build up OpenView. In 1997, for example, HP bought Prolin, the Netherlands-based maker of the IT provider supervisor suite.

    At this element, HP's tremendous OpenView family revolves mostly round Operations video panoply and efficiency panoply screen. every monitoring product has agents working on everything major platforms, starting from Linux to MVS.

    Operations supervisor is the primary commercial enterprise console, for an conclusion-to-end view of the enterprise that comprises customer PCs, the network, functions, and database. efficiency computer screen gives tackle reminiscent of a graphing duty and studies for monitoring and inspecting useful resource utilization.

    For more suitable interoperability, OpenView complies with specifications ranging from SNMP and RMON to OMI. "We commonly prefer a seat on requisites committees, truly," in line with Emmett.

    HP also offers a group of templates, referred to as sapient Plug-Ins (SPIs), for configuring third-party tools. "The smart Plug-In knows the spot to find the log data in Oracle, as an instance," Emmett illustrates.

    The HP Operations manager can even live mixed with OpenView carrier Navigator, carrier counsel Portal, service Desk, and information superhighway functions, as well as with network Node manager, as an example.

    carrier Navigator uses counsel captured within the SPIs to let directors drill down to find root causes for skills issues. If a warning flashes as a result of application efficiency is degrading, the administrator can drill down in the course of the database and storage tackle to discover that a disk is overheating, for instance, in response to Emmett.

    provider Navigator additionally contains "affect evaluation" capabilities for opting for which databases and functions are recumbent to undergo, and the flat of severity of the impending hit. OpenView uses color coding to witness six different severity states.

    directors can automate response sequence, equivalent to paging an administrator or failing over to a backup server, as an example. An non-compulsory add-on referred to as superior protection provides authentication and statistics encryption.

    As Emmett sees it, OpenView has two leading sets of competitors: "framework carriers" (similar to IBM Tivoli and CA) and "element appliance companies." BA Patrol, he says, "falls somewhere in between."

    Deployment in 88 days"My industry granted us a hundred and eighty days for OpenView deployment. I set up a a all lot extra aggressive agenda of 90 days, however they gain been capable of wind up in 88 days," Hagan says. Hagan worked on the rollout at Zurich being with one fulltime consultant, plus one employee. The employee spent 50 percent of his time on the OpenView rollout, and the other half of his time on Unix administration.

    "One crucial piece become to beget sure they obtained the necessities for alarms displays and thresholds from everything of the linked programs managers. They didn't want to live paging somebody at three am, just because server means had reached 90 %," Hagan recalls.

    Hagan claims that he's gotten wide cooperation from everything across his business. "Our e-commerce group thinks OpenView is astounding. What you can sequel with OpenView is limited simplest by artery of your imagination."

    Zurich being has already used HP's SPIs to integrate Oracle, Sybase SQL Server, and a pair of third-celebration administration tools. Hagan says the enterprise is now checking out SPIs for Lotus Notes and Ciscoworks, for example.

    Zurich did trust different techniques management items, corresponding to Tivoli, Unicenter, and Patrol. "Some items, notwithstanding, sequel not give statistics it truly is as meaningful, and some gain longer implementation times. They failed to gain a huge personnel to roll this out," Hagan points out.

    greater automation on the way"windows, Solaris, and HP-UX. those are the server environments that programs management products usually race on, however now and again you secure one or two others, depending on the supplier's partnerships," Noel observes..

    past that, Noel doesn't want to examine OpenView with other techniques administration products. "every one is just too diverse," she keeps.

    The analyst is above everything impressed, even though, with HP's future plans for simplifying systems and automating carrier stage management with OpenView.

    "HP's message it their target market is that company IT departments that operate as company companions can live more a hit, less liable to costcutting measures, and less more likely to live outsourced," in accordance with Noel.

    "HP has two universal messages about its solutions. the primary is (that) HP options assist company IT carry improved services with fewer substances and lower expenses. The proverbial silver bullet HP OpenView offers is carrier flat management. HP expands the definition of provider flat administration from the current figuring out of monitoring and alerting on SLA violations to certainly one of a technique of defining,provisioning, managing, and optimizing the components offering the provider," in accordance with Noel.

    "HP's second message is (that) their solution set is each complete and resourceful. (The message) is complete in that HP has options for every factor of carrier degree administration and continues so as to add capabilities. (it's) creative in that HP's most up-to-date items tackle how modern technologies trade the management necessities."

    HP's three-year roadmap requires additional improvements to integration, infrastructure, and storage administration; edifice of a carrier stage kick mannequin; and genesis of items "that advocate in the diagnostic technique," the analyst notes.

    On the mixing facet, for example, HP is now in the process of consolidating its numerous integration APIs perquisite into a solitary toolkit for third birthday celebration vendors.

    With the service degree kick mannequin, HP is calling to "seize everything of the tips, and assign it into a typical structure, so or not it's easier to participate information as you movement from one step within the fashion to the other," in line with Noel.

    in terms of infrastructure insurance, HP is working on web features requisites and protocols comparable to J2EE, WebMethods' OMI initiative, and Microsoft's .net servers.

    some of OpenView's latest products, corresponding to OpenView Transaction supervisor, can panoply screen J2EE and .web features and purposes. For the long run, although, HP plans to build in additional intelligence.

    "that you would live able to monitor 100 things in J2EE, however which ones are most critical? at the moment, you simplest secure that by using (OpenView) for ages. additionally, which you can trace the route a transaction took via .internet, but you can best sequel this after-the-reality. HP desires to deliver this into realtime," she says.

    HP now presents SPIs for WebMethods, Microsoft .net, and SunOne internet features - soap Engine, for example. at the least 40 SPIs are offered, everything instructed.

    different currently introduced OpenView products encompass carrier Activator, for automating the birth of features offered with the aid of hosting providers; and information Protector, a substitute for OpenView Omniback II.

    facts Protector is designed for built-in management of disk-based mostly and tape-based recovery across assorted OS, applications, and storage architectures. directors can exploit each recovery time and recovery point pursuits.

    HP integrates CompaqWith the Compaq acquisition, HP is now engaged on integrating Compaq's items into its methods administration mix. Compaq perception manager will continue for exercise simplest in Wintel environments, considering that its administration capabilities are hardware-oriented, Emmett says.

    besides the fact that children, Compaq's TeMIP product for telco administration is now being ported by HP from Tru64 - which became firstly DEC Unix - to HP-UX and Solaris, Emmett provides.

    very nearly, variations of OpenView for HP-UX, Solaris and home windows present the identical capabilities. "but we're additionally taking capabilities of the characteristics of every platform. The home windows edition became designed for windows from the floor up. It makes exercise of windows drag-and-drop, for instance," Emmett says.

    OpenView is windows 2000-certified. On he windows aspect, the product also uses Microsoft applied sciences that consist of MMC, WMI, CIM, DCOM, visible primary scripting, HTML/XML, HTTP/cleaning soap, cyber web Explorer, and IIS.

    "in the meantime, we're additionally retaining their eyes open for other capabilities server platforms, together with Linux," adds HP's Emmett.

    » view everything Articles through Columnist Jacqueline Emigh

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    mFormation manages your wireless fleet | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    mFormation manages your wireless fleet
  • By Michelle Speir
  • Sep 23, 2002
  • Not long ago, the words "handheld" and "enterprise" didn't often loom in the identical sentence. Handheld computers were personal devices used individually by the occasional executive or employee with specialized functions.

    Now, the proliferation of wireless technology has changed the artery they work, and more agencies are equipping employees with wireless devices so that they can work on the road and in the field.

    This large-scale deployment has created a requisite for enterprise-level management software. believe of a product such as Computer Associates International Inc.'s Unicenter ServicePlus or Hewlett-Packard Co.'s OpenView, but designed for a fleet of wireless devices instead of clients on a network.

    MFormation Technologies Inc. has answered the convene with its mFormation Enterprise Manager, a wireless infrastructure management platform. The product manages device deployments from halt to end, allowing elevated levels of control and monitoring.

    Information technology managers will live pleased to know that the mFormation Enterprise Manager is completely device- and wireless network-independent: It can manage any blend of devices across any combination of networks anywhere in the world. For example, if your agency's deployment includes Palm Inc. devices for some employees and Research in Motion Ltd.'s (RIM) BlackBerries for others, with some devices operating on a Cingular Wireless Mobitex network and some using Cellular Digital Packet Data, the system can manage everything of them simultaneously from one Web-based console.

    The flat of control is indeed impressive. Thanks to a hidden agent installed on every device, managers can perform a host of actions, including locking the device, sending it a text message and monitoring the loaded applications. Managers can also check network performance with reports in the configuration of graphs and charts.

    With Palm and handheld devices running on sure networks, it's even viable to install or remove applications remotely. The physical location of devices is also easily monitored. A thief could prefer a device to an out-of-coverage location and secretly dig through its applications, but any activity on the network would live detected.

    Adding to its flexibility, the mFormation interface offers role-based access. IT advocate personnel, for example, can log on with just enough rights to perform their jobs while higher-level access is restricted to managers.

    We used the application service provider environment for their testing. MFormation loaned us three RIM BlackBerry devices with working e-mail accounts and device agents preloaded, and they set up an administrative account that they could exercise to access the Web-based console and manage the devices. The console is accessible from any Web browser.

    The graphical user interface won't win any beauty contests, but that hardly matters. After learning just a few basic concepts about the interface's organization and commands, even a novice user can perform most functions without consulting the manual. everything functions are clearly labeled and accessible from a few main screens.

    To organize the devices in an enterprise, managers can assign them to business-level groups. This way, policies can live set and commands issued by group. everything monitoring statistics and reports can also live viewed by group. Likewise, these functions can live carried out for the entire enterprise at once or for individual devices separately.

    Command schedules can live preset to carry out sure commands at a specific time or after a specified delay. Again, the flexibility is impressive. Commands can live sent not only by group, but also by network or device type, or according to other parameters, such as to users who gain logged on to e-mail in the past two days. An IT manager might, for example, transmit a message to staffers who are using a sure application to let them know a modern version is available.

    As with any product that relies on a wireless network, occasionally a network glitch does occur. In a few instances, they had problems sending commands to BlackBerry devices. In one case, a command sent to a device inexplicably remained pending until the next day, when it was manually deleted via the mFormation console. A subsequent attempt went through without a hitch.

    In another test, the mFormation server worked properly, but Cingular lost a data packet, which apparently happens on occasion.


    The mFormation Enterprise Manager comes with several principal security features.

    For starters, the secure Location command enables managers to immediately retrieve location information for a device. The information returned includes the street address and identification number of the base station being used, as well as current signal energy and battery level.

    The Lock command prevents everything access to a device, rendering it unusable. An Unlock command reverses this action. If a device is lost or stolen, its status can quickly live changed to Lost with one mouse click. This also locks the device, but in the interest of securing it as quickly as possible, it bypasses the initialization process that takes spot when a Lock command is issued. With one more click, the device status can live changed to found and its functionality restored.

    Managers also gain real-time password management control. They can reset a device's password remotely as well as monitor password changes. This could live accompanied by a message to the user containing instructions.

    The most drastic security measure is the Zap command, which deletes everything the application databases on a device and locks it. This command is not reversible. However, the agent remains on the device so that if it is powered on in an district with network coverage, mFormation can still track and monitor it.

    The company has also implemented tight agent/server communication security. First, each device agent is installed with a burnt-in server address such as a Mobitex Access Number or Short Message Service focus gateway address that is used to authenticate the server. The device will reject commands from any other source. The agent can also store a long-term public key for server authentication.

    Trim the IT Budget | real questions and Pass4sure dumps

    Trim the IT Budget

    With the economy still cooling off and corporate profits well on their peaks, dollars for infrastructure improvements can live difficult to near by.

    IT investment, which many economists credit for the boom in productivity during the final decade, has been one of the areas hardest hit now that earnings gain soured. advocate for modern IT projects has weakened, and some managers countenance difficult budget choices. Those choices can live made a runt less painful, however, by challenging some well-liked assumptions and using existing resources more intelligently. Rather than simply laying off half the IT department, there may live ways to sever costs drastically and still maintain vital projects on pace.

    Upgrade Selectively One artery to reduce expenses is by extending the usable life of your tackle and squeezing everything of the value you can out of your existing IT infrastructure. In a recent study, International Data Corp. (IDC) found that most companies upgrade their hardware every two to three years. But leaner times may convene for a more economical upgrade schedule. Assess your inventory and determine if you actually requisite to upgrade your hardware. If not, you not only reclaim money on modern equipment, you also free up staff from the deployment process and you reduce the steady stream of abet desk calls from users unfamiliar with the modern machines.

    According to the consultants at Compass America, the total cost of operation (TCO) for workstations averages $10,000 the first year, $6,000 the second and $4,000 the third, for a total of $20,000 over three years. beget that system final a fourth year, rather than acquiring modern workstations, and the savings are significant: TCO costs drop to $3,000 for that fourth year, as opposed to spending $10K to upgrade and restart the TCO calculations. In a 1,000-workstation enterprise, that works out to a reduction in TCO of $7 million.

    Outsourcing on the Upswing

    According to Cutter Consortium Senior Consultant and IT Metrics Strategies Editor Michael Mah, as the economy slows down, more companies may witness to outsource as a cost-saving measure.

    "Companies will witness to cutting costs any artery they can," says Mah. "If projects can live completed by an outsourcing vendor more quickly and less expensively, that's the route they'll take."

    One artery to prepare for a viable outsourcing project is to amass your data early. "You requisite to gain a baseline of your own productivity in order to compare numbers an outsourcing vendor is proposing for an upcoming project," Mah says, "After all, you're hiring them on the premise that htey're going to live more efficient than your current organization. If you gain no metrics evidence, you may halt up hiring a supplier that doesn't achieve your goals."

    Another artery to avoid unnecessary upgrades is to anatomize system and network resources and sequester the causes of overloads. In some cases, a simple policy change may live everything you need. For example, students downloading MP3 files overloaded a number of college networks final year. Some campuses undertook expensive bandwidth and hardware upgrades, while others simply outlawed music downloads on campus resources.

    Enterprises can also adopt policy-based solutions by eliminating sure types of resource-hogging activities, touching them to off-hours or using switches and routers to enforce policies and maintain essential traffic moving. Workstation upgrades can live delayed by touching to a thinner client model. Although some people may resist such changes, they beat issuing pink slips.

    As an added benefit, whenever you retard a purchase you can usually secure more for your technology dollar, thanks to Moore’s Law. Ten years ago, a megabyte of RAM cost $800; now it’s a dollar. Every six months modern processors are released, and the price of outmoded ones drops. Computer hardware purchasing is one of the few things in life where a runt procrastination sometimes pays off.

    "We recommend acquiring modern hardware with an understanding of cost trends," says John Schick, senior consultant at Compass America. "In the data center, for instance, they view hardware costs declining substantially year-to-year. Hence, your upgrade decisions should prefer into account market conditions."

    Make sapient Hardware Choices If an in-depth analysis shows it really is time to upgrade—what sequel you really need? Top-of-the-line features might live required by a few high-end users, but most can survive without them. And although there isn’t much cost inequity between a 10GB and 40GB difficult drive, if the files are being stored on a central server, purchasing the smaller disk may live optimum. Similarly, if software is being loaded remotely, does each computer requisite a CD-ROM, much less a CD-RW or DVD? What about a sound card? And sequel users requisite floppy disks if files are shared centrally and backed up over the network? nopart of these items adds much to the cost of an individual computer, but together they can value several hundred dollars per machine. Multiplied by thousands of users, that adds up fast.

    The biggest solitary particular in determining cost, however, is the processor. Although Pentium 4s (P4) are wonderful with their 400 MHz bus and 1.5 GHz clock speed, they are expensive and only work with costly RDRAM at this time. (A version that works with SDRAM comes out later this year.)

    Whether the P4 merits an immediate upgrade depends on whom you talk to. John Knox, an analyst at Gartner Inc., says, "For high-end and power user requirements, enterprises should immediately reckon Pentium 4, as the performance benefits will often outweigh the price premium." The P4 excels at processing 3-D graphics for gaming, design, GIS and CAD applications. High-end users and graphics professionals will probably require the modern processor. But for simple businesses applications, the 1.2 GHz AMD Athlon can match or better the P4, and at a lower cost.

    Either of these, however, may live more than you requisite in a simple industry environment, where processor hasten typically doesn’t create a problem. For such uses, Knox recommends acquiring the slowest Pentium III available and adding more RAM to extend speed. As an alternative, many enterprises are switching to Athlon CPUs. A few years ago this wasn’t an option, as the major distributors only used these chips in consumer PCs. Recently, however, companies such as Micron and Gateway gain started producing commercial units tuned to the Athlon processor. That provides the option of paying less for a computer or getting more processing power for the identical amount of money.

    Low complexity cross parity codes for multiple and random bit error correction | real questions and Pass4sure dumps



    Property Masoleh et al. 2004 [16] Mathew et al. 2008 [12] BCH [14] Cross Parity (Ham) Cross Parity (BCH)

    #errors correction solitary single 3 Errors up to 6 Errors up to 12 Errors

    Coding technique Hamming LDPC Classic BCH Hamming + Simple Parity BCH + Simple Parity

    Overhead >100% >100% 150.4% 108% 120.4%










    % district overhead of 163−bit multiplier

    % Area



    Fig. 11. district overhead of error detection and correction shroud for 163 bit


    Fig. 12. Layout of the 163-bit multiplier with Cross Parity Code Correction


    Cadence SoC Encounter. Fig. 12 shows the generated layout

    of the digit serial multiplier.


    This paper proposed a novel multiple error correction

    scheme based on cross parity codes in order to address the

    temporal fault in circuits mainly occurring due to the radiation

    interference. The authors gain explained the proposed scheme

    by taking finite field multipliers as instance circuits where

    radiation interference and attacks based on controlled radiation

    have been reported. With the modern proposed scheme authors

    have near up with addressing the issue of multiple error

    correction capability and district overhead. With the cross parity

    codes, the intricate decoding blocks gain been replaced and

    the correction is done using the inherent error detection

    capabilities of the codes itself. With the modern approach, the

    90-bit multiple error correctable multiplier has just 101% area

    overhead. The authors gain also analyzed their technique in

    practically applied digit serial multiplier circuit and the area

    overhead is 170% for a 163-bit digit serial multiplier with

    digit size 6. To the best of authors knowledge, this is the first

    approach for error correction in a digit serial multiplier that

    can redress more than 3 errors. The future extension of this

    work includes analyzing the fault coverage of the circuit also

    extend the fashion for a generic error correctable deign for a

    higher multiplier sizes.


    [1] Y. Jin and Y. Makris, “Hardware Torjans in Wireless Cryptographic

    ICs,” IEEE Design & Test Computers, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 26–35,

    January/February 2010.

    [2] A. R. Masoleh and M. A. Hasan, “Fault Detection Architectures for

    Field Multiplication Using Polynomial Bases,” IEEE Trans. Computers,

    vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 1089–1103, 2006.

    [3] D. Boneh, R. A. DeMillo, and R. J. Lipton, “On the Importance

    of Eliminating Errors in Cryptographic Computations,” J. Cryptology,

    vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 101–119, 2001.

    [4] R. S. Chakraborty, S. Narasimhan, and S. Bhunia, “Hardware Trojan:

    Threats and emerging solutions,” IEEE Proceedings on elevated Level

    Design Validation and Test Workshop, pp. 166–171, 2009.

    [5] S. P. Mohanty, “A Secure Digital Camera Architecture for Integrated

    Real-Time Digital Rights Management,” Journal of Systems Architecture

    - Embedded Systems Design, vol. 55, no. 10-12, pp. 468–480, 2009.

    [6] C. R. Moratelli, E. Cota, and M. S. Lubaszewski, “A Cryptography

    Core Tolerant to DFA fault Attacks,” Journal Integrated Circuits and

    Systems, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 14–21, 2007.

    [7] J. f. Wakerly, “Microcomputer reliability improvement using triple-

    modular redundancy,” IEEE Proceedings, vol. 64, pp. 889–895, 1976.

    [8] K. Wu, R. Karri, G. Kuznetsov, and M. Goessel, “Low Cost Concurrent

    Error Detection for the Advanced Encryption Standard,” in Proceedings

    of the International Test Conference, 2004, pp. 1242–1248.

    [9] O. Keren, “One to Many: Context Oriented Code for Concurrent Error

    Detection,” Journal of Electronic Testing, vol. 26, no. 3, pp. 337–353,


    [10] C. Argyrides, D. K. . Pradhan, and T. Kocak, “Matrix Codes for Reliable

    and Cost Efficient remembrance Chips,” IEEE Trans. on VLSI, vol. 19, no. 3,

    pp. 420–428, 2011.

    [11] J. Mathew, A. M. Jabir, H. Rahaman, and D. K. Pradhan, “Single Error

    Correctable Bit Parallel Multipliers Over GF(2m),” IET Comput. Digit.

    Tech., vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 281–288, March 2008.

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